City of Miami
United States

Population: 417650
Area of jurisdiction: 143.1 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 20% by 2020 (2006) 25% by 2015 (2007)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2007 ):  65,334 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2006

Mitigation actions

Urban Forestry Programs
The City of Miami's Tree Master Plan, and the programs and projects which support it, aim to restore Miami's canopy coverage to 30% by 2017. Through several City Departments including Public Works, Parks & Recreation and the Office of Sustainable Initiatives, the City is working to achieve this goal through various tree planting initiatives including the planting of shade trees in the Public RoW, increased tree plantings in City Parks, and through event tree plantings such as the annual National Arbor Day observation every April. In addition, the City hosts several fruit tree giveaways each year for the past six years, with over 1,500 trees given to City of Miami residents each year for planting within the City's borders. In addition, The City's Green Miami Campaign designed to restore and enhance the City’s tree canopy into a thriving urban forest that provides multiple aesthetic and environmental benefits, through increasing public awareness and education of urban forestry in partnership with several local tree-focused community-based and non-profit organizations. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Green Corridor PACE District
Via a Resolution of the City Commission, the City of Miami entered into an Interlocal agreement with 6 other municipalities to establish the Green Corridor Property Assessment Clean Energy (PACE) District. The Green Corridor PACE District aims to increase the adoption of renewable energy and energy-efficient building technologies for property owners (Commercial only in the City of Miami) using the PACE financing model, per the Florida Legislature House Bill 7179 in 2010 which created Florida's PACE Program. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Green Lab
The City has performed a variety of outreach programs and projects designed to educate the population of sustainability and climate change related issues. Information on the topic has been diseminated via; public tree giveaways, urban forestry education programs for schools, home energy saver workshops, a large scale sustainability and climate change focused conference and tradeshow - 'Gateway to Green' (http://www.miamigov.com /msi/pages/GatewayToGreen /default.asp), and via several other outreach events. Additionally, in the spring of 2012, the City will formally open the Miami Green Lab. The Miami Green Lab will be a community green resource center and green job incubator, providing a variety of training, education and certification programs. Miami Green Lab also aims to promote the awareness of energy-efficiency, climate change and sustainability efforts at a community level including for schools and interested residents, and to increase the awareness of sustainable products, technologies and services through demonstration. The project is funded by federal Stimulus funds and a private foundation grant. The Green Lab will be a unique and extremely beneficial resource for the local economy and job market. The completed facility is a former City of Miami fire station renovated to LEED Gold standards and features energy-efficient lighting and HVAC systems, solar hot-water heating, rainwater harvesting, recycled building materials, bicycle racks and xeriscaping amongst other green features. The building also features a 1,200 square foot training/meeting space. Lastly through its Office of Sustainable Initiatives, the City hosts a quarterly meeting of the Miami Green Commission whose members include residents, non-profit organization and private sector entities. Miami Green Commission meetings provide updates and information on the City's efforts to promote sustainability and to address climate change related issues. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
Bicycle Initiatives Program
The City has an extensive Bicycle Initiatives program. Under this program the City has developed a bicycle master plan, bicycle action plan, bicycle action committee and various community bicycle advocacy and outreach efforts. Under the bicycle master plan, and through its Planning, Capital Improvements and Sustainable Initiatives departments, the City has completed several publicly and privately funded projects to increase and enhance bicycle infrastructure throughout the City. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Brownfield Redevelopment Program
The City has an extensive Brownfield redevelopment program in place that attends to the environmental priorities of assessing, cleaning up, and reusing our Brownfields. Brownfield redevelopment helps to reduce urban sprawl, and provides economic opportunity in socioeconomically depressed area, through job training and preparation programs often with a 'green' focus. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Public Transit Accessibility Improvements
The City has developed a number of initiatives to improve the accessibility to public transit systems. One recent effort was the 2012 launching of the City's free trolley system which of up to 28 diesel powered trolleys serving the busy hospital district and Little Havana neighborhood. Operation and maintenance of the trolleys are funded by federal Stimulus dollars and money from half-cent transit surtax funds. Additionally through its Capital Improvement and Planning Departments the City has instituted a number of projects and programs (funded via various public and private mechanisms) to increase bicycle infrastructure (bike lanes, parking etc.) throughout the City. Specifically, efforts have been undertaken and plans are in place to increase bicycle infrastructure around and leading to public transit hubs in the City. In 2010 the City launched its 'Miami 21' initiative which entails a holistic approach to land use and urban planning. Miami 21 will take into account all of the integral factors that will make each area within the City a unique, vibrant place to live, learn, work and play. Six elements serve as the lynchpins in the development of the blueprint of Miami: Zoning (Miami 21 Zoning Code), Economic Development, Historic Preservation, Parks and Open Spaces, Arts and Culture, and Transportation. Under Miami 21, several requirements have been adopted into the Code of the City of Miami to spur Transit Oriented Development (TOD). Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File  
Energy Smart Miami
In 2009 The City of Miami in partnership with General Electric, Cisco Systems, Florida Power & Light and Silver Spring Networks launched a smart grid project developed to deploy smart meters on every home and most businesses in Miami-Dade County. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Green Team
The City's Office of Sustainable Initiatives leads the 'Green Team'. The Green Team meets monthly and serves to educate and engage employees on sustainability, environmental and climate change issues, and measures employees can take to reduce their carbon footprint in their daily lives. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File  
Municipal and Residential Recycling
Primarily through its Solid Waste Department, the City has a number of municipal and residential recycling collection programs in place for its operation, including regular recycling waste collection for its facilities, and recycling programs for household/office hazardous waste including batteries and small electronics. The City does not own or operate any recycled material processing facilities, and transports collected recycled materials to County facilities. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Environmentally Preferable Purchasing
The City passed an ordinance establishing an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program to integrate environmentally preferable policies into all City purchases of goods and services. The ordinance seeks to: (1) Increase purchases of environmentally preferable products and services while maintaining performance and availability and remaining cost effective, with continual improvement. (2) Reduce occupational health hazards for City staff and reduce exposure of City residents and visitors to potentially toxic chemicals by purchasing environmentally sensitive, sustainable goods for use or identifying products to be used by service providers that do not harm human health or the environment. (3) Reduce the City contribution to global climate change by purchasing goods and services that lead to a reduction in GHG emissions from commodities. (4) Improve the air quality for City residents and visitors by purchasing commodities that minimize emissions of air pollutants. (5) Protect the quality of the City ground and surface waters by eliminating the use of chemicals known to contaminate local water resources and ecological systems through toxicity, bioaccumulation or persistence; (6) Preserve resources locally and globally through purchasing practices that include: (a) Maximizing the use of water and energy efficient products; (b) Maximizing post-consumer recycled content and readily recyclable or compostable materials; (c) Reducing the use or creation of landfilled materials; (d) Favoring long-term product use through durability, repairability, and reuse; (e) Considering life-cycle analysis of products consisting of, but not limited to, manufacture, transportation, use, and disposal; (f) Supporting strong recycling markets; (g) Creating a model for successfully purchasing environmentally preferable products that encourages other purchasers or consumers in our community to adopt similar practices. Additionally the City passed an ordinance that established the “Miami Green Fleet Program” that established policies that assure the City is purchasing, leasing or otherwise obtaining the most energy efficient vehicles/vessels possible that meet the operational needs of the department or agency for which the vehicles/vessels are intended, and that fleets will be managed and operated in an energy efficient manner that minimizes emissions. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Renewable Energy Installation - Gov't Buildings
The City has performed limited renewable energy installations on some of its buildings and facilities, including solar PV electrical generation and solar water heating. Financing varies by project and includes private financing and grant funding where applicable. The City continues to examine methods for increasing its renewable energy installations. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Miami 21
In 2010 the City launched its 'Miami 21' initiative which entails a holistic approach to land use and urban planning. Miami 21 will take into account all of the integral factors that will make each area within the City a unique, vibrant place to live, learn, work and play. Six elements serve as the lynchpins in the development of the blueprint of Miami: Zoning (Miami 21 Zoning Code), Economic Development, Historic Preservation, Parks and Open Spaces, Arts and Culture, and Transportation. Miami 21 instituted a number of programs for sustainability that were adopted into the Code of the City of Miami. Under Miami 21, the City Code requires all new buildings of more than 50,000 square feet of habitable Rooms and habitable Space in certain zones to be at a minimum certified as Silver by the USGBC LEED standards or equivalent standards adopted or approved by the City. Incentives exist for Gold and Platinum certification and also for properties below 50,000 square feet achieving LEED or equivalent certification. The initiatives require a fee payment schedule based on square footage of building: 50,000 - 100,000 sf = 2% of construction cost; 100,000 - 200,000 sf = 3% of construction cost; and > 200,000 sf = 4% of construction cost. The enforcement mechanism for this initiative is the issuance of a performance bond prior to City granting Certificate of Occupancy, if certification is not achieved. Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Outdoor LED Lighting Upgrades
Upgrades (and installations) of outdoor lighting to more efficient LED, CFL and other technologies are occurring throughout the City's operations. Most of these upgrades are performed by the City's GSA department with general municipal funds. Other departments such as the Office of Sustainable Initiatives are performing installations and upgrades of outdoor lighting to more efficient technologies using federal grant funding. Start year  
Sector Facilities
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
ESCO Building Energy Retrofits
The City has performed energy efficiency retrofits of several of its buildings and facilities. Retrofits have primarily focused on lighting, HVAC and water fixtures/systems upgrades. The City utilized federal Stimulus funding for ESCO energy savings performance contracting to perform the first round of audits and retrofits. The City is currently exploring other financing mechanism including private financing for future building retrofit efforts. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File  

