KwaDukuza Local Municipality

South Africa Mayor: Ricardo Mthembu
Summary
  • image description
     
    Population 238587
  • km 2
    Area 735.0
  • ZAR
    GDP 35 Billion
  • emission
    Targets by Reduce 42% GHG emissions
Targets

Targets by KwaDukuza Local Municipality

GHG emissions reduction targets

 

    Community
     

  • The KwaDukuza Local Municipality has committed to reduce its Community emissions by 42% by 2030 compared to Baseline scenario (BAU) reduction target emission level.
  • The target is going to be reached by activities in Stationary energy, Transport and Waste management sectors.

 

    Adaptation and resilience target

     

    KwaDukuza Mayor, Ricardo Mthembu, has committed to comply with the largest coalition of city leaders in dealing with climate change challenges. Mayor Mthembu also signed the Durban Adaptation Charter, committing Council to local climate interventions that will assist KwaDukuza to decisively respond and cope with climate change risks.

    Actions
    Climate Change Response Strategy
    Green Building Guidelines
    Low Carbon Emission Strategic Framework & Action Plan
    Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2012 - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Advice / Tools
    • Status: Completed

    The KwaDukuza Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory was conducted using energy data from the 2012 calendar year as the baseline for this study. The GHG inventory is compliant with the international accounting protocols, techniques and methodologies of both International Local Government Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis Protocol (IEAP) version 1.0 and the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GPC). The characteristics of the local context are mirrored by the GHG results with the residential, commercial and industrial sector sharing the larger proportion of the emissions for the area. With a relatively small population, 231 189 (2011), the energy and emissions per capita is 23 GJ/capita and 4,36 tCO2e/capita respectively. It is difficult to compare these results to other municipalities in South Africa as the local context, including the size, population and economic drivers differ significantly to the some of the municipalities that have undertaken a GHG Inventory using 2012 energy data

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Waste
    • Commercial
    • Transport
    local action
    KwaDukuza Municipality Inter-modal Facility - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    The KwaDukuza Municipality inter-modal facility is part of the action plan that the municipality would like to implement regarding an integrated transport system with a main focus relating to the modal splits thus making traveling for commuters efficient. The project envisions the use of public transport facilities as a catalyst for development and greater economic integration. This concept is referred to as an Intermodal facility; an intermodal facility can be defined as a place where interface occurs between transportation systems. This development intends to transform the role of the rail station into unique, vibrant, well integrated and sustainable mixed use environment and gateways. The on-going discussions for future attachment to rail station therefore makes this a transit oriented development (TOD).In a passenger terminal, people enter the facility by one mode of access (e.g. on foot, riding a bicycle, by car, by bus or train, etc.) and leave by another. The term “multimodal terminal” is generally applied to a terminal that serves multiple transit operators and/or modes, such as combined bus and rail stations. The term “intermodal” implies not only multiple transit modes but also a high degree of connectivity and interchange between modes

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    • Transport
    local action
    Green Building Guidelines - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Strategy / Policy
    • Status: Planning phase

    The outcomes intended for the green building guidelines is for the application and putting into practice the laws governing top structures and whether the building proposals are in line with the prescripts of the act. The municipality will be using the guidelines in order to effect and assess building plans thus ascertaining whether the building has incorporated green elements such as natural light rather than artificial lighting.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Waste
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    • Commercial
    • Transport
    local action
    Municipal recycling bins - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    Through effective communication, KwaDukuza Municipality seeks to create environmental awareness amongst its municipality by introducing a programme of recycling bins. Recycling bins will ensure that employees see environmental responsibility as an intrinsic element of their work.

