Kaohsiung City Government

Chinese Taipei Mayor: Hsu Li-Ming
Summary
false http://static.iclei.org/ccr-images/govlogo-all/Kaohsiung_City_Government.png
  • image description
     
    Population 2778729
  • km 2
    Area 2946.616
  • USD
    GDP 520 Billion
  • emission
    Targets by Reduce 20% GHG emissions
Targets

Targets by Kaohsiung City Government

GHG emissions reduction targets

 

    Community
     

  • The Kaohsiung City Government has committed to reduce its Community emissions by 20% by 2020 compared to Baseline scenario (BAU) reduction target emission level.

 

    Renewable energy target

     

    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its Installed capacity of Renewable energy in Community to 11 MW by 2030
    • Current Installed capacity of Renewable energy: 3914.0 MW
    • The target is going to be reached by activities in sectors.
    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its Share of renewable energy in primary energy mix in Community by 11% by 2030
    • Current Share of renewable energy in primary energy mix: 3914.0%
    • The target is going to be reached by activities in Electricity, Heating & cooling, Transport and Industry sectors.
    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its Share of renewable energy in primary energy mix in Community by 11% by 2030
    • Current Share of renewable energy in primary energy mix: 3914.0%
    • The target is going to be reached by activities in Electricity sectors.
    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its Share of renewable energy in primary energy mix in Community by 11% by 2030
    • Current Share of renewable energy in primary energy mix: 3914.0%
    • The target is going to be reached by activities in Electricity sectors.
    •  

    Energy efficiency target

     

    0% Energy efficiency improvement by 2015

    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its energy efficiency in Final energy and Community energy consumption by 0% by 2015 compared to 2005 levels.
    • This target will be achieved in Electricity, Transport and Industry sectors

    0% Energy efficiency improvement by 2015

    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its energy efficiency in Final energy and Community energy consumption by 0% by 2015 compared to 2005 levels.
    • This target will be achieved in Electricity, Transport and Industry sectors

    50% Energy efficiency improvement by 2025

    • The Kaohsiung City Government committed to increase its energy efficiency in Final energy and Community energy consumption by 50% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels.
    • Final energy energy consumption: 717894511.71 Mwh

     

    Adaptation and resilience target

     

    Disasters, living infrastructure, water resources, land use, coastal, energy supply and industrial, agricultural production and biodiversity

    Kaohsiung City is facing several climate change impacts such as precipitation pattern change, intense rainfall, landslide, sea level rise, storm-surge, high temperature and low temperature . In order to cope with the above impacts, Kaohsiung City Government implements climate change adaptation actions, including improving the drainage system and strengthen the management, establishing water resource conservation and disaster prevention system, studying and develop diversified water supply program, execute coastal sustainable regeneration plan, set up flood prevention and relief projects to enhance and build a resilient and sustainable city

    Actions
    Kaohsiung City Adaptation Plan
    GHG inventory and reduction - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2009
    • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
    • Status: In operation

    51 local factories have been required to report their annual GHG inventories since 2009. Besides, the EPB assisted 3 local factories to plan GHG reduction which 18,942 tonnes of GHG reduction is anticipated in 7 years.

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Replace the street buses with hydrogen powered buses - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2009
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    About 23 hydrogen buses are running.

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    Advocating Green Campus - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2005
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Many actions have been taken between 2005 and 2009 to advocate green campus, and the impressive results are in 6 aspects including illumination, energy conservation, planting, water conservation, recycling and thermal insulation.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    local action
    Public transportation transferring privilege and shuttle buses - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: Completed

    Adding shuttle buses for KMRT (Kaohsiung Metro Rapid Transit) users, and providing privilege for people transferring between KMRT and public buses, aiming to double public transportation users.

