Municipality of Bogotá
Colombia

Population: 7363782
Area of jurisdiction: 1587 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: 56% by 2038 (2008) n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2012 ):  0 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2008, 2012

Mitigation actions

Decrease of losses in energy inefficiency and water supply system.
The TRACE project developed for Bogotá (Tool for Rapid Assessment of City Energy), identified losses of water and energy in the water supply system in the city, which is currently 35% (equivalent to 22.160.408,6 KWh/year). This action will identify the technical and non-technical losses in the system and correct them to make more efficient the distribution of water supply system. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Application of sustainability criteria in new infrastructure and renovation of the existing building.
Implementing of sustainability criteria in the construction of housing, commercial establishments and institutions, and remodeling of existing buildings, taking as reference the policy of Eco-urbanism and sustainable construction and the sustainable building code. It consists of: - Design for the reuse of water and installation of water saving elements. - Installation of electric energy saving elements and designs that include the use of solar energy - Changes in technology for the replacement of gas cooking and heating water, solar energy Proposed as targets: the construction of buildings with criteria of sustainability, as a minimum, in the following proportions: 12% in 2020, 95% to 2038 and 100% in 2050; and for the refurbishment of existing buildings: 3% in 2020, 40% to 2038 and 80% in 2050. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Energy efficiency in industries the city and change of fuel from coal to natural gas.
This action includes energy efficiency in industries that use boilers and replacement of fuel from coal to natural gas. It applies to 160 industries located in the city. Start year  
Sector Industrial
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Incursion of photovoltaic solar energy in different sectors.
The action consists of the installation of solar panels in new and used dwellings, in government, commercial and industrial buildings. With this, the electric energy consumption is reduced and solar potential is used. The consumption of electrical energy in Bogotá was 8.895,3 GWh/year (in 2008) and generated close to 2.5 million tons of CO2eq, being 15.54% of the total emissions from that year. Electric energy consumption reductions have positive impacts in reducing GHG emissions and decrease the energy future vulnerability related with the climate change scenarios. In Bogota already operate public schools and malls with solar energy, with autonomy. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Looking for Funding
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Reduction of energy consumption by technological and behavioral changes.
It promotes the reduction of electric energy consumption in different sectors of the city, by implementing the following measures: -Changes in lighting, cooking and hot water infrastructure (houses, public and private buildings) -Replacement of conventional electrical equipment for efficient equipment (refrigerators, air conditioners) -Audits and energy efficiency programs in commercial, industrial and official sectors. -Change in the habits and behaviors of citizens to save energy (all sectors and areas: home, business, commercial, goverment, etc.). Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Energy efficiency in the public lighting system
Taking into account the recommendations of the TRACE project to Bogotá (Tool for Rapid Assessment of City Energy), this action is created to improve the public lighting system, which includes: 1. Change of light technology to increase its efficiency and extend its useful life (replacement of 332.448 luminaires currently in SAP technology to LED technology, at a rate of replacement of 15.118 luminaires per year from 2016 until the 2037). 2. Synchronization of street lighting. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Reduction of all type of waste generation, recycling and use of technologies to recover energetic products from organic waste.
This action corresponds to a new model of solid waste management in the city, to decrease the amount generated and brought to the landfill and harness its energy potential. It consists of: -Stays in every year, a maximum generation of waste per capita of 0.8 kg person * day. -Starting from the year 2020, potentially recyclable material 100% is used by industrial processes. -Starting from the year 2020, 25% of construction and demolition waste - RCD is reused. -Starting from the year 2030, 60% of the solid organic waste generated is processed with technology of thermolysis. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Looking for Funding
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Methane recycling plant in the sanitary landfill “Doña Juana”
Bogota had approved since april of 2008 a Clean Development Mechanism - CDM (by the Kyoto Protocol) for the treatment of the biogas coming of the landfill of the city, called Doña Juana. This biogas is being used for electrical energy production for auto consumption in the landfill and is being processed with the public electrical energy company, to be able to deliver the excesses to the electrical network. The project is operated by a private company. 24% of the resources obtained by the emission reduction certificates, are delivered to the city, to be invested in social programs that seek to: - Mitigation, minimization and compensation of the impacts generated by the operation of the landfill. - Reduction of the vulnerability of households and guarantee of life, the livelihood and dignity. - Recovery, protection and conservation of ecosystems. - Economic strengthening of communities. - Increase the competitiveness of the area of influence of the landfill. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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Car-Free Day
In this year, Bogotá celebrated the 15th anniversary of its annual car-free day. Between 5am and 7:30pm, residents left their cars behind and turned to a variety of other modes of transport—a symbolic act that 63 percent of citizens institutionalized through a public referendum in October 2000. This year Bogotá had 3 car free days, however, introduced a restriction on motorcycles as well, removing a major source of traffic fatalities and air pollution from the roads for a day. In a city of over 7 million people, the absence of 600,000 private vehicles from the streets made a visible difference. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
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Environmental self-regulation of the freight and special transport service program.
