At least $ 156 million is missing to finance 50 adaptation actions identified as priorities by local and sub-national governments. These actions range from comprehensive climate adaptation plans to awareness raising campaigns and risk assessment activities.
These statistics come from the carbonn Cities Climate Registry (cCCR), with thousands of entries on local climate action reported by local and subnational governments on climate change mitigation and adaptation. As of March 2014, reported actions covered 438 million people from 46 countries - representing one-seventh of the world’s urban population.
One month before the official release of the 2013 cCCR annual report, the interim analysis reveals some details on how local and subnational governments evolve from a climate change adaptation perspective. This issue is receiving a lot of attention at all levels of government, as the new report released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 31 March 2014 outlined climate change impacts.
With data contributed by the cities and regions, the first analysis concludes that despite strong leadership from local and subnational governments, climate action is probably hindered by the lack of financial resources available to these governments. The 414 participants report a level of involvement in 314 (69%) adaptation actions reported as “in progress”. These actions often include a wide range of other stakeholder. Of this number of actions the local / sub-national level only provides 28.8% of the budget. This means that financing from other sources is absolutely needed to advance in this important area, considering the local impacts of climate change.
In terms of priority, a sectoral analysis shows that the protection of terrestrial ecosystems, water resources and infrastructures is very high on the list, with a multi-sectoral approach being very typcial. The carbonn Registry also collects information on co-benefits of adaptation actions. In this area, improved public health and participation to a green economy are flagged as the primary co-benefits.
Besides providing a space where local and subnational governments can demonstrate leadership in local climate action, the cCCR is also a key instrument of the Local Government Climate Roadmap - an advocacy process aiming to advance the recognition, empowerment and engagement of local and subnational climate action towards the adoption of a future global climate regime in 2015. To this end reporting by cities and regions is essential, to help strengthen the data used in the call for empowerment.