Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality
South Africa

Population: 3837414
Area of jurisdiction: 2445 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2012 ):  40,673 tCO2e

Mitigation actions

Waste Minimisation and Recycling
This summary covers the following initiatives: 1) Fifty/ 50 wheelie bin For the first time in a municipality in South Africa, a wheelie bin manufactured from a minimum of 50% recycled HDPE was introduced (2015). More impressively, broken/condemned previously used City of Cape Town wheelie bins are use as feedstock for our new bin. 2) Think Twice Recycling Projects This pilot project started in 2007. For the existing participating areas, the Think Twice contractors issue partaking households with a clear bag for the separation of their dry waste from wet waste. In August 2011 the project expanded to the northern suburbs of Cape Town, and these residents north of the N1 received a green-lid 140l recycling bin for their recycling. 3) Drop off facilities throughout the City The City’s 24 recycling and waste drop-off sites offer residents free and convenient access to drop off recyclables, as well as bulky garage and garden waste on any day of the week. Drop-off sites/facilities have been in existence throughout the City for numerous years. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Transit Oriented Development Strategic Framework
The Cape Town City Council, in its unanimous approval of the Integrated Public Transport Network (IPTN) Plan in 2014, took the decision to adopt a Transit Oriented Development (TOD) approach to addressing urban inefficiencies in Cape Town through the development and implementation of a Comprehensive TOD land use scenario incorporating the TOD principles established and approved in the IPTN. Transport for Cape Town (TCT) and the Energy, Environmental & Spatial Planning (EESP) Directorate have, in collaboration, developed the TOD Comprehensive (TOD-C) land use scenario as was required in the resolution of the approved 2032 IPTN. This new land use scenario has been developed with the intention of providing a future toward an optimized land use scenario for the city that provides for a compact, well connected, efficient, low carbon, resilient urban form and movement system that is conducive to economic and social efficiency and equality whilst providing cost effective access and mobility. This land use scenario further provides an aspirational future spatial picture towards which the City will need to mobilise its resources and strategic investment and align its policies and strategies in order to achieve the desired urban efficiencies in the future. Further to this a TOD Strategic Framework has been developed to establish an implementation plan for TOD to be adopted by the City both politically and administratively. The TOD Strategic Framework for the City of Cape Town determines an approach to achieve optimum land development, travel demand management and transportation supply from now towards the long term and identifies tools and mechanisms to be employed by various role players who have a collective impact on development. Ultimately the TOD Strategic Framework must result in a paradigm shift through direct public and private investment into the built form that is efficient and effective. The TOD-C land use scenario and the TOD Strategic Framework are also intended to transform transportation and development intervention of the public and private sector, whether at the metropolitan, corridor, node, precinct or programme and project scales. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Energy2040 Goal and Carbon Targets
The City of Cape Town embarked on a process in 2015 to update its Energy Futures model (based on the recently published 2015 Cape Town State of Energy Report) and develop an Energy2040 Goal and associated energy and carbon targets for Cape Town. The Energy2040 Goal will serve as a strategic tool for decision making into the future. It is informing the review of the City’s Energy and Climate Action Plan (ECAP), which was approved by Council in 2010. The City exceeded the city-wide and municipal operations energy efficiency targets which were set in the 2010 plan. Following a business-as-usual trajectory will mean a doubling of energy consumption and emissions and a tenfold increase in energy expenditure by 2040. The Cape Town’s Energy2040 vision models a more resilient, resource efficient and equitable future for Cape Town which grows the City’s stature as a leading and innovative city and significantly reduces its exposure to external threats. City’s Energy 2040 Goal comprise, amongst others, of: • a 37% reduction in carbon emissions (21% from energy efficiency alone) • less dependency on coal, with extensive embedded renewable generation in the commercial and residential sectors as well as diversified large-scale energy supply with photovoltaics, wind, storage and possibly natural gas • over 500 000 solar water heaters and heat pumps would be installed by residents • a modal shift from private to public transport with increased access to public transport and motorised passenger-travel in efficient vehicles with higher occupancy levels • a remodelled city with increased densification and mixed use in areas of economic activity • increased energy savings from efficiency and cheaper energy Committing to a long term energy vision requires a shorter term action plan with targets to influence that which we have control over for the next five years. The City’s anticipated current 5 year target is: 13% less carbon emissions by 2020 off a business-as-usual trajectory (reduction of 3.3 million tonnes of CO2 by 2020). These targets will be captured in the City’s updated Sustainable Energy Action Plan (to be completed by March 2016). Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Ceilings Retrofit Project
