Stavanger Municipality
Norway

Population: 130426
Area of jurisdiction: 71 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 20% by 2025 (1991) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: 25% by 2025 (2009) n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2009 ):  0 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2005, 2008

Mitigation actions

"Re-design" course
Stavanger municipality is arranging a workshop where people can learn how to redesign old clothes. Cooperation with environmental organisation, student society and the salvation army Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File  
Waste, recovery and recycling: A more resource-efficient local community
The City of Stavanger will help motivate Stavanger inhabitants to act in a more resource-aware manner. We need to attain a lifestyle and behavioral patterns that will utilize energy and raw materials in a better way - without a deterioration of the citizens' fundamental quality of life: 1. Intensify the promotion and support to the already existing individual facilities such as reuse stations, nappies made from fabric, reusable shopping totes, second-hand markets, stickers saying 'no thanks to adverts' on individual mailboxes, etc. 2. New measures for reuse drives: Collection schemes for mobile phones in working order, free ads for people wanting to give awayuseful things, subsidized rental scheme for durable dinner services, cutlery, cups, etc for use at events (in preference of disposable articles). 3. Application for new municipal control tools: introduction of local regulations such as taxing plastic disposable shopping bags or plastic plates, cups, cutlery, etc. However, municipalities need to be granted permission from central government to introduce such measures. 4. Apply to the Government for a VAT exemption for repairs. Application for a time-limited pilot project where repair shops handling for example white goods, electronics and clothing are exempt of VAT on their services, in order to make repairs more competitive in comparisonwith new acquisitions. 5. A special action plan to be drawn up for waste avoidance and resource efficiency in the City of Stavanger. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Waste, recovery and recycling: Less waste generation in municipal undertakings
As a municipal organization, the City of Stavanger has the opportunity and obligation to work actively to minimize its own material consumption and waste generation. The City of Stavanger will thus make its own experiences in a more eco-friendly consumption of resources, and install positive attitudes and awareness among its employees. We will also take the lead and act as a good example for both private citizens and commercial players in the municipality. The following measures are relevant: 1. Special focus on waste and resource consumption issues in connection with Eco-Lighthouse and Green Flag certification. 2. Explicit formulation and active adherence to environmental requirements, such as climate effect and material consumption, when purchasing goods and services. Buy CO2 quotas for specific activities. 3. Balanced scorecard (BASIS) indicators stating consumption of materials and energy to be used in all municipal undertakings. 4. Conducting a pilot project "Waste avoidance in the activities". Three different municipal undertakings to be enabled to systematically review their resource consumption and adhere to a plan to minimize waste. 5. Establishing an intranet-based "second-hand market" in the local administration. This would be where departments with goods to spare, e.g. office furniture, may place an ad, while other departments can post their requirements in the 'wanted' column. 6. Eco driving courses (how to drive eco-friendly) for all employees driving municipal vehicles. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File  
Waste, recovery and recycling: More eco-friendly waste collection, transportation and management
The City of Stavanger will endeavor to ensure that all stages of the chain, from waste collection and to recycling and final treatment, is optimized with a view to minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Based on experience, there is a greater benefit in correct treatment of the waste fractions, while transport only accounts for a minor part of overall emissions. Nevertheless all elements will be reviewed: 1. An extension of the arrangement of buried waste containers. Thesewill also be made available to business and industry. 2. Collection vehicles to change fuel source to gas, combined with purchase of bio-gas/bio-gas quotas for approximately climate-neutral transport 3. Introduction of a coordinated collection scheme for bulky waste, to reduce driving of individual vehicles to the recycling sites. 4. Alternatively, establish mini recycling centers in the various urban districts. 5. Annual greenhouse gas accounts for the household refuse collection in Stavanger municipality. A climate impact analysis to be conducted for all major investment projects in the refuse collection service. 6. Local control of parts of commercial waste fractions, for example in the city center and with regard to building and demolition waste, to promote optimum common systems and solutions. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Waste, recovery and recycling: Increased application of waste-based energy