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    Sectors:
    • Waste
    Ripple control project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    This project is for the installation of Geyser/ Ripple relays. The installation of additional 3500 relays in the southern section. This is funded by Eskom as one of the Demand Side Management (DSM) project.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    Green Building Guidelines - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    The outcomes intended for the green building guidelines is for the application and putting into practice the laws governing top structures and whether the building proposals are in line with the prescripts of the act. The municipality will be using the guidelines in order to effect and assess building plans thus ascertaining whether the building has incorporated green elements such as natural light rather than artificial lighting.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    • Transport
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    • Waste
    Hotbox rollout project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2014
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    The purpose of the programme is to educate residents of KwaDukuza on heat insulation cookers as an alternative technology for cooking and encourage awareness on energy (per kilowatts hour) consumption

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    Sectors:
    KwaDukuza Municipality Low Emission Development Strategic Framework & Action Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    The strategic framework has been developed as a joint effort between KwaDukuza Municipality and local stakeholders from government, community and business.
    KwaDukuza’s existing high-level Climate Change Response Strategy (CCRS) was taken as the foundational basis for this strategic framework and action plan.
    Primary and background research was conducted. A greenhouse gas inventory was compiled, displaying all the energy and associated emissions used in the municipality. The distribution and analysis of a staff awareness questionnaire measured the awareness and enthusiasm of municipal staff towards sustainable low carbon development. Interviews with influential stakeholders were conducted.
    A creative an innovative scenario planning process was used to devise; four possible future development scenarios, a preferred scenario and vision, six transition areas to reach the vision, and a set of accompanying strategic objectives.
    Initial action planning took place to identify existing and short-term potential measures that the Municipality and its stakeholders could begin straight away or in the next financial year
    Additional research was conducted by expert consultants on each of the transition areas, to unpack the transition in more detail and make additional recommendations. These recommendations were presented to municipal staff and local stakeholders for consideration, and have formed a strong input into this strategic framework.
    The process followed has largely been shaped by ICLEI’s GreenClimateCities methodology – a municipal planning and implementation process to create and implement low emission development strategies.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    • Transport
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    • Waste
    • Other Emissions
    Reviewal of Energy Master Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The energy market is rapidly changing due to various reasons including clean energy, influences of climate
    change, cost of energy, customers moving off the grid etc. In some more detail:
    • Renewable Energy, Energy efficiency, Demand side management and storage technologies (decreasing
    traditional kWh sales from utility)
    • Customers are getting smarter (behind the meter initiatives) such as smart mini-grids, storage and
    embedded generation enabling disconnection from the grid
    • Financial changes such as reduced technology costs and reduced financing costs (more affluent customers
    can choose alternatives due to financial considerations eg rooftop solar PV)
    • Enabling policy such as Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency policies and subsidies (external influences
    impacting on kWh business of municipality)
    • Tax incentives such as the Section 12B, K and L for efficiencies and renewables
    • Many of these are currently not yet reducing the required network capacity
    • This has and will result in many non-utility players entering the market creating new competition and a risk of
    stranded assets for utilities
    • The distributed generation and renewable energy will introduce variability into the network where a safe, reliable
    and clean supply of electricity is a key pre-condition for sustainability and economic prosperity
    Some of the challenges with municipalities becoming generators include:
    • The definition of an IPP in the new NGR and MSA effectively means that local government cannot hold a
    direct or indirect controlling interest in an IPP
    • In addition currently municipalities do not have the ‘competency’ as a generator of electricity
    • The reduction in energy tariff and the need to assess tariff structures based on leased lines and networks
    • Safety concerns from embedded generation
    • Current poorly formulated policy to deal with embedded generation
    • All, if not most of these items need to be addressed in order for municipality’s to embrace opportunities and
    minimise potential threats posed
    • Therefore the existing utility business model and role requires a review

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    This level of planning represents a massive opportunity and possible turning point for the Municipality. If planning and investment is done appropriately, KwaDukuza could ultimately attain a city environment that is highly competitive, functional and liveable, which in turn will attract key skills to the region.
    In attracting more capital, in all its facets such as people and business to the region, the city would be able to enhance its revenue base to deliver better services to its citizens on a continuing basis. If its growth and development is left unchecked, however, it could become unsustainable for the region.
    The KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy process will serve to identify the key opportunities and challenges that underpin KwaDukuza’s performance, and develop key strategies up to the 2030 horizon to enhance and mitigate these findings and ultimately promote positive, transformational change. It should be acknowledged that the KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy will align to the “INTEGRATING CLIMATE CHANGE INTO CITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES (CDS) - CLIMATE CHANGE AND STRATEGIC PLANNING” as published by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) - HS Number: HS/075/15E