In line with our commitment to build a caring city, the City of Cape Town has initiated a programme of redress aimed at correcting the wrongs of the past. One of those wrongs was the decision to build RDP houses without ceilings. Between 1994 and 2005, the majority of State-subsidised housing units were constructed without insulated ceilings and weather-proofing. This was because up until 2005, ceilings and insulation were not provided for in the RDP subsidy provided by the National Government at the time. Living without a ceiling has caused residents great discomfort, as they are affected by the poor thermal performance of the homes, damp conditions and inferior internal air quality giving rise to health problems. As a caring city, we could not allow this situation to continue unabated. After 2005, this situation was rectified and ceilings were included in all new RDP houses. However, in the City of Cape Town, we had not forgotten about those who were still without a proper roof over their heads. CCT conducted a retrofitting pilot project – a process whereby houses would be fitted with insulated ceilings and weather walls would be weather-proofed. Start year 2010
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Low Income Housing Energy Efficiency
The City of Cape Town has implemented a number of pilot projects, together with global and national partners, towards increasing energy efficiency in low income housing. These include: The Kuyasa Project was a pilot project that involved the installation of solar water heaters, insulated ceilings and efficient lighting in 2300 households. It became Africa's first registered Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project and was awarded the Gold Standard. This project aimed to improve thermal efficiency of houses, decrease emissions, and lower monthly fuel bills to create a better living environment, improve indoor air quality and therefore minimising health problems. It became Africa's first registered Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project and was awarded the Gold Standard. The project was also awarded joint third place in Point Carbon's Best CDM Project 2004 Competition at the Carbon Market Insights Conference in Amsterdam. It also received a Platinum Impumelelo Award in 2010. The aim of the Mamre Ceilings Pilot Project was to improve the thermal efficiency of houses, decreasing energy consumption and emissions, therefore lowering monthly electricity bills to create a better living environment and improving indoor air quality. The pilot project created local employment to people who learned new skills by assisting in the installation of ceilings in their homes. The Mamre Ceilings Project was driven by the City's Environmental Resource Management Department as part of the Danish Development Aid funded Urban Environmental Management Programme. 230 houses benefitted from this pilot project. The new ceilings helped residents cut down on heating and cooling costs and improved their quality of life. An insulated ceiling is the single most important energy related upgrade that can improve the quality of life of many people, reduce their energy costs and combat health problems caused by damp and mould as a result of poor insulation. The project is now complete and created jobs for 18 unemployed people. The project benefitted the vulnerable groups within the community such as the elderly, unemployed, chronically ill, disabled people with dependants, child-headed households and single parent households. The City is currently researching the impact of the ceilings retrofit project in order to present a business case for ceilings retrofits in RDP (Reconstruction Development Programme) houses still lacking ceilings. The research is still on-going. The City, through the Housing Department has also implemented a pilot project to upgrade approximately 7 775 of its 45 000 council owned rental housing units in 8 identified areas. The Community Residential Unit (CRU) Programme is a national funded programme. Upgrades include the installation of ceilings and other energy efficiency measures. Start year 2010
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Sea Level Rise Risk Assessment
This research project involved a risk assessment to formulate a range of sea level rise scenarios the City may face. Sea level rise will have a huge impact on a coastal city like Cape Town, as scientists predict an 85% chance of a 4,5 metre storm surge sea level rise in the next 25 years. In response, the City is implementing coastal management plans as well as development guidelines and restrictions. Start year 2008
Sector Other Emissions
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Municipal Operations