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    local action
    Integration of resources and energy in LinHai industrial park - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year:
    • Type: Strategy / Policy
    • Status: In operation

    Kaohsiung city government has successfully promoted the Integration of resources and energy in LinHai industrial park, taking China Steel Company (CSC) as the core selling waste heat and steam to surrounding factories. In 2015, due to decreasing market in industry, compared with 18.9 million metric tonnes steam sold in 2014, only 15.8 million metric tonnes steam sold in demand, which would be equal to reducing emissions 363 thousand metric tonnes CO2e produced by burning fossil fuels.

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Promote the Energy Service Business (ESCO) - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Fiscal / Financial mechanism
    • Status: In operation

    Items of ESCO will be made legislated as part of CDM trading items.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    local action
    Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit (KMRT) - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    The transit system consists of red line and orange line with 34 stations and 42 kilo-meters in total length; combined with the shuttle buses as supplements for passengers.

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    Green Building - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2010
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    KCG is promoting “Green Building” labeling and accreditation system which is combined with Central Government’s subsidy project of green house. There are nine indicators of “Green Building” set into four fields, which include Ecology, energy saving, Waste reduction and Health. The nine indicators include biodiversity, greenary, rainwater conservation, energy saving, carbon reduction, waste reduction, indoor environment, water resource and improvement of sewage and waste.

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    Sectors:
    • Buildings
    Green Roof and community - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The KCG has been promoting green roof and space in the city. Up to 2012, green space reached 48 ha in public place and 32.9 ha in private place. Green roof also amounts to 3.2 ha. 3852 GHG reduction is anticipated.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Extending Cycle Way - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    Kaohsiung city government continuously extends cycle way to create a cycle-friendly environment to bikers. Cycle way of over 500 km long has been built and will be extended to over 600 km by the end of 2013.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Public Bike Rental System - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Kaohsiung continuously set up new public bike rental stations. So far, 100 stations have been set up, which can provide over 5,000 cyclists to use each day.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Kaohsiung Light Rail - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2015
    • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
    • Status: In operation

    Kaohsiung is building a light rail system. The project with 22.1 km long, includes two stages. So far, the first stage is underway, and will be completed and operated in Jun., 2015, while the second stage would be operated in 2017.

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    local action
    Kaohsiung Sustainable Development (KSD) committee - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2004
    • Type: Organizational / Governance
    • Status: Completed

    Kaohsiung Sustainable Development (KSD) committee was established in 2004. The KSD was composed of the City’s relevant offices and experts and scholars, with the city mayor as the convener, deputy major Liu, private sector representatives and social organization representatives as the deputy conveners, and the director-generals of Environmental Protection Bureau, Urban Development Bureau, Public Works Bureau, Social Affairs Bureau, Marine Bureau, Economic Development Bureau, Agriculture Bureau, Health Bureau, Fire Bureau as the members.The Sustainable Environment Office under the KSD is the dedicated unit that is responsible for climate change adaptation and city resilience building. The office efficiently integrates climate change adaptation related resources between all bureaus and offices. The team hosts working group meetings on occasion and invite experts from the government, universities and industries to work together and put forward adaptation plans and initiatives.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    local action
    Solar Heaters Subsidy - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Fiscal / Financial mechanism
    • Status: Completed

    Subsidy for both residential and commercial use since 2008. For the solar heater installation, each solar heater could get subsidy from both central government and Kaohsiung City government at around 800 USD in total.

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    Sectors:
    local action
    Low Carbon and Sustainable Community - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    The EPA launches the project of “Low Carbon and Sustainable Community”. Communities submit their proposals regarding low carbon activities. Proposals which pass the review would receive education and consultation. Implementation results which pass the evaluation would receive certificates and subsidies.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    Kaohsiung and Pingtung: Total Amount of Air Pollutant Control Plan - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    On August 13 2014, the Environmental Protection Administration in Taiwan announced that the ozone and aerosols levels are risky in Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. To meet the standardized goal of air quality, Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County are designated for being the total-amount- controled area, which includes common control plans and reporting implementation as well. The implementation areas are across the boundaries of Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. The goals and strategies are given to reduce GHG emissions, to improve air quality, and ultimately to ensure the life quality of residents in this region.