Strengthen the program of environmental self-regulation of the sector transport, with an emphasis on freight and special service transportation. Includes teaching best practice for driving and vehicle maintenance, better use of fuels, recognition of companies that applied strategies for self regulating. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Diesel particulate filters Program - BDPF
Implementation of particle filters in the public transportation system buses using diesel; it applies to 730 Transmilenio buses and 1,300 buses of the integrated public transport system. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Massive use of bicycle for daily transportation
Encourage the massive use of bicycles for diary transportation in the city, increasing 5% per year. This measure is complementary to other actions for a better mobility and requires the improvement of cycle roads, implementation of parking for bikes, security and cultural changes. To this day, are made in the city approximately 450 thousand travel bike. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
High traffic zone toll
This action is a fee charge on most vehicles operating within High traffic Zones toll (initially in the North of the city) and on certain dates and times. With this action is expected to discourage the use of particular, public individual, governmental, freight and special vehicles in areas of high congestion and promote the use of bicycle and public transportation system. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Regulatory
Status Looking for Funding
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Gradual replacement of conventional private vehicles
Corresponds to the gradual replacement of conventional particular vehicles (which use petrol, diesel or natural gas) by electric vehicles, up to 15% of the total number of vehicles in 2050. It is expected (taking into account, the historical data) that in 2050, the city may have a total of 3,5 million private vehicles (considering a growth of 100,000 cars per year). This action will start in the year 2038, when it is expected replace the 10% of the total number of private vehicles, and go forward each year, up to 15% by the year 2050. Currently in Bogotá, roll some particular electric cars, the majority of public and private companies, and the city has developed electric charging stations to cater to this market. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Aerial Cable in the localities of Ciudad Bolivar and San Cristobal
Construction and using of aerial cable for urban transit in areas of the city with difficult access to the massive public transportation system (localities of Ciudad Bolívar and San Cristóbal). Bogotá cable caps are a transport strategy which aims to improve the quality of life in vulnerable sectors, to facilitate the life conditions with an agile, safe transport and with the highest standards of quality, promoting the connectivity with the mass transportation system Transmilenio. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Subway System Implementation
Subway system construction and operation of the Subway for the city. This system is composed by the subway and four electric train lines that connect the city with the surrounding municipalities. It is expected that the subway system, replace the use of 55% of private cars. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Low-emission technologies implementation in the Integrated Public Transport System (SITP) buses – also called Technology Ascent Plan.
