- The Izmir Metropolitan Municipality committed to increase its Installed capacity of Renewable energy in Community to 130 MW by 2020
- The target is going to be reached by activities in Electricity sector.
20% Energy efficiency improvement by 2020
Mitigation will be achieved through two different actions: Firstly, LFG production from Harmandalı waste disposal area. Secondly, new high efficient buildings at newly formed urban transformation areas.
Heat Island Effect Mitigation 2-5 degrees C (selected area) in the context of EU H2020 Urban Green UP Project. In the Urban Green UP Project, 9.6 km and ~ 120.000 m2 new green corridor area, cycle lanes will be created, accompanied by the planting of ~ 20.000 trees. 7200 m2 green pavements, 1600 m2 green shelters are also targets of the project resulting in green corridors, increased biodiversity and cooling.
Various studies conducted in Turkey show that consumption of lighting purposes in homes is around 10-20% of all electricity consumption. The number of residential electricity subscribers in the province of Izmir will rise to 75% by 2020 and energy consumption will be reduced by 50-80% and total electricity consumption will decrease by 10%.Read More Read Less
In İzmir, the non-residential building occupies a considerable amount of energy consumption. Almost 18% of İzmir energy use together with public buildings is in this sector.
Energy consumptions and energy prices of commercial buildings are higher than for residential buildings, so insulation and other energy efficiency applications are expected to be more cost effective and it is anticipated that by 2020 at least 30% of the total building stock reductions will be 17.5% by taking heat insulation measures.
Greenhouse gas emissions from the municipal fuel consumption of the vehicle fleet occupy a small place within the emissions of the city's transportation category. However, the replacement of some of these vehicles with electrical and hybrid vehicles will have a significant impact on the urban population. The IMM will contribute to both the increase of charging stations and the promotion of the use of electric vehicles for the city. Measures such as informing urban residents about using alternative fueled electric vehicles, increasing the number of charging stations and providing parking facilities for electric vehicles will contribute to the increase in the use of these vehicles.
Up to 2020, 25% of municipal vehicle fleet will be replaced by electric / hybrid vehicles. The electric vehicle will be purchased or rented.
It is envisaged that 30% of existing buildings in the city will complete the insulation of facades, roofs and windows until 2020. As a result of these activities, it is envisaged that the energy consumption will be 5% electricity in related houses and 30% heating fuels. Citizen awareness raising activities will be carried out for the promotion of the subject.Read More Read Less
ESHOT has a share of 62% in public transport compared to all other public transport vehicles. The contribution of municipal buses to urban greenhouse gas inventory is high with 160,000 tCO2e. ESHOT, while the buses start to be renewed, the average age of the vehicles is around 7-8 years. Izmir Urban Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scenario Workshop, the bus fleet is planned to be converted into alternative fuel vehicles in 10 years. In the same way, ESHOT bus fleet was recharged by electric buses. 400 electric buses will be operated to save 118.615 MWh of energy and 32.218 tCO2e emission reduction.Read More Read Less
Transportation emissions from cargo and passenger transport constitute a significant portion of all urban transport emissions. Drive trainings are aimed to reduce emissions from public transport, waste transportation, minibuses and taxis. It is known that those who use these tools can save a considerable amount of fuel with training.
Gradually, starting from the drivers of the municipal vehicles, waste collection, minibuses, minibuses and taxi drivers will be provided with proper driving training.
Energy from LFG in Turkey has started to be realized in many cities. Similarly, in the IMM, it has been started a trash-energy conversion feasibility in Harmandali, which is the actual landfill area. The necessary investments and preparations for energy production will be completed. The aim is to establish an energy production facility with the necessary investment in the waste field.Read More Read Less
Bicycle transport is used today in İzmir compared to other transportation types. Approximately 46 km of uninterrupted route from Sasali to İnciraltı has been completed. At the next stage, it is planned to make these route links and to integrate with public transportation.
In the Transportation Master Plan, the following measures have been put in place to increase the use of bicycles:
- Improvement of access to Railway System stations,
- Construction of a bicycle transport network in the city, especially on student routes,
- Bicycle carriers on existing buses
- Construction of the bicycle transport network in the new residential areas in the outer regions,
- Completion of road signs and signs.