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    Sectors:
    • Industrial
    • Transport
    • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
    local action
    Industrial voluntary GHG emission reduction project - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2011
    • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
    • Status: In operation

    KCG is promoting the industrial voluntary GHG emission reduction project. The amount of emission reduction credits could be taken into account for Emission Trading and Permission System in the future.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    Solar Community project - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2005
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    Subsidy for solar photovoltaic installations. The solar photovoltaic is subsidized 300,000NTD per KWP, the total subsidy can’t exceed the cost of installation, and the subsidy is limited to 300KWP per case.

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    Sectors:
    Solar Roof project - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2011
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    KCG is promoting a “Solar Roof project” which encourages residents to have their roofs installed with solar photovoltaic by energy companies

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    Sectors:
    Replace the motorcycles with electric bicycles or electric scooters - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    Certain amount of subsidy can be acquired for replacing the old 2-stroke motorcycles with purchased electric bicycles or electric scooters

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    Voluntary Environmental Supporters - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2007
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    The training programs for citizens who are willing to donate their time to the issues of climate change have been carried out since 2009. This year, to have 10,000 volunteers trained is our goal. Training programs include the contents of wastewater treatment, recycling, water conservation, energy conservation, less meat consumption, and green transportation.

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    Sectors:
    • Other Emissions
    Subsidy to old buildings renovation - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2013
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    Kaohsiung city government provides subsidy to private buildings to improve its energy efficiency. The subsidy covers LED lights, water-saving taps…etc and is up to NT$20000 (USD$ 666).

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    local action
    Promotion of Cycling - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    A bicycle trail of 250 kilometres has been built, and the rental system has been set up at 50 locations in downtown to accommodate 4,500 cyclists.

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    Sectors:
    • Transport
    Air Quality Purification Area - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 1995
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

    Kaohsiung City Government assists in processing applications of Air Quality Purification Area. To grow plants and set up related facilities so as to improve the air quality, achieve the quality of the living environment, provide the opportunity of ecological education and the purpose of sustainable use of resources.

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    Sectors:
    • Facilities
    • Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
    local action
    Replace the streetlights with LED/LED streetlights - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: Completed

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    Sectors:
    • Facilities
    local action
    EcoMobility World Festival 2017 - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year:
    • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
    • Status: In operation

    Creating a car-free zone to demonstrate an EcoMobile lifestyle. In the plans, we will build a travel shuttle center and import double decks buses and electronic buses as the shuttle services. We will conduct a variety of car-free day activities which collaborate with the residents. In the car-free zone, people should move without emissions such as walking, cycling, or low-carbon vehicles. Energy and exhaustible resources are saved, and the air quality in the city is improved.

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    Sectors:
    • Residential
    • Commercial
    • Transport
    local action
    Prioneer Project of Adaptation Biodiversity(PPABC) in Kaohsiung City - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year:
    • Type: Education/Awareness Raising
    • Status: In operation

    Sustainable resources management, currently ecology conservation has effective results in some districts. After cutting down the amount of pesticide, it raises the biodiversity. By combining the experience of One-day-farmer, ecological guiding and farm produce manufacturing becomes the new model of agriculture tourism. Second, Ecology conservation and citizen participation, KEPB promoted to introduce 13 wetland parks in Kaohsiung. By voice map, people can do the ecology observation by themselves. Last, International Cooperation, KEPB compiled each bureaus’ executive results into English version which was delivered to ICLEI in April, 2015.