The City of Cape Town recognises the importance of energy efficiency in improving Cape Town’s energy security, saving costs and reducing the City’s environmental impact. In order to lead by example, the City has initiated energy efficiency retrofit programmes since 2009 across its own operations. This includes completing the retrofitting of approximately 37% of its large buildings (4 buildings underwent full energy efficiency retrofits while another 27 underwent lighting retrofits, with more underway). Implemented technology retrofits included the installation of high-efficiency lighting; occupancy sensors; regulation of air-conditioner operating hours; solar water heater installations; thermostat control and power factor corrections. The City also continues to implement a coordinated and integrated energy management system, through the installation of 450 smart electricity meters across a number of City facilities. Behaviour change interventions have been incorporated in all building retrofit interventions to maximise savings and educate City staff on proper energy management. An annual saving of 543 MWh/annum and 537 tonnes of carbon is saved in City buildings. The City implemented a Traffic and Street Lighting Retrofit Program through the national DoRA (Division of Revenue Act) Municipal Energy Efficiency Demand Side Management (EEDSM) program. Substantial electricity savings have been made by replacing incandescent traffic lights with light emitted diodes (LEDs). Cape Town was one of the first cities in South Africa to have completely retrofitted all its traffic lights to LEDs - all 1360 traffic intersections. Since the implementation of this project in 2010, a total of 36 999 LED’s were installed, 6 216 MWh/annum of electricity was saved and 6 154 tCO2 was reduced since the start of the project. Since this project the City’s traffic department having been continuing with the installation of LED traffic lights at all new traffic intersections. Since 2009 the City has retrofitted 25 210 street light luminaires which amounted to energy savings of 4 327MWh/pa and carbon savings of 4 284 tCO2e. The City has also installed rooftop solar photovoltaic systems on the following buildings: • Manenberg housing contact centre (20 kWh), • Gallows Hill Traffic Department (10 kWp), • Electricity Services Department head office (100 kWp), • Wallacedene taxi rank (kWp), Royal Ascot (20 kWp) • Khayelitsha environmental health centre (17 kWp) • Omniforum (60 kWp) • Royal Ascot (20kWp) . Annual production of these systems estimates to 296 400 kwh/annum. Five percent of the City’s internal operations electricity demand is met though micro-hydro generation at its bulk treatment plants. The kinetic and potential energy in the water mass is harnessed by passing the water through turbines, which generates electricity. The four micro-hydro plants generate a total of 23 GWh/annum, the individual micro-hydro plants with the respective capacities are as following: • Wemmershoek water treatment plant (260 kW) • Blackheath water treatment plant (700 kW) • Faure water treatment plant (1475 kW) • Steenbras water treatment plant (340 kW) The implementation of the City’s energy efficiency programme will have many positive implications including: • Leading by example and encouraging commercial and residential sectors to follow suit • Learning by doing – and experimenting with innovative approaches • Significant energy and monetary savings • Improved work environment for occupants in retrofitted buildings • Clarity and transparency in the City’s energy management (improved data results in more efficient management) • Reduced maintenance on City operations • Development of skills, internal knowledge and capacity • Development of energy efficiency behaviour and energy management culture in local government • Extension of behaviour change to staff families and communities Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
The Low-Carbon Central City Strategy
In 2013 the City of Cape Town joined a partnership-driven approach towards environmental and socio-economic urban resilience by partnering with the Cape Town Partnership and local NGO Sustainable Energy Africa (SEA) to map the carbon output and energy consumption of the central city – the urban hub responsible for generating 40% of the Cape metro’s economy. The “Low-Carbon Central City Strategy” project was funded by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and saw the City working collaboratively to project various future scenarios to help show the impacts of various behavioural and structural changes that people can make today. The outcomes of this year-long strategy development initiative include new approaches in policy and action that encourage stakeholders to work in synergy with one another to reduce overall carbon emissions in the central city. A fundamental aspect of the Low-Carbon Central City Strategy is the sharing of outcomes and information with people and organisations from the private, residential, public and government sectors. New communications initiatives produced in conjunction with this strategy will help to connect more people and organisations through knowledge and experience-sharing that will help to collectively reduce the carbon footprint of the central city area. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Low Income Energy Services Strategy