The City of Stavanger aims to comply with the EU standards for energy recovery from waste products, as well as to develop new energy carriers from bio-waste: 1. The energy utilization from the plant at Forus Energigjenvinning KS to be increased to a minimum of 60%, preferably 65% 2. Transition from composting plant to bio-gas plant. Bio-waste collected from the households to be used for production of bio-gas, to ensure that we benefit from both the energy content and soil improvement potential of the biomass 3. The industry is ordered to sort waste in new building projects, so that combustible material can be better recovered and put to better use. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Waste, recovery and recycling: Enhanced material recovery
Studies prove that material recovery is in most instances better for the climate than is energy production from waste. The City of Stavanger therefore aims to increase its recycling portion from 65% at present to 75% at the expiry of the plan period. Enhanced recovery proportion will be attained through the following measures: Establishment of a recycling site for residual waste in the IVAR region. This plant will recover the main fractions of plastics, metals, drinks cartons andcardboard/paper. Should this sorting plant fail to be realized, we will start up a collection scheme for plastic packaging etc. Further deployment of recycling stations for glass, alternatively introduction of a collection scheme Intensified information dissemination and motivational work towards the citizens to produce/maintain good recycling habits. Help set up a reception centre for gypsum/plaster products from the construction industry Re-use of heavy waste from the building industry, e.g. for road works Systematic review of import, application and spread of certain specifically selected elements, for the purpose of reducing the loss of important resources. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Stationary Energy: Skills Upgrading
The City of Stavanger will help reinforce and develop expertise in the field of energy and climate in buildings. Competence throughout the delivery chain is absolutely fundamental to safeguard the quality we want to achieve in future-oriented new-builds and renovations. The municipality will: 1. Identify pilot projects under the municipality's auspices and applying the principle of learning by doing and reflecting. 2. Act as a driving for coordinating teaching programs in the region to deal with the issues of energy, the environment and climate, and also to prepare a plan for skills upgrading for people/employees in the industry 3. Participate in experience exchange by setting up professional/institutional networks on a regional, national, and international scale for knowledge sharing (though seminars, conferences, study trips, etc.) 4. Set up an Enova regional office/sustainable centre for the regional community to draw upon Enova's competence concerning support schemes /subsidies, and use these actively in our development projects. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
Stationary Energy: Develop new buildings
In the first phase, the City of Stavanger wants all buildings in the municipality to have a low energy profile, class B. This is well below today's TEK regulations, but at a level which will come in a few years. The administration will also conduct to passive house pilot projects to gather information on the effect of investments required and to see whether passive housing will be the standard of tomorrow. Stavanger will: 1. Use analyses for Life Cycle Costs (LCC) and climate gas accounts in new building projects to give us best possible comparative data for alternative solutions. 2. Stipulate requirements for building standards and the percentage renewables for new buildings. Quality criteria will be drawn up. 3. Make use of tenders to develop the best energy solutions for development areas 4. Increase the share of biofuel and biogas, to comply with the requirements in the new standards. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Stationary Energy: Existing buildings
The City of Stavanger intends to phase out its use of oil and propane and invest in renewables and energy efficiency measures. The municipality has begun by introducing energy efficiency measures and control in its own buildings: 1. All oil and propane based heating will be discontinued as soon as feasible. Plans will be drawn up as soon as possible. 2. The City of Stavanger will take the lead, and follow up the energy efficiency plan for municipal buildings, 2008, and deliver a 20% reduction in energy consumption by 2020. 3. Stavanger will test out passive house standards in two renovation projects in order to gather experience and know-how for future renovations and decisions on standards. 4. Stavanger will introduce a joint follow-up system for energy (EOS). 5. Stavanger will take an active part in the County authority's proposals on Energy Cut 20, and will complete a pilot project. The goal for Stavanger is a reduction of 25% in the general energy consumption of housing, commercial buildings and industry by 2025. This corresponds to cuts of 250 GWh. The best way to reduce and prevent emissions of greenhouse gases will always be to spend as little energy as possible on a house or a building in general. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Stationary Energy: Regional plan for energy and heating
