Seoul Metropolitan Government

Republic of Korea Mayor: Won-soon Park
Summary
  • image description
     
    Population 10383651
  • km 2
    Area 605.21
  • USD
    GDP 590 Thousand
  • emission
    Targets by Reduce 25% GHG emissions
Targets

Targets by Seoul Metropolitan Government

GHG emissions reduction targets

 

    Community
     

  • The Seoul Metropolitan Government has committed to reduce its Community emissions by 25% by 2020 compared to 2005 emission level.

 

    Actions
    100% LED Replacement (2.2 Million Lamps) for the Public Sector by 2018 - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG plans to replace all the lights (2.2 million) in the city’s public sector
    including public buildings, subway stations, and security lamps with LED lamps
    by 2018. In 2014, it will complete the replacement in subway stations plus
    350,000 lamps in district offices and municipal hospitals, for a total of 1
    million lamps. From 2015 to 2016, it will replace 500,000 lamps including
    those in the city’s welfare facilities and affiliated offices (100%) and security
    lights and street lamps (50%). Between 2017 and 2018, it will replace a total of
    700,000 lamps including those in its various corporations and the other 50% of
    its security lights and street lamps. Meanwhile, SMG will enhance the "Design
    Criteria for Public Facilities" to ensure the installation of LED lights in new
    public buildings. For old public buildings, it will set up an exclusive
    organization called SPC consisting of representatives of the central government
    (Korea Finance Corporation, etc.), SMG (road management departments), and
    private R&D institutions in 2015 in an attempt to minimize the financial
    burdens associated with LED replacement and promote the faster implementation
    of the replacement work.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    local action
    Enhanced Eco-Mileage, a Platform for Citizens’ Energy Conservation, Contributing - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Assessment/Research
    • Status: In operation

    SMG will continue to expand Eco-Mileage, the citizens’ favorite energy
    conservation platform. It plans to increase membership from 1.6 million in 2014
    to 2.8 million in 2018, reducing 850,000 TOE in electricity and natural gas,
    among others. To this end, it will link the Eco-Mileage program to its other
    energy-related projects such as production of new and renewable energy, BRP,
    LED, and energy consulting service while trying to maximize its energy
    conservation effects through demand-side management including effect analysis
    and feedback.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Installation of efficient lighting systems - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    The city delivers LED security lights for apartment complexes.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    local action
    Combined heat and power - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Expanded use of incineration heat and waste heat

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Early Achievement of the National GHG Emissions Reduction Target - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Regulatory
    • Status: In operation

    The central government aimed at reducing the country’s public sector GHG
    emissions (annual average emission between 2007 and 2009) by 20% by 2015.
    SMG sought to meet the target by 2014. It reduced the emissions of its 71
    buildings including the new City Hall by an average of 5% annually and met
    the target in 2014 as scheduled. The central government then set the goal of
    reducing GHG emissions from the country’s waste treatment facilities by 10%
    by 2015. SMG reduced GHG emissions from a total of 25 sewage treatment
    centers and water purification centers by more than 3.3% a year through
    improvements in the energy efficiency of the facilities; thus achieving the 10%
    reduction goal ahead of schedule.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Using Waste as Energy Resources - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG improves the recycling ratio of waste, including waste vinyl and fabric
    scraps, through citizens’ engagement. It will recycle 243,000 tons of waste vinyl
    by 2018 through the distribution of exclusive plastic bags throughout the city. It
    will also collect 168,000 tons of fabric scraps by 2018 through the mandatory
    separation of fabric scraps from general waste. SMG uses the branches of street
    trees to make wood pallets. It will build a pallet factory with daily production
    capacity of 500kg to produce wood pallet fuel used by low-income households,
    social welfare facilities, and community centers.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    local action
    Solar heating / hot water - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Project loan support to expand green energy deployment

