City of Paris
France

Population: 2265886
Area of jurisdiction: 105 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 40% by 2030 (2004) 30% by 2020 (2004)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 25% by 2020 30% by 2020
Energy efficiency target: 25% by 2030 (2004) 30% by 2020 (2004)
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2014 ):  263,150 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2014

Mitigation actions

Climate bond
  Start year  
Sector  
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File download
Paris commerce énergie
The "Paris commerce énergie" site provides local shops specific advice to better control their energy consumption and reduce their bills. Ten typology of shops (optician, bakers, butchers, dry cleaners, hairdressers, etc.) has been studied to take into account the specificities of these activities. Each commerce solutions and custom boards are available as needed. Start year  
Sector Commercial
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Green electricity for municipal buildings and public lighting
On the occasion of the renewal of electricity supply contracts for municipal buildings and public lighting on or after 1 January 2016, the City asks applicants to provide electricity to 100% renewable origin. Suppliers will ensure that origin via certified certificates. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
File download
White paper on the circular economy of Greater Paris
Paris is fully committed to circular economy and its impetus by mobilizing local authorities, citizens and players that are active in the economic, associative and academic sectors, in order to advance a new regional project. This White Paper proposes 65 initiatives that can serve as unifying work strategies in connection with metropolitan planning. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Energy-efficient Parisian pools
Reduction targets of the energy consumption of new pools and those whose renovation is scheduled enrolled in the "Plan Swim Paris' adopted in June 2015. Thus, each major renovation should help to reduce energy consumption at 20% through modern and efficient technical installations, promoting the recovery of heat and better water management. To achieve these objectives, the Council of Paris approved the principle of an energy performance contract will take the form of a public contract for design-build-operation-maintenance. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Energy challenges of parisian service industry
The energy transition of Paris requires mobilisation of all the economic stakeholders. The City of Paris wants to ensure a balance between economic and tourist attractiveness on one hand, and reducing the carbon footprint of economic activities on the other hand. An operational roadmap, implementation of the Climate and Energy Action Plan for economic stakeholders, will be published in 2015. To prepare this collaborative work, the City commissioned the company Energie Demain to achieve different prospective scenarios of energy consumption for the Parisian service industry in 2020. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Engage civil and local society : Acteurs du Paris durable
The device "Actors of Paris Sustainable" results from the will of the City to promote and support local initiatives for the environment and sustainable development. The dedicated website allows everyone (individuals, companies or associations) to be an actor of a community is to make Paris a sustainable city. Established in 2011, the animation of the online community is relayed by a physical reception at the "House of Actors sustainable Paris": meetings, conferences, workshops. an annual action enhancement was created in 2013 to distinguish outstanding initiatives: "Promoting Sustainable Paris." Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Meals carbon simulator
Designed for managers of Parisian caterers, this tool aims to take into account the objectives of the Paris climate and energy action plan (30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions to 2020 for administration) It assesses the GHG emissions of meals eaten in a restaurant depending on the collective choice of menus. Playful, friendly and educational, meals carbon simulator can be used by all. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Solar land registry
Launched in the summer of 2013 as part of the European project POLIS, the first French solar land registry provides information on the roofs may receive a photovoltaic or solar thermal system, taking into account the parameters of building construction: geometry, orientation and angle tilt roof, incidence shadows. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Partnership contract "Paris Action climat"
Actions are developed for the tertiary sector with the aim of mastering carbon footprint Parisian activities while ensuring the competitiveness and economic tourist attraction for companies. To promote the initiatives already undertaken by businesses and organizations in Paris, the City of Paris offers local players to become partners of the Charter PARIS CLIMATE ACTION. The action is taking place, the gains depend on the level of engagement of partners. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Clim Way Paris : serious game about climate
Clim'Way Paris is a virtual environment tends to illustrate all possible actions to reduce the carbon footprint of the territory. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Tourist accommodation
Innovative support program for Parisian hoteliers. Supporting their efforts in the direction of sustainable development, the goal is to enhance the international attractiveness of Paris highlighting the environmental commitment of this industry. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Energy retrofitting of all schools in Paris