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    • Transport
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    • Waste
    Community Climate Resilient Project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Action plan
    • Status: Planning phase

    Ecosystems are important to the households of communities; they provide us with extensive goods and services which include food, water, air purification, water purification. However, in the past, human activities are destroying biodiversity and altering the capacity of healthy ecosystems to deliver this wide range of goods and services and furthermore climate change impact has been detrimental to environmental systems and to human households. The municipality’s vision to be achieved by the year 2030, aims for the municipality to be a vibrant city competing in the global village economically, socially, politically and in a sustainable manner. KwaDukuza Municipality is committed to climate and disaster risk management; efforts have been constricted due to human and financial resource limitations. Hence, the Community Climate Resilient Project aims to increase climate and risk resilience in economic, social, and ecosystems in KwaDukuza. The project goal is to build community climate change vulnerability and build community resilience through the rehabilitation of natural resources and households. This will ensure the reduction of risks associated with the changing climate conditions through stronger natural systems that can handle weather events better.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Intergrated Waste Management Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    KwaDukuza Municipality has developed a waste management plan and waste related legislative development and reform processes. The reform process is aimed at developing integrated waste management systems for the management of waste within KDM boundaries. Section 11 of the Waste Act, the Integrated Pollution and Waste Management Policy and the National Waste Management Strategy requires KDM to develop an integrated waste management plan.The reform process exercise began with the Status Quo Analysis of the waste generation and management systems within KDM.
    The Status Quo Analysis Report is developed in line with the guidelines for developing an Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) and forms Phase 1 of the development process of the municipal IWMP. IWMPs were identified in the National Waste Management Strategy (NWMS) document (2000 and 2010) as a tool to assist municipalities to provide effective waste management services. The status quo analysis investigated the amount and types of general waste currently generated, collected, transported, recycled, treated and disposed of.

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    Sectors:
    • Waste
    Land Use Management System - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Regulatory
    • Status: Completed

    The purpose of the KwaDukuza Land Use Management System is to guide and manage development in the municipality according to the vision, strategies and policies of the Integrated Development Plan and associated Spatial Development Frameworks in order to promote and encourage sustainable development and quality of life. The municipality deems land use planning as a major contributing factor in reducing carbon emissions and thus the Land Use Management System is a tool that will be used to reduce emissions through promoting amongst other things such as urban compaction, integrated transport planning, and environmental management. This includes the municipality's green building guidelines which will be part of the KwaDukuza Municipality Land Use Management System.

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    • Facilities
    • Transport
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    • Waste
    local action
    KwaDukuza Disaster Management Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The development of the KwaDukuza Disaster Management Framework and Plan will enable the Municipality to comply with relevant legislations regarding disaster management. Both the Municipal Systems Act (32 of 2000) and the Disaster Management Act (57 of 2002) require that disaster management is an integral part of the District and Local Municipalities’ respective Integrated Development Plans. In addition, as the proposed amendments to the Disaster Management Act infer, climate change poses a significant threat, particularly at the local level and should be adequately addressed in the risk reduction component of any Disaster Management Plan.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    KwaDukuza Greening Outreach Project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Action plan
    • Status: Planning phase

    KwaDukuza ecosystems including its estuaries are under pressure and have been seriously damaged due to:
    • urbanisation,
    • agricultural activities,
    • land use activities both legal and illegal,
    • mismanagement of natural resources and
    • an increase in population

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    Sectors:
    • Waste
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Household Energy Efficient Kit Project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    The Care Givers at Groutville have their hands full with caring for orphans, but they received some support to make their lives easier while also considering the environment. As part of the Urban LEDS Programme the KwaDukuza Municipality has teamed up with ICLEI African and Child Welfare to support these families while also show casing ways to save energy in a practical manner.
    Each of the twenty care homes received a Wonderbag insulation cooker, a mobile solar LED light and compost container to assist them on their journey in going green. They also received training on how to use each of these items and why it is important to save electricity.

