Chiangrai Municipality
Thailand

Population: 64817
Area of jurisdiction: 60.85 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a 15% by 2020 (2011)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a 10% by 2020 (2012)
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a 10% by 2018 (2011)
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2013 ):  0 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2011

Mitigation actions

Biodiesel from used cooking oil
The municipality is expanding and is suffering from a wastewater problem form the community and discovered the root of the problem to come from fat from food. They had a thought for the municipality to buy used vegetable oil from the household and restaurants at 10-15 Baht per liter and produce biodiesel to be used in 2 of the 3 cremation ovens which used 40-60 liters of 100% diesel per cremation. With the conversion of 1 out of 3 parts to biodiesel, the oven uses 700 liters less diesel per month, a decrease of 30%. They also saved… Baht per year and decreased complaints regarding clogged sewage and decrease in reusing oil which is healthier Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Urban Eco-Cultural Tourism
Due to the topography, climate and culture of Chiang Rai is suitable for tourism as well as being close to the neighboring countries of Laos and Myanmar, makes this municipality similar to a door to ASEAN. There are many tourists that come and visit the landmarks in the municipality by means of private cars which resulted in the problems of heavy traffic and air pollution while those who live in the municipality don’t receive as much benefit in commerce. The municipality management then thought of a project that will allow for tourism but one that is eco-friendly. The project is using a Green Tram that is able to use both diesel and NGV to transport tourists with no charge twice a day. The municipality also promotes the use of bicycles to tour around the town. The municipality improved the tram roads and bike lanes as well as having other eco-friendly activities as the selling point of the municipality such as a model green hotel, a community organic farm, a cultural community, aqua biodiversity at Nong Purng, biodiversity conservation in 5 mountainous temples, etc. The result is a strong economical foundation and improvement in the environment. Most importantly, the community are encouraged and excited to participate in working together towards conservation and utilizing the benefits from biodiversity and culture to make an income. Currently, they are in the middle of a plan to increase bike lanes by 21 km to other municipalities. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Big Tree Big Value Contest
Chaing Rai City Municipality cooperate with Enviroment and Natural Resource Management Network set up Big Trees, Big Value Contest in 2012. This project aims to collaborate every sectors in conservation of the big trees in municipal area and diminish the effect from fog, smoke, and climate change. There are 45 attendants from 3 categories. The winner of each categories is organization category - Samukkee Witthayakom School, Community categories - Doi Saken Community, and personal categories - Mr.Priut Putthajorn . Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Solid Waste Reduction at Souces
Waste amount in Chaing Rai City Municipality has been increasing every year which is a result from city development and increasing of people in the city from working and tourism. Because of small area for burying and limits of disposal, municipality try to reduce waste amount before dispose by many activities, such as waste exchange with eggs, waste bank, reduce waste community contest, sorting waste school, etc. This project can decrease waste before disposal more than 10 tons/day. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Biking for urban ecotourism and Climate Change Mitigation
Chaing Rai City Municipality has developed bike lane in the city to promote using bicycles instead of cars to reduse using fossil fuel, to promore safety life, and also encourage bike as an alternative vehicle for tourists. Moreover, municipality and health network promote using bicycle in daily life to reduce expense, reduce carbon emission, and be healthy. This project has more than 1,000 members. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil
Drain blocked problem is a reslut from using cooking oil over and over and pour it into the drains. Chaing Rai City Municipality and Health Network campaign stop using cooking oil again and again by bought used cooking oil to produce biodiesel which can be use in some vehicles, such as waste truck, mowers, and can also be used in municipal crematory. This help reduce lot of municipal budget. Start year 2010
Sector Waste
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Biogas Production from Wastewater from Municipal Slaughterhouse
Slaughterhouse of Chaing Rai City Municipality is surrounded by many houses. The damage in wastewater treatment plant cause the annoying smell annoying. Chaing Rai City Municipality has created biogas production system to produce biogas from wastewater from slaughterhouse which can use to boil water instead of natural gas, produce electricity use in slaughterhouse and can also decrease the bad scent from slaughterhouse. Start year 2010
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download

