City of Thimphu
Bhutan

Population: 79185
Area of jurisdiction: 26 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e

Mitigation actions

PET Bottle Plant
Thimphu Thromde and the Royal Society for the Protection of Nature constructed a PET bottle plant where all such plastic bottles are collected, crushed and sold by weight. As PET bottles now command considerable cash refunds, the general public and local schools collect the bottles in bulk for sale to the plant. The initiative has helped drastically reduce PET landfill load as well as generalized littering; recycling plastic bottles saves twice the energy burning requires. Start year 2011
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Gas Ventilation Pipes at Memelakha Landfilla
Thimphu Thromde invited 3 solid waste experts—professors from Fukuoka University, Japan, along with 2 experts from the Japan Environment Sanitation Center—to introduce and implement the Fukuoka Method: ventilation gas pipes installed in landfills to reduce the accumulation of harmful gases such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, methane, nitrous oxide, etc., which are fire and greenhouse- gas hazards. Four ventilation pipes have thus far been installed and there are future plans to install 5-10 more. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Pedestrian Day
The government declared all Tuesdays pedestrian days throughout the country, starting June 5—World Environment Day. Central Thimphu was transformed into a pedestrian zone from 8 am to 6 pm, with only emergency and service vehicles, such as ambulances, fire trucks, military vehicles, buses and bicycles allowed on the city’s main roads. Exceptions were also made for electric and hybrid vehicles as well as taxis, in alternating weeks (as stipulated by odd or even license plates). Participating organizations: National Environment Commission Secretariat, Thimphu Thromde, Road Safety and Transport Authority, Thimphu Traffic Division and Bhutan Post Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Free Saplings for Schools, Organizations and the Public
Thimphu encourages citizens to plant more by supplying free saplings, seeking to lessen negative environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emissions while expanding city greenspaces and enhancing urban beautification. The city encourages students to plant trees by awarding cash prizes to three schools with the highest survival percentages, motivating schools to take good care of their saplings Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Adaptation actions

Thimphu Structure Plan
According to the Thimphu Structure Plan, no development or structure will be permitted within 30m of city gully waterfronts, nor within 15m of all natural rivulets/gullies and natural drainage channels. This area is part of the E1 (Environment Conservation) zone. Similarly, inclines greater than 30% are protected as part of an E4 (agri-based environmental) zone where minimum required plot size is 1000 sq. m with 20% allowable ground coverage and maximum 2-story structures allowed. Start year 2002
Sector Water Resources
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Woodsnipe Habitat Protection/City Park Construction
To protect important woodsnipe habitats, an ecological and recreational park, Thimphu’s largest, is currently under construction. Start year  
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File