Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
Thailand

Population: 8280925
Area of jurisdiction: 1568.74 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e

Mitigation actions

Low Carbon School Network
BMA and the Foundation for Environmental Education for Sustainable Development (FEED) carried out activities in sixteen Bangkok primary and secondary schools to transmit the concept of a low carbon society to students. Activities included a multiple- day camping excursion aimed at positive behavior changes that fosters low carbon societies in schools. Additionally, young students are encouraged to spread this concept to their families, communities, etc. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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60+ Earth Hour
Since 2007, BMA and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) have campaigned for “turning off one hour to cure global warming,” for 5 years running, to raise awareness about energy conservation and global warming mitigation, e.g. bicycle riding, tree planting and using stairs instead of elevators. In 2011, the campaign was named “do more than turn off for the earth,” and featured +60 Earth hours in 2011 (culminating on 26 March 2011). The result was a 2346 MW electricity reduction, equivalent to 1255 metric tons of CO2 abatement. Start year 2007
Sector Buildings
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Existing Building Retrofits for Energy-Saving Buildings
The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) studied energy-saving retrofits on 700 BMA buildings. Preliminary analysis was carried out in at least twelve buildings and included data on basic and general information, energy consumption, and equipment, collected at at least 500 buildings. The study’s report and analysis are based on sample building results that look at energy consumption and future retrofit investment economic value to reduce electrical power by 16 GWh/year or CO2 by 0.01 Mton/year by 2012 (GOAL from Action plan on Global Warming Mitigation 2007-2012). Start year 2011
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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Adaptation actions

Coastal Erosion Protection
BMA will construct a bamboo barrier along the shoreline, estimated at 4.7 km, and will grow mangroves to protect the shoreline and increase coastal silt deposits. Project construction is scheduled from 2009 to 2016. Public awareness, capacity building and technical support such as the “3D Information System” integrated with GIS maps will also be developed. The Bangkok Master Plan on Climate Change Adaptation will be in effect from 2013-2023. Participating Organizations The Tokyo Metropolitan Government, the Global Environmental Facility, the World Bank, JICA, UNEP, C40 and the Clinton Climate Initiative, AFD, WWF, GIZ, the Southeast Asia START Regional Center (SEA START RC), the Institute of Catastrophic Loss Reduction, the University of Western Ontario, the United Nations Partnership Framework for Thailand (UNPAF) and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNIDSR). Start year 2009
Sector Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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Drainage Tunnels
BMA has installed drainage tunnels in support of the overall drainage system. Tunnels will drain excessive stormwater at 15-22 m underground and will discharge to the river using high capacity pumps. Now there are seven 19 km-long drainage tunnels featuring 155 m3 of pumping capacity. Start year 2008
Sector Water Resources
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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Flood Barrier
77-kilometer flood barriers along the Chao Phraya River were constructed to prevent overflow and will be completed in 2012. Additionally, pumping stations have been designed and installed at the mouths of canals along the Chao Phraya River to increase drainage capacity and alleviate internal stormwater flooding inside the total-1638-m3 capacity polder area. BMA created twenty-five retention ponds, with a total storage capacity of 12.88 m3, to maintain storage volume for early rainfall detention that decreases peak runoff during the rainy season. Start year 1996
Sector Water Resources
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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