KwaDukuza Local Municipality
South Africa

Population: 244551
Area of jurisdiction: 735 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2012 ):  90,163 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2012

Mitigation actions

KwaDukuza Disaster Management Plan
The development of the KwaDukuza Disaster Management Framework and Plan will enable the Municipality to comply with relevant legislations regarding disaster management. Both the Municipal Systems Act (32 of 2000) and the Disaster Management Act (57 of 2002) require that disaster management is an integral part of the District and Local Municipalities’ respective Integrated Development Plans. In addition, as the proposed amendments to the Disaster Management Act infer, climate change poses a significant threat, particularly at the local level and should be adequately addressed in the risk reduction component of any Disaster Management Plan. 3. OBJECTIVES • To establish an integrated institutional capacity within the municipal sphere to enable the effective implementation of disaster risk management initiatives and legislation. • To generate an Indicative Municipal Disaster Risk Profile using the HVCA methodology by establishing and maintaining a uniform methodology to continuously assess and monitor risk. • To develop an Integrated Disaster Management Plan incorporating risk reduction programmes that will be implemented by relevant disaster management stakeholders. • To ensure effective and appropriate preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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KwaDukuza Municipality Inter-modal Facility
The KwaDukuza Municipality inter-modal facility is part of the action plan that the municipality would like to implement regarding an integrated transport system with a main focus relating to the modal splits thus making traveling for commuters efficient. The project envisions the use of public transport facilities as a catalyst for development and greater economic integration. This concept is referred to as an Intermodal facility; an intermodal facility can be defined as a place where interface occurs between transportation systems. This development intends to transform the role of the rail station into unique, vibrant, well integrated and sustainable mixed use environment and gateways. The on-going discussions for future attachment to rail station therefore makes this a transit oriented development (TOD).In a passenger terminal, people enter the facility by one mode of access (e.g. on foot, riding a bicycle, by car, by bus or train, etc.) and leave by another. The term “multimodal terminal” is generally applied to a terminal that serves multiple transit operators and/or modes, such as combined bus and rail stations. The term “intermodal” implies not only multiple transit modes but also a high degree of connectivity and interchange between modes Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Looking for Funding
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Household Energy Efficient Kit Project
The Care Givers at Groutville have their hands full with caring for orphans, but they received some support to make their lives easier while also considering the environment. As part of the Urban LEDS Programme the KwaDukuza Municipality has teamed up with ICLEI African and Child Welfare to support these families while also show casing ways to save energy in a practical manner. Each of the twenty care homes received a Wonderbag insulation cooker, a mobile solar LED light and compost container to assist them on their journey in going green. They also received training on how to use each of these items and why it is important to save electricity. The next step is that each of the care homes will make their own food garden. Child Welfare in Stanger has already assisted in creating 53 food gardens in the area and will be providing guidance to the families. They will receive tools and seeds to assist them with starting their food gardens. Food security is an important aspect as climate change impacts on everyone’s daily lives and the KwaDukuza Municipality has already provided each of the care homes with two fruit trees. The project will provide the residents with improved living conditions, cost savings, energy saving, improved food security and skills training. All of this will contribute to the reduction in carbon emissions and showcases what families can do in their homes. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Looking for Funding
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KwaDukuza Municipality Low Emission Development Strategic Framework & Action Plan
The strategic framework has been developed as a joint effort between KwaDukuza Municipality and local stakeholders from government, community and business. KwaDukuza’s existing high-level Climate Change Response Strategy (CCRS) was taken as the foundational basis for this strategic framework and action plan. Primary and background research was conducted. A greenhouse gas inventory was compiled, displaying all the energy and associated emissions used in the municipality. The distribution and analysis of a staff awareness questionnaire measured the awareness and enthusiasm of municipal staff towards sustainable low carbon development. Interviews with influential stakeholders were conducted. A creative an innovative scenario planning process was used to devise; four possible future development scenarios, a preferred scenario and vision, six transition areas to reach the vision, and a set of accompanying strategic objectives. Initial action planning took place to identify existing and short-term potential measures that the Municipality and its stakeholders could begin straight away or in the next financial year Additional research was conducted by expert consultants on each of the transition areas, to unpack the transition in more detail and make additional recommendations. These recommendations were presented to municipal staff and local stakeholders for consideration, and have formed a strong input into this strategic framework. The process followed has largely been shaped by ICLEI’s GreenClimateCities methodology – a municipal planning and implementation process to create and implement low emission development strategies. The Low Emission Development Strategic Framework & Action Plan is currently out for public comment, thereafter will be sent to council for approval & adoption. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Green Building Guidelines