A regional energy and heating plan for the Jæren region is vital to achieve comprehensive thinking, viable overall solutions and solutions to accommodate the different parts of the municipality and region. Consumption and energy supply must be seen in context: 1. The City of Stavanger will contribute actively to having regional plans prepared and a commitment by the involved parties Stavanger will take the lead in its own development projects and strive for good, comprehensive solutions. 2. Stavanger will require that new-builds shall comply with class B classification criteria for energy use and consumption, but carry out pilot projects of passive houses with a view to erecting class A passive houses only in the near future. 3. We will strive to use local energy resources, as large a proportion of renewables as possible and LCC analyses and greenhouse gas accounts will be used as a basis for financial and climatic assessments. 4. The City will employ the new Planning and Building Act to direct new developments and draw up strict tender criteria with regard to energy consumption and the percentage of renewables to be used. 5. Quality criteria will be prepared in order to facilitate right decisions. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Land use and transportation: Transport efficiency improvement
The city environment has much to gain from a better coordination of transport and logistics. Stavanger will contribute to improved coordination. 1. The City of Stavanger will set up a collaboration with other parties in the region to ensure the necessary standard of service for our citizens and companies regarding parking, car and bicycle schemes, tax policies, information etc. This may eventually become a "mobility office". 2. Stavanger will evaluate and test out options for using ITS for traffic control and giving priority to buses and public transport 3. Stavanger is committed to building an urban railway system 4. The City will take measures to improve our own, overall transport policy. 1. A network of interested parties will be set up. This network will work with and champion efficiency measures in logistics and operations with regard to transport to various functions in the urban area in order to minimize the need for travelling by car. For example, kindergarten places should primarily be allocated to local residents. Car sharing schemes can be developed further in the city centre, and also taken to the other districts in town. Developing areas such as Urban Sjøfront, Jåttåvågen etc, might be strategic locations for those that already want to have such an opportunity for ideal reasons. A car pool system in the city centre districts will reduce the need to drive private cars to work and back. This network may eventually give rise to the establishment of a service office (mobility office) to supply services and develop tools for private citizens and the business community. 2. Intelligent transport systems and services (ITS) is a term used forinformation and communication technology (ICT) in the transport sector. Several solutions might be an option for Stavanger; display of free parking spaces, giving public transport right of way on the city bridge, changeable signposting, etc. The technological advances in ITS is fast and will contribute to making our transport systems safer and more secure, improve traffic flow for all groups of traffic and reduce the environmental impact of road haulage. Any negative impact related to radiation must be assessed. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Land use and transportation: Improved vehicle technology
The City of Stavanger will facilitate for enhanced use of environmentally friendly vehicles: 1. The City will contribute to information on the importance of car technology with regard to emissions. 2. The City will lead the way by choosing the best possible technology for its own vehicles, and help facilitate for charging of electric cars and filling of gas and hydrogen cars. 3. The City will work to influence central authorities on suitable regulations in favor of eco-friendly technologies. The City of Stavanger is committed to facilitate the use of electric and biogas cars. We aim to set up 250 recharging stations around town, and to develop new filling stations for biogas. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Land use and transportation: More environmentally friendly transport
The City of Stavanger is deeply committed to enabling increased use of environmentally friendly means of transport which is a vital factor, not just to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, but also for improvements regarding pollution, noise, land use and health. 1. Stavanger will work for a more robust public transport system with improved regularity 2. Stavanger will enforce a more restrictive public parking policy and encourage the use of public transport, walking or bicycling. 3. Stavanger will facilitate safe bicycle parking at public transport hubs with sufficient capacity to ensure availability at all times 4. The bicycle paths/network will be significantly improved, especially in urban areas. We will make biking to work a much more convenient and attractive proposition. Our chief focus will be on giving priority to buses in traffic and to start up the first phase of an urban railroad development as soon as possible. We will also advocate restrictive parking practices for private cars and encourage more use of public transport as well as walking and bicycling. In the new, large development projects, parking must be directed to common/public parking facilities. Cyclists should always be able to find a place to park. We are projecting a network of bicycle paths of a high and uniform standard. The number of conflicts on the existing network will be reduced and new routes will be built to reduce the distance and time required to reach key working areas and public transport hubs. Pilot project: The bicycle highway along the E-39 motorway between Sandnes and Stavanger is in the planning stages and will be well-suited to covering large distances at speed. Improved facilities for cyclists into and inside Stavanger city centre should be a high-priority task hereafter. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Land use and transportation: Concentrated land development
