City of Phuket
Thailand

Population: 72380
Area of jurisdiction: 12 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a 10% by 2016 (2010)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2013 ):  0 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2010

Mitigation actions

Eco health centers & Low carbon temple @ Phuket
We have 3 Phuket Municipal health centers under the control of City of Phuket. 36 watts fluocrescent lamps, total of 95 had been used and lots of CO2 had been produced by us. We, 50 staffs, then committed to conserve the energy starting in the year 2014. We had changed 95 the fluorescent lamps, 36 watts into LED 18 watts Of which we can conserve the energy by 23.94 KWh. Besides, we commit to unplug all the electrical equipments right after use. By then, we can reduce the electrical use by 50%. After that, we replicate this success to Lansan temple which located 2 km away to become Low carbon temple by changing 36 and 18 watts of fluorescent lamps into LED type 36 and 18 watts total of 48 and 14 respectively. Besides, we had changed the bulb type 5, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 18, 20, 23, 65 watts total of 1, 8, 2, 25, 7, 28, 9, 10, 7, 1, 1 respectively with grand total of 161 bulbs into LED 18 and 9 watts bulb in the amount of 48 and 14 bulbs respectively and also changed into LED bulb 3, 5, 7.5, 9 watts type in the amount of 2, 72, 27,14 bulbs respectively, grand total of 182 bulbs. Thereby, this pilot Low carbon Temple can conserve the electricity by 3,186 kwh per year with CO2 reduction by 1.85 ton CO2e per year. Start year  
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
to promote the renewable energy network
The City of Phuket funded the establishment of the Foundation of Environment, Phuket to work with educational networks about waste reduction and using waste for purpose. They also work with the Wachira Phuket Learning Center on alternative energy by encouraging the production of biogas and biodiesel by doing the following: 1) Biogas project by collecting food scraps from the hospital cafeteria to produce biogas from June 2011 to July 2012 which reduced the use of LPG by 48,419 Baht 2) biodiesel project which uses used frying oil from the kitchen as well as donated oil and use it in 4 of the hospital’s vehicles which saved 219,612 Baht (June 2011-July 2012) after subtracting production cost, they saved 88,340 Baht. The production of biodiesel in 2011 recycled 3,200 liters of oil, 7,700 liters of oil in 2012, 2,900 liters in 2013, and 4,32 liters in 2014 which totals to 18,120 liters. 3,008 liters of biodiesel was produced in 2011, 7,238 liters in 2012, 2,726 liters in 2013, and 3,671 liters in 2014 and produced 16,643 liters of biodiesel total from 2011-2014. In the 2014 fiscal year, the total amount of money saved was 54,253.16 Baht. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Reuse of the grey water
Currently, the City of Phuket treats the water quality by Activated sludge through an oxidation ditch which was designed to support 36,000 m3 per day and currently receives 30,000 m3 per day. The effluent has a BOD value of 5-20 mg/l and currently, the BOD value of the effluent is not more than 2 mg/l, therefore, they are encouraging using the grey water in various ways such as in a cooling furnace, washing cars, and watering plants. Currently, they only use 3,000 m3 of grey water per day which is less than 10% of the effluent. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Waste to Energy
In the past 20 years, the city managed waste by burying it. Overtime, the landfill reached carrying capacity combined with the inability to find a suitable location for a landfill, they switched to elimination by a stoker and using the heat from incinerating the waste to produce electricity and selling the electricity back to provincial electricity authority. Currently, they’ve increased to 2 plants and 3 ovens with an estimated full potential to produce 14 MWh of electricity, and currently producing 9 MWh and is able to support all the waste on the island. The methane gas produced from fermenting the waste prior to incinerating it is used to reduce moisture and increase efficiency when burning. Overall, the city is able to reduce greenhouse gas emission from the power plant by 1,700.30 ton of CO2 in the year 2014. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
To promote the cycling to healthful and reduce fuel use
To promote the health of the public reduce fuel use in households, the municipality developed space in the public park into bike tracks. This began at Saphan Hin Park and the bike track is 1.5 km with 200 people using the track daily. There is plans to develop the track further in another park which will be 3.89 km and create a 400 m connection track between the two parks. They are expecting 300-500 more people using the tracks daily. This will result in the reduction of 5 liters of fuel per person per day or $5 USD as well as improving the public’s health. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Eco public lighting and Eco market
In the past, the city paid 5 million Baht in electricity fees per years which prompted them to change from HID 250 Watt light bulbs to LED 110 watt bulbs on the 34 main roads. They’ve changed 1,196 bulbs from 5,000 and switched 187 bulbs from 18 watts fluorescent duo bulbs to 18 watts LED duo bulbs. 50% of the work is done and plan to finish up the whole city by 2022 which will reduce electricity usage by 2,540.78 KWh or a 60% reduction and will exempt the City of Phuket from paying for the electricity for public utilities since the regional Electricity Authority allows public utilities to be 10% of all households and 200 small businesses usage for no charge. In the instance of the fresh market in 2014,341 sets of 2 x 36 w bulbs were switched to super TLD bulbs and switched 7 sets of Hibay 250 w lamps to 80 w and switched 19 sets of Hibay 250 W bulbs to Metahalide 150 W. They also reduced the usage time from 12 hours to 10 hours and reduced the use of ventilators from 12 hours to 8 hours per day. This reduced total electricity usage by 312.47 kwh or a reduction of 17% when compared to the previous year and a 16% lower electricity bill. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
a fat-trapping pond for the first step of wastewater treatment
Although the City of Phuket has a system for wastewater, there is still the problem of sewage pipes being clogged due to water from households and other establishments. A rotting smell was also a big problem. The city then decides to enlist the help from the public during the first step of wastewater treatment. They issued an ordinance for the installation of a fat-trapping pond in Building B.E. 2550 and requested that all new homes that are requesting a permit to have a fat-trapping tank that is up to code. They also issued an ordinance for all of Phuket to control the sale of food in 1999 by having every restaurant install a fat-trapping tank with strict monitoring. The city monitored the installation and the result was that 84% of restaurants installed a fat-trapping tank which helped with the first stage of water treatment and reduced pollutants from going into the canal. It also reduced sewage clog and in turn reduced the occurrences of flooding in the city. Start year  
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Promotion of Solid waste Separation at Source
The City of Phuket was assigned by the province of Phuket to be the center for waste management which includes 18 local governments. Throughout the past 3 years, there has a constant increase in waste elimination with 800 tons of waste having to be incinerated which only has the carrying capacity to burn 700 tons of waste per day which leads to remaining waste each day. The city then tried to advocate for waste separation to reduce the amount of waste that goes into the incinerator by supporting for the community, school, public buildings, and restaurants to separate their waste through training and PR. The city also invested in separation bins, scheduled a time for separated wastes to be collected, and organized for vehicles to pick the separated waste up. The city awarded the target groups with stickers that honors their hard work in this project. From this project, the city able to separate 15 tons of organic waste per month (500 Kg/day) from 130 tons of waste per day and used the organic waste as livestock food and compost to use in public parks. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