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Energy efficiency/retrofit measures - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    Double insulation wall, insulating window, LED, upgraded energy installations, etc.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    local action
    GHG Emissions Reduction through Phase 2 of One Less Nuclear Power Plant - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    SMG will continue to make a detailed inventory of the city’s GHG emissions
    and use it as basic data for its plan to reduce GHG emissions and shape its
    policy directions. It plans to select a professional GHG inventory agency that
    will monitor and verify the city’s GHG emissions inventory in the most
    transparent manner. The central government aimed at reducing the country’s public sector GHG
    emissions (annual average emission between 2007 and 2009) by 20% by 2015.
    SMG sought to meet the target by 2014. It reduced the emissions of its 71
    buildings including the new City Hall by an average of 5% annually and met
    the target in 2014 as scheduled. The central government then set the goal of
    reducing GHG emissions from the country’s waste treatment facilities by 10%
    by 2015. SMG reduced GHG emissions from a total of 25 sewage treatment
    centers and water purification centers by more than 3.3% a year through
    improvements in the energy efficiency of the facilities; thus achieving the 10%
    reduction goal ahead of schedule.
    Korea’s emissions trading system also allocates – on an annual basis – a certain
    amount of GHG emissions to organizations emitting a large quantity of GHG
    and permits them to trade surplus quantities. The eligibility requirement is
    annual average of 125,000 tons of CO2eq for an organization or 25,000 tons of
    CO2eq for a worksite during the last three years. At least 25 facilities of SMG
    including water supply offices and sewage treatment centers meet the criteria.
    In June 2014, the Ministry of Environment posted a notice regarding the criteria
    for the allocation of emission rights. In August 2014, SMG submitted its
    application for ministerial allocation in consultation with a professional agency.
    Once the ministry finalizes the allocation for the period 2015~2017, SMG will
    work out and implement its emission reduction plans in the areas of BRP, LED,
    and efficient operation of various facilities.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Making intensive efforts to change transportation - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2002
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    Since 2003, for diesel vehicles found to exceed the exhaust gas
    standards in an in-depth emission investigation, the Seoul
    government took diverse approaches to lower their impact on air
    pollution; installing exhaust gas-reduction devices, scrapping outdated
    vehicles earlier than usual cycle and replacing diesel engines with
    LPG engines, all of which have affected a total of 265,504 units of
    cars.
    Since 2002, the city government has had diesel-engined buses and
    garbage trucks replaced with CNG vehicles, which involve a total of
    10,376 units. It extended financial support to cover cost gap between
    diesel and CNG vehicles: KRW 18.5 million for each intra-city bus
    (KRW 16 million per medium size bus), and from KRW 27 million to
    KRW 42 million for garbage trucks.
    In addition, since November 2010, it restricted the operation of the
    vehicles that failed to take required actions to reduce gas emissions,
    such as installation of device to decrease exhaust gas, and began to
    expand the Low Emission Zone (LEZ), a geographically defined area
    which seeks to restrict access by polluting vehicles; a crackdown on
    the entry of vehicles registered with the Greater Seoul Area into
    Seoul since 2014 and such vehicles from all around the country since
    2015.
    The city government also strengthened its control on traffic demands;
    extending the entire distance of exclusive central bus lanes in Seoul
    up to a total of 117km and applying this public bus management
    system to the whole Seoul area, and increasing the total number of
    cars of the Car-sharing program from 567 units to 1,500 units in
    2004.

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    Sectors:
    • Government Transport
    local action
    Low or zero carbon energy supply generation - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Sunlight city project to make the entire city a PV plant; fuel cells to ensure energy self-supply of core public facilities; reuse of waste heat; on-site new and renewable energy generation facilities for new buildings, etc. (Anticipated emission reduction & description commonly applied for "Energy Supply" activities)

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Waste Turning into Energy, Leading to Job Creation and Industrial Development - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
    • Status: In operation

    SMG will also implement diverse projects to turn waste into energy, which in
    turn will lead to job creation and industrial development. For residential areas, it
    will increase the number of recycling stations from 1,128 in 73 dongs (smallest
    administrative unit in Korea) to 7,500 in 300 dongs by the end of 2014. For
    the effective management of the stations and job creation, it will hire a total of
    10,000 people as recycling station custodians or 15 ~ 30 persons per dong.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    • Waste
    local action
    Biomass heating - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    As a part of energy welfare for low-income citizens