The geothermal capacity of İzmir has been determined by the MTA (Mineral Research and Exploration Institution) studies, which will be used to heat a total of 280000 dwellings in the province. Geothermal Inc. Currently has about 35000 homes heating by geothermal energy. It is stated that this number can be easily increased to 45000 by increasing the housing of 10000 leased houses. The aim is to provide further evaluation of the geothermal potential in İzmir and additionally to use it in 40000 residences and to increase it to a total of 75000 residences.Read More Read Less
İzmir Metropolitan Municipality collects about 4,730 tons of waste per day within the boundaries of İzmir contingent area. When the necessary investments and preparations are completed in Harmandalı, İzmir's landfill area, methane will be prevented from being released by atmospheric effects with high greenhouse gas impact of methane, and renewable energy will be obtained from waste.
The necessary investment will be made following the feasibility studies.
There are 1,430 existing buses of ESHOT (Transportation Master Plan). They are aimed at replacing 25% of them with new generation buses and joining the fleet of vehicles with low fuel consumption and low emission and greenhouse gas emissions.
Beginning from a very old age, existing buses will be replaced with new, low fuel consumption buses.
In all the journeys of the population living in Izmir, the share of pedestrian access was measured as 38%. There are especially high number of pedestrian travels in the city center, at the district centers where shopping is intensively carried out, where there are volume intensive individual directions (eg schools, sports areas) and where there are significant public transport links.
- Improving the ability to cross over where there is a high need for crossing
- Unrestricted access to public transport stops
- Expansion of pedestrian areas in city and district centers
- Completing the guiding and traffic signboard application
It is envisaged that the electricity bills of the municipality will be reduced by reducing the energy consumption by applying unlicensed photovoltaic power system (PVPS) within the scope of renewable energy integration in existing buildings.
Warehouse, workshop, facility, parking lot etc. It is possible to install unlicensed PVPS in very different structures.
The actions to be taken will set an example for the citizens and the experience will guide the PVPS installation.
Optimization of traffic flow control, speed, and signalization, which the municipalities already apply to revise the public transport routes and lines that they have revised according to the intensity and changes in traffic, can save traffic congestion and save energy. Surveys show that by such measures, carbon emissions can be avoided by up to 20%.
• Full adoption of Full Adaptive System
• Development of passenger / driver information system
• Development of a signaling system
İzmir-Aydın railway, which was founded in 1856, is the first national railway line. However, the high-speed train connection has not yet reached İzmir. Although it is the regional center and the most important port, the freight transport is overpowering the highway. It is expected that it will be 663 km long and it will last 3 hours and 50 minutes on the Ankara-İzmir high-speed train line planned to reach İzmir on Uşak Eşme and Manisa center via Afyonkarahisar city center leaving 22nd km of Ankara-Konya high-speed train line. The integration of the High Speed Train (YHT) line and tracked system, which is undergoing significant investments, may have a significant impact on reducing the energy intensity in urban transport;
1. It can be predicted that a significant part of these journeys will be fast trains by the fact that the intercity railway option in the passenger transportation is carried out at the contemporary start and fast. This situation will reduce the number of buses leaving Izmir bus station.
2. Railway transport provides cost and speed advantages over freight transportation. An important part of agricultural production originating from İzmir will benefit from this option.
3. From the tourism point of view, it can be said that the option of fast rail will take an important burden in this sector as well.
• Completion of YHT railway network
• Increasing the feed lines to the rail system
İzmir has an important potential in terms of size of agriculture and livestock sectors, as well as the forest area where it has potential of biomass energy.
In the regions engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry activities, efforts will be made to raise awareness about reducing energy usage costs by using renewable energy sources.
The high cost of energy and high consumption make the investments to be made cost effective. Previous studies have shown that the conversion to energy-efficient systems was amortized over a short period of one year when enlightened. By 2020, 75% of commercial buildings are expected to save 10% electricity by taking the necessary measures.Read More Read Less
One of the focus areas of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality is "urban transformation". İzmir Metropolitan Municipality 2015-2019 Strategic Plan sees İzmir as an opportunity for the planned and healthy development of İzmir, especially the fact that the zoning control authorities are in the Metropolitan Municipality with the Law No. 6306 and for other reasons. The IMM has designated "Urban Regeneration and Development Project" areas in the city as a whole with its high-scaled plan decisions. More than 30.000 new independent residential units will be built by İBB in different parts of the city, the biggest ones being Bayraklı, Uzundere, Ege Mahallesi, Ballıkuyu, Gaziemir and Örnekköy.
In the above approximate number of dwellings, it is envisaged to use 40% energy saving from the beginning and using energy efficient design, accurate insulation and efficient energy systems.
Imported coal, which is assumed to be consumed in the houses, accounts for 1% of the total greenhouse gas inventory.
It is envisaged that the consumption of imported coal will be changed by 20% with natural gas.