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    Sectors:
    • Facilities
    • Waste
    Greening KwaDukuza Municipal Buildings Project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Action plan
    • Status: Planning phase

    The project will be rolled out in phases, phase one being the pilot project which will be focusing on greening the KwaDukuza CBD Library. Thereafter, in the next financial years (depending on the available budget) the project will be replicated on the other municipal buildings which would include the community halls and libraries. For the implementation of the KwaDukuza Municipality Green Building Guidelines, this project envisages to meet the following objectives:

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Reviewal of Energy Master Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The energy market is rapidly changing due to various reasons including clean energy, influences of climate
    change, cost of energy, customers moving off the grid etc. In some more detail:
    • Renewable Energy, Energy efficiency, Demand side management and storage technologies (decreasing
    traditional kWh sales from utility)
    • Customers are getting smarter (behind the meter initiatives) such as smart mini-grids, storage and
    embedded generation enabling disconnection from the grid
    • Financial changes such as reduced technology costs and reduced financing costs (more affluent customers
    can choose alternatives due to financial considerations eg rooftop solar PV)
    • Enabling policy such as Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency policies and subsidies (external influences
    impacting on kWh business of municipality)
    • Tax incentives such as the Section 12B, K and L for efficiencies and renewables
    • Many of these are currently not yet reducing the required network capacity
    • This has and will result in many non-utility players entering the market creating new competition and a risk of
    stranded assets for utilities
    • The distributed generation and renewable energy will introduce variability into the network where a safe, reliable
    and clean supply of electricity is a key pre-condition for sustainability and economic prosperity
    Some of the challenges with municipalities becoming generators include:
    • The definition of an IPP in the new NGR and MSA effectively means that local government cannot hold a
    direct or indirect controlling interest in an IPP
    • In addition currently municipalities do not have the ‘competency’ as a generator of electricity
    • The reduction in energy tariff and the need to assess tariff structures based on leased lines and networks
    • Safety concerns from embedded generation
    • Current poorly formulated policy to deal with embedded generation
    • All, if not most of these items need to be addressed in order for municipality’s to embrace opportunities and
    minimise potential threats posed
    • Therefore the existing utility business model and role requires a review

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Land use regulations
    • Urban risks associated with housing
    KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    This level of planning represents a massive opportunity and possible turning point for the Municipality. If planning and investment is done appropriately, KwaDukuza could ultimately attain a city environment that is highly competitive, functional and liveable, which in turn will attract key skills to the region.
    In attracting more capital, in all its facets such as people and business to the region, the city would be able to enhance its revenue base to deliver better services to its citizens on a continuing basis. If its growth and development is left unchecked, however, it could become unsustainable for the region.
    The KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy process will serve to identify the key opportunities and challenges that underpin KwaDukuza’s performance, and develop key strategies up to the 2030 horizon to enhance and mitigate these findings and ultimately promote positive, transformational change. It should be acknowledged that the KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy will align to the “INTEGRATING CLIMATE CHANGE INTO CITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES (CDS) - CLIMATE CHANGE AND STRATEGIC PLANNING” as published by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) - HS Number: HS/075/15E

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Mobility
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Coastal zone systems
    • Human security and emergency response
    • Insurance and investment
    • Urban risks associated with housing
    • Human health
    Community Climate Resilient Project - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Action plan
    • Status: Planning phase

    Ecosystems are important to the households of communities; they provide us with extensive goods and services which include food, water, air purification, water purification. However, in the past, human activities are destroying biodiversity and altering the capacity of healthy ecosystems to deliver this wide range of goods and services and furthermore climate change impact has been detrimental to environmental systems and to human households. The municipality’s vision to be achieved by the year 2030, aims for the municipality to be a vibrant city competing in the global village economically, socially, politically and in a sustainable manner. KwaDukuza Municipality is committed to climate and disaster risk management; efforts have been constricted due to human and financial resource limitations. Hence, the Community Climate Resilient Project aims to increase climate and risk resilience in economic, social, and ecosystems in KwaDukuza. The project goal is to build community climate change vulnerability and build community resilience through the rehabilitation of natural resources and households. This will ensure the reduction of risks associated with the changing climate conditions through stronger natural systems that can handle weather events better.

