City of Parañaque
Philippines

Population: 588126
Area of jurisdiction: 47 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 3% by 2018 (2010) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a 0% by 2018
Energy efficiency target: % by () n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2010 ):  0 tCO2e

Mitigation actions

ESTABLISHING A MONITORING STATION AND AMBIENT AIR SAMPLING
The City Government of Paranaque in collaboration of Environmental Management Bureau – Department of Environment and Natural Resources (EMB – DENR) set an air monitoring station on the roadside Brgy. Don Bosco to determine the amount of Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 and PM 10 present in the area. The City also set an air monitoring station in the Brgy. San Isidro to determine the Sulfur Oxide and Nitrogen Oxide present in the area. This monitoring station was set to know if the air quality in the area is still normal or it is failing to the standard set by the DENR. The City Government of Paranaque in coordination with the DENR conducted an ambient air sampling in the city every quarter to determine and analyze the air sample in the area in terms of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Total Suspended Particulate (TSP), and PM10 in three stations in Solaire, Macapagal Avenue. This Ambient Air Quality Sampling was done to know if the quality of air in the area is still acceptable to the standards set by the DENR and if not there should be an action to mitigate and stop the anthropogenic disturbances that are triggering the ambient air sample to fail to the standards set by DENR. Start year  
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
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INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION CAMPAIGN ON SWM
IEC Campaign serves the biggest role on the information dissemination. The IEC Campaign maybe in form of Tarpaulins, Seminars and Workshops. IEC campaign also reaches community and household level that were very important on the increasing of awareness and education of the citizens. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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TREE PLANTING ALONG WATERWAYS
Most often plants or trees are being planted to provide shade and beautify landscapes. These are just some of the great benefits trees can give. Trees offer many environmental benefits. Trees reduce the urban heat island effect through evaporative cooling and reducing the amount of sunlight that reaches parking lots and buildings. Trees also the reduce amount of storm water runoff, which reduces erosion and pollution in waterways and may reduce the effects of flooding. The plants and trees help rainwater sink into soil, so less runs into the river. It also decreases the exposure of waterways to sunlight that makes the streams cooler that is suitable for many species of fishes. The City of Parañaque, with the help of DENR-EMB, is planting trees along creeks, esteros and river banks. This is for the mitigation of the drastic effects of climate change to the city. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

EARLY WARNING MECHANISMS IN PARANAQUE CITY
the set of capacities needed to generate and disseminate timely and meaningful warning information to enable individuals, communities and organizations threatened by hazards to take necessary preparedness measures and act appropriately in sufficient time to reduce the possibility of harms or losses. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR FLOOD
The City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (CDDRMC) embarked on the formulation of this Contingency Plan to explore the impacts and prepare for the eventuality of a flood in our locality. It is the aim of this contingency plan to solidify and organize relationships and coordination mechanisms among members of the Disaster Management domain. This Plan summarizes the city’s alerting systems and organizational framework for responding to such disasters. Managerial and tactical actions, functions and responsibilities of city departments and other agencies described so that floods may be mitigated, reduced and responded to with the goal of quickly and efficiently restoring normal quality of life. This contingency plan is intended for the sole beneficiary of the city’s citizens. This plan is also intended for the Local Government Units down to the local communities, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSO), Volunteer Organizations Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR EARTHQUAKES
The City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (CDDRMC) embarked on the formulation of this Contingency Plan to explore the impacts and prepare for the eventuality of an earthquake in our locality. It is the aim of this contingency plan to solidify and organize relationships and coordination efforts among members of the Disaster Management domain. This plan summarizes the city’s alerting systems and organizational framework for responding to such disasters. Managerial and tactical actions, functions and responsibilities of city departments and other agencies described so that impacts of earthquakes may be mitigated, reduced and responded to with the goal of quickly and efficiently restoring normal quality of life. This contingency plan is intended for the sole beneficiary of the city’s citizens. This plan is also intended for the Local Government Units down to the local communities, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSO), Volunteer Organizations (VO), other instrumentalities and other agencies that may be utilized during earthquake. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
SUSTENANCE FOR LOW CARBON EMISSION