The City of Cape Town has initiated a collaborative process to develop a low income energy services strategy in partnership with NGOs and small businesses which are active in this area. The development of a Low Income Energy Services Strategy forms part of the Cape Town Energy and Climate Action Plan and has been prioritised by the City’s Energy Committee in order to devise ways to improve low income households’ access to appropriate and affordable energy services (covering solar lights, fuel efficient stoves, ceilings, solar water heaters, wonderbags - an energy efficient and safe method of cooking, electricity saving information, fire safety and access to electricity). The strategy is currently in draft form and will be finalised by the end of 2014. As part of its on-going programme of rolling out a range of energy services to informal settlements, the City is working with Eskom and the National Department of Energy to facilitate the roll out of low pressure solar water heaters to low income households. The City also has a comprehensive electrification programme and administers Free Basic Electricity in order to achieve universal access to electricity. These initiatives provide a range of benefits including alleviation of energy poverty, mitigation of risks associated with the use of dangerous fuels (including shack fires, respiratory diseases and electrocution) and reducing energy consumption (and costs) for cooking, lighting and heating/cooling. The manufacture and installation of these energy service technologies are linked as far as possible with community empowerment by using local labour. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Electricity Savings Campaign
As part of its efforts to reduce city-wide electricity consumption and the related CO2 emissions, and to increase energy security, the City of Cape Town (CCT) initiated an Electricity Savings Campaign in 2009 which encourages residential and commercial consumers to reduce electricity consumption. There are a number of components to the Campaign: • The residential Electricity Saving Campaign started with no-cost and low-cost ways to save, and then moved to invest-to-save options, particularly solar water heaters. A media campaign (radio, print, digital and publicity), a website, posters, publications, rates bill inserts, exhibitions and presentations have all targeted higher-use electricity residents. • The Accredited Solar Water Heater (SWH) Programme is an intervention to promote installation of SWHs amongst mid-to-high income home owners, as electric geysers are typically responsible for about 40% of their consumption. The City has vetted and accredited a set of reliable service providers which provide quality SWHs and expert installation and service. The City is promoting SWHs and the Accredited Service Providers (ASPs) so that residents know which suppliers they can trust. (Research showed that ‘capital cost financing’ and ‘lack of trust’ were the two key barriers.) The sales of SWHs from these Accredited Service Providers have been tracked since November 2013. Within less than 2 years (to end September 2015) there have been 6185 SWH sold. This has contributed about R111 million to the local economy, saved more than 20 193 744 kWh (20.2 GWH) of electricity, created 177 job years and reduced carbon emissions by approximately 20 193 747 tons CO2 and generated savings of R36.5 million which have remained in residents’ pockets to circulate mostly in the local economy. (Note that this is only a portion of the overall sales of SWHs happening in Cape Town. Arial photography counts show that there are already over 36,144 SWH installed.) • The Energy Efficiency Forum for the commercial sector in Cape Town was established in 2009 by the City of Cape Town, in partnership with Eskom and SAPOA. It shares practical knowledge with owners and managers of commercial buildings and operations, and public building managers. The main Forum meets about 3 times a year, offering case studies, an annual award and updates on financing options, innovations, policy and training/support opportunities. A series of site tours keeps the learning alive between meetings. It has become a successful platform with over 1000 registered members, and an average of about 160 attendees at each meeting. (Events are free of charge) Many companies have gone to great lengths to improve the energy efficiency of their commercial buildings and operations, helping to reduce the possibility of power outages and to lower Cape Town’s carbon footprint. In recognition of this leadership and to motivate continued reduction in energy consumption, the Forum partners created the annual Energy Efficiency Forum Awards which has been going for 4 years now. • Energy efficiency education is part of CCT’s schools’ programme, staff programme, and the Smart Living programme directed at lower income residents includes promotion of heat insulation/efficient cookers, solar lights etc. Along with other factors such as steeply rising electricity tariffs and economic recession, this campaign has contributed to electricity consumption levels in Cape Town being lower (prior to load shedding this year) than they were in 2007, and 24% below what it would have been for ‘business-as-usual’. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Energy and Climate Change Committee
The City of Cape Town has established a range of institutional, political and administrative structures over the past few years to facilitate implementation of its energy and climate change objectives. These currently include an Energy and Climate Change Committee (a political committee established in 2008); an Economic Cluster (administrative structure) which deals with energy and green economy matters and a range of work streams to ensure transversal coordination of projects. These institutional structures have allowed for cross-departmental coordination and integration of policy and projects, knowledge exchange between officials and the political stratum and increased engagement with energy and climate change issues across the City. Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Organizational/Governance
Status In progress
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Energy and Climate Action Plan
