Kristianstad Municipality
Sweden

Population: 81919
Area of jurisdiction: 1818.24 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 40% by 2020 (1990) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 50% by 2020 100% by 2020
Energy efficiency target: 15% by 2020 (2008) 16% by 2020 (2009)
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2011 ):  3,383 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2011

Mitigation actions

Klimatvisionen
The Climate vision is a teacher's guide that aims to help you as an educator to capture the climate problem in all school subjects and illustrate how the work can be done in a good and efficient way across disciplinary boundaries. It is highlighting climate smart solutions in Kristianstad and can increase interest and commitment to climate issues in local schools. The Climate vision is one of many tools to use to work with our shared responsibility for climate change in teaching. The idea is that the material will make it easier for teachers to find concrete opportunities to study and discuss how you, me and the society we live in all can help reduce the human impact on climate. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Waste information
Renhållningen and Agenda 21 has co-authored a children's book – “Den stora vandringen”, which is a literary fairy tale adventure about how we sort our garbage and waste in Kristianstad municipality. It is distributed to all the first graders in the municipality for two years (2013-2014). The book comes together with music and theatre; The case with the unsorted waste. Watch a sequence at http://www.renhallningen-kristianstad.se/uppskattad-atervinningsshow-i-tivoliparken/ Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Renewable electricity - wind and solar
Kristianstad, a city defined and shaped by the ever present water. And while the water gives the city its character, it also makes the threat of climate change very much tangible here. Rising water levels means in-creased risk of flooding, potentially causing damage to homes and infrastructure. Therefore it is only natural that Kristianstad wants to be a leader in cutting the use of fossil fuel and in investing in renewable energy. The municipality targets to become Fossil Fuel Free – continuously promoting production and use of renewable electricity from wind, water, sun and from biomass. This brochure presents the work on local renewable electricity production. Buy 2013 wind turbines generate an annual 135 GWh together with 75 GWh from the CHP plan and 25 GWh from hydro power. A small amount can be added from Photovoltaic installation. The number of PV is now increasing. Investments: Wind power Installation of 80 new wind power plants (5 GWh/a each) (2,4 Mdr SEK) on shore and 500 GWh/a off shore (2,75 Mdr SEK). Start year 1994
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Vilans strandäng – sustainable planning the Kristianstad way
The feasibility study Vilans strandäng is a pilot project that aims to strengthen sustainable urban development. The ambition is to create conditions for an attractive and vibrant neighborhood in central Kristianstad that balances social and economic issues, while strengthening the surrounding natural environments. The project also aims to create an intersectoral debate on sustainable urban development in Kristianstad, using Vilans strandäng as an example. The result will be a vision statement (completed in spring 2015) for Vilans strandäng with suggestions for sustainability criteria and principles for future planning and implementation of sustainable urban development projects – “sustainable urban planning the Kristianstad way “. Vilans strandäng is unique in its location, right in the Biosphere reserve, in the middle of the city. The location includes a part of the nature reserve Årummet and is adjacent to Helge Å. Through this pilot project we get a reference example of sustainable urban planning and development that evokes interest in our municipality as well as on a national and international level. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Pellet heating
In 1999 the executive committee of Kristianstad municipality unani-mously decided to declare its will to become a Fossil Fuel Free Municipality. In the climate strategy adopted 2011 a goal is set for the municipal buildings and transports to become fossil fuel free by 2020. The municipality has converted 43 burners in public buildings (schools etc) from oil to pellets firing. The proportion of fossil fuels and electricity needed for heating in public buildings has been significantly reduced. The introduction of pellets has been an important step towards becoming a Fossil Fuel Free Municipality. Wood pellets are used in several public buildings as well as in detached houses. The municipality also tries to influence others to use renewable fuels. Pellet heating creates local jobs and a secure fuel supply chain as it reduces import and usage of fossil fuels. Start year 1998
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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Framtidsveckan
Framtidsveckan (the Future Week) is an activity around sustainable development, organized by the civil society in collaboration with Agenda 21 at the Municipality of Kristianstad. During one week in August, activities focused on Kristianstad as a sus-tainable municipality - economically, environmentally, socially and democratically. Discussions on how to develop Kristianstad in a sustainable way took place as well as knowledge sharing activities, lecturers from private and public organizations and civil society. Participation and democracy were key words and the civil society organizations that initiated the event were the sole drivers of the process, while the municipality provided support and inspiration. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Coordinated goods delieveries
To reduce the number of shipments and to reduce environmental impact, Kristianstad coordinates deliveries of goods to the various municipal organizations and activities. The logistics firm GDL has been assigned to coordinate transportation. Coordinated distribution of goods means goods that are to be delivered to various municipal activities, such as care homes, schools and offices, are first delivered to a distribution center in Kristianstad. The deliveries are then run by a coordinated schedule and the trucks run on biogas. The reasons to coordinate the municipal deliveries are that we are able to reduce the e environmental impact as the number of shipments is declining. We are also able to provide better opportunities for small and local businesses since they themselves do not need to deliver their goods to all businesses. A safer environment around schools and other communal institutions are also created as the number of deliveries is minimized and finally, we can provide better service for staff who receive deliveries. Examples of items that are distributed through the distribution center is medical materials, paper and plastic, stationery, school and play materials, electrical materials, books and printed materials, computer equipment and foodstuffs. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Organizational/Governance
Status Completed
File download
Mobility management and sustainable transports
The municipality of Kristianstad has resolved to gradually becoming a fossil-fuel free municipality and has worked to introduce biogas as vehicle fuel to achieve this objective since 1999. Efforts to introduce sustainable modes of transport have intensified and broadened. The municipality has attempted to take a holistic approach on sustainable mobility by endeavoring to offer all municipal residents some environmentally-adapted alternatives for their journeys. This has included organising various projects for cycling, public transport, car pooling, car sharing, eco-driving, etc. The task of introducing biogas as vehicle fuel remains a crucial part of this work. Mobility management keeps going on year after year with somewhat different priorities. For example; Kristianstad is part of the the European Mobility Week in 2014. Mobility Week is a recurring European campaign to draw attention to various problems concerning traffic in urban areas. Subject varies from year to year. The idea is to encourage residents pedestrians, cyclists and public transport use in cities but also outside. The campaign will run for a few days in September. Start year 1998
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Solar Car Pool
Kristianstad has one of the country's first Solbilspools. In the parking lot at Tivoli Park / Barbacka are four electric Nissan Leaf under a roof with solar cells that charge the cars. It is an environmentally friendly option that citizens, businesses and public activities can benefit through a booking service online. The Solbilspoolen offers an opportunity for people in the municipality to use fossil-fuel free cars at fair rates at an accessible place in the city. C4 Energy is the municipal company that owns the Solbilspoolen and they are continuously developing their concept, later in September a fast-charger will be inaugurated that will enable people to fully load their cars in just 20-30 minutes. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Wind energy plan
The comprehensive plan for wind energy in Kristianstad is based on the physical structure of the landscape and of course the wind potential. The landscape has been divided into 16 categorize, each of them with their own characteristics and to follow different sensibility to the implementation of windmills. The plan also identifies other, often contradictory, interests that reclaim a space, such as the national interest of preserving precious nature and culture, the coastal zone and certain protected animal species. The outcome of that study is a plan that covers the whole municipality and divides it into three categorize: A-zones that are suitable for larger groups of windmills, B-zones can inhabit smaller groups of windmills and finally C-zones that are not suitable at all for windenergy. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Climate information - overview
Different awarenessraising measures including: Climate News - once a month Collaboration with local media - 14 articles annually in Kristian-stadsbladet Local free newspaper “Tidningen Kristianstad” to all citizens - including energy saving tips. Fairs, exhibitions and other events Collaboration with non governmental organisations – such as the Future Week Collaboration with enterprises such as the local Climate Alliance Collaboration with schools and other education - climate vision Energy advisor Waste information Green tech visits - dissemination of experiences Mobility management measures – eg European Mobility Week Start year 1998
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Biogas strategy
The biogas strategy is a part of the climate strategy that focuses on objectives and measures for increasing biogas use and production in Kristianstad. The strategy states that the production at the Karpalund biogas plant shall be doubled from 40 GWh to 80 GWh. Procurement is an important tool for increased use of biogas. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Climate Strategy and energyplan
The Climate strategy adopted 2011 is also the municipal energy plan and energy efficiency plan. The also includes adaptation measures. The climate strategy strategy contains objectives and measures within the following areas: • Greenhouse gases in general • Guidelines for planning and building • Energy efficiency • Fossil fuel free municipality – Renewable electricity – District heating – Biogas • Transports • Agriculture • Adaptation including measures for flood protection etc. Objectives: Objective 2020: reduce CO2 emissions by 40 % and for the municipal government the goal is to become fossil fuel free by 2020 with the long term goal to become a Fossil Fuel Free municipality. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Waste management plan
The new municipal waste management plan focuses on decreasing the total amount of household waste and increasing the share of household waste that goes to digestion into biogas and manure. The plan also contains an ambition to increase the share of household waste that is recycled into new materials. The plan is to reach these objectives by more information in new ways to the resi-dents, building of new recycling centrals for big waste as well as creating a new collection system for packages, in which the residents themselves sort packages and other kinds of waste, totally 8-10 different fractions, at home, from where the waste is collected by the municipal waste organization. In that way, the resi-dents don’t have to transport their packages to a collection station. There is no overall budget specified for the measurements. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
The Kristianstad bus link
The Kristianstad link is a bus route that makes it easier to travel to, within and from Kristianstad. The route is drawn between the strategic locations in the city for trade, services, large workplaces and education, and runs from the Central Station to the Central Hospital. In 2018, the route to the University will be completed. The Kristianstad link has special lanes for buses, improving accessibility. The Kristianstad link will improve the likelihood of people commuting and travelling with public transport. Public transport in Kristianstad run on fossil fuel free biogas and thus creates a better climate. The full impact of the link is not yet analyzed. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Green Tech Visits
Kristianstad hosts green tech visits to many of the climate investments in the municipality. Over the years the biogas plant has created most interest together with the CHP plant. This “project” is continuing. Start year 2000
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Climate Alliance for enterprises
The climate alliance (Kristianstadregionens klimatallians) is a network of big, medium and small enterprises committed to sustainable environmental strategies. The companies gather at Krinova Science Park and exchange their experiences and ideas facilitated by our skilled and professional staff. Each company invents their emissions, sets goals and takes actions. Emissions and energy consumption is reported on a yearly basis and changes are summed annually. A special tool in excel is developed for this monitoring. Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Energi advisor
Energy and Climate consulting for households, organizations and small companies Swedish municipalities receive annual grants of 345 000 SEK from the Swedish Energy Agency for the provision of energy and climate consult-ing to households, businesses and organizations. The consulting focuses on heating (both source and distribution system), transportation, lighting, ventilation and industrial processes. Consulting is free of charge and independent of economic interests, it is being carried out through lectures, seminars and outreach to businesses. The most common communication channels are local newspapers, the municipal website, exhibitions and fairs, and advice via phone and email. The Energy Advisor is also working together with the various administrations of the municipality to reach out to businesses and organizations. The service is mostly used by households, 80%, while organizations and business companies account for about 10% each. Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Cycle paths
The municipality has a goal to construct 2,500 meters of new bicycle routes every year. The annual investment cost amounts to approximately SEK 1 000 000. During 2013 a total of 2,550 meters was built, of which bike paths along the Kristianstad link amounted to about 1250 meters. In the city center bicycle parking places has been being built in addition to the 1,100 available today. In addition to the municipal efforts, we are also partners in a number of projects relating to bicycling; The South-East Trail is a bike trail that will go between Växjö and Simrishamn and pass through Kristianstad. On the bike trail cyclist should be able to ride a bike without interfering with car traffic; The regional Cycle Development Platform is a continuation of Öresund as a cycle region where we work with municipalities of Malmö, Lund and Helsingborg with the purpose to strengthen cycling in the region. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Fossil fuel free district heating
In order to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions in the region of Kris-tianstad the municipality owned company C4 Energi AB have connected buildings, residential and commercial, to Kristianstad city’s district heating (DH) system. Residential flats and retail buildings in the centre have successfully been converted from utilizing an oil or electricity boiler in each basement to the district heating scheme. It has been an on-going process in Kristianstad since the1980’s to connect buildings to the DH system. Today major parts of the city are served by DH and new areas are continually added, the project is still in progress! District heating is one of the most cost efficient ways to heat your house in Sweden and causes a minimum of emissions. In Kristianstad the CHP plant cogenerates both heat and electricity and uses 99 % bioenergy as fuel and contributes to the goal of becoming a fossil fuel free municipality. Start year 2007
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Photovoltaic on municipal buildings
Installation of PV on exhibition center Naturum and other municipal buidlings Start year 2011
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Wind power
Installation of 80 new wind power plants (5 GWh/a each) (2,4 Mdr SEK) on shore and 500 GWh/a off shore (2,75 Mdr SEK). The project started with a wind energy plan Start year 2011
Sector Industrial
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Fossil fuel free publlic transport
The regional trains Pågatågen and Öresundstågen runs on renewable electricity. Some of the regional busses and all city busses run on biogas produced in Kristianstad. By 2018 all public transport will be fossilfuel free. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Conversion of municipal car fleet
Conversion of municpal (incl municpal companies) car fleet to biogas and other environmentally friendly cars (8 GWh to renewable fuel) One of the means that the municipality can use to increase the number of fossil-fuel free cars and means of transport is procurement. The municipality is currently working on a project on minimizing climate impact through procurement. Start year 1999