The outcomes intended for the green building guidelines is for the application and putting into practice the laws governing top structures and whether the building proposals are in line with the prescripts of the act. The municipality will be using the guidelines in order to effect and assess building plans thus ascertaining whether the building has incorporated green elements such as natural light rather than artificial lighting. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Ripple control project
This project is for the installation of Geyser/ Ripple relays. The installation of additional 3500 relays in the southern section. This is funded by Eskom as one of the Demand Side Management (DSM) project. It is meant to achieve the following: · They are pre-set to switch off geysers during peak times, thus assisting Eskom in managing the load. · In case of network constraints, instead of load Shedding by switching customers of especially during STAGE 1 of load shedding, Geyser load can be shed instead and not affect the customers. · In case of outages, when power comes back on normally the load peaks due to everything coming on at the same time, now with the Ripple/ geyser relays installed the geysers switch on in batches thus avoiding the peak due to start up load. · Therefore it allows the Electrical department to manage the load better. This is funded entirely by Eskom and the budget is R6,5 M Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Municipal recycling bins
Through effective communication, KwaDukuza Municipality seeks to create environmental awareness amongst its municipality by introducing a programme of recycling bins. Recycling bins will ensure that employees see environmental responsibility as an intrinsic element of their work. Start year 2014
Sector Waste
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Hotbox rollout project
The purpose of the programme is to educate residents of KwaDukuza on heat insulation cookers as an alternative technology for cooking and encourage awareness on energy (per kilowatts hour) consumption Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Adaptation actions

KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy
This level of planning represents a massive opportunity and possible turning point for the Municipality. If planning and investment is done appropriately, KwaDukuza could ultimately attain a city environment that is highly competitive, functional and liveable, which in turn will attract key skills to the region. In attracting more capital, in all its facets such as people and business to the region, the city would be able to enhance its revenue base to deliver better services to its citizens on a continuing basis. If its growth and development is left unchecked, however, it could become unsustainable for the region. The KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy process will serve to identify the key opportunities and challenges that underpin KwaDukuza’s performance, and develop key strategies up to the 2030 horizon to enhance and mitigate these findings and ultimately promote positive, transformational change. It should be acknowledged that the KwaDukuza Municipality City Development Strategy will align to the “INTEGRATING CLIMATE CHANGE INTO CITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES (CDS) - CLIMATE CHANGE AND STRATEGIC PLANNING” as published by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) - HS Number: HS/075/15E Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Land Use Management System
The purpose of the KwaDukuza Land Use Management System is to guide and manage development in the municipality according to the vision, strategies and policies of the Integrated Development Plan and associated Spatial Development Frameworks in order to promote and encourage sustainable development and quality of life. The municipality deems land use planning as a major contributing factor in reducing carbon emissions and thus the Land Use Management System is a tool that will be used to reduce emissions through promoting amongst other things such as urban compaction, integrated transport planning, and environmental management. This includes the municipality's green building guidelines which will be part of the KwaDukuza Municipality Land Use Management System. Start year  
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status Completed
File  
Eco-schools programme
The Eco-Schools programme is an international programme of the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) that was developed to support environmental learning in the classroom. The programme is active in 51 countries around the world and has been implemented in South Africa since 2003 by WESSA. The programme is aimed at creating awareness and action around environmental sustainability in schools and their surrounding communities as well as supporting ESD (Education for Sustainable Development) in the national curriculum. With over 50% of the content in some CAPS subjects being environmental in nature Eco-Schools makes a positive contribution towards improving education in South Africa. Since 2003 more than 10 229 schools across all nine provinces have participated on the WESSA Eco-Schools programme, of which over 6 000 have sustained their environmental projects for 3 to 12 years, involving more than 500 000 learners and 40 000 teachers. WESSA Eco-Schools accredits schools that make a commitment to continuously improve their school’s environmental performance. The Eco-Schools programme is operational in both supported and unsupported schools. Supported schools Where WESSA has received funding to support a cluster of schools in a specific area, we are able to offer support to the school through a dedicated staff member. Funding varies from province to province, as does the specific requirements of the funder. Schools supported within a funded cluster are required to pay the programme registration fees to cover the cost of materials and also to show their commitment to the programme. Unsupported schools Where no funding has been secured in a specific area, support is provided to Eco-Schools via via email and telephone communications. Unsupported schools are invited to attend workshops where geographically suitable, or they may choose to self-fund transport costs for a person to run a workshop for them at their school. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Estuary Management Plan
The eight estuaries which fall within the Kwadukuza Municipality boundaries are categorised as intermittently open estuaries with the exception of the uMvoti estuary which is classified as a river mouth (Table 4.1). Only one estuary with the municipality (uThongathi estuary) has had its present ecological status and preliminary ecological reserve determined formally using the methods described by the National Water Act of 1998. This is unfortunate as this process would clarify a great deal about the water quantity and quality issues facing these systems as well as provide a sound basis for the Estuarine Management Plans which are required as part of the new Integrated Coastal Management Act. Both would contribute towards the better management of impacting activities which are influencing the status of these systems thereby assisting in the restoration and proactive protection of these important ecosystem units. Fortunately a number of the estuaries have been sampled during recent times by MER and this was used recently, together with other recent information to conduct a desktop assessment as part of the National Biodiversity Assessment conducted by SANBI. It is extremely important to take into account the regional significance of these eight estuaries. Although only eight of a total of eighty estuaries these systems are eight out of a total of only nineteen estuaries north of Durban. In addition, they are immediately adjacent to the estuaries of the eThekwini Municipality which have been recently assessed and found to be in an extremely poor state with only two of sixteen systems in a good condition and the remainder considered to be in poor to degraded condition. This makes these estuaries even more significant in the role they play on the KZN coast and particularly their role in terms of nursery function for important marine species which utilise these habitats to complete their life cycles. The desktop assessment provides an indication of Present Ecological Status (PES) and a regional overview of the estuarine area of the municipality as well as the condition of the estuarine resource (Table 5.1). It can be quickly and clearly seen from this and Figure 5.1 that the estuarine assets of the Kwadukuza Municipality which total 924 ha (a reduced total) are on a negative trajectory. This is in evidence with only one relatively small estuary (3 ha) being considered to currently exist in a B category (largely natural with few modifications) or Good condition. This only comprises 0.4% of the estuarine habitat within the municipal area. No estuaries could be rated in an A category or Excellent condition and no estuaries have any formal protection. Four of the systems are currently sitting in a category C or Fair condition which contributes 31% of the total estuarine and a total area of 288 ha. The remaining three are considered to be in poor to highly degraded condition. One of these, namely the uMvoti estuary, is the only estuary categorised within this stretch of coastline as a river mouth and it is considered to be in a category D or Poor condition. This means that for this estuarine category 100% of the estuarine area is in Poor condition. The conditions which exist in these systems are a result of poor management of anthropogenic impacting activities and are in many cases considered completely reversible. This would require proactive interventions and collaboration between various levels of government, NGO’s, landowners and stakeholders. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Reviewal of Energy Master Plan