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Institutional Improvements for the Continuous Expansion of PV Power Plants - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG will promote continuous institutional improvements to expand the
    installation of PV power plants. It plans to propose that the central government
    reinstate the national FIT scheme supporting the installation of a PV power
    plant with capacity of 100kW and amend the relevant laws so that SMG can
    install PV power plants in urban parks with potential for large-scale PV power
    plants. Currently, high installation fee is incurred when PV power plants are
    located far from external KEPCO power lines. SMG plans to request that
    small-scale PV power plants be allowed to be connected to internal power lines
    or connection fees be reduced.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    local action
    Creation Ecology for Co-ops and Social Enterprises in the Area of New Growth - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    SMG plans to discover 70 social enterprises and co-ops in the area of new
    growth energy and provide them with strong initial support so that they could
    develop into financially stable, excellent SMEs.
    SMG will offer them financial assistance of up to KRW 30 million per project
    and KRW 100 million per organization. It will also operate education and
    consulting programs for the purpose of training socioeconomic leaders in the field of green energy through the “Seoul Socioeconomic Support Center” and
    “Co-op Consulting Center.” In addition, SMG will organize 10 solar power
    co-ops and expand public land for the installation of their PV power plants
    from 20 locations in 2014 to 100 places in 2018.
    SMG will expand the education for energy designers in charge of energy
    diagnosis of small and medium-sized buildings from 95 in 2014 to 745 by
    2018. It will also help them be financially independent so that they can
    continue their career in the field by assisting them in their efforts to acquire the
    relevant licenses, establishing an energy designer co-op, and making them the
    priority in bids for public projects.
    For instance, SMG will help them acquire licenses for new and renewable
    energy power facility technicians and building energy assessors so that they can
    enhance their qualifications and secure jobs in the public sector involving the
    installation of micro PV power plants and external air conditioner covers.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    local action
    Dissemination of “40,000 micro PV power plants” that save KRW 10,000 in - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG plans to distribute 40,000 “mini PV power plants” that can be installed in
    verandas for the purpose of transforming citizens from energy consumers to
    energy producers and raising their awareness of eco-friendly energy. It will
    implement a pilot project involving 8,000 households in 2014 and increase them
    to 10,000 households every year thereafter.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    local action
    Direct Electricity and Heat Production by Residential and Commercial Buildings: 90MW in 2014 - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    commercial buildings with total capacity of 89MW – 55% of apartments and
    4% of commercial buildings. SMG plans to expand the cogeneration capacity
    from 90MW in 2014 to 150MW in 2018. To this end, it requires the
    installation of decentralized power generation facilities for new buildings. It
    plans to request the central government to make improvements in the pricing of
    heating & cooling fuel and electricity including time-based electricity pricing. It
    will also ask the central government to support the city’s PV power plants
    through the nation’s Energy Use Rationalization Funds.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Information Disclosure → Promotion of Energy Efficiency through Market - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    SMG plans to have energy efficiency reflected on buildings' prices through the
    implementation of the energy efficiency classification system for buildings. The
    system will have the actual energy consumption of buildings recorded in
    building purchase or lease contracts so that the consumer will make wiser
    choices, and buildings of higher energy efficiency will consequently command
    higher prices/rents in the market. Following a trial project in 2015, SMG will
    launch the system that same year and begin to disclose the building energy
    information in the country’s real estate portal run by the private sector and
    SMG’s Integrated Multi-unit Dwellings Information Plaza starting 2016. For
    buildings categorized as major energy consumers, SMG will start disclosing their
    energy score cards to the public to motivate them to conserve energy more
    aggressively. The cards will contain information on the buildings’ energy
    consumption per unit area, changes in energy consumption, and rankings in
    energy conservation efforts. Beginning 2015, SMG will implement the “Excellent
    Energy Efficiency Building Certification System” wherein it will issue a plaque of recognition to buildings that have reduced energy consumption by more than
    5% in an effort to spread energy conservation know-how and induce voluntary
    participation in energy efficiency improvements.(This action is a plan to improve SMG's system for energy efficiancy. Therefore, Emission reduction was not estimated)