Adaptation actions

The conservation through Growing Green project
The conservation through Growing Green project received support from the Biodiversity-based Economy Development Office, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Chiang Rai, Ministry of Fisheries of Chiang Rai, Mae Fah Luang University, and 5 schools in the municipality. The project also received signatures as a sign of partnership between the Chiang Rai Municipality and the Biodiversity-based Economy Development Office and planted two species of teak-Mahae Teak and Siamin Teak- at the Nong Ping public park to a total of 200 trees. The community was responsible for 125 trees, the 5 schools responsible for 55, Doi Pra Baat responsible for 10, and the river community of Nam Gorn were responsible for 10. A total of 600 people participated in planted the two species of Teak as part of the royal project to restore biodiversity under the royal patronage of the Princess Sirindhorn to celebrate the 5 years anniversary of the Growing Green project on April 2, 2015. The project is planting teak trees with the tissue from the largest teak tree in the world that is over 1,500 years old and received its name from her Royal highness. The Growing Green project received funding from those who wished to donate with a cost of 500 Baht per tree (this includes the cost of the tree and three years of care paid in 3 payments by the policy of the Biodiversity-based Economy Development Office.) Start year  
Sector Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
The promotion of environmentally sustainable city model in the region
Chiang Rai Municipality together with environmental management partners participated in the promotion of environmentally sustainable city model in the region, with the support from Department of Environmental Quality Promotion, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and the ASEAN Secretariat, Institute for Global Environmental (IGES). The municipality established 4 learning centers for environmental studies: 1.     Environmental Study Education Center for “Cultural Diversity". A place to learn about Chiang Rai as well as with neighboring communities, including the floating island community, Terd Pra Kiet , Rua Lek, Kong Yao and Sri Gerd crawl culture from the past to the present.As well as the development of Gog River that links many cultures together to sustainable urban development strategy today. 3.     Environmental Study Education Center for “"Wetland ecosystems" at the community Nong Ping Marsh. It is a place to learn about biodiversity in wetlands and the different projects working with different networks and the private sector in Chiang Rai Municipality on environmental activities such as tree planting, conservation of biodiversity and improving marsh scenery. 4.     Environmental Study Education Center for "Coordination and data collection on climate change and natural disaster in Chiang Rai” at the Center for coordinate on and data collection on climate change and natural disaster in Chiang Rai in the San Nong Community. The area is modeled after a mixed- used farm for food stability in Chiang Rai following the royal philosophy of living a sufficient lifestyle and accommodating for change in food security in case of climate change or natural disasters that will affect the agriculture in Chiang Rai. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
The large tree survey project
The large tree survey project in the Chiang Rai municipality is project that came from the cooperation of networks which includes member from the government, private sector, and community with funding from the Asian City for Climate Change Resilience Network or ACCRN to stimulate the conservation of large trees in the city which number is dwindling. Large trees are disappearing due to town expansion for the economy, social and structure. Trees that were once valued became trash and looked as an obstacle from achieving progress. The project studied the different species of trees as well as the history and kept a record that includes the location, ownership and a photo. Personnel who collected the information were a group of youths that were given training on how to survey and analyze the data. After surveying 62 communities and 1,832 trees, the result was that there were 143 species of large trees with an average trunk circumference of 2.52 meters and 15.36 meters in height with the average canopy width to be 10.91 meters. Aside from surveying the large trees, the municipality also planted additional trees in public areas following the Miyawaki reforestation project. From the year 2014-2015, working with Toyota Thailand and The Biodiversity-based Economy Development Office, 650 trees were planted which is able to sequester 7 tons of carbon in the next 5 years. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
The Inner Kok River Ecological Restoration to Strengthen Urban Climate Resilience
The municipality of Chiang Rai participated in the ACCRN which has the notion to restore the ecosystem of the inner Gog River that has been abandoned for 20 years and make it the flood way for the town. The municipality hired experts to come, survey and design the restoration with cooperation from the community during every step. The community wants the water to flow naturally without anything artificial. The municipality also did a biodiversity survey and listened to opinions before dredging the river and also planted fauna along the river to protect the embankment from collapsing and improve the scenery. They also promoted the community and private sectors along the two sides of the river take care of the river with the division of 5 groups. The project resulted in a now pristine river with fish in during the rainy season, an area along the river to plant vegetables and the community along the river feeling a sense of responsibility and pride to protect the river. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Bike for Health and Enrgy Saving
From the initial screening, it was discovered that those 35 years and older are at high risk of having a chronic non-communicable disease. Since the municipality is headed towards an aging society as well as having plans to become a low carbon city, a new project was initiated. The municipality began with surveying opinions from the community regarding the reduction of this health risk and the communities were interested in biking. The municipality then advocated for the establishing of the Chiang Rai Municipality Bike for Health club and monetarily supported the activities of this club. They also helped with health screenings before and after the project to evaluate improvements in health and calculating fuel saved from biking to incorporate it into the calculations for the reduction of carbon. The result from the project discovered that of the 403 participants, 13.64% had an improvement in health and was able to save 2,200 liters of benzene fuel. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Low Carbon House and Community