Phuket Sustainable Waste Management Technology Transfer Center
Stemming from the informal conjugation of the private sector and civil society such as retail establishments. In environmental management, especially the waste problem where there is more than 50% organic waste. The conjugation of those from the private sector and civil society led to the establishment of the Union of Environmental Protection who work together to reduce and reuse organic waste. The Union of Environmental Protection then became the Foundation for Environmental Science, Phuket for the personnel to receive monetary support from the city legally. The goal of the foundation is to improve different activities that will foster knowledge on environmental science and energy in the Phuket province. The main activities are aimed at increasing efficacy, creating an environmental conscious, public relations, and creating a network in all related sectors and having them all involved in environmental management. The knowledge if on repurposing waste with 17 learning stations that connects the 12 waste education centers in Phuket province. Cooperation from this network can reduce the increase of waste by 1% (from 7.3% increase in waste each year to 6.3% in 2015) Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Eco School
From the City of Phuket’s policy to becoming a nice city to live in by the mayor, with a major strategy being energy and environmental conservation in city improvement, 7 schools in the city district are important targets in creating environmentally conscious mindset for future generations. The mayor wanted the following activities to be implemented: a campaign to reduce energy use, and using water cautiously by drinking from a cup and not directly from the faucet. The city is also trying to find ways for alternative energy by focusing on solar energy, teaching students about waste separation, and establishing a recyclable waste bank (selling the wastes that are separated from the school and homes, and putting it in an account book with prices for those who give the most to the bank). There is also the reusing of waste for crafts in the schools and teaching students to use both sides of the paper and using reusable cloth bags rather than plastic bags. Students are encouraged to bring toxic wastes from home to throw away in the designated toxic waste bin at the school with monetary rewards as the incentive. Organic waste from the school cafeteria is used as fertilizer and used in the herb garden, floating garden, and vegetable garden in the school for use in the school lunches. The students get fresh vegetable and teaching students not the waste food. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
To dig the troves for higher water capacity
The City of Phuket started producing their own water on October1, 1971 which is the last 44 years. Presently, 1,710 m3 of water is being produced per hour and covers the whole city and some area outside. The hard water source is the Bang Wad reservoir which has the capacity of 10.6 million m3. Another water source is water trove and 5 old tin mines which is not owned by the City of Phuket. Since there has been an expansion of the city and tourism, the city has to have a water reserve for water security as well as purchasing water from the regional department of water and private companies to reduce the risk of running out of water. There is also a project to dig the troves for higher water capacity in case of heavy rain and the result has been good since Phuket has not had a serious water shortage while still having a water reserve and flood protection. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download