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    local action
    Installation of 174MW Fuel Cells that are Instrumental in Electricity Self-Reliance - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG installs a total of 174MW fuel cell plants, which contribute significantly
    to electricity self-reliance and private investment effects by 2018. It will install
    a 20MW fuel cell at each of the city’s infrastructure facilities including railway
    vehicle bases (Sinnae, Suseo, and Jichuk) and Seonam Sewage Treatment Center
    to ensure that the facilities keep operating during power outages. SMG
    distributes 1kW class micro fuel cells to houses and buildings particularly hotels
    and hospitals that use electricity and heat energy around the world.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    local action
    Eco-Mileage - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The Eco-Mileage program engages homes and businesses
    in energy conservation (i.e. saving electricity, water, gas and
    district heating) by offering city government incentives. Eco-
    Mileage Members stay informed and motivated through
    regular e-mail and SMS reports of energy consumption
    data. As of August 2012, 627,000 homes and businesses
    have joined the program. The city government seeks to expand
    the program to 1 million members by 2014.
    Participating organizations: KEPCO, KEMCO, Ministry of Environment,
    Ministry of Land and Maritime Affairs, AEGIS
    Enterprise, apartment offices, environmental NGOs, Office
    of Education, schools, private buildings, BC Card Corp., LG
    Housys, Dajin DMP.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    local action
    Heat pumps - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    The city plans to develop such a system adapted to the urban condition

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    GHG emissions reduce by 0.2t/y Energy consumption per citizen with Seoul Public Transportation - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2010
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    The combined effect of GHG reductions and energy conservation is equivalent to planting 86 pine trees in 2020 and 146 pine trees in 2030. (Such positive impact is the result of changes in the transportation mode share, improved fuel-efficiency, and introduction of eco-friendly vehicles.)

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    local action
    Increase routes, frequency and night services - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    feasibility study underway