The Technological Ascent Plan aims to improve air quality and reduce impacts on human health due to air pollution in the city of Bogotá, through the implementation of zero or low emissions technologies in the Integrated System of Public Transport - SITP – through continuous bus conversion, the definition of operational procedures and measures for monitoring and follow-up. The Technological Ascent Plan is geared to the fulfillment of the reduction of energy consumption goals, established by the national Government, for the transport sector; with the purpose of advancing the replacement of fossil fuels and introduce electricity in the public transport of passengers service, allowing to make it attainable to the efficient use of energy. It consists of the following components: 1. City and vehicle laboratory: union with the operators and manufacturers for testing buses of new technologies. 2. Green principal corridors: the first step is to operate hybrid dual buses dual (200 buses). In the future, operates with tram or light rail corridor. 3. Technological ascent in the zonal component: 25 routes pioneers, approx. 790 new buses with low carbon emissions. The renewal of the buses with low carbon technologies. 4. Technological ascent in the BRT local component: future operation of the BRT with zero or low emissions technologies. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Replacement of taxis that use fossil fuels by electric taxis
This action corresponds to the gradual replacement of taxis in Bogotá (52.360 taxis use of fossil fuels) by electric taxis. The annual replacement of 4.000 taxis will begin in 2016, achieving the full replacement in the years 2029-2030 . It will aims to reduce 9.509.520 tons CO2e per year when all are electric taxis, contributing 20,28% of the total reduction target of GHG emissions in the city. This action is accompanied by the elimination of conventional taxis, generating incentives, development of infrastructure for recharging and proper maintenance of the taxis and the dignity of the office. Bogota has developed a successfully pilot project in the last 4 years, with 50 electric taxis. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

Bogota Climate Change campaign
Climate change campaign is mainly informative, pedagogical and for public sensibilization, to generate initiatives, actions and behaviors that contribute to achieve the mitigation and adaptation goals, advancing to higher levels of resilience. The campaign comes structuring and developing since December 2014, with the intervention of more than 20 government agencies. It is not only a media campaign; it is a strategy where entities meet to analyze problems, organize activities for the mobilization of different population groups and invite citizens to think about climate change and how they commit themselves to mitigate GHG and adapt to climate change. In 2015, the campaign developed important activities: the children and young people summit about climate change, the women summit about climate change and the social movements summit. In this summits, the people declare its commitments and requests the Government to ensure that city is better prepared to tackle climate change. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Bogota Climate Summit
Consolidate cities as protagonists on the global action of climate change. Consolidate cities position to COP 21 in Paris Assess the progress made since the UN Climate Summit (Compact of Mayors / Local Action Plan to 10 years for Climate Change Advocate for the integration of climate change agendas, resilience, risk management, and water, analyzing the results of the Sendai Conference and the Seventh World Water Forum Generate inputs for the location of the Post-2015 and Habitat Agenda III on climate change, resilience and water Uphold the ODS # 11 »Make cities and human settlements including, safe, resilient and sustainable Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Land use planning for adaptation to climate change
In 2014 was proposed, the exceptional modification of the land use plannig for the adaptation of Bogotá to the climate change (Decree 364 of 2013). This plan sets the regulation of city land uses, which seeks to protect the ecological main structure, densify the city, avoid the conurbation with neighboring municipalities and prevent disasters resulting from floods by variability and climate change. The Decree 364 of 2013 is suspended temporarily; however, many of the conservation and water sources and strategic ecological areas recovery projects, are currently in develop. On the other hand, was formulated Decree 562 2014 for the urban buildings the city, seeking to make it more compact and dense in the Centre, thus avoiding uncontrolled expansion. Start year  
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
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Conservation of the paramos "Chingaza – Sumapaz – Guerrero" and the eastern hills from Bogotá.