Adaptation actions

Miami Climate Action Plan
The final keystone of the City's Climate Action Plan is Adaptation to climate change. The City plans in the future to develop adaptation measures to increase resilience and resistence to sea level rise. The City continues to work with Miami-Dade County at various levels and on various current and future initiatives for adapting to sea level rise. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status  
File  
Hurricane Plan
The City of Miami has a well established detailed Hurricane Plan that in part addresses the projected increased risk from tropical cyclonic activity. Start year  
Sector Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Greenspace Requirements
Miami 21 instituted a number of greenspace requirements that were adopted into the Code of the City of Miami. Under Miami 21, greenspace requirements have been enacted that are specific to; landscape standards (by zone), single family residential districts, commercial districts, and conservation districts. Additionally, the City's Office of Sustainable Initiatives is responsible for managing the 'Green Miami Campaign' which aims to increase the City's tree canopy cover to 30% by the year 202 (http://www.ourgreenmiami.org). Under the Green Miami Campaign, the City has performed several large scale tree plantings in the public right of way and in parks, as well as hosting several public tree giveaway events. The Public Works Department conducts regular tree plantings in the public right of way via the request of City residents for trees in front of their properties. Start year  
Sector Infrastructure
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File  
Heat Island Effect Ordinance for Non-Roofs
Miami 21 has been amended to include 'Heat Island Effect Ordinance for Non-Roofs' which includes the following requirments for shading of hardscapes: "Sites with new construction shall be required to comply with the following: (a) Provide any combination of the following strategies for fifty percent (50%) of the site hardscape: (i) Shade from solar panels or roofing materials with a solar reflectance of at least 0.30. (ii) Shade from trees within five (5) years of occupancy. (iii) Paving materials with a solar reflectance of at least 0.30. (iv) Pervious pavement system. OR (b) Place a minimum of fiftypercent (50%) of parking spaces under cover (defined as underground, under deck, under roof, or under building). Any roof used to shade or cover parking must have a solar reflectance of at least 0.30." Start year  
Sector Infrastructure
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File  
Heat Island Effect Ordinance for Roofs'
Miami 21 has been amended to include 'Heat Island Effect Ordinance for Roofs' which includes the following requirements for Solar Reflectance: "All roof exterior surfaces shall have a minimum solar reflectance as specified in Sections 951.5 through 951.7 when (i) tested in accordance with ASTM E903 or ASTM E1918, (ii) tested with a portable reflectometer at near ambient conditions, (iii) labeled by the Cool Roof Rating Council, or (iv) labeled as an Energy Star qualified roof product. Any product that has been rated by the Cool Roof Rating Council or by Energy Star shall display a label verifying the rating of the product." Start year  
Sector Infrastructure
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File