The Energy and Climate Action Plan (ECAP) was approved by full Council in 2010. The plan includes projects that are currently in existence as well as those proposed and in the pipeline. Projects span across various departments and directorates which promotes collaboration and interdepartmental integration. The ECAP, comprising 40 programme areas and more than 120 projects, operationalizes the City’s commitments, demonstrate its leadership role, and forms the basis to prioritise, budget for, implement, monitor and evaluate the City’s energy and climate change projects and programmes. The Plans objectives are incorporated in service delivery implementation plans, directorate score cards, corporate dashboards and the City’s risk register. The Energy and Climate Change Unit has also set up a system to monitor and evaluate project and programme progress. The City will continue with the implementation and coordination of the Plan, with a full review and update of the objectives and projects scheduled for the end of 2014. The objectives include: 10% reduction in city-wide electricity consumption; 10% reduction in energy consumption of Council operations and facilitating 10% renewable and cleaner energy supply by 2020. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Resource Efficient Spatial and Land-use Planning
The City of Cape Town is undertaking a number of initiatives to improve the resource efficiency and sustainability of its urban form. The Spatial Development Framework (SDF) was approved by Council in 2012 and has three key strategies. The first is to plan for employment and improve access to economic opportunities. The second is to manage urban growth and create a balance between urban development and environmental protection. Lastly, to build an inclusive integrated and vibrant city. The SDF is a long term (20 year) plan to manage growth and change in Cape Town. It provides a long term vision of the desired spatial form and structures of Cape Town and aligns the City's spatial development goals, strategies and policies with relevant national and provincial spatial principles and polices. It guides the proposals contained in the more detailed District Spatial Development Plan which cover a shorter planning time frame (10 year) and the preparation of Local Spatial Plans. The City of Cape Town has formulated a Densification Policy (2012) which ensures a more compact and resource efficient spatial pattern and promotes transport oriented development. Furthermore 8 District Plans, including integrated spatial development and environmental frameworks, have been developed and approved by the City. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Travel SMART Programme
Travel SMART is the City’s transport focussed travel behavioural change programme introduced as part of the City’s Travel Demand Management Strategy. Travel SMART aims to encourage and support commuters in making more informed and sustainable travel choices in order to reduce single-occupancy vehicle (SOV) use and vehicle emissions. The focus of Travel SMART is to develop partnerships with large organisations and help them support their employees to choose more sustainable ways of travelling, both to and from work and during the working day. Travel SMART interventions introduced to date include: • Promotion of: o public transport o non-motorised transport and o lift clubs (car-pooling) • Introduction of: o staff bike share project o efficient driving practices The City is in the process of developing a flexible working programme to introduce flexible working practices. The three options identified for consideration are: o flexitime o telecommuting and o compressed work week The potential benefits of the Travel SMART Programme include: more flexible travel options (travel outside peak period) for employees; less time in traffic & less stressful commutes; saving in parking costs (employers and employees); commuter savings (reduced need to travel); emission reductions; increased productivity from employees; and enhanced organisation image. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Integrated Rapid Transport System
To improve the way in which Capetonians move around the city, The City of Cape Town adopted an Integrated Rapid Transit (IRT) approach. The IRT system represents a package of measures that the City is applying in an attempt to provide a more sustainable, accessible and balanced transport system, encompassing Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) (known as MyCiTi) and rail. Improved public transport, along with other infrastructure developments, will encourage private car users to switch to public transport. A key element in the IRT plan is the MyCiTi service – a high quality bus network that delivers fast, comfortable and cost-effective urban mobility. The MyCiTi IRT system is being implemented in a phased manner and started with Phase 1 (comprising of Phase 1A and 1B). Phase 1A broadly covers the West Coast portion and the central part of the City of Cape Town’s metropolitan area. It also includes a route from Cape Town Civic Centre to the Airport. Phase 1B will see an expansion to various other areas. Most of Phase 1A of the MyCiTi IRT system is already implemented and operational, while Phase 1B is currently in the implementation phase. The City’s Integrated Public Transport Network (IPTN), approved on the 25th of June 2014, is being used as a guide in the current planning of Phase 2A, Lansdowne-Wetton Corridor (LWC). The IPTN operational plan was approved by Council in May 2015. The IPTN implementation plan is currently being finalised and will be submitted to Council early 2016. The LWC concept design, which formed the basis for the public participation process, is currently being reviewed. The final concept design will be reviewed as part of the first step of the completion of the detailed design. Work on the LWC cost model and operational plan is now currently underway. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Smart Living and Working Programme