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    local action
    Intergrated Waste Management Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    KwaDukuza Municipality has developed a waste management plan and waste related legislative development and reform processes. The reform process is aimed at developing integrated waste management systems for the management of waste within KDM boundaries. Section 11 of the Waste Act, the Integrated Pollution and Waste Management Policy and the National Waste Management Strategy requires KDM to develop an integrated waste management plan.The reform process exercise began with the Status Quo Analysis of the waste generation and management systems within KDM.
    The Status Quo Analysis Report is developed in line with the guidelines for developing an Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) and forms Phase 1 of the development process of the municipal IWMP. IWMPs were identified in the National Waste Management Strategy (NWMS) document (2000 and 2010) as a tool to assist municipalities to provide effective waste management services. The status quo analysis investigated the amount and types of general waste currently generated, collected, transported, recycled, treated and disposed of.

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Land use regulations
    • Human security and emergency response
    • Urban risks associated with housing
    • Human health
    Land Use Management System - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Regulatory
    • Status: Completed

    The purpose of the KwaDukuza Land Use Management System is to guide and manage development in the municipality according to the vision, strategies and policies of the Integrated Development Plan and associated Spatial Development Frameworks in order to promote and encourage sustainable development and quality of life. The municipality deems land use planning as a major contributing factor in reducing carbon emissions and thus the Land Use Management System is a tool that will be used to reduce emissions through promoting amongst other things such as urban compaction, integrated transport planning, and environmental management. This includes the municipality's green building guidelines which will be part of the KwaDukuza Municipality Land Use Management System.

    Read More Read Less
    Sectors:
    • Mobility
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Land use regulations
    • Coastal zone systems
    • Insurance and investment
    • Urban risks associated with housing
    • Human health
    local action
    Eco-schools programme - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    The Eco-Schools programme is an international programme of the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) that was developed to support environmental learning in the classroom. The programme is active in 51 countries around the world and has been implemented in South Africa since 2003 by WESSA. The programme is aimed at creating awareness and action around environmental sustainability in schools and their surrounding communities as well as supporting ESD (Education for Sustainable Development) in the national curriculum. With over 50% of the content in some CAPS subjects being environmental in nature Eco-Schools makes a positive contribution towards improving education in South Africa.

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    Sectors:
    Climate Change Response Strategy (CCRS) - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    Mott MacDonald South Africa (MMSA) was appointed by the KwaDukuza Municipality to evaluate climate change management risks to the Municipality and develop a Climate Change Response Strategy (CCRS) of climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation response options.

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    Sectors:
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Coastal zone systems
    • Human security and emergency response
    • Urban risks associated with housing
    Coastal Management Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2010
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    The Coastal Development Management Tool was proposed to inform the Planning Framework insofar as zonation of activities in each area of the coastline, development setback lines and development controls appropriate for each coastal location (coastal planning) was concerned.

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    Sectors:
    • Coastal zone systems
    Solar/ LED streetlight - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    The purpose of replacing the existing streetlights with the LED is the following:

