City of Copenhagen
Denmark

Population: 559440
Area of jurisdiction: 88 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 100% by 2025 (2005) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 100% by 2025 n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2011 ):  97,000 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2009, 2010

Mitigation actions

CPH2025 Climate Plan
In August 2012 the CPH 2025 Climate Plan was adopted with the goal that Copenhagen would achieve carbon neutrality by 2025. The plan contains four main areas of action; energy consumption, energy production, mobility and City Administration initiatives. Becoming the world’s first carbon neutral city is not only a gain for the environment. The initiatives will have positive effects on Copenhageners’ lives in general as well as on everyday basis. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Wind Turbines
Timeframe: September 2012 Investment: US$ 37.5 million In September 2012, the Copenhagen City Council issued guarantees on low interest loans to city-owned utility company KE. KE will invest in and erect 8 wind turbines before 2014, resulting in a 21,000 metric ton yearly carbon emissions reduction. All in all, the City of Copenhagen will erect some 100 wind turbines within and surrounding the city, both on and off shore Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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The First of XX Cycle Superhighways Established
Part of a cooperative effort involving more than 20 other municipalities, Copenhagen is developing Cycle Superhighways, a system of 28 extra-wide, dedicated-lane bike routes that connect the suburbs to the city. Cycle Superhighways offer easy access, in addition to a safe, fast and comfortable way of commuting by bike. Albertslund, the first route, stretches 13.4 km and passes through five different municipalities. When finished, the system will extend along more than 300 kilometers of bicycle paths. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
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Municipal EVs and Hydrogen Cars
Investment: No extra funding. The city is reducing the size of the car fleet to finance the project. Since January 2011, all city-bought passenger cars have been either electric or hydrogen vehicles. Forty-three new electric and 8 hydrogen cars have been put into service as of August 2012. By 2015, 85% of the City’s 411 passenger cars will run on electricity or hydrogen. The total reduction in CO2 emission will be approximately 1,000 metric tons annually, which is equal to 0.09% of the 2025 goal. EVs and hydrogen cars will replace gasoline and diesel powered units as needed. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
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Renewable energy replaces coal
Renewable energy replaces coal at Amager power station Unit 1, which converts 100% to biomass (wood chips) Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Hydrogen cars
In 2009 The City of Copenhagen inaugurated its first hydrogen fueling station. Since then the municipality has bought 23 hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and two fuel cell work vehicles, which will refuel at the hydrogen station. The plan is to convert the municipality’s entire fleet of vehicles to hydrogen- powered and electrical cars. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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The Bike City
37% of Copenhageners ride their bicycle to work. In recent years, cycling in Copenhagen has grown, predominantly in the city center. Cycling in Copenhagen is competitive among cars and buses with regards to speeds on distances of up to 5 kilometres. Despite a dramatic growth in the use of bicycles during the last 10 years, the number of accidents has substantially decreased. Copenhagen provides a safe, secure and efficient cycling environment for its citizens. A cycling infrastructure (predominantly based on cycle tracks along all major roads) is nearly in place, with a total cycle track length of approximately 350 kilometers. Tracks are traditionally 2.2 meters wide, however, the new standard is 2.5 meters. Policies, strategies and plans are frequently updated. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
District Heating
The Copenhagen district heating system is one of the world\'s largest, oldest and most successful, supplying 97% of the City with clean, reliable and affordable heating. Set up by five Mayors in 1984, the system simply captures waste heat from electricity production - normally released into the sea – and channels it back through pipes into peoples\' homes. The system cuts household bills by 1,400 EUR annually, and has saved Copenhagen district the equivalent of 203,000 tons of oilevery year - that\'s 665,000 tons CO2. About 30% of the annual district heating demand is covered with surplus heat from waste incineration, and the remaining production of district heating is based on geothermal energy and fuels as wood pellets, straw, straw pellets, natural gas, oil and coal. Start year 1990
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
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Adaptation actions

Restoration of Harrestrup stream
The project will be the biggest nature restoration in a lage city in modern Danish history. It will increase the lifequality for the people living in the city and it will benefit the biodiversity arund the stream. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Severe Storm Anti-Flooding Initiatives (The Vilhelmdal Drainage System)
During the past year Copenhagen realized six anti-flooding works initiatives to protect the city during severe weather events including the Vilhelmdal Drainage System. The initiatives fit into the overall Severe Storm plan but are not a part of it because they were initiated before the general plan was completed. The initiatives are waterworks that convey huge quantities of water to non-vulnerable areas, principally Copenhagen harbor. Storm modeling indicates where the rainwater will flow and identifies critical zones. The projects represent a proactive measure on behalf of an urgent adaptation issue. Start year 2012
Sector Water Resources
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
Sankt Kjelds City District
The St. Kjeld’s City district is Copenhagen’s first climate district, a pilot project for climate adaptation in densely populated urban areas. Here climate adaptation solutions will be incorporated into overall urban development, in close partnership with citizens and businesses. The Sankt Kjelds District is a major climate-change adaptation project which will ensure im¬plementation of Copenhagen’s Climate Adaptation Plan. Goal: 30 % of precipitation to be used creatively by means of green and blue surface solutions Start year 2012
Sector Infrastructure
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
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