The Smart Living Campaign, now called the Smart Living and Working Programme (SLWP), was initiated in 2007. It is a comprehensive, ongoing sustainable lifestyle campaign aimed at city residents, households looking to cut costs, maintenance staff, educators, learners, builders, developers, NGOs and CBOs, environmental groups, politicians, Council staff, communities, businesses and schools in Cape Town. The Programme aims to stimulate positive consumer action in reducing the environmental footprint of households and businesses by providing useful information, practical advice and 'do-able' actions that are focussed on four themes of waste, energy, water and biodiversity. The Programme started with the Smart Living Handbooks and a few projects but is now a comprehensive programme in partnership with other City line departments such as Solid Waste, Water and Sanitation, and Electricity Services as well as external partners with about 30 different projects and programmes and 35 products and resources. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Renewable Energy Supply - Own operations
A range of options for renewable energy supply/generation from City operations are being investigated and pursued. There is existing micro-hydro generation from bulk water supply, but it is rather old. A pre-feasibility study has been undertaken to upgrade/extend this, and these projects will commence in the next few years. A transaction advisor is being appointed to ascertain the best approach for waste to energy projects, including anaerobic digestion, a landfill gas to electricity project and methane production from waste water sludge. Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Renewable Energy Supply - Large scale
The City has a target of 10% Renewable Energy by 2020 and is embarking on a range of initiatives towards the achievement of this target. One of these initiatives include a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for wind energy power generated from the Darling Wind Farm (DWF), South Africa’s first commercial wind farm situated in Darling in the Western Cape, with a capacity of generating 8 GWh electricity annually. The wind farm is a partnership between the Central Energy Fund, the Development Bank of South Africa, the Danish Government, the private Darling Independent Power Producer and the City of Cape Town. The City purchases power at a premium from the DWF, which is then sold through the financial mechanism of Green Electricity Certificates. The PPA was signed in 2006 and DWF officially began generating in May 2008. The City is investigating the possibility of entering into further PPAs with independent power producers where large-scale (renewable and cleaner supply) electricity generation projects could add strategic benefits to the general economy. The City is currently developing a Renewable Energy Plan to meet its renewable energy target, and to support energy business investment in Cape Town and the Western Cape. Start year 2006
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Renewable Energy Supply - Small Scale Embedded Generation
The City has set itself a voluntary target to source 10% of its renewable electricity from renewable sources by 2020. As part of achieving this, the City developed and established its own set of rules and supporting electricity tariffs, technical standards, metering solutions, business processes, supply agreements and consumer guidelines to allow grid connection of small scale embedded generation. This involved garnering the support of and obtaining, coordinating and integrating the input from a multi-disciplinary range of participants from both within and outside the Electricity Services Department and the City. Disciplines included legal, accounting, revenue management, revenue protection, operations, health and safety, metering, Scada/communications, network control, enterprise resource management and business process, building plans and zoning approval, air quality management, customer communications and relationship management and of course the political arena. The City’s program has become the de facto standard for other municipalities in South Africa who wish to allow grid connection of small scale renewable electricity generation. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Integrated Development Plan and CDS
The City has deeply integrated climate change and energy issues into its high level policy and planning documents, particularly the City's Integrated Development Plan and City Development Strategy. Climate change features extensively in Cape Town’s CDS, interwoven into the description of the large-scale challenges facing the city (and the wider city region) and the goals put forward for Cape Town in 2040. In the CDS, climate change is primarily related to concerns regarding food, energy and water security in the city. Emphasis is placed on increasing the resource efficiency of the city over the medium to long-term and the need for research and innovation to support such a transition. This suggested as an economic opportunity for Cape Town, as a place to develop, pilot and test new approaches and technologies that generate climate resilience and low carbon growth, and once proven effective can be exported across the