The City Government of Parañaque is assuming a leadership role on one of the key issues of our time: reducing the harmful impacts of climate change by adopting and implementing the Green House Gas (GHG) framework plan and its posterior management plan. And the This Plan provides a comprehensive blueprint for understanding GHG emissions, for identifying high priority initiatives for reducing emissions, and for engaging citizens in this critical undertaking. With the coordination unified efforts of the people and institutions of the City of Parañaque that we can The City Government of Parañaque through its support in the mitigation and adaptation in the effect of climate change now a day, strongly implemented an Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) Campaign with the help of the Community Relation and Information Division of the City (CRID) on less use of the light during noon break and switching of incandescent bulbs/CFLs to LED on ALL Offices of City Government Parañaque. In the celebration of Environmental Month the City Government of Paranaque Conducted an ENVIRONMENTAL SYMPOSIUM that discussed about the Environmental Summit. This was Conducted to raise awareness to every constituents of Parañaque City about the current status of the environment. The City Government of Parañaque through its support to the mitigation of the worsening of climate and in the R.A. 8749 known as Philippine Clean Water Act, the city is now deploying and enforcing an Anti – Smoke Belching Unit. The state also through its promotion to the protection of the populace from hazardous products and promotion of right to health and instill consciousness the Paranaque City by Smoke – Free Task Force is hereby created and implemented. In every 4th week of November when the National Bicycle day is being held the City Government of Paranaque is one of the Cities that are promoting the event. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
PROTECTION AND REHABILITATION OF EXISTING GREEN AREA ON THE CITY
The Paranaque City towards the greener environment promotes the Tree planting program under the Master Development Greening Plan of the City and Strong implementation of the City Ordinance no, 14-34 also known as “BARANGAY TREE PLANTING ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF PARANAQUE” for continuous Tree Planting in all vacant space and idle lands, planting of city roads, river banks, public easements of sea lakeshores, rivers, creeks, esteros, railroad tracks, parks and plazas, playgrounds, open subdivision spaces, and school campuses. As an act and implementation of this ordinance the City Government of Paranaque started the tree planting in railroad tracks and in planting strips of city roads in order to reduce the emitted carbon dioxide on the atmosphere. Planting of trees in railroad is one of the best things in mitigating the emitted carbon dioxide on the environment because a mature tree with a crown diameter of 15 meters can absorb a 28.5 tons of CO2 annually it is according to research conducted at the School of Forestry of the Bogor Agricultural Institute in Indonesia. There was a total of 1,193 trees that was been planted on the road side of Paranaque City. In accordance to the Ordinance No. 13 – 05 also known as Comprehensive Food Security Ordinance of City of Paranaque the City promotes the Food Always In The House Program in which the City with the help of the Government staff of the city and volunteered citizen plant a fruit bearing tree, vegetables, and root-crops. The City as support in the National Urban Greening Program made a Memorandum of Agreement to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in order to conduct an assessment /evaluation of the planting sites provided by the City and provide suitable species in the environment. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
GREEN HOUSE GAS (GHG) FRAMEWORK MANAGEMENT PLAN
GREEN HOUSE GASSES (GHG) FRAMEWORK MANAGEMENT PLAN Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
PROPOSED DRAFT OF WATER CODE OF THE CITY OF PARAÑAQUE AND WATER SHORTAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN
Parañaque City is known to be the City by the Bay. With this, a number of commercial and industrial establishments and even residential (private homes and informal settlers) are located near the waterways. The location of these sectors posed a threat to the quality of waterways since these sectors have a great tendency to directly discharge wastes to the water bodies. In line with this problem, the City of Parañaque proposed draft of a City Ordinance that will be known as the “Water Code of the City of Parañaque”. The proposed draft is in accordance with the national laws such as the Republic Act 9275, or otherwise known as the “Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004” and Republic Act 4840, or otherwise known as “An Act Creating the Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA)”. Climate change is now evident and can be felt all over the world. Currently, the National Capital Region (NCR) in the Philippines is experiencing El Niño or the phenomenon wherein dry season is prolonged and said to continue until March 2016. Due to this phenomenon, the water levels of the dams and reservoirs that result to water shortage. With this, the City proposed a Water Shortage Management Plan for the City to be prepared and to be able to cater enough water to the people of the City. The Water Code of the City of Parañaque and the Water Shortage Management Plan are subjected for amendments. The expected outcome of the Water Code is for the City to mitigate the further illegally waste discharges of the establishments to the water bodies. The expected outcome of the Water Shortage Management Plan is for the City to adapt to the drastic changing climate and so that the City would be equipped if the phenomenon would hit the City in the future. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITIES
MRF has the capability to provide livelihood to the community and at the same time could contribute to the reduction of waste disposed. According to study, 82% of all the total waste disposed was recyclable materials that might cause and produce harmful substances when not properly disposed. While on a MRF, the 82% or recyclable materials will be used on another way to reduce the risk and volume of waste disposed Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