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    Sectors:
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Land use regulations
    local action
    Kaohsiung Climate Change Adaptation and Sustainability Promotion Program - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year:
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    After Kaohsiung City merged with Kaohsiung County to become Greater Kaohsiung, which covers broader administrative divisions, Kaohsiung now encompasses more diverse land usage and natural resources.
    It could be seen from Kaohsiung's experience with major disasters such as Typhoon Morakot, Typhoon Fanapi that the existing environment of Kaohsiung is extremely sensitive to climate change, which affects industry, natural resources, ecology and citizen property of the city to various degrees.
    Examination of Kaohsiung's tolerance concerning potential disasters is necessary, as extreme temperatures and precipitation brought by future climate change will intensify the level of natural hazards in this area. In order to draft corresponding adaptation measures, which is expected to level up Kaohsiung's adaptation capacity and to decrease vulnerability, this program works with related administrative units on instituting “Kaohsiung Platform on Climate Change Adaptation'' along with the existing 6 responsible groups from“ Kaohsiung Sustainable Development Committee”The procedure is based on National Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Taiwan announced in 2012 by the Administrative Yuan.
    Diverse approaches and measures will be adopted to establish primary domains including locating, vulnerability evaluation, and adaptation strategies. The program targets possible climate change and environmental effects in Kaohsiung, compiling existing adaptation actions to formulate Kaohsiung adaptation strategies on 8 major domains - with short-term, mid-term and long-term scope, according to vulnerability evaluation. We aim to transform Kaohsiung into a sustainable city with climate adaptive capacity.

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    Sectors:
    • Mobility
    • Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
    • Land use regulations
    • Coastal zone systems
    • Human security and emergency response
    • Mobility
    • Urban risks associated with housing
    local action
    Adaptation policy making project - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2010
    • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
    • Status: In operation

    Kaohsiung City Government started the project of adaptation policy making to climate change since 2010. The framework of Kaohsiung Adaptation policy contains 4 main parts: the mapping of vulnerable areas database in Kaohsiung; the collection and analysis of international, national, and cities’ adaptation policies; the Kaohsiung Adaptation Policy, implementing framework, and related regulations making; and the plan of Kaohsiung adaptation actions funding.

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    Sectors:
    • Water Resources
    • Human health
    • Food Security
    • Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
    • Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
    • Energy
    • Infrastructure
    • Terrestrial Ecosystems
    • Insurance
    Kaohsiung enterprises adaptation fee - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2012
    • Type: Fiscal / Financial mechanism
    • Status: In operation

    Kaohsiung is developing a “carbon-based adaptation fee and subsidy” system in city level. The funding is according to the GHG emissions to levy the climate change adaptation fee from industries in Kaohsiung City. The fee will be used for executing the adaptation actions in Kaohsiung. This financial system with complete grant and supervising system will help Kaohsiung to become a resilient city.

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    Sectors:
    local action
    Wetland Conservation - Kaohsiung City Government
    • Start year: 2008
    • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
    • Status: In operation

    We put lots of efforts in the issue of wetland conservation. The total area of wetlands in the city are greater than 50 million sqm, and the Neweipi wetland built in 2005 is the one with the most abundant species and the biggest one among them. Those wetlands not only can conserve the biodiversity, but also reserve flood water during flooding.

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    Sectors:
    • Water Resources
    local action
    Inventories
    Community inventories

    The Kaohsiung City Government has reported 6 Community emission inventories, since 2010. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2015, the Stationary energy, Industrial process and product use, Transport, Waste management, Agriculture, forest and other land use and Agriculture, forest and other land use are identified as key emission sources.

    GHG emission from Kaohsiung City Government
    GHG inventory in 2015
    Government operations inventory

    The Kaohsiung City Government has reported 5 government operational inventories, since 2010. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2013, the Waste management and Other are identified as key emission sources.

    GHG emission from Kaohsiung City Government
    GHG inventory in 2013

    Mayor Hsu Li-Ming
    Kaohsiung City Government, Chinese Taipei

    map

    Initiative

    Compact of Mayors - ICLEI
    Durban Adaptation Charter
    EcoMobility Alliance
    MXCP Signatories
    Transformative Action Program
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    Status of compliance

    Compact of Mayors
    full compliance
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