In ways that remains to be defined based on regulatory changes, all Parisian schools (over 600) will benefit from energy renovation. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Bleu Climat
The "Bleu Climat" draws up the complete annualy assessment by following the themes of the Paris Climate Action Plan and present in their main lines the construction sites. In appendix, it resumes the indicators of the contract of objective and performance " Plan Climate " who are annexed to the primitive budget of the City of Paris themselves. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Bilan du plan climat 2007-2012
This document provides an overview of the actions undertaken since the adoption of the Climate Action Plan in 2007, the point of view of gas emissions greenhouse and energy consumption, putting into perspective the economic and social issues of measures adopted. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Paris climate and energy action plan 2012
This Plan, approved by the Council of Paris in 2011, describes the main guidelines and political commitments for the period to 2020. over the coming months, it will be broken down into strategic, functional and operational roadmaps for the different types of stakeholder. Updating the Plan is an pportunity to assess the actions undertaken, identify the work still to be done and plan the changes required to achieve the objectives. It is also an opportunity to comply with the new legal context. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Public lighting installations and lighted traffic signals
Implemented since 2011 decennial Market Energy Performance (MPE in french) aims to achieve the goal of 30% reduction in energy consumption of public lighting and lighted traffic signals : replacement of street lighting energy consumption with LED technologies, reducing the duration of the public lighting according to ambient light, stop lights at midnight ... Start year 2011
Sector Facilities
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
SEM Energy “POSIT’IF Île-de-France New Energy” Program
With the region, Paris is a member of the SEM Energy “POSIT’IF Île-de-France New Energy” (from the French: “Promote, Organize, Sustain and Invent the Île de France’s Energy Transition”) program whose role is to favor energy efficiency and renewable energy development. It helps energy efficiency projects by simplifying technical processes and advices and proposing necessary and flexible consultation services for project. Start year 2012
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Partnership energy performance contract : energy retrofitting for the first 100 schools
CPPEs are global contracts that entrust contracting operators with devising technical solutions plus use and maintenance of all or part of installed equipment. They include contractual commitments with regard to energy efficiency improvements as well as the implementation of a benefitsand- penalties system as a function of these commitments’proven distance. Paris’s CPPE has set a goal of reducing energy consumption by 30% in 100 schools. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Local waste prevention program (acronym in french PLPD)
In 2012, the City adopted its local waste prevention program (PLPD) 17 concrete local actions. His goal: to achieve in 5 years the national target of 7% reduction in municipal solid waste (excluding bulky items). With a decrease of 6.2% of the waste collected between 2009 and 2013, Paris has already reached its new goal. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Training for civil servants
Training session organised for civils servants of Paris administration. Start year 2007
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Training for pupils animators
In 2012, 100 schools benefited from energy renovation. In parallel, 500 officers were aware of climate change and 150 training sessions were organized for school. Start year 2010
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Politics of sustainable consumption
Establishement of politics of sustainable consumption for community and government through actions of reponsables consumption, purchasing policy, management of water and waste. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Energy and climate days (acronym in french JPEC)
The city of Paris organizes every year Parisian days for Energy and Climate (JPEC - Journées Parisiennes de l'Enérgie et du Climat). These days help raise the awareness of parisian citizens concerning renewable energies and efforts made to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Start year 2008
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Renewable energy requirements/standards
Creation of specific local thermal and RES standarts for city of Paris best than 20% than national ones. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status Completed
File download
Improvement of residential housing
The City of Paris has made a priority housing renovation and incorporates a strong environmental component in all operational devices. Objectives in 2020 are: 25% reduction in energy consumption of the private park, improved thermal comfort winter and summer and consumed 50 kWhep/sqm/year for new construction, 80 kWhep/sqm/year for renovations. Start year 2009
Sector Residential
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Sustainable government mobility plan (acronym in french PDAP)
In 2011, the City engaged a program on municipal transport and travel through the Travel Plan Parisienne Administration (PDAP). The ambition is to change the behavior of agents and providers of City in favor of less polluting modes of travel and contributing to the reduction nuisances associated with transport activities of the City (noise and pollution) Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Eco-district Frequel Fontarabie