The energy market is rapidly changing due to various reasons including clean energy, influences of climate change, cost of energy, customers moving off the grid etc. In some more detail: • Renewable Energy, Energy efficiency, Demand side management and storage technologies (decreasing traditional kWh sales from utility) • Customers are getting smarter (behind the meter initiatives) such as smart mini-grids, storage and embedded generation enabling disconnection from the grid • Financial changes such as reduced technology costs and reduced financing costs (more affluent customers can choose alternatives due to financial considerations eg rooftop solar PV) • Enabling policy such as Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency policies and subsidies (external influences impacting on kWh business of municipality) • Tax incentives such as the Section 12B, K and L for efficiencies and renewables • Many of these are currently not yet reducing the required network capacity • This has and will result in many non-utility players entering the market creating new competition and a risk of stranded assets for utilities • The distributed generation and renewable energy will introduce variability into the network where a safe, reliable and clean supply of electricity is a key pre-condition for sustainability and economic prosperity Some of the challenges with municipalities becoming generators include: • The definition of an IPP in the new NGR and MSA effectively means that local government cannot hold a direct or indirect controlling interest in an IPP • In addition currently municipalities do not have the ‘competency’ as a generator of electricity • The reduction in energy tariff and the need to assess tariff structures based on leased lines and networks • Safety concerns from embedded generation • Current poorly formulated policy to deal with embedded generation • All, if not most of these items need to be addressed in order for municipality’s to embrace opportunities and minimise potential threats posed • Therefore the existing utility business model and role requires a review Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Intergrated Waste Management Plan
KwaDukuza Municipality has developed a waste management plan and waste related legislative development and reform processes. The reform process is aimed at developing integrated waste management systems for the management of waste within KDM boundaries. Section 11 of the Waste Act, the Integrated Pollution and Waste Management Policy and the National Waste Management Strategy requires KDM to develop an integrated waste management plan.The reform process exercise began with the Status Quo Analysis of the waste generation and management systems within KDM. The Status Quo Analysis Report is developed in line with the guidelines for developing an Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP) and forms Phase 1 of the development process of the municipal IWMP. IWMPs were identified in the National Waste Management Strategy (NWMS) document (2000 and 2010) as a tool to assist municipalities to provide effective waste management services. The status quo analysis investigated the amount and types of general waste currently generated, collected, transported, recycled, treated and disposed of. IWMP is also a basic requirement of the Department of Environmental Affairs for departments responsible for waste management within municipalities in terms of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act 59 of 2008) to address the waste minimisation and reduction challenge and enhance waste re-use and recycling. In this era of change in integrated waste management and with a shift in the industry towards adopting an environmentally responsible position and maximizing the use of the four R’s (reduce, reuse, recyle, recover) in integrated waste management and utilization of resources. The IWMP outlines the core strategies for the integrated waste management systems for KDM, identifies the strategic priorities, goals and objectives and targets for the implementation of the core strategies, and it outlines the action plan for the implementation of strategic priorities and objectives. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Solar/ LED streetlight
The purpose of replacing the existing streetlights with the LED is the following: · Installation of Energy efficient, maintenance free Streetlighting · To improve the image of the town as this project is part of the Corridor funded project, which is City Rejuvination. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
The purpose of undertaking an SEA is to strengthen and support sustainability planning as an integral part of the IDP process. The SEA will therefore provide the Municipality with a decision support tool to evaluate its outcomes in terms of its environmental implications. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Coastal Management Plan
The Coastal Development Management Tool was proposed to inform the Planning Framework insofar as zonation of activities in each area of the coastline, development setback lines and development controls appropriate for each coastal location (coastal planning) was concerned. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Biodiversity Open Space Management Plan (BOSMAP)
Vast areas of the Kwadukuza municipality have been transformed from their natural state, largely through the cultivation of sugar cane. Of the total municipal area of 73 497.2 Ha, only 17 949.6 is untransformed (24.4%). The degree to which the municipality and surrounding areas have been transformed has meant that remaining untransformed areas have gained a high level of importance from a biodiversity conservation perspective and because of the importance of the ecosystem services which are delivered by these areas. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
Climate Change Response Strategy (CCRS)
Mott MacDonald South Africa (MMSA) was appointed by the KwaDukuza Municipality to evaluate climate change management risks to the Municipality and develop a Climate Change Response Strategy (CCRS) of climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation response options. In line with the Municipality’s forward thinking and risk-averse approach to climate change, this project considers climate change impacts up to the intermediate future around the 2050 time horizon and beyond to the more distant 2100 time horizon. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download