Melaka Historic City Council
Malaysia

Population: 458958
Area of jurisdiction: 277 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: 201% by 2020 (2005) n/a
Renewable energy target: 6% by 2015 n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a % by 2016 (2015)
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e

Mitigation actions

Setting Up of GHG Inventory System
Melaka is the first state in Malaysia to set up its own carbon intensity target following the PM's declaration of 40% GHG reduction intensity during Copenhagen 2009. Subsequently, by participating in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment programme, Melaka was selected as one of the first 20 corporations/bodies to set up their voluntary carbon reporting programme. Following the prior action, Melaka with the assistance of ICLEI went on to establish the first ever reporting of greenhouse gas emissions at state level together with the assistance of ICLEI. The next step set up by the Chief Minister of Melaka is to ensure that each state linked entity or agency is to set up its own greenhouse gas inventory system. Subsequently, Melaka City Council is in the process of setting up its own internal greenhouse gas reporting system of its operations and community actions within the boundaries of the city. Start year  
Sector  
Type Organizational/Governance
Status In progress
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Renewable Energy Programme
MBMB is embarking on kick starting a renewable energy initiative where infrastructure is in place to light up existing street pathways via decorative lighting along Sungai Melaka through solar Photovoltaics (PV) systems. The first phase of solar PV installation for street and decorative lighting is targeted to meet 50% of the lighting energy requirements by the year 2020 and reach 100% by the year 2025. This project is expected to start at the end of December 2015. The overall plan for renewable energy sourced public lighting is to reach 50% by the year 2020 and 100% by 2030. At the same time, the council intends to encourage the installation of solar PVs for government buildings. Through a government led initiative, the council hopes to prove the viability of the action so that the private sector may also follow suit. Start year  
Sector Commercial
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Sustainable Waste Management Including Creation of Waste Eco-Park
Through Melaka “Go Green” vision, Melaka has embarked on turning waste into income and the programme is anchored on recycling waste where can saves Melaka’s landfill from being overwhelmed by waste. The Waste Eco Park which located in MBMB administrative area ; Sungai Udang is covering a total size area of 30 acres. This Waste Eco Park consists of a recycling centre where the people of Melaka can separate their waste accordingly. Besides that, this project is also using an advanced form of technology which is the Aerobic landfill technology. It allows the flow of air through the leachate collection pipes located at the bottom of the landfill , which helps to enlarge aerobic decomposition and invigorate the bacteria to accelerate the decomposition process. Through these combined set of measures, the water quality of leachate is expected to improve since the leachate concentrate is reduced thus inhibiting the production of harmful gases and stabilizing the landfill process. This project is designed for efficient solid waste management with a capacity to accommodate 1,200 tons per day. At the same time, it must be noted that Melaka is one of the 6 states in Malaysia which seeks to segregate waste at domestic level. Consequently, as a preparatory measure, all councils in Melaka have introduced the “2 + 1 Municipal Waste” collection system from the previous collection system of 3 times a week. It was first introduced by Solid Waste Corp in 2013 whereby organic and unrecyclable waste are collected twice a week. In the meantime, recyclable waste such as plastic, paper, etc will be collected once a week. Similarly, Melaka has also implemented No Plastic Day on Saturday since 1 Jan 2011. Among the objectives to promote the recycling mentality among Melaka residents whereby they remember to bring their own bag from home for grocery purchases. The programme had since expanded to two days in a week in 2014 followed by three in this year. In conclusion, Melaka intends to follow the example of the Penang State government by ensuring that every day will become a plastic free day by 1st of January 2016. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Green City Action Plan
The State of Melaka aspires to become a Green Technology City State by 2020. In view of this, Melaka City has taken many steps to fulfil its goal. Majlis Bandaraya Melaka Bersejarah (MBMB) or Historical Malacca City Council is a local authority which administers Melaka City. This agency is under Melaka state government. Efforts include transforming the Melaka river, preparation of Green City Action Plan (GCAP), GHG inventorization, adopting to United Nations Urban Environmental Accords ratings method to assess their green city performance and many other green initiatives on a smaller scale. MBMB is aiming to develop GHG emission footprint and prepare a greenery report for Melaka City. The scope of work is to calculate carbon footprint of its jurisdiction and produce a greenery report of Melaka city on efforts on sustainable development. The project is aimed at supporting the country’s efforts on GHG reporting and management through the outcomes targeted to be achieved by implementing the proposed activities. The focus will be on the accounting and reporting of the six GHG governed by the Kyoto protocol as well as reporting Melaka city status and efforts in integrating city management in sustainability perspective. The objectives are to calculate and report the carbon emission in the city in a standard and internationally recognized manner as well as to highlight the city sustainable development and measures taken to become greener, healthier and economically benefits in the long term. The expected output to be delivered for these services is GHG emission report addresses key areas of city management. Start year  
Sector Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
Type Organizational/Governance
Status In progress
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Tree Planting
