City of Montréal, QC

Canada Mayor: Valérie Plante
Summary
  • image description
     
    Population 1649519
  • km 2
    Area 431.5
  • CAD
    GDP 120 Billion
  • emission
    Targets by 2020 Reduce 30% GHG emissions
Targets

Targets by City of Montréal, QC

GHG emissions reduction targets

 

    Community
     

  • The City of Montréal, QC has committed to reduce its Community emissions by 30% by 2020 compared to 1990 emission level.

 

    Local Government
     

  • The City of Montréal, QC has committed to reduce its Local Government emissions by 30% by 2020 compared to 2002 emission level.
Actions
Develop alternative modes of transportation - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop car sharing and taxi services, both being essential elements of alternative transportation modes for persons without car ownership, in order to maintain a car ownership rate of 0.79 cars per household.

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Sectors:
  • Transport
Beneficial recovery of organic waste - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

Montreal is currently developing four centres that will allow its population to benefit from organic waste: two methanisation plants and two composting facilities. The facilities should be fully operational by 2020 and will process organic matter from residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial waste.

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Sectors:
  • Waste
Eliminating fuel oil as an energy source - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

Within the context of Montreal's GHG reduction plan, several district and extensive city governements have chosen to elliminate fuel oil as an energy source, opting instead for natural gas or hydro-electricity.

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Sectors:
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
Adequately fund transportation projects aimed at reducing GHG emissions - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: apply Montreal Metropolitan Community resolution CE12-129, adopted August 16, 2012, requesting that the provincial government offer additional methods of financing transportation development, especially with respect to public transportation.

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Sectors:
  • Transport
Building energy efficiency plan - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

This plan targets buildings that are managed at the municipal level, rather than the local level. It is a short-term plan aimed at stratigically improving the energy efficiency of these buildings in order to at once reduce GHG emissions and benefit from the cost savings.

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Sectors:
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
local action
Energie Efficiency Program: "Espace pour la vie" - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year:
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: Completed

“Espace pour la vie” is a large museums-and-attractions complex incorporating the Biodome, the Planetarium, the Botanical Gardens and the Insecterium. In 2011, the complex completed the implementation of its comprehensive energy efficiency program: an open-circuit geothermic system, an energy recovery system, electrical boiler (hydro-generated), and a complete retrocommissioning of its facilities.

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Sectors:
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
Cap or reduce GHG emissions by emitter - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Regulatory
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: adhere to and/or support regulations and action plans on GHG emissions, such as, the federal regulation for passenger vehicles and light trucks, the upcoming federal regulation for heavy vehicles, the federal regulation for automobiles, and the provincial action plan regarding electric vehicles, and the provincial regulation for large industrial emitters (greater than 25 kt eq. CO2). Also, develop a green taxi initiative so as to assure that 50% on Montreal’s taxis are electric-hybrid vehicles.

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Sectors:
  • Transport
  • Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Improve the energy efficiency of buildings - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop financial incentives that will encourage energy efficiency measures.

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Sectors:
  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
  • Other Emissions
Optimising building operations and improving energy efficiency for locally managed governement buildings - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

Within the context of Montreal's GHG reduction plan, several district and extensive city governements have adopted a policy of building optimisation and energy efficiency.

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Sectors:
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
Encourage the integration of renewable energy - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: explore the possibility of implementing a renewable energy district heating/cooling provider within the Hippodrome development project; promote good practices with respect to renewable energy to on site institutions and businesses.

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Sectors:
  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
Reduce fuel oil consumption - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status:

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop and promote financial or non-financial incentives to convert oil boilers to lower carbon options.

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Sectors:
  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
Purchasing alternative-fuel or low-consumption vehicles - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2007
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Vehicles are purchased according to an active policy, requiring the purchase of an alternative energy vehicle, when justified, or of the most energy efficient vehicle available for the designated work purpose.

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Sectors:
  • Government Transport
Landfill gas recovery - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

An estimated 95% of landfill gases, from a defunct landfill, are recovered and used to generate electricity.

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Sectors:
  • Buildings
  • Facilities
  • Waste
Influence a switch in transportation mode: car to transit - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop public transit, optimise parking, and manage transportation demand in a way that will result in a 5% net transfer, in the mode of transportation used, from cars to public transit.

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Sectors:
  • Transport
Anti-idling and eco-driving policies - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Within the context of Montreal's GHG reduction plan, several district and extensive city governements have adopted the practice of training their employees in the concept of eco-driving thus improving vehicle efficiency and decreasing idling.

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Sectors:
  • Government Transport
Influence a switch in transportation mode: car to active transportation - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2013
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop active transportation and manage transportation demand in a way that will result in a 3% net transfer, in mode of transportation used, from cars to active transportation.