continent. The CDS highlights Cape Town’s remaining natural resources (e.g. dune cordons, wetlands, wind, solar energy) as a key strength and source of adaptive capacity in the face of climate change, motivating to restore and maintain the ecosystems that underpin these natural assets, in the process creating much needed employment opportunities. Climate change relates to each of the 6 goals put forward in the Cape Town CDS: •A healthy and vibrant life (goal 1) entails keeping risk to an acceptable and manageable level, including climate risks, and encourages non-motorised transport, which has the added benefit of reducing emissions. •Being educated and informed (goal 2) involves better understanding the nature of climate change risks and how to address them. •Being connected (goal 3) includes being more connected to and in sync with the ecosystems we rely on for water, food, clean air, recreational spaces, etc., as well as more efficient and accessible transportation and information and communication technology (ICT) systems, both with associated mitigation benefits. •An inclusive and resilient economy (goal 4) requires infrastructure and activities that are well adapted to the prevailing, as well as expected, local climate conditions to minimize flood and fire damages, limit the occurrence and impacts of water scarcity, build heat tolerance, etc. •Building and celebrating Cape Town spirit (goal 5) is linked to being custodians of the city’s unique fynbos ecosystem. •Being an eco-friendly city region (goal 6) requires minimizing waste, minimizing the emission of greenhouse gases and other air pollutants, rehabilitating and maintaining ecosystem functioning, limiting water demands, etc. all of which have adaptation and mitigation benefits. The Integrated Development includes "Green Economy", "Resource Efficiency" and "Sustainable Energy" as key directions/programmatic areas for the City of Cape Town. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

Sector Based Adaptation Plans Adopted
The City of Cape Town’s Environmental Resource Management Department developed detailed Sector Based Adaptation Plans detailing responsibilities for all line departments. These sector based plans include: • Housing • Biodiversity • Health • Spatial Planning • Transport • Catchment, River and Stormwater Management • Disaster Risk Management • Water and Sanitation Responsibility for each sector based plan was approved and signed by the relevant Directors and Portfolio Committees at the end of October 2011. The sector based plans are currently undergoing their first official review, updating and revision as per the Environmental Resource Management Department’s commitment to continuous improvement of the plans. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Mistra Urban Futures Knowledge Transfer Programme
In February 2012 the City entered into a three year partnership with the University of Cape Town’s African Centre for Cities (ACC) as part of the Mistra Urban Futures Knowledge Transfer Project (MUF-KTP). Mistra Urban Futures (MUF) is an international centre supporting sustainable urban futures by driving the co-production of knowledge. Recognising that local expertise is required to address city level challenges, the centre operates in four cities in the world including Gothenburg, Cape Town, Kisumu, and Manchester. The MUF-KTP is Cape Town’s flagship project within the Mistra Urban Futures programme. As part of the MUF-KTP, four academic researchers working on policy areas that complement MUF’s focus areas, are embedded in the City of Cape Town, in relevant departments, working towards these urban sustainability objectives. The policy areas that the researchers are working on include: Green Economy; Climate Change; Space Economy; and Energy Governance. The researchers are simultaneously supporting policy development by contributing context relevant knowledge, developing strategic partnerships with stakeholders both within and outside local government, and documenting the process of policy development, making urban development policy and decision making processes more legible. The research being conducted at the City is central to PhDs being conducted by each of the researchers. The second major component of the Knowledge Transfer Project is the City Officials exchange programme. This component provides the opportunity for high performing City staff to be provided with structured academic engagement to build their capacity, engage with international peers and profile the City’s work in internationally recognized journals. As of 2014, 14 City officials have taken part in the programme; five papers have been published or are in press, and the remainder are nearing completion. A key outcome of the programme will include a publication examining urban sustainability and climate change in the global south, with Cape Town as a case study. This publication will based on a model of co-production between City of Cape Town officials and academics from the University of Cape Town, and will form the final phase of the City Officials exchange programme. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
Coastal Setback Line Methodology
The City of Cape Town’s coastline is one of its most important socio-economic assets, providing multiple ecosystem goods and services to both locals and tourists alike. The coastline, however, also represents a source of risk to the City where dynamic coastal processes interact with social constructs such as property and infrastructure. Coastal risk within Cape Town is being compounded by the fact that many departