Kristiansand Municipality
Norway

Population: 85681
Area of jurisdiction: 276 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 20% by 2020 (1991) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 5% by 2020 n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a 10% by 2012 (2005)
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2009 ):  0 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2005, 2008

Mitigation actions

Reduce the use of studded tires
  Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File  
Improve accessibility to environmentally friendly fuel
The municipality works with establishing an LNG terminal and set up charging stations in Kristiansand. Have established charging stations, but not biofuel or hydrogen. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Initiatives to reduce road traffic
Different measures to be taken: Road toll / Rush-hour fee, campaigns such as "carless days", maximum requirements for car parking, bicycle parking requirements, reduce free parking agreements with municipal employees, etc. In 2010, the local government organized a "drive-green"-campaign ("Jeg kjører grønt"-kampanjen") where they promoted the use of bikes and public transport among the citizens, in an effort to reduce car traffic. Measures taken included an inverse toll booth where bikers received money when passed by and a competition where the participants received points for travelling by train / bus, bike and on foot. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
Improvement of public bus transport offering
Contribution to bus operations and marketing, reduce tariffs, introduce collective bus card in the region, improved route services (especially during rush hours) Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Priority program for biking / Development of bicycle lanes
The local government has initiated a plan (Sykkelhandlingsplan for Kristiansandsregionen) to support the use of bikes in the area. The plan includes the development of a trunk road for bicycles, new footpaths / bike lanes through and between residential areas and other parts of town, bicycles campaigns, events and information, safety for bikers and biking-to-work accommodation. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Development of public transport infrastructure
Improve public transport by building routes through residential areas, implement bicycle parking nearby stops for public transport, remove traffic obstacles and other infrastructure improvements. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Increase cutting of old woodland and regeneration of new wood
The woodland should be operated so that CO2-binding is as large as possible. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Establish climate forum and sustainability center
Establishment of local climate forum to promote collaboration between government departments, organizations and the businesses in the region. A center that promotes sustainability awareness in the community should also be established. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File  
Buildings for the future / Passive houses
The municipality supports the building of environmentally firendly passive houses. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File  
Development of environmental crieria for new building projects
The local government is working on the development of criteria related to energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources to be followed in new building projects. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
"Miljøfyrtårnsertifisering" / Environmental certification
"Miljøfyrtårnsertifisering" is a tool that should ensure environmentally friendly operations in both private and public sector businesses / units, and includes management of purchasing, energy consumption, waste, transport and emissions. The program was founded by the local government in Kristiansand in 2000 and is now employed across Norway. In Kristiansand, all municipal buildings and units should be certified by 2012. As of May 2010, 120 activities were certified. Start year 2009
Sector Facilities
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File  
Improve waste management and reduce waste generation
Improve waste management through better local source separation systems. Reduce waste generation through better prices on waste management, incentive system and awareness campaigns. Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Reduce energy consumption at waste disposal sites
  Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Prepare district heating systems for natural gas as peak load
  Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Energy economizing and management
The municipality works on energy economizing and management in all existing and new buildings. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Oil-fired heating systems replaced with renewable energy or district heating
Oil-fired heating systems replaced with renewable energy or district heating in all municipal buildings by 2012. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Transition to district heating / renewable energy in municipal buildings
As a main rule, municipal buildings should use district heating / nærvarme when it is possible. When district heating is not applicable, municipal buildings should mainly employ renewable energy. Electric power should be phased out by 2020 (with exception of power to heat pumps). By 2012, the municipality should have initiated at least one "nærvarme"-project based on renewable energy. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  

Adaptation actions

Mapping of local variations in rain
Pilot project to map the local variations in rain and to test a new websolution where information from all rain measurements are presented online. Start year 2010
Sector Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File