Energy savings from 16.936 MWh fuel change and emission reduction of 11.585 tCO2e are targeted.
At the beginning of distributed renewable energy applications, especially from İzmir, photovoltaic (PV) is coming. After a short pause, PV technology is expanding its market at a fast pace, pushing prices down.
It is predicted that PV investment can be made at the capacity of 130 MWp in the urban built-in area.
The installation of the PV power system in urban areas will be carried out to raise awareness about legislation and technical issues.
İzmir street lighting causes electricity to be consumed by electricity and a greenhouse gas emission of around 100.000 tCO2e.
The municipal area (parks and gardens) and street lighting are planned to be replaced by LED lighting. LED lighting systems have begun to be applied at various points in the city. It is known that LED illuminations can last much longer than other illuminations. By replacing lighting with energy efficient ones;
• Reduction of energy losses and inefficiency
• Reduced energy, repair and maintenance costs
• Energy & natural resource conservation
• Waste reduction is targeted.
By 2020, all the lighting in the city will be replaced by LED lighting. All street lighting will be replaced with LED lighting, saving 80%.
Household behavior is one of the important elements of energy consumption in residential areas. Both lighting and changing the device habits to provide energy efficiency have reduced total residential energy consumption by 5%.
The local government will establish consultation centers in İzmir where the employees can obtain information on energy consumption, savings, new technologies, application companies. Centers where information can be disseminated to the citizens in service buildings and / or at different visible points, brochures can be dispatched. Other topics such as saving lighting, energy efficient electronic devices, insulation, public transportation usage should be added to the topics to be informed by utilizing experiences in different cities, which already provide a similar service to large masses, so citizens should benefit from these information points. In this regard cooperation with the district municipalities can be made
The integration of photovoltaic power systems of street lighting with energy-efficient lighting systems makes it possible to reduce consumption by 80% with LED lighting conversion. Solar energy integration will be provided in 20% of the street lighting that passes through the LED lighting system.
FV application will reduce energy consumption by 20% of all poles replaced with LED illumination.
Buses and public transport continue to receive a significant share and the use of private vehicles is increasing day by day in Turkey.
Until recently, service vehicles used in public institutions have been abolished to encourage public transport, but unfortunately this seems to increase the use of private vehicles (the number of vehicles in institutions car parks is increasing day by day).
The Transportation Master Plan (2009) shows that 5 additional tram lines are planned, while more parts of the city can be reached with the extended IZBAN and Metro lines. These are the lines of Karşıyaka, Bornova, Buca, Konak and Narlıdere-Urla. With the plans prepared by targeting 2030, trolley line about 40 km is predicted excluding Urla line. The last stop is the İYTE Urla tram line alone is 36 km. It is assumed that a significant portion of these investments will be completed by 2020. It is envisaged that the extension of the railway system and its integration with other public transport options will seriously increase public transport usage in Izmir and reduce the use of private cars.
Similarly, it is aimed to increase the use of maritime transportation by increasing the number of boats on the sea, arranging the integration with the other public transportation centers of the city, renewing the ferryboats and making the periodical flights on some lines permanent.
• Investigating the investments in the Transportation Master Plan
• Reduced passenger waiting times during pauses
• Tire Optimization of the line in public transport vehicles
• Increase of flight frequency in railway systems
• Increasing the feed lines to the rail system
• Economy of public transport by providing integrated ticketing system optimization
• Integration of public transport modes and improvement of infrastructure
• Dissemination of sea transportation
İzmir Metropolitan Municipality's practices in their own buildings are of great importance. At present, it is very important for public institutions to set an example for energy efficient renewal works.
50% of all municipal buildings have energy savings of 25%. Energy efficiency actions (thermostatic valve usage, energy management system, etc.), including both thermal insulation and lighting measures, will be passed on.
Electricity consumption in non-residential buildings is around 16% of the whole city's consumption. An important part of this energy consumption comes from the lack of enlightenment. With the already valid Energy Efficiency Strategy Paper in public buildings it is already envisaged that energy efficiency steps will be taken. It is considered that consciousness to be done in this matter will be very effective and energy saving will be achieved in 75% of these structures.Read More Read Less
The Izmir Metropolitan Municipality has reported 2 Community emission inventories, since 2014. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2015, the are identified as key emission sources.
The Izmir Metropolitan Municipality has reported 2 government operational inventories, since 2014. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2016, the Agriculture, forest and other land use is identified as key emission source.
Mayor Mustafa Tunç SoyerIzmir Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey