City of Montréal
Canada

Population: 1649519
Area of jurisdiction: 431.5 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 30% by 2020 (1990) 30% by 2020 (2002)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2010 ):  221,773 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2009

Mitigation actions

Beneficial recovery of organic waste
Montreal is currently developing four centres that will allow its population to benefit from organic waste: two methanisation plants and two composting facilities. The facilities should be fully operational by 2020 and will process organic matter from residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial waste. Start year 2013
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Cap or reduce GHG emissions by emitter
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: adhere to and/or support regulations and action plans on GHG emissions, such as, the federal regulation for passenger vehicles and light trucks, the upcoming federal regulation for heavy vehicles, the federal regulation for automobiles, and the provincial action plan regarding electric vehicles, and the provincial regulation for large industrial emitters (greater than 25 kt eq. CO2). Also, develop a green taxi initiative so as to assure that 50% on Montreal’s taxis are electric-hybrid vehicles. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
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Develop alternative modes of transportation
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop car sharing and taxi services, both being essential elements of alternative transportation modes for persons without car ownership, in order to maintain a car ownership rate of 0.79 cars per household. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Influence a switch in transportation mode: car to active transportation
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop active transportation and manage transportation demand in a way that will result in a 3% net transfer, in mode of transportation used, from cars to active transportation. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Influence a switch in transportation mode: car to transit
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop public transit, optimise parking, and manage transportation demand in a way that will result in a 5% net transfer, in the mode of transportation used, from cars to public transit. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Adequately fund transportation projects aimed at reducing GHG emissions
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: apply Montreal Metropolitan Community resolution CE12-129, adopted August 16, 2012, requesting that the provincial government offer additional methods of financing transportation development, especially with respect to public transportation. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Encourage the integration of renewable energy
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: explore the possibility of implementing a renewable energy district heating/cooling provider within the Hippodrome development project; promote good practices with respect to renewable energy to on site institutions and businesses. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Reduce fuel oil consumption
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop and promote financial or non-financial incentives to convert oil boilers to lower carbon options. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status  
File download
Improve the energy efficiency of buildings
Action proposed in Montreal's community GHG emissions reduction plan: develop financial incentives that will encourage energy efficiency measures. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Building energy efficiency plan
This plan targets buildings that are managed at the municipal level, rather than the local level. It is a short-term plan aimed at stratigically improving the energy efficiency of these buildings in order to at once reduce GHG emissions and benefit from the cost savings. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Energie Efficiency Program: "Espace pour la vie"
“Espace pour la vie” is a large museums-and-attractions complex incorporating the Biodome, the Planetarium, the Botanical Gardens and the Insecterium. In 2011, the complex completed the implementation of its comprehensive energy efficiency program: an open-circuit geothermic system, an energy recovery system, electrical boiler (hydro-generated), and a complete retrocommissioning of its facilities. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Landfill gas recovery
An estimated 95% of landfill gases, from a defunct landfill, are recovered and used to generate electricity. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Eliminating fuel oil as an energy source
Within the context of Montreal's GHG reduction plan, several district and extensive city governements have chosen to elliminate fuel oil as an energy source, opting instead for natural gas or hydro-electricity. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Optimising building operations and improving energy efficiency for locally managed governement buildings
Within the context of Montreal's GHG reduction plan, several district and extensive city governements have adopted a policy of building optimisation and energy efficiency. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Anti-idling and eco-driving policies
Within the context of Montreal's GHG reduction plan, several district and extensive city governements have adopted the practice of training their employees in the concept of eco-driving thus improving vehicle efficiency and decreasing idling. Start year 2013
Sector Government Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Purchasing alternative-fuel or low-consumption vehicles
Vehicles are purchased according to an active policy, requiring the purchase of an alternative energy vehicle, when justified, or of the most energy efficient vehicle available for the designated work purpose. Start year 2007
Sector Government Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

By-law CMM-2001-10
Atmospheric emissions by-law which includes limits on particulate matter emissions. This by-law limits current urban atmospheric pollution concentrations and will help in limiting future concentrations which may be exacerbated by climate change. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Parks and green space improvement program
This program aims to rejuvenate Montreal’s parks and green spaces. It primarily targets ground permeability and shading capacity. It aims to improve storm water infiltration, to reduce the urban heat island effect, and to provide aesthetic spaces of rest or activity for the population. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Environmental protection for green spaces
This policy is supported by the collective effort of local governments to adopt an eco-management approach towards their respective territories, that is, to designate protected areas, to exclude the use of chemical pesticides, to protect the inherent biodiversity, and to monitor the integrity of their natural environment. It is partly meant to improve the natural environment’s resilience to potential climate change. Start year 2004
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Strategic plan for public safety
The Centre for Civil Security is responsible for monitoring the risks of a disaster, warning the population of the advent of a disaster, and intervening in the event of a disaster. Since disasters frequently involve meteorological or hydrological phenomena, the increased risks associated with flooding, heat waves, and storms have been integrated and addressed in the latest public safety strategy. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Montreal Community Sustainable Development Plan 2010 - 2015
This plan targets all facets of sustainable development for the Montreal community and thus includes a multitude of measures that are adaptive in nature. It functions as a partnership instigator, encouraging various sectors of the community to adopt a sustainable development approach and often guiding them through the process. A master plan for the sustainable development of Montreal’s government operations also exists as do individual plans for most district and extensive city administrations. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Urban management scheme
The management scheme acts as a preliminary guide for the city’s master plan; it requests and recommends future planning regulations. The current management scheme, in development, will request and propose regulations relating to ground permeability, canopy cover, surface (ground or building) colour, and parking lot guidelines. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Improving and protecting the water quality of local water bodies
This measure has various components: ensuring that waste water is directed towards the appropriate sewer network; improving the capacity of the entire sewer network; improving the quality of the waste water treatment discharge. These actions will improve the quality of our water bodies and thus protect our aquatic ecosystems and our access to safe recreational water activities. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Augmenting the urban tree canopy cover
The primary objective of this plan is to increase the overall canopy cover from 20% to 25%. The plan targets areas according to their need, assuring that the canopy cover is improved strategically. Accompanying regulations exist to assure the viability and the survival of the urban canopy. An increased canopy cover will at once allow for greater stormwater infiltration and create shade and cooling effects. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Improving stormwater management
This measure principally targets the re-infiltration of storm water into the landscape. The objective is to lessen surface flooding while simultaneously reducing the volume of water reaching the storm sewer network. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Climate change adaptation plan for the Montreal community
This plan is in development and is part of a provincial initiative. It will at once integrate existing adaptation measures and propose new measures as well as implementation strategies. The plan will aim to incorporate climate change adaptation at all levels of municipal planning. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download