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    Sectors:
    Estuary Management Plan - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The eight estuaries which fall within the Kwadukuza Municipality boundaries are categorised as intermittently open estuaries with the exception of the uMvoti estuary which is classified as a river mouth (Table 4.1). Only one estuary with the municipality (uThongathi estuary) has had its present ecological status and preliminary ecological reserve determined formally using the methods described by the National Water Act of 1998. This is unfortunate as this process would clarify a great deal about the water quantity and quality issues facing these systems as well as provide a sound basis for the Estuarine Management Plans which are required as part of the new Integrated Coastal Management Act. Both would contribute towards the better management of impacting activities which are influencing the status of these systems thereby assisting in the restoration and proactive protection of these important ecosystem units. Fortunately a number of the estuaries have been sampled during recent times by MER and this was used recently, together with other recent information to conduct a desktop assessment as part of the National Biodiversity Assessment conducted by SANBI.
    It is extremely important to take into account the regional significance of these eight estuaries. Although only eight of a total of eighty estuaries these systems are eight out of a total of only nineteen estuaries north of Durban. In addition, they are immediately adjacent to the estuaries of the eThekwini Municipality which have been recently assessed and found to be in an extremely poor state with only two of sixteen systems in a good condition and the remainder considered to be in poor to degraded condition. This makes these estuaries even more significant in the role they play on the KZN coast and particularly their role in terms of nursery function for important marine species which utilise these habitats to complete their life cycles.
    The desktop assessment provides an indication of Present Ecological Status (PES) and a regional overview of the estuarine area of the municipality as well as the condition of the estuarine resource (Table 5.1). It can be quickly and clearly seen from this and Figure 5.1 that the estuarine assets of the Kwadukuza Municipality which total 924 ha (a reduced total) are on a negative trajectory. This is in evidence with only one relatively small estuary (3 ha) being considered to currently exist in a B category (largely natural with few modifications) or Good condition. This only comprises 0.4% of the estuarine habitat within the municipal area. No estuaries could be rated in an A category or Excellent condition and no estuaries have any formal protection. Four of the systems are currently sitting in a category C or Fair condition which contributes 31% of the total estuarine and a total area of 288 ha. The remaining three are considered to be in poor to highly degraded condition. One of these, namely the uMvoti estuary, is the only estuary categorised within this stretch of coastline as a river mouth and it is
    considered to be in a category D or Poor condition. This means that for this estuarine category 100% of the estuarine area is in Poor condition.
    The conditions which exist in these systems are a result of poor management of anthropogenic impacting activities and are in many cases considered completely reversible. This would require proactive interventions and collaboration between various levels of government, NGO’s, landowners and stakeholders.

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    Sectors:
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Coastal zone systems
    Biodiversity Open Space Management Plan (BOSMAP) - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    Vast areas of the Kwadukuza municipality have been transformed from their natural state, largely through the cultivation of sugar cane. Of the total municipal area of 73 497.2 Ha, only 17 949.6 is untransformed (24.4%). The degree to which the municipality and surrounding areas have been transformed has meant that remaining untransformed areas have gained a high level of importance from a biodiversity conservation perspective and because of the importance of the ecosystem services which are delivered by these areas.

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    Sectors:
    • Land use regulations
    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) - KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    • Start year: 2007
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    The purpose of undertaking an SEA is to strengthen and support sustainability planning as an integral part of the IDP process. The SEA will therefore provide the Municipality with a decision support tool to evaluate its outcomes in terms of its environmental implications.

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    Sectors:
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Land use regulations
    • Coastal zone systems
    • Human security and emergency response
    Inventories
    Community inventories

    The KwaDukuza Local Municipality has reported 2 Community emission inventories, since 2012. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2012, the Stationary energy, Transport and Waste management are identified as key emission sources.

    GHG emission from KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    GHG inventory in 2012
    Government operations inventory

    The KwaDukuza Local Municipality has reported 1 government operational inventory, since 2012. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2012, the Other and Transport are identified as key emission sources.

    GHG emission from KwaDukuza Local Municipality
    GHG inventory in 2012

    Climate change is the most serious global challenge of our time. Being one of the local municipalities in the country to pitch for Compact of Mayors status is a re-affirmation of our commitment in the fight against climate change. Our vision statement holds true of our successful interventions on the climate challenge. There is a clear indication that we are a progressive city in the making, on our path towards a low carbon economy. Together we can do more!

    Mayor Ricardo Mthembu
    KwaDukuza Local Municipality, South Africa

    map

    Initiative

    Compact of Mayors - ICLEI
    Earth Hour City Challenge 2015-2016
    Transformative Action Program
    Urban-LEDS
    Building Efficiency Accelerator
    Earth Hour City Challenge

    Status of compliance

    Compact of Mayors
    full compliance
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