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Waste gives energy (biogas)
Waste management is closely related to energy and climate issues since waste can both generate greenhouse gas emissions and reduce them when used as a bio fuel. The large agricultural sector in Kristianstad generates considerable amounts of manure and the food industry produces lots of organic waste. In Kristianstad digestion of organic matter into biogas has become the most important way to reduce the negative environmental impacts of waste and instead use it as an energy resource. Recycling is also an important part of waste management in Kristianstad and material that neither can be recycled nor digested is to a large extent incinerated with energy extraction. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Outdoor lightning
There is an ongoing exchange of mercury lamps with high pressure sodium or LED. About 2,000 light fixtures will get LED light source. The project includes approximately 11,000 fixtures that will be replaced with more environmentally friendly light source. The cost is estimated at around 19.3 million SEK. The project started in 2009 and will be finalized in 2016, the total estimated savings from 2010 to 2016 is 12110MVh. After 2016 the savings continue with MVH 2861 per year. Start year 2009
Sector Facilities
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Residential Energy Saving
The municipal housing company ABK is, since 2008, a part of Skåneinitiativet. It is pub-lic housing companies in Skåne that challenge each other to reduce energy consumption, the goal for the companies is to reduce energy consumption by 20% during a period of eight years, starting in 2008. The company aims to have fossil-free heating of all their buildings in 2016. As part of this work a geo energy project in Färlöv has started and the facilities are in full operat-ion, during the summer of 2013 oil installations in three apartment buildings were replaced with heat pumps powered by geothermal energy. Start year 2007
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Municipal EnergySaving Project
By year 2020, the municipality of Kristianstad shall not use fossil fuel. To accomplish this ambitious goal, public buildings are converted to use alternative systems for heating, such as district heating. In the city center, a test of running water from district heated buildings in a intricate system of pipes underneath the streets is in progress; it provides the citizens with a quick and effective snow clearance, without using diesel fueled vehicles. But the ambition goes further; the total use of energy in buildings shall be reduced by an annual 2,5 per cent. Solar panels provide free energy and timers, LED-fixtures and ventilation adjustments have successfully been lowering the energy consumption. The energy savings goal has been accomplished every year and we are constantly implementing new technology to become a sustainable city. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

Making cities resilient
The United Nations (UN) has appointed Kristianstad as a role model in efforts to prevent and manage natural disasters and crisis situations. The municipality's efforts to prevent floods and provide safe drinking water aims to inspire cities in other parts of the world. The campaign "Making Cities Resilient" was launched in 2010 by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and Kristianstad was appointed as a role model in 2011. The purpose of the global campaign is to encourage international ex-change of experience, knowledge building and evaluation of disaster risk reduction work at the local level. Start year  
Sector Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
Type  
Status In progress
File download
Kristianstad Biosphere reserve
Few places can boast such rich natural diversity as the wetlands of Kristianstads Vattenrike. Through the heart of the wetlands flows the majestic River Helge å, fringed by wet forests and meadows. Centuries of cultivation and the river’s own natural rhythm of high and low water levels have laid the foundations for an abundance of biological diver-sity that it has become important to conserve and develop. The wetlands also provides an ecosystem service acting as a natural water reservoir that helps to protect Kristianstad from flooding. In 2005 the UN agency Unesco awarded Kristianstads Vattenrike the status of ‘biosphere reserve’, a model area for sustainable development. Like all biosphere reserves, it works to fulfil three key functions: the conservation, development and logistical support of the region’s natural values. Start year 1990
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Flood protection
For centuries Kristianstad has been threatened by flooding. Large parts of the town center lay only a couple of meters above sea level. Other parts actually lay below sea level. This is also where Sweden’s lowest point is to be found − 2.41 meters below sea level. In February 2002 Kristianstad came close to a catastrophe. A rapid snow melt in the province of Småland caused River Helge to rise rapidly. The old protective levee round Lake Hammarsjön threatened to collapse. On that occasion an emergency rescue operation to reinforce the levees with 50,000 tons of crushed rock saved the town of Kristianstad. It then became obvious that comprehensive measures were necessary in the long-term to protect important social functions and residential areas. Since 2008, Kristianstad east of the river is considerably better prepared to cope with extreme weather conditions. In total 4.5 km of new levees have been built, which can resist the highest possible water level. Effects of future climate change have been considered. When all of the measures are completed around 2021, one of Sweden’s greatest levee projects of modern times will have been carried out, at a cost of approximately SEK 350 million. Kristianstad will then have a long-term protection against flooding. Start year 2001
Sector Infrastructure
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download