An expected 22,000 passengers will travel on this 11.2 km
line (15,000 confirmed as of summer 2012), given that it
directly connects five communities, 40,000 inhabitants and
33,000 jobs. The modal migration avoids 4,500,000 km in
car trips annually, i.e., avoids an average 7000 metric tons
of carbon equivalent. The project supplements a restructuring
of the bus network, inauguration of electric minibus service,
long-range bicycle rental (1000 bikes of which 400 are
electric) and a car-sharing system.
Participating Organizations: the European Investment Bank,
state, regional and departmental governments
A 37MW wood-burning boiler with a 12MW alternator for
electricity generation has been installed; 81%of energy will
be provided via renewables, avoiding emission of approximately
47,000 metric tons of CO2 annually. The regional
supply chain will produce 110,000 metric tons of firewood
within a 150 km radius and the project foresees generalized
subscriptions and thermic energy reader installation.
Reduced heating costs will average 28.5% for subscribers.
With the installation of an identical boiler in November
2012, greenhouse gas reductions will reach 12% between
now and 2015.
Participating Organizations: COFELY, DALKIA
The project involves renovating 1444 already standing structures
and the demolition/reconstruction of 538 residences;
100 such residences were renovated and 112 demolished
in 2011, and in April 2012, 5 “passive system” (less than
15 kWh/m²/year) houses were unveiled. Overall benefit is
estimated at 3000 metric tons of carbon equivalent yearly;
per-residence benefits hover around 30% energy-savings
(for the oldest residences) and 1000% (in the case of recent
Participating Organizations: state participation via the National
Urban Renewal Agency, the Orleans local government,
SEMDO, the metro area government, departmental and regional
governments and official financial institutions.
Reconciling urban density levels with a need to create greenspaces
became a reality in 2011 through the launch of Operation
“Let’s Beautify Our Walls”. Local government encourages property
owners to plant in public spaces adjacent to their homes to
favor vegetation development in ways that do not depend on
government action. In 2011, the Orleans local government supported
twelve such actions. The Office for Public Space offers
advice on plant selection and conditions wall-adjacent planting
beds; property owners commit to long-term maintenance. Twenty-
seven family and one 1500 m2 common garden were created
in the same year.
Participating Organizations: the Office for Public Space.
The goal is to create awareness among the general public, member
entities and decision-makers in order to help them effectively
face Loire River rises and limit their impacts. 2700 city agents
have been instructed in flood risk issues and agents in floodprone
areas reinforced this this training with a two-day course involving
523 employees. In case of severe flooding, the local government
should be able to count on the largest possible number
of employees to effectively manage the crisis as well as anticipate
protecting their families and property to make themselves quickly
available for public service.
Participating Organizations: the European Investment Bank, state,
regional and departmental governments.
The goal is an 18%-per-resident reduction in water consumption
from 2001 to 2011, and even one-third reductions for municipal
services between 2006 and 2011. Noteworthy measures include
a progressive inclusion of water’s social costs featuring incentives.
Thus, for a family with two children, potable water is billed taxfree
in 2012 at a rate of 65 euro cents (the price of “essential
water”) whereas water to be used laundering clothes will cost 92
euro cents (“utility water”), and water for watering lawns (“convenience
water”) will be billed at 1 euro 25 cents. All meters are
to be replaced in the next two years so that subscribers become
the agents of their own water use via real-time access to the
quantities they consume.
Participating Organizations: Orléanaise des Eaux, the Chamber of
Agriculture, Loiret Nature Environnement, the Loire River Site Protection