Due to the municipality’s participation in the “Low Carbon Municipality” project with the NMT and EU since the year 2012, there was an idea to change the way the community live in order to reduce carbon emission. The activity is a competition for a low carbon house with 4 aspects during judging: green space, pollution management in the home, energy use reduction, and sustainable consumption. A PR campaign was launched in the community to choose a household to enter the competition. There were 11 households interested in entering the competition with 7 passing the criteria. In the year 2014, the municipality expanded the results and used the criteria as a guideline for the community, temple and schools to develop an environmental management plan that is sustainable. Afterwards, the municipality organized a team to educate and receive criticism from the community. Through this project, 27 of 64 communities are the example communities with their own environmental management plan with plans to expand into 15 more communities by 2016. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Urban Bioidiversity Conservation and Utilization for Food and Water Security
Since 2005, the municipality has partnered with the Center of Environment in Thailand in surveying and conserving biodiversity in the municipality. By studying the ecological system in a mixed deciduous forest, they were able to learn about the importance and value of natural resources to the economy socia, environment, and food stability. They decided to expand this project to outside of the municipality and surveyed areas with water, agriculture land, community forest, etc. They used the information they gathered and incorporated it into the education system in the municipality to achieve a greater understanding and awareness in younger generations about the importance of conservation. Currenty, the 8 schools in the municipality surveyed large trees throughout the municipality and 64 communities. A botanical garden and flora genetic conservation center was established in the school as well as beginning surveys of animals and insects in different ecological systems. The students learn about the scientific method through studying lichen in the public parks and sampling them to study air quality, and sampling fauna from the water to study water quality. This project brought together the community for the common purpose of conserving natural resources. The students are excited to do activities outside the classroom and create a connection with the community. The community also receives the benefit of food stability that is safe and more variable. The schools has also received many environmental awards from this project. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Green Walking Street
Chiang Rai municipality is an important cultural tourist town in Thailand. In the past, the public and tourists would go visit places outside of Chiang Rai, the town supervisor wanted to stimulate the economy and promote the use and consumption of local products to create food stability and reduce travel distance of food. The municipality initiated a 3-mile walking street on Thanalai Street everyday Saturday from 4:00PM- midnight. This started by the public relations team of the project allowing those from the Chiang Rai municipality to come and sell their goods. There are 5 zones at the walking street: hand-made goods, OTOP products, traditional food, Thai massage and spa service, and miscellaneous goods. There are 21 regulations for vendors at the walking street that is related to reducing carbon emission. This includes: each vendor is allowed no more than 2 LED bulbs, prohibiting the use of electronic devices that uses more than 1000 watts ,prohibiting the use of foam instead using plates made from banana leaves and bagasse. The PR team also promotes the use of reusable cloth bags instead of plastic bags. The 3000 vendors also has to collect waste by having 2 leaders per 10 vendors to regulate. In the past, the walking street gets 1000 visitors per day, with roughly 1 million Baht in circulation per day and reduce foam use by 3000 pieces per month. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Low Carbon Model House Award Contest
From the vision of municipal board that emphasize the development to be the nice city with lowest carbon emission and people know how to handle with climate change, one strategy of the municipality is to find family model who emit the lowest carbon. The low carbon house contest have been held since 2013. There are 22 households attended the contest, and 4 of them were chosen to be the model. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Urban Agriculture for Food Security toward Climate Change Adaptation
Thinking of the risk of the city from flood and food security, city municipality cooperate with provincial agricultural extention office and interested communities developed free space in the city into city farmland, allow the low income people in the city rent for farming in low price, support market for local and organic food, such as, pedestrian street, organic model restaurants, agro-tourism, and build up and strengthen organic farming network. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Kok Noi River Restoration and Conservation Project for Dealing with the Effect from Climate Change
Kok Noi River flowed through Chaing Rai City with about 2 km in length , 25 m in width and 4 m in depth. In the past, it was a branch connected to Kok River. Land development in the upstream area of Kok River resulted in less water flowed in Kok Noi River so it had not been used for over 30 years. In 2012, the municipality attended ACCCRN project, raised up ecosystem restoration project and encourage local culture in Kok Noi River area. The aim is to restore the ecosystem of this river area for using as a recreation site, floodway in rainy season, and water resource in dry season. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Consevation in Chiang Rai City
Municipality has realized that we still have complex ecosystem left in our municipal area which can be good natural resource. We work with govrnment sector, private sector, and civil society on biodiversity observation including terrestrial, aqautic, and agricultural ecosystem, for management planning, conservation, and usage. Nowaday these have extended into learning system in schools to raise awareness, love, and appreciation of this natural resource to the next generations. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download