Secteur Frequel Fontarabie Refurbishment of very old and bad insulate buildings. Goal to be close 50kwh/m²/y. First delivery in 2010. Ecoquartier rewarded in 2009 by the Ministry of Sustainable Development (see attached document) Start year 2003
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
ZAC Clichy Batignolles : renovation and construction of an eco-district
ZAC Clichy Batignoles (labelled "Nouveaux quartiers urbains" New urban neighborhood) : 50ha. Goal : 85% of selfconsumption-production by RES by geothermy, 20,000 sqm of solar... Start year 2002
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Biogas : construction and development of centers for biogas
It is expected to transform 3 centers, located near Paris, waste treatment in organic recovery centers. The transformation of the center is the result of a collective reflection: consultation, feasibility studies, public debate ... Start year 2006
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Drain Water Heat Recovery
This innovative technique will be set up at the base of every new building and can be adapted for some old buildings 1st installation inaugurated by the Mayor in 1st April 2011 Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Geothermal installations
The greatest available resource can be found underneath the city with geothermal energy. The 2004 potential could be tripled by 2020, with half the work already completed with the creation of 2 the geothermal well. Start year 2008
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
District heating plant
By 2015, the share of renewable energy and recovery is expected to exceed 50% in district network energy mix. The goal for the "Compagnie de chauffage urbain" (CPCU), delegate of the network is to achieve by 2020 the rate of 60% in the mix of heat production. Net emissions of greenhouse gain could then be of the order of 350,000 tCO2e in 2020 for the community. This is one of the biggest leverage effects at territorial level. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Solar systems
Under the Paris Energy Climate Plan and the goal of developing renewable energies, Paris knows an acceleration of solar installations since 2011. In 2013, nearly 11,350 sqm of solar panels that were installed in the year in the Paris area more than 10,500 sqm of photovoltaic panels. At the end of 2013, the sun and covering a total area of ​​around 30,000 sqm installed on public facilities and social among other donors. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Sustainable urban logistic
Delivery transport : create new delivery areas inside Paris close to the river and railway system. Promote those way to enterprises. Modification of city planning for integrating those platforms... Creation of an agreement of good practices with delivering federations (32 signatories in 2006, 80 in 2014).... Incentives for little company which deliver last km by \\\"cleantech\\\" vehicles... Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Incentive for electric mobility
Several measures are being implemented around the Parisian traffic. The topic of electric mobility to a less polluting vehicle use is one of those actions. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Reducing place of cars in public spaces
Reducing place of cars in public spaces. Creation of bus lanes, bikes lanes, increasing pedestrian way, district 30km/h... Start year 2001
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Autolib' : electric mobility shared
Success since 2011, Autolib' offers more than 2,000 electric vehicles in nearly 850 stations. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Vélib' and facilitation of cycling in the city
Vélib' : creation of shared and rented bikes system. No cost for the city but a tenant of 15M€/y by authorization to use ads panel of the City. 260,000 subscribers and nearly 95,000 trips per day 6 years later. Start year 2007
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Financial aids for taxi hybrid vehicles
Financial aid established by the City of Paris between 2008 and 2010 for the acquisition of hybrid vehicles emitting less than 120 g CO2/km device. Prolognation until late 2014. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
File download
Test of a new public transportation by boat
From 28 June 2008 to 5 June 2011, the shuttle boat "Voguéo" was tested five stops along the Seine. This project was driven by the Syndicat des transports d'Ile-de-France (STIF), competent in matters of public river transport. The tender launched by the STIF in 2012 has allowed to receive only one offer whose financial characteristics were not consistent with the mobilized by the community budget for this project. For this reason, the STIF and communities had to resign themselves to declare the project without result. The City of Paris reiterates its desire to develop a passenger service on the Seine is intact and continued trade in that direction. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Extending of circular tramway line
Work extensions of tram lines to further improve the provision of public transport in Paris within a goal of opening the metropolis. Start year 2007
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Improvement and increase of the public transport offer
Since 2001, public transport services in Paris have increased considerably. 2011 and 2012 saw the opening of the T3 tram extension, the extension of 2 metro lines, the creation of a 4th local bus line (known as traverse)... Start year 2007
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Improve municipal fleet
Reduction of 10% of municipal fleet and replace old vehicules by hybrids vehicules. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Operation of thermal buildings improvement
Residential private buildings : OPATB13 - named of special operation in 13th district of Paris to incitate 330 Paris condominiums to realize energy efficiency works. Start year 2009
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Improve local advice : the Parisian Climate Agency
The device "Condominiums : Objective Climate !", launched in 2008, provides grants and support the owners in their approach to work. The Agence Parisienne du Climat also advises individuals. Another tool, notebooks "Sustainable Living", available on the website of the City, have technical solutions and possible help to complete these renovations. They are bound for some examples of good practice sheets. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Construction and renovation of social dwellings
Paris has more than 200 000 social housing managed by donors. At the time of updating the Plan Climate Energy Paris voted in 2012, the target of 80 kWh / sqm/ year was reaffirmed as a reference for major renovations of homes purchased and the 50 kWhep / sqm/ year buildings to reduce emissions by 30% in greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption of housing park. 30% of construction social dwellings to 2030. Start year 2008
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Paris Finance Plus
Paris Finance Plus : creation of a special bank guarantee covered by city of Paris for small enterprises so they can improve their energy efficiency of their buildings or shops... Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
File download
Renew municipal heating system
Modernisation of oil boilers of the city patrimony to reduce energy consumption. Regular program with objectives to get for private companies with penalities system. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Creation of the Parisian Climate Agency
The Parisian Climate Agency is a unique desk for all the information concerning energy and climate. There is three main tasks : a independent and free task of informations and advices for parisians and local actors, a monitoring and information dissemenition for parisans and economic-social partners, an expert mission on the techniques and innovative practices in energy conservation. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download

Adaptation actions

Sustainable food plan
In order to improve the quality of the food and reduce the environmental impact of the 30 million meals served each year in the 1,200 municipal restaurants1, the Sustainable Food Plan adopted by the Paris City Council on 1 July 2015 aims to increase the share of sustainable food in municipal catering facilities to 50% in 5 years. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Study on thermoregulatory role of green spaces and wetlands
The objective of the study is to assess and quantify the cooling effect of aquatic and vegetalized parisian spaces during the heater period. The study consists of four overflights to obtain summer air thermographic images of Paris and a period of field measurements under summer weather. the stations instrumentation in 7 sites type of Parisian territory had been set up 10 to 28 days. The analysis and interpretation of collected data will be conducted in the months following the measurements. Start year 2014
Sector Human health
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
Paris vulnerability and resilience study : systems
Study regarding climate-change impacts and resource scarcity in Paris. It's declined in 3 focuses : hazards, resources and systems. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Paris vulnerability and resilience study : resources
Study regarding climate-change impacts and resource scarcity in Paris. It's declined in 3 focuses : hazards, resources and systems. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Paris vulnerability and resilience study : hazards
Study regarding climate-change impacts and resource scarcity in Paris. It's declined in 3 focuses : hazards, resources and systems. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Streets non-potable watering experimentations
The Paris city government is leading an experiment to quantify the cooling effect of watering streets with non-drinkable water in case of hot summer days. Instrumented watering experiments have been carried out for 2 nights in the 2012 summer, for 10 days in the 2013 summer, and so far for 2 days in the 2014 summer. Data are still under analysis and are part of a PhD study. The idea is to reduce temperatures—and by extension, heat effects—and thus create "urban cool islands" during the day for Parisians (limit the effects of heat waves for public health). Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
Greening program : new parks, vegetated roofs and facades...
Since 2007, the greening program of Paris is one of the aspects of the strategy adaptation of Climate and Energy actions plan of Paris preparing the city to climate change and the depletion of resources. It covers all areas of vegetation in the city, accounting for nearly a quarter of the Paris area, by repeated and interconnected touches in order to improve the quality of life and attractiveness of Paris. One of these goals is to reduce the urban heat island effect in Paris and its suburbs. In connection with the biodiversity plan of Paris, voted in 2011, is how to characterize the vegetation such as public facilities, can meet the dual challenge of refreshment and biodiversity. The 2014-2020 program will create 100 new acres of vegetated roofs and facades. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Vegetalisation and biodiversity
Urban Heat Island is one of the most important problem for paris concerning Adaptation. Vegetalisation of public space is one of solutions to reduce the impact. This is the one of 95 actions that exist in the biodiversity actions plan. This actions plan was developed in 2010 with participation of the Parisians. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download