The City of Stavanger will reinforce its land development policy with a focus on concentrating new developments along public transport axes with a good mixture of residential housing and workplaces: 1. As part of the Cities of the Future project, Stavanger will draw up an overall plan for development along public transport axes to achieve considerably reduced greenhouse gas emissions. 2. We will facilitate self-contained neighborhoods which will reduce transportation needs. 3. Safe and simple transport will be a priority along with parking lots at traffic hubs. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Energy Efficiency and Conservation
The City of Stavanger intends to phase out its use of oil and propane and invest in renewables and energy efficiency measures. The municipality has begun by introducing energy efficiency measures and control in its own buildings. All oil and propane based heating will be discontinued as soon as feasible. Plans will be drawn up as soon as possible. The City of Stavanger will take the lead, and follow up the energy efficiency plan for municipal buildings, 2008, and deliver a 20% reduction in energy consumption by 2020. Stavanger will test out passive house standards in two renovation projects in order to gather experience and know-how for future renovations and decisions on standards. Stavanger will introduce a joint follow-up system for energy (EOS). Stavanger will take an active part in the County authority's proposals on Energy Cut 20, and will complete a pilot project. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File  

Adaptation actions

Climate adaptation inside a framework of sustainable development
The City of Stavanger will acquire climate adaptation know-how and make sure that we will be able to handle the various future changes in an appropriate manner and prevent damage and destruction. Climate change will take different forms in different regions of the world and in the miscellaneous local communities within the same region. This means that the strategies elected must be based on the changes anticipated locally. Inside the framework of sustainable development, the municipality will employ appropriate tools to make the best strategic decisions for the short and long term. The process going forward is as follows: 1. Risk assessment through completion of the project Klima-ROS, which includes assessments of: 1.1 Climate vulnerability in the housing sector 1.2 Climate vulnerability in other sectors (industry, oil and gas, etc.) 1.3 Climate vulnerability in the water and sewage sector 1.4 Climate vulnerability in the health sector 1.5 Climate vulnerability in critical infrastructure 1.6 Climate vulnerability for tourism and travel industry 1.7 Climate vulnerability with regard to biological diversity 2. Charting/simulations. Completion of project Klima GIS. 3. Prepare action plan (based on items 1 and 2) 4. Prepare communication plan, including ID-ing all measures that would ensure participation. 5. Complete training, courses and drills 6. Initiate a unified and coordinated regional work for climate adaptation 7. Chart previous incidents Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
Development of methods and tools
he City of Stavanger will develop tools and methods to enable good decision-making for its town planning and emergency preparedness sectors. To be able to prevent and mitigate the scale of destruction due to climate change, it is essential to first perform a survey of risk and vulnerability. To conduct such a survey, we needto have excellent tools to facilitate systematic work efforts. Such tools are not available today. Stavanger has initiated a project for the purpose of developing a methods for conducting such climate adaptation risk and vulnerability analyses (entitled "Klima-ROS"). The work is carried out by SINTEF/NTNU in collaboration with, among others, Cicero/Center for Climate Research at the University in Oslo. The climate adaptation work will also require a sound system for visualization and presentation of the necessary information. The quantity of such data is huge. A good, general system which can be used is GIS (Geographical Information System), and digital maps. GIS, however, needs to be adapted to this purpose, for items such as use of symbols. Stavanger has already initiated a pre-project with the purpose of drafting a GIS project (working title: Climate GIS). Our expectations include the ability to run simulations and analyses. As a participant in the NORADAPT project, we have collated many different climate scenarios in the course of 2009 (23 in total). These scenarios are prepared by the Meteorological Institute of Norway, and are specifically produced for our district. The scenarios in question deal with topics such as 1) temperatures, 2) precipitation, 3) wind, 4) wave crest height and 5) sea level. These climate scenarios will represent our "entry ticket" to the local adaptation efforts and will prove useful for planning purposes. Pilot projects: Through our participation in the two national projects NORADAPT and the Cities of the Future,Stavanger takes the lead in two important development projects; Klima ROS and Klima GIS. These are being developed in collaboration with other cities, national expertise, and central government authorities. Start year 2009
Sector Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File