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    Sectors:
    • Facilities
    • Transport
    local action
    LED Replacement in the Private Sector: 25% → 65% - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    private sector – with LED lamps by 2018. To this end, it will enhance the
    LED design criteria in the "Green Building Design Guidelines” for new
    structures measuring more than 500 square meters. By the end of 2014, all the
    buildings in the city will have to replace more than 25% of their lights with
    LED lamps and 100% of their lights in underground garages with LED lighting
    fixtures. By 2020, all the lights in buildings will have to be LED lamps. SMG
    will support LED light installation in numerous apartment garages throughout the
    city by having the "Ordinance for Multi-unit Dwelling Support” of the city’s 25
    self-governing districts revised. Through the modification of the “Seoul Special
    City Ordinance on Outdoor Advertisements,” SMG will make it compulsory for
    businesses to change signboard lights into energy-efficient LED lamps. Even
    before the ordinance is modified, it will have 2,000 signboards changed to
    LED-based ones each year through agreement with shopkeepers. In addition,
    through the meetings of the Light Pollution Prevention Council, it will
    encourage the installation of high-efficiency lighting fixtures while discouraging
    the excessive use of lights.
    SMG will expand the voluntary LED distribution in the private sector through
    collaboration with the private sector and PR campaigns. It plans to launch the
    "On-Site LED Direct Marketplace" in apartment complexes 200 times. In
    cooperation with the city’s Buddhist leaders, it will distribute 1 million LED
    lotus lanterns to 500 Buddhist temples. SMG will also open an online
    information plaza to provide citizens with information on LED prices and
    technologies. In addition, it will set up 20 PR booths at the Gwanghwamun and
    Idae Stations to provide diverse information on LED to citizens. It plans to
    establish “LED Hub Centers” as the city’s regional network for LED
    distribution.SMG plans to install one or two LED hub centers in each of the city’s six
    areas in cooperation with civil society. The centers will provide one-stop service
    for counseling, PR, price information, and joint purchase. It will also join forces
    with the Korea Franchise Association and large-scale discount stores to distribute
    LED lamps. On behalf of its 100 member companies, the association will sign a
    contract to install LED lights in their new stores. Discount stores will observe
    the "LED Purchase Day" regularly and display LED publicity materials in their
    stores.
    SMG will also join hands with corporations to develop LED technologies and
    expand the LED market through marketing support. To this end, it will run an
    LED test site in collaboration with the Korea Photonics Technology Institute and
    SMEs to promote the quality reliability of SME products. Most notably, SMG
    will perform the evaluation of effects of emotional lighting and hospital lighting
    with the Korea Institute of Lighting Technology and Korea Photonics
    Technology Institute in an effort to help improve the performance of LED smart
    lighting.
    To spur the development of LED technologies, SMG will issue the “LED
    Distribution Standards for Public Institutions in Seoul," which will allow LED
    lights to be evaluated in terms of optical functions and require LED efficiency
    to be 10% higher than the national specification. In addition, it will launch the
    Seoul LED Lighting Fair every year to expand the LED market and open the
    Comprehensive LED Information Center in Konkuk University for the display
    and selling of LED lighting fixtures as well as information service and technical
    exchanges.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    LED Expansion and Development - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    Seoul aims to be a Mecca of LED technology and commercialization.
    By the end of the current year, the city plans to
    install 64,000 LED lights in public buildings and subway stations,
    leading to a 7060 TOE’s worth of electricity by 2014.
    The city government is also encouraging multi-use facilities
    like supermarkets and department stores to replace their
    lighting sources with LED, and simultaneously works to replace
    signs and street lamps with LED illumination.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    local action
    Discovering All Usable Energy Sources - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG recovers discarded energy and uses it as energy source for district heating.
    In 2012, it developed high-efficiency hydro power generation technology that
    could generate power at an altitude of less than 2 meters and applied it to a
    360kW hydro plant built in the Noryangjin Distributing Reservoir. Based on the
    success of the pilot project, SMG will continue to discover energy sources for
    small-scale hydro plants including Jamsil Weir, sewage treatment centers, and
    water purification centers for the purpose of installing a total of 3,160kW
    small-scale hydro plants. SMG also seeks to recover heat from the exhaust gas of
    incinerator chimneys in order to use it as heat source for neighboring areas. It
    will start with 9 locations at the Mapo Resource Recovery Facility and expand to
    a total of 32 chimneys by 2018, enabling the supply of heat to 70,000 households
    in neighboring apartment complexes. At present, 243 subway stations draw a total of 120,000 tons of ground water and use only 20,000 tons for cleaning purposes,
    discharging the rest into streams. SMG plans to use the discarded ground water to
    cool and heat neighboring buildings. It will launch a pilot project at the Korea
    University station in 2014 and expand to 10 stations by 2018 to service the
    Mokdong Ice Rink and the headquarters of Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit
    Corporation, among others.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    local action
    Dissemination of Green Cars - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    Electric vehicles (EVs) emit 25% less GHG even when charging is included.
    SMG will continue to expand EVs to reduce energy and ultra-fine particles. It
    will begin using EVs in the public sector, taxis, and car-sharing service before
    spreading EVs to other private sector businesses. It plans to increase the 195
    EVs and 18 high-speed battery chargers in 2014 to 10,000 EVs and 200
    chargers by 2018. It will also launch a test bed project for electric taxis in
    2014 in cooperation with auto makers, taxi companies, and test institutes.
    On top of that, SMG will disseminate 20,000 hybrid cars and buses by 2018. It
    will continue offering benefits for hybrid cars including reductions in acquisition
    tax and registration tax, congestion charges, and parking fees. Standards will be adjusted so that EV chargers can be used for plug-in hybrid vehicles, too. SMG
    plans to increase the number of hybrid buses – which save 34.5% in fuel costs
    – from 20 in 2014 to 670 by 2018. Upon the replacement of city buses, the
    purchase of hybrid buses will be prioritized, and the purchase record will be
    reflected on SMG’s evaluation of performance of the city’s bus operators. The
    purchase of hybrid buses will also be offered CNG subsidy by priority.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    local action
    Creation of 10MW “Solar Power Landmarks” in Various Locations - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    SMG plans to install a total of 10MW PV power plants along the city’s main
    streets as the city’s “Solar Power Landmarks” by 2018. It will launch a pilot
    project at the northern end of Seongsan Grand Bridge in 2014, followed by
    installations at Gangbyeon Buk-ro, bridges across Han River, downtown areas,
    and Hangang parks. It will seek ways to use them as tourist attractions as is
    the case in Freiburg, Germany.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    local action
    Solar electricity - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Installation of photovoltaic generators in redeveloped rental apartments