FORMULATION OF INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT (ICM) PLAN
The basic principles and concept of Coastal Planning is from Integrated Coastal Management (ICM), it is an internationally accepted planning and coordinating process, which promotes proper sustainable development and management of coastal zones. ICM aims to balance the environmental, economic, social, cultural and recreational sectors within the natural sustainable limits. The City is currently updating its Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) requires the City to formulate and integrate with CLUP the zoning and land use classification plan for the City’s foreshore land, using the concept of ridge to reef within the fifteen kilometer (15 km) coastal waters of Manila Bay and one kilometer (1 km) inwards from the City’s shorelines in order to regulate future developments in harmony with protection and preservation of natural resources. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
EROSION PREVENTION PROGRAM OF RIVERBANKS THROUGH RIPRAPPING AND STEEL SHEET PILING
Riprapping / Armoring of shorelines, streambeds, bridge abutments, pilings and other shoreline structures against erosion is done by piling a variety of rock types, commonly granite, limestone or occasionally concrete rubble from building demolition. It is used to protect coastlines and structures from erosion by the sea or rivers by absorbing and deflecting the impact of a wave. Aside from riprapping, steel sheet piling is also one of the ways to prevent erosion. Steel sheet piles are long structural sections with a vertical interlocking system that creates a continuous wall. It is used to retain either soil or water. The City of Parañaque, with the help of the City Engineering Office, constructs riverbank protection through riprapping and steel sheet piling. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
MONITORING OF POLLUTION GENERATORS ALONG WATERWAYS (Wastewater Discharge of Residential, Commercial And Industrial Establishments)
The Concerned Residents of Manila Bay filed a complaint against several government agencies, the Supreme Court issued a continuing Mandamus directing local government units and other concerned government agencies to clean-up, rehabilitate and preserve Manila Bay. The Supreme Court Mandamus directs LGUs to inspect all commercial and industrial establishments, and private homes along the banks of the rivers or other waterways that eventually discharge water into the Manila Bay to determine whether they have wastewater treatment facilities or septic tanks. To fully comply with the Supreme Court Mandamus, Special Action Team is formed to conduct field and actual inspection of industrial and commercial establishments along waterways. The MBCRP survey was first conducted last 2011 where a number of commercial and industrial establishments were inspected. The next survey was done last 2014, with the help of DILG-Local, that encompasses all commercial and industrial establishments, and private homes in the 1st Level or within five (5) meters from waterways. Last August 17, 2015, the third MBCRP Survey was conducted which lasted until October 9, 2015 that encompasses all commercial and industrial establishments, and private homes in the 2nd Level or within 10-15 meters from waterways. The main objective of the project is to ensure compliance of all sectors along waterways for the cleanliness, rehabilitation and preservation of the Manila Bay. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
UPDATING COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLAN INTEGRATED WITH DISASTER RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
The Comprehensive Land Use Plan or CLUP is comprises the proper and legal zoning of an area and its appropriate use. The latest CLUP was formulated last 2006 wherein mainstreaming DRR&CCA isn’t included yet. This 2014, the City of Paranaque updates its CLUP with the coordination and guide from the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board(HLURB). The HLURB supervises the updating of CLUP under the mandate of Executive Order No. 648, specifically Article III Section 5. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
CLEAN-UP, REHABILITATION AND MAINTENANCE OF WATERWAYS
Trash or solid waste is one of the major contributors in water pollution. It is often transported by stormwater runoff and illegally dumped directly into a waterbody or wetland, or deposited along riverbanks or lakeshores. Stormwater can pick up debris, chemicals, dirts, and other pollutants into a storm sewer system or directly to a lake, stream, river, or coastal water which results to water pollution. Due to the alarming situation of the waterbodies all over the world, the City Government of Parañaque holds different activities for the cleanliness, rehabilitation and preservation of waterways within the City’s jurisdiction. This is made possible with the help of the City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO). These activities are Operation Linis Ilog (River Clean-Up), Manila Bay Coastal Clean-Up and Declogging of Drainage and Canals. These activities are done regularly based on requests or based on the submitted report of monitoring team roaming the City. The primary aim of the said activities is for the city to have waterbodies free from wastes that causes water pollution and contributes to global warming. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Strict Implementation of 10-year Solid Waste Management Plan
The 10-Year Solid Waste Management Plan is a comprehensive plan that contains the intended action to be done for 10 years on the Solid Waste Problem. It also contains all the outputs and performances that the city had attained. Formulation of CRID which plays the most important role of disseminating information and educating the community regarding the importance of SWM. It also listed the best practices of city (e.g. RoRo and No Segregation No Collection” Policy). Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download