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Sectors:
  • Transport
Improving stormwater management - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2011
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

This measure principally targets the re-infiltration of storm water into the landscape. The objective is to lessen surface flooding while simultaneously reducing the volume of water reaching the storm sewer network.

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Sectors:
  • Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Insurance
Climate change adaptation plan for the Montreal community - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2014
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

This plan is in development and is part of a provincial initiative. It will at once integrate existing adaptation measures and propose new measures as well as implementation strategies. The plan will aim to incorporate climate change adaptation at all levels of municipal planning.

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Sectors:
  • Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Insurance
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Water Resources
Improving and protecting the water quality of local water bodies - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2011
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

This measure has various components: ensuring that waste water is directed towards the appropriate sewer network; improving the capacity of the entire sewer network; improving the quality of the waste water treatment discharge. These actions will improve the quality of our water bodies and thus protect our aquatic ecosystems and our access to safe recreational water activities.

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Sectors:
  • Water Resources
  • Human health
By-law CMM-2001-10 - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2010
  • Type: Regulatory
  • Status: In operation

Atmospheric emissions by-law which includes limits on particulate matter emissions. This by-law limits current urban atmospheric pollution concentrations and will help in limiting future concentrations which may be exacerbated by climate change.

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Sectors:
  • Human health
Montreal Community Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2015 - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2010
  • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
  • Status: In operation

This plan targets all facets of sustainable development for the Montreal community and thus includes a multitude of measures that are adaptive in nature. It functions as a partnership instigator, encouraging various sectors of the community to adopt a sustainable development approach and often guiding them through the process. A master plan for the sustainable development of Montreal’s government operations also exists as do individual plans for most district and extensive city administrations.

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Sectors:
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Insurance
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Water Resources
  • Human health
Environmental protection for green spaces - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2004
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

This policy is supported by the collective effort of local governments to adopt an eco-management approach towards their respective territories, that is, to designate protected areas, to exclude the use of chemical pesticides, to protect the inherent biodiversity, and to monitor the integrity of their natural environment. It is partly meant to improve the natural environment’s resilience to potential climate change.

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Sectors:
  • Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Water Resources
  • Human health
Urban management scheme - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2014
  • Type: Regulatory
  • Status: In operation

The management scheme acts as a preliminary guide for the city’s master plan; it requests and recommends future planning regulations. The current management scheme, in development, will request and propose regulations relating to ground permeability, canopy cover, surface (ground or building) colour, and parking lot guidelines.

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Sectors:
  • Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Insurance
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Human health
local action
Parks and green space improvement program - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2010
  • Type: Technical/Infrastructure investment
  • Status: In operation

This program aims to rejuvenate Montreal’s parks and green spaces. It primarily targets ground permeability and shading capacity. It aims to improve storm water infiltration, to reduce the urban heat island effect, and to provide aesthetic spaces of rest or activity for the population.

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Sectors:
  • Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
  • Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
  • Infrastructure
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Human health
Augmenting the urban tree canopy cover - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2012
  • Type: Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
  • Status: In operation

The primary objective of this plan is to increase the overall canopy cover from 20% to 25%. The plan targets areas according to their need, assuring that the canopy cover is improved strategically. Accompanying regulations exist to assure the viability and the survival of the urban canopy. An increased canopy cover will at once allow for greater stormwater infiltration and create shade and cooling effects.

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Sectors:
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
Strategic plan for public safety - City of Montréal, QC
  • Start year: 2010
  • Type: Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
  • Status: In operation

The Centre for Civil Security is responsible for monitoring the risks of a disaster, warning the population of the advent of a disaster, and intervening in the event of a disaster. Since disasters frequently involve meteorological or hydrological phenomena, the increased risks associated with flooding, heat waves, and storms have been integrated and addressed in the latest public safety strategy.

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Sectors:
  • Food Security
  • Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
  • Energy
  • Infrastructure
  • Insurance
  • Water Resources
  • Human health
Inventories
Community inventories

The City of Montréal, QC has reported 1 Community emission inventory, since 2009. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2009, the Stationary energy, Transport and Waste management are identified as key emission sources.

GHG emission from City of Montréal, QC
GHG inventory in 2009
Government operations inventory

The City of Montréal, QC has reported 1 government operational inventory, since 2010. In its latest inventory, compiled in 2010, the Transport, Other and Waste management are identified as key emission sources.

GHG emission from City of Montréal, QC
GHG inventory in 2010

Mayor Valérie Plante
City of Montréal, QC, Canada

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Initiative

Transformative Action Program
Compact of Mayors - ICLEI
Earth Hour City Challenge

Status of compliance

Compact of Mayors
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