“Gakku” is an elementary school zone used as a unit for community autonomy and activities. The zones are making united efforts in implementing projects to establish a low carbon emitting society, and hoping to change the lifestyle of the whole community and revitalizing it.
[Energy saving classes]
(1) Kurashi-no Takumi Project ( the master of livelihood project)
Volunteers who have knowledge of environmental issues called “Takumi” would give guidance to classes and idea exchange meetings. Those families who attended the classes and meetings, are given the energy saving navigation devices to install at their homes so that they may know the amount of electricity they have consumed.
(2) Uchi Eco Shindan Project (diagnosis of home ecology project)
This is a project enforced by the Ministry of the Environment. “Uchi Eco Shindan-in” who is an expert on environment and energy issues will visit a particular home to investigate the state of energy saving there, and suggest the ways of reducing greenhouse gasses according to the lifestyle and the situation of each family.
[Experimental Projects in community]
Projects aiming at energy savings and changing lifestyle are suggested by the communities to the city. The city financially supports the communities in implementing these projects.
the “DO YOU KYOTO? Credit” system is a “local production for local consumption”
model CO2 credit that promotes GHG reduction initiatives among
citizen groups, shopping-mall associations, and medium- and small sized
city enterprises. As of September 2012, 22 groups have sought
to reduce their CO2 emissions through reduction activities and approximately
35 metric tons of credits have been sold by the city to different
events organizers to offset their carbon emissions. For example KYOTO
SANGA F.C., a professional football club, has used credits to offset emissions
at home games. The city will reduce 1000 metric tons of CO2 annually
as it identifies and publishes representative cases to increase public
awareness, enhance system brand equity and further develop the Kyoto
Kyoto city certifies the reductions of CO2 achieved by energy-saving activities and facility replacement in the communities or smaller businesses as tradable credits and those can be used for carbon offsets at events within the city or by larger businesses.
?It develops Kyoto origin \\\"local generation for local use\\\" model of CO2 credits. Kyoto-produced credits are used in Kyoto and funds of event participants and larger businesses are used to strengthen management bases of smaller businesses and support further energy-saving activities within the communities.
[ Program summary ]
(1) Credit generation
?Kyoto city certifies the emission reductions by community groups and smaller businesses as tradable credits and provides incentive payments in proportion as the credits.
(2) Use of credits
?Kyoto city sells the obtained credits to event organizers; specified businesses defined by Kyoto city & Kyoto prefecture global warming countermeasures ordinances. Event organizers use the credit for carbon offsets of events within the city(including Kyoto city hosted events), sports matches, Kyoto sightseeing, materials & services. Specified businesses on the other hand, use it to achieve the targets of business emission reduction plan documents based on the ordinance.
To make up for anticipated electricity shortages due to prolonged
nuclear plant inoperability, businesses and households throughout Japan
(except Okinawa) were asked to reduce electricity consumption
both last winter and this summer. Kyoto will initiate power-saving
programs such as cutting power consumption at peak hours, and
ask for cooperation from citizens and enterprises to avoid large-scale
blackouts. Through everyone’s efforts, each season’s power use fell
below government-mandated targets. In particular, July/August power
use was cut by 18.3% in city offices and by 11.7% overall, based
on 2010 numbers. Based on this experience, the city will encourage
citizens and businesses to continue climate change mitigation via energy
To achieve the GHG reduction target, Kyoto city has been implementing subsidy program for household installation of photovoltaic power generation system, the core of renewable energy which is effective in terms of global warming countermeasures, since 2003. It is expected to early meet the target of 10,000 households installation of photovoltaic power generation system which appears in Kyoto City Program of global warming countermeasure (2011-2020).
[ Program Summary ]
Installation site; houses, apartments and halls.
Installation equipment; photovoltaic power generation system for houses
The amount of subsidy; 40,000yen/1kw (up to 4kw)
Result; 3,344 cases in total as of September 2011 including expected cases.
Following the Fukushima disaster, renewable energy promotion has
been increasingly vital. In 2003, Kyoto introduced a subsidy program
for citizens to cover a portion of the cost of installing solar photovoltaic
systems. By the end of 2011, subsidies totaled 1571 and were
valued at US$ 3.5 million. In comparison to 2009 numbers, case subsidy
amounts and generated output have nearly trebled. In 2012,
the city paid US$ 256 per kw and cases reached more than 800 by
the end of the first half-year, an increase over last year’s figures. This
project brought about 6000 metric tons of CO2 reduction in 2011
The Kyoto City has reported 2 Community emission inventories, since 2008. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2011, the Stationary energy, Transport and Waste management are identified as key emission sources.
The Kyoto City has reported 2 government operational inventories, since 2009. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2011, the Waste management and Transport are identified as key emission sources.
Mayor Daisaku KadokawaKyoto City, Japan