The project aims to conserve, restore and make sustainable use of the territory between the paramos of Chingaza, Sumapaz y Guerrero and eastern hills and its influence area, through the implementation of actions that promote economic, social and environmental sustainability. It is a project developed by different governmental institutions, co-financed by the nation. The recovery of the paramo system and their connectivity to the eastern hills, favors the production of water for the city. The project will benefit directly to approximately 385.000 people inhabiting the area of the project with community strengthening actions, sustainable alternatives of production, increase competitiveness, improve the quality of life of rural communities, improving the environment, recovery and conservation of strategic ecosystems for conservation of water resources, mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Start year  
Sector Terrestrial ecosystems and ecological infrastructure
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Resilient people
3,232 resettled families 90,000 people linked to organizational risk management processes. 2,500,000 people sensitized on risks and climate change Creation and implementation of the Traveling School of Risk Management Conformation of the Social Network on Risk Management Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Consolidation of the largest urban forest in Latin America "Regional forest reserve in the North of Bogota, Thomas van der Hammen"
The city and the region are proposed to form the largest urban forest in Latin America, the forest reserve Thomas van der Hammen, which corresponds to 1.395,16 hectares in the North of the city. For this purpose it has developed the plan of environmental management with the following projects: -Ecological restoration -Design of the reserve -Declaration of public utility -Productive reconversion -Elimination of improper land uses, such as flower farm and industry The main objective is to achieve the ecological connectivity between the eastern hills of the city and the river Bogota and recovery the richness of the aquifer and the soil. In this area are wetlands, creeks, the sanctuary of flora and fauna “Las Mercedes” forest. A project of biodiversity node also develops on 27 acres where the Bogotá Botanical Garden, plants native trees. The creation of this reserve, avoids the phenomenon of conurbation with the neighbouring municipalities in the North of Bogota. This project corresponds to the general city strategy to recover the ecological main structure. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Bogota River Recovery
Target quality agreement 043 - 2006 for Class IV and above for tributaries, which means quality to agricultural uses at least. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Sustainable Urban Drainage System SUDS
The Sustainable Drainage System is the set of elements made up of infrastructure and natural, altered or artificial landscapes and / or underground areas, where rainwater flows through the urban territory under a controlled manner. The District Institute of Risk Management and Climate Change - IDIGER is responsible for formulating the Strategic Transformation Plan (currently under construction) 1. Development of sustainable projects for communities that reduce risk through collective adaptive water management infrastructure. 2. Integration and exploitation of the drainage system, from renaturation ecological connectivity, and improving water quality in the water system 3. Recognition of Sustainable Drainage System as an element of public property and its use by society. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Bogota Climate Action Plan, 2015-2038 with 2050 vision
In 2015, Bogotá developed its climate action plan for 2015 to 2038 period, with a long-term vision until 2050. This plan includes mitigation of Greenhouse Gases and adaptation of the city to the climate change strategies. The plan was build with the participation of different stakeholders. With this plan, the city of Bogotá will provide 30% to the national contribution emission reduction and adaptation; it works focus on communities, ecosystems, environmental governance and cultural change. This plan is complemented by the district risk management Plan that is developing for another governmental entity of the city (IDIGER) and which will be completed by end of 2015 or early 2016. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Water governance Program for the recovery of water sources in the city (water spaces program)
This program considers an integral vision of the Bogota River basin, its tributaries and other water sources, in a system that integrates surface water, groundwater, climate and other variables of natural hydric cycle. - It recognizes the value of other water sources, to defend them, and recover them. - Recognizes previous experiences that provide important lessons to be taken into account. It is a process that started in 2009 and has managed with the great commitment of the citizens and local social groups and technical coherence guaranteed from the Alliance with the institutional framework. As an example, with this program has been recovered Las Delicias and Moraci streams, as part of the process of recovery in 12 streams of the locality of Chapinero in Bogotá. one of the most important elements of this program, is the appropriation of the community regarding water resources, shaping the governance of water or water protection; i.e., the same communities defended their water resources. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Restoration of the ecological main structure as strategy for the adaptation to climate change
The recovery of the ecological main structure of Bogotá and its region has been understood in the master city plan “Bogota Humana” and in the Action Climate Plan of Bogotá, as one of the most important strategies to order the city around the hydric resource and adapt to climate change. This strategy comprises different actions: -Conversion of 12.340 hectares of farming to sustainable productive systems area. -Conservation of 69.914,12 hectares of high Andean forest and paramo areas. -Forestry in 4.273,77 hectares of parks, pathways and ecological connectors and planting 22 million trees to the year 2050. -Recovery of 3.403,18 hectares of areas of the Bogota River, canals and water corridors -Ecological restoration and productive reconversion in 22.490 hectares in the ecological main structure -Participatory restoration on 4.503,74 acres of high Andean and Andean forest in the ecological main structure. -Participatory restoration and conversion to sustainable systems in 17.688,3 hectares of paramo and subparamo in the ecological main structure Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
CO2 Monitoring
The project involves installation of a new CO2 sensor in Bogotá to monitor and control CO2 levels in reported ppm via the District Secretariat for the Environment Air-Quality Monitoring Network. The investment includes purchase of the CO2 sensor and operative costs incurred during the monitoring period. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File