Khon Kaen Municipality
Thailand

Population: 129581
Area of jurisdiction: 46 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a 30% by 2025 (2011)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2011 ):  200,940 tCO2e

Mitigation actions

Tungsang wetland Conservation towards resilient city
Tung Sang Lagoon is natural water source in the municipality that is 680 acres. It was previously under the care of Khon Khaen province but abandoned without care. In 2002, the municipality was transferred the responsibility of the Lagoon and had a thought to restore the lagoon for conservation while reaping the benefit from its full potential as an intact lagoon. The municipality worked together with the Faculty of Architecture at Khon Kaen University to study methods to develop Tung Sang Lagoon appropriately. The result concluded that ways to develop the lagoon are: 1) create a public area for the community 2) protect some area for migrating birds 3) improve the water quality through natural means or a constructed wetland 4) develop the land into a place to learn about wetland ecology for city folks and tourists 5) improve the landscape around the lagoon underscoring perennial plants as a carbon sink 6) dredging the lagoon conservatively to use as a water sink in case of natural flood and drought. Currently, 70% has been developed and this area is now a new recreation area for the municipality. Start year  
Sector Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Khonkaen Green city
In 2004, there was only 9 sq m of green space per person. When the municipality had a policy to move towards becoming a green city and implemented many activities to increase green space to sequester more carbon, the amount of green space per person increased to 15 sq m in 2007. The municipality asked for cooperation from the government and private sectors to help with this development which proved to be successful. They then attempted to sustainably develop the municipality by encouraging the youths to become interested in environmental conservation by bringing 11 students from the 11 municipal schools and around to take care and manage a tree map. The municipality also trained 150 members from the community to become Green Warriors and lead the community to conduct surveys to register all trees in the municipality. The result was the increase of green space per person to 17.19 sq m in 2009 with 7000 trees registered and plans to input the information into a system for monitoring. Start year  
Sector Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Adaptation actions

wastewater treatment
The municipality of Khon Khaen has an activated lagoon water treatment system and is able to treat up to 78,000 m3 of water per day. Currently, 50,000 m3 of water goes into the treatment system. The municipality also constructed 2 water tanks where 700 m3 of the treated can be used per day. The water is used to water the plants at public parks, secondary water to put out fire, clean the streets and fresh market, as well as in the municipal plantation. Moreover, the treated water is checked to be up to standard before releasing it into nature to maintain water level and the ecosystem. Start year  
Sector  
Type Organizational/Governance
Status Completed
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Waste Reduction at source towards Khonkaen Low carbon City
From the full landfill crisis since 1998, the municipality has to find a new area to eliminate waste but received opposition from the community which led them to reevaluate their method to make it appropriate while reducing the most amount of waste at the source. They asked the people at the source of all the waste for their collaboration by asking them to do the following: 1) Organic waste-encouraging to separate organic waste from the large source such as fresh markets, restaurants, community and at household level to convert into compost and fermented water for farmers to use as well as for the municipality to use at garden shows and as cleaning solution. 2) For wastes that is able to be sold, the municipality encourages the establishment of a waste bank, community recycle center, hazardous waste, as well as a drop off style recycle center which will be located in public spaces, corporate agencies where the proceeds will be donated to organize public activities 3) campaign to reduced foam use in 3 fresh markets with the goal for a 30% reduction in waste by 2025 or 60 tons per day. Currently, the municipality is able to reduce by 12 tons per day or 6%. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
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waste to energy
In 1998, the municipality experienced a crisis with more than 700,000 tons of leftover waste since the sanitary landfill became full. Open dump waste management greatly affected the environment and neighboring communities. The municipality then began to study waste management that is appropriate by converting waste to energy by inviting the private sector to invest in an incinerator to convert it into electrical energy to sell back to the electrical authorities and enter the carbon market. Currently, 30% of the power plant is constructed and is able to burn 450 tons of waste per day, 250 tons of new waste and 200 leftover wastes and is able to produce 4.9 MW. It is estimated to take 7 years to eliminate the leftover waste. Moreover, the municipality is working with the Department of Energy to research ways to convert plastic waste into crude oil by burning using pyrolysis. If this project proceeds, it will be able to eliminate 6 tons of plastic waste and produce 45 liters of crude oil per day. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Eneryg Saving Campaign
In the past, the municipality paid 29,791,000 Baht each year for energy with electricity costing around 9,791,000 Baht and fuel oil costing around 20 million Baht. The municipality then thought of a way to reduce energy use by reorganizing the vehicle. In the past, each department would have separate vehicles, after combining the vehicles into one center, the municipality was able to reduce energy use by 8,531 liter in one year. Moreover, some light bulbs were changed to LED, focusing on the bulbs in the meeting rooms and fresh market which saved 205,500 Baht and reduced carbon emission by 20 tons CO2e. Start year  
Sector  
Type Organizational/Governance
Status Completed
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Promotion of Green food-Green market-Green consumption for Food Security
From surveying food in the municipality fresh markets, it was discovered that there are many contaminants in the food especially vegetable. It was also discovered that 26% of those living in the community, have traces of harmful chemicals which increases their change of getting diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. The vegetable are from places far away which wastes a lot of energy in transportation. The municipality initiated a program that has activities to promote food security by starting from increasing the capacity of community leaders through training and site visits to create awareness about food safety and encouraging the community to return to growing their own vegetable which is true to traditional Thai culture. The municipality also promotes converting fresh food to compost to use in the cultivation of vegetable. Most importantly, the municipality designated the area around Rim Beung Kang Nakorn Road as a green market every Friday so the people has a place where clean and safe foods can be obtained close to the home. The project is in conjunction with the alternative agriculture group of Northeastern Thailand and the result is more households are growing their own vegetable from 12 households in 2013 to 100 households in 2015 with 500 people attending the green market each day. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Alternative Energy
The municipality is attempting to use alternative energy to replace energy from fuel oil. The main goals are to reduce cost, reduce carbon emission, and promote food safety by refraining from reusing frying oil. They focused their effort to taking out used vegetable oil from the sewage system as much as possible and converting it into biodiesel. The municipality combined the biodisel and diesel to use in 10 trash collection trucks (from 30) with plans to sell biogas to KKU as well. Additionally, there is a project to produce biogas from animal excrement and food scraps from the school and community and use the biogas to replace LPG used to cook lunch for the students. In the past, the municipality was able to collect 1000 liters of vegetable oil and produced 900 liters of biodiesel. The facility to produce biogas is used as an demonstration center to learn about alternative Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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