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Use of Heat Sources of Neighboring Local Governments and Private Companies - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG plans to use the heat sources discarded by neighboraing local governments and private companies to service 100,000 households. To this end, it will receive 460,000 Gcal and 200,000 Gcal from the Bucheon Cogeneration Plant and Yangju Byeolnae Cogeneration Plant, respectively, from 2014. In 2015, it will begin to receive 50,000 Gcal of the heat used by the data ce nter of KT, a private IT company, to cool its servers to service residents in neighboring apartment buildings. By 2018, it plans to supply a total of 350,000 Gcal annually through linkage with the Seoul metropolitan District Heating Network.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Fuel Cells - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    In order to ensure self supply of electricity.

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Operation of the “Solar Power Generation Citizens’ Fund” Worth KRW 50 Billion for - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG will create the “Solar Power Generation Citizens’ Fund” for citizens to make
    direct investments in the PV power plant business and earn profits. It plans to launch ten
    funds with total amount of KRW 50 billion, which will be invested in the creation of 10
    PV power plants in the Gueui Water Purification Plant (1MW). A citizen can invest
    between KRW 100,000 and KRW 10 million, for which annual average revenue of 4% is
    guaranteed. Profits or investments can be donated to charity programs targeting the
    energy-disadvantaged.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    local action
    Other activities to save energy - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    Maintain recommended indoor temperature, turn off unnecessary lights, lights off at lunchtime, etc.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Enhancement of design and maintenance requirements for energy-saving buildings - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    SMG continues to enhance the criteria for its environmental impact assessment
    for the purpose of significantly upgrading the energy efficiency of its large-scale
    development projects and large buildings. Specifically, it will require all types of
    buildings – including redevelopment and reconstruction – with floor area of
    100,000 square meters on land area of 90,000 square meters to have BEMS
    (Building Energy Management System), install only LED lights by 2018, and
    secure the highest energy efficiency (Class 1) in design. For private buildings,
    SMG will strengthen its green building design criteria to improve their energy
    efficiency. It will raise the bar for building energy self-reliance from 50% in
    2014 to 60% in 2016 and 100% in 2023. To that end, SMG will reinforce its
    requirements regarding the installation of new and renewable energy production
    facilities and high-efficiency LED lighting fixtures. Beginning 2015, it will apply
    new construction guidelines for the insulation feature of construction materials,
    for instance. It plans to construct the “Nowon District Eco-Friendly Zero-Energy
    Pilot Housing Complex” consisting of 121 households in cooperation with the
    Nowon District. For public buildings, SMG will enhance the “Criteria for
    Construction Technology Reviews for Public Buildings in Seoul” to improve
    their energy efficiency. It plans to raise the mandatory energy supply from new
    and renewable energy sources from 10% in 2014 to 25% by 2020 and complete
    LED lamp replacement by the end of 2018. Following a pilot project of BEMS in 2015, SMG will require all public buildings with floor area of more than
    30,000 square meters to be equipped with BEMS starting 2016. For existing
    buildings, SMG promotes improvements in energy efficiency through
    energy-efficient remodeling. It plans to designate as a remodeling activation zone
    an area wherein more than 60% of buildings are over 15 years old and provide
    incentives for the area where energy-saving work is carried out or new and
    renewable energy facilities are installed.(This activity is to improve institutions, so GHG emissions reduction cannot be measured.)

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Construction of Supply Facilities of Integrated Energy for a Stable Heat Source of Magok District - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG is building an integrated energy supply facility to deliver heat to Magok
    District steadily. It will deal with the demand for heat in the district until 2016
    in collaboration with the Mokdong Cogeneration Plant and Bucheon Combined
    Heat and Power Plan run by GS Power and construct a 280MW gas-based
    combined heat and power plant in 2017 for stable heat supply starting 2020.(This activity is to improve institutions, so GHG emissions reduction cannot be measured.)