Tree planting is the process of transplanting tree seedlings, generally for forestry, land reclamation, or landscaping purposes. It differs from the transplantation of larger trees in arboriculture, and from the lower cost but slower and less reliable distribution of tree seeds. Jabatan Landskap Negara has estimated that 6,000 number of trees that need to be planted. . There is a huge variety of trees being planted in alacca. For example, Dalbergia cochinchinensis, Eugenia Oleina, Wodyethia bifurcata, Fragrea Fragans and others are being planted. . Based on 2009 figures, 46,139 trees had already previously been planted at areas such as Klebang, Krubong , Dataran 1 Malaysia , Bandar Hilir, and Pulau Melaka which are the tree planting areas under MBMB’s control. "The River Malim Green Consciousness" campaign has also included tree planting which are collaborated together with students and communities around at there. On November 2015, MBMB will also cooperate with TNB as a form of Corporate Social Responsibility event to encourage trees planting at Dataran 1Malaysia. It is estimated that 500 trees will planted at this event. Another strong initiative of the council is its composting programme which obtains its raw material from the trimmed branches and offshoots of the trees being planted around the city. The council intends to promote organic fertilizers in place of chemical fertilizers to prevent soil contamination through chemical residue. Start year  
Sector Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Green Transport
MBMB has bought the first fully operated electric bus in Malaysia. It completed a 3 month trial in March 2014. wjhich allows it to travel in Melaka World Heritage City only. The bus is owned by Panorama Melaka Sdn Bhd and can travel up to 280 km at full speed. The bus may also be recharged at the charging station set up in Melaka Sentral. Consequently, the state government is planning to purchase another 40 electric bus to operate in Melaka. As part of its green transport action plan, Melaka is the first state to have its own charging station outside of the Klang valley. It was launched on 11 Oct 2013 . The state government intends to set up a network of 2 electric charging stations around Melaka city at selected areas to promote electric mobility. Pleased with the efficiency of the vehicles, the council has also purchase some electric vehicles for its operational usage. ANother key initiative of the state government is that all petrol stations in Melaka offer blended biodiesel for sale at retail petrol stations. Presently, the diesel is blended with Palm oil as a form of green diesel and plans are underway to see if recycled cooking oil may be blended with diesel to form another variant of biodiesel that may be sold to customers. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Creating Sustainable Business and Resident Communities
Melaka is one of the six states in Malaysia where waste segregation at domestic household level had already been made mandatory in 2015. As preparation for this national initiative, Melaka state government had already launched the "Don't Mess with Melaka" campaign. As part of the overall strategy, the council is responsible for community engagement especially business entities and household residents combined. Concurrently, the Melaka City Council had launced the "environmental audit compliance" programme where hawkers,restaurants, food court operators and other commercial enterprises are prohibited from discharging their waste products into drains. The objective is to prevent blockage of drains and contamination of wastewater which may flow into Melaka rivers. Vermicomposting is the practice of using worms to break down food scraps. The Vermicomposting project is a pilot project being conducted at Pasar Melaka which is Melaka city's biggest centralized wet market. The programme is being conducted together with the cooperation of the wet market traders who would supply the vegetables and fruits to be decomposed into organic waste materials. Melaka has experienced water shortages even though the Melaka River flows throughout the state. Consequently, the state government has to buy water from neighbouring states such as Johor since Melaka has one of the highest water consumption rates per capita in the country. Thereby, as a water conservation strategy, Melaka state had to ensure minimal non water revenue loss in Malaysia. Consequently, in order to further develop self reliance, Melaka state imposes the implementation of rainwater harvesting system in new development projects and also encourages its installation in existing buildings. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File  
Energy Management System
MBMB has carried out various energy management initiatives. MBMB has carried out energy audits in MBMB area 4 buildings - Main building MBMB (Graha Makmur & Technical Building), Putra Hospital, Terminal Bus Melaka Sentral and SAMB. Potential annual energy savings of 741,000kWh which is a potential 29% reduction of MBMB's present energy consumption of its government buildings alone. MBMB has also installed 1,341 lamps within the Melaka city borders which are expected to provide monthly cost savings of RM 9000. MBMB has also initiated alternate On/Off Street Lighting where 30% of lamps will switch off from 12.30am until 5.30am .The estimated cost saving is RM 1510 a month and will result in 12% savings in terms of monthly energy consumption. MBMB is carrying out this initiative as a government leadership example in order to promote and spread energy efficiency and energy management awareness to the private sector in line with the state government's aspirations. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region
Melaka is one of the pilot cities participating in the regional project “Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region” (CASC). CASC is implemented by GIZ in coordination with the ASEAN Secretariat and with funding from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The project aims to support cities in the development and implementation of CAPs in order to improve air quality and move forward in sustainable urban development. A final CAP will be developed consisting of measures covering a range of topics, including transport (e.g. inspection and maintenance, transport demand management, vehicle emission standards and cleaner fuels) as well as air pollution from industrial and area sources. The programme will lead to cleaner air for Melaka city residents and a better quality of life and health for all. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Adaptation actions

Melaka River Rehabilitation project
This project main objective is to rehabilitate and revitalize the water quality of the Melaka River whilst integrating significant urban design elements while maintaining its status as a historical icon of the City. The effort has not only managed to beautify and turn the river as a tourism commodity but also assisted flood mitigation. The construction of sewer interceptor reticulation system has enabled all the raw sewage that used to end up inside the river to be transferred to central sewerage system instead. The project was successfully completed in December 2014 and has won the Green Apple Award for the achievement as the river status was successfully upgraded from Class 4 to Class 2 in terms of water quality from Malaysia's Department of Environment. Nearly 1.2 Million tourists have ridden the Melaka River Cruise since then. Public participation and support from the residents and community leaders has been crucial to the project's success. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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