Climate change also implies new challenges for infectious
disease control. Many major causes of death are highly
sensitive to meteorological conditions such as temperature
and rainfall, as is the case with cholera and diarrhea-related
diseases. Six million greater Santiago residents are exposed
to high levels of air pollution that translate into respiratory
diseases and premature deaths.
Drinking water provision activities indicate that hydrological
changes will occur in the case of the metro region at the
city’s main water source, the Maipo River. As such, water
demand projections for the overall population will produce
a provision deficit.