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    local action
    Replacement of Old Residential Boilers with Micro Cogeneration Boilers that also - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    To increase the electricity self-sufficiency of houses, SMG replaced old
    residential boilers with micro cogeneration boilers that produce electricity, too.
    To this end, it will launch a pilot project in 2014 and review the results.
    Depending on the results, it will begin to provide subsidies or loans in 2015 for
    the purpose of distributing 10,000 stirling engine boilers to multi-family homes
    including apartments by 2020.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Industrial
    • Buildings and Facilities
    local action
    Improve fuel economy and reduce CO2 from motorized vehicles - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    - 30% purchase guarantee for green models - Expansion of energy-saving driving habits (e.g. regular checkup, non-idling, eco-driving, etc.)

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    local action
    Renewable on-Site energy generation - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    On-site energy production from solar and geothermal sources

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Summer Shelters - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    The Seoul Metropolitan Government has designated 3073 senior
    and community centers as “Summer Shelters” to protect
    senior citizens and homeless people from excessive heat. The
    designated shelters are highly accessible to senior citizens and
    are capable of accommodating up to 169,296 individuals. Seniors
    and homeless citizens can even stay late in the shelters
    on hot nights.

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    Sectors:
    • Human health
    local action
    Optimized BRP through Precise Diagnosis of Energy Usage - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    SMG will improve regulations so that big buildings consuming more than 2,000
    TOE will have to go through rigorous energy diagnosis procedures. Specifically,
    it will persuade the central government to delegate the authority of the Minister
    of Trade, Industry, and Energy to issue orders for building energy diagnosis to
    the heads of local governments including the mayor of Seoul. The amended law
    will also allow the heads of local governments to issue improvement orders
    when buildings fail to make more than 5% improvement in their energy
    efficiency. Meanwhile, SMG will develop and disseminate different energy
    conservation models for groups of buildings such as hospitals, schools,
    businesses, and hotels by the end of 2014. SMG offers tailored energy diagnosis
    for houses and buildings. Current energy usage will be carefully reviewed, and
    energy saving measures will be recommended free of charge by different groups
    of experts: houses, by energy consultants; shops in small ~ medium-sized
    buildings, by energy designers, and; welfare facilities and educational institutions,
    by professional energy diagnosis companies. SMG will carry out BRP for the
    city’s basic urban infrastructure, too. It will focus on improving the efficiency
    of electrical facilities in sewage treatment facilities through the replacement of
    old motors with high-efficiency ones and convert into heat source the digestion
    gas generated in the sewage treatment process. It will also introduce intelligent
    electricity load management systems in water purification centers. In addition,
    SMG will begin operating subway cars that enable the recovery of the
    electricity generated during brake applications.

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    Sectors:
    • Energy
    • Infrastructure
    local action
    Air Pollution Forecast & Alert Reinforcement - Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Assessment/Research
    • Status: In operation

    In order to protect vulnerable communities from air pollution,
    Seoul issues air pollutant (e.g. fine particles, ozone)
    forecasts and alerts directed at 4018 education offices and
    schools, 4500 senior centers and 662 care centers for livealone
    seniors. The information is released on a real-time
    basis via website, electric display boards and mobile apps.
    As of June 2012, YTN Weather Channel provides a TV air
    pollution report in partnership with city government.
    Participating organizations: YTN Weather TV.

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Human health
    local action
    Inventories
    Community inventories

    The Seoul Metropolitan Government has reported 3 Community emission inventories, since 2010. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2012, the are identified as key emission sources.

    GHG emission from Seoul Metropolitan Government
    GHG inventory in 2012
    Government operations inventory

    The Seoul Metropolitan Government has reported 4 government operational inventories, since 2005. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2012, the Transport, Waste management, Other, Industrial process and product use and Agriculture, forest and other land use are identified as key emission sources.

    GHG emission from Seoul Metropolitan Government
    GHG inventory in 2012

    Mayor Won-soon Park
    Seoul Metropolitan Government, Republic of Korea

    map

    Initiative

    Durban Adaptation Charter
    Compact of Mayors - ICLEI
    Transformative Action Program
    MXCP Signatories
    Earth Hour City Challenge

    Status of compliance

    Compact of Mayors
    full compliance
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