More than 40 nations in the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific have committed to strive to meet 100% domestic renewable energy production as rapidly as possible. ICLEI is supporting local and subnational governments in facilitating this transition, and ICLEI Members Oslo, Norway and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia showed at COP22 that they are already setting an example.
The CVF announcement was made at COP22, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Marrakesh, on 18 November 2016. Founded in 2009, the Climate Vulnerable Forum is an international partnership of more than 40 nations from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific working to tackle global climate change through collaboration on common goals, communications and the sharing of expertise and experience. In the press release, CVF countries committed to updating their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) – national climate action plans submitted under the Paris Agreement – as early as possible and prepare greenhouse gas mitigation strategies that look towards mid-century.
Mr Mattlan Zackhras, Minister in Assistance to the President of the Marshall Islands, described this is a turning point in climate leadership and securing a safer future for vulnerable communities. “We are pioneering the transformation towards 100% renewable energy,” Minister Zackhras stated, but we want other countries to follow in our footsteps in order to evade catastrophic impacts we are experiencing through hurricanes, flooding and droughts.”
This announcement was made just two days after the COP22 Presidency and the CVF co-hosted the high-level event "100% Renewable Energy for 1.5°C" along with cities, business and civil society to discuss the economic benefits and the moral imperative of a just transition to 100% renewable energy.
Supported by the United Nations Development Program and the UN Sustainable Energy for All, these discussions involved representatives from the governments of Morocco, Ethiopia and Costa Rica, the ICLEI Members City of Oslo and the Australian Capital Territory Government, as well as corporations like Mars and IKEA.
“In Oslo we are taking action now to become 100 percent renewable. By 2020 all public transport will run on renewable energy – and our goal is to cut 95 % - practically all – carbon emission by 2030.” said Lan Marie Nguyen Berg, Vice Mayor of the City of Oslo for Environment and Transport. Collaborating in networks is important to Oslo. ICLEI is one of our priority networks and we use it to both share what we do and learn from others,” she added.
Shane Rattenbury, Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Minister for Climate Change and Sustainability presented ACT’s reverse auction mechanism: by providing a fixed price for the energy for the next 20 years, ACT was able to unlock private sector investment in renewable energy. The ACT Government has contracts in place for the construction of wind farms and solar plants within the next 4 years that will allow it to supply 100% renewable electricity by 2020 to ACT’s 400,000 inhabitants. Minister Rattenbury also referred that ACT’s policies have generated 500 million dollars in investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy projects, plus new job opportunities.
ICLEI encourages local governments worldwide to explore the feasibility of a 100% renewable energy pathway for their communities, and to report their commitments, actions and progress to the ICLEI-managed carbonn Climate Registry. ICLEI is also facilitating the Global 100% Renewable Energy Cities and Regions Network to ensure pioneers can share innovative practices and ideas with their peers. This community of practice brings together cities, towns and regions that are driving the transition towards 100% renewable energy such as the Australian Capital Territory, Vancouver (Canada), Malmö (Sweden) and Jeju Province (Republic of Korea). It facilitates peer-learning and accelerates progress, helping to develop methodologies and standards to shape this transition and contributes to the multistakeholder Global 100% RE Campaign.
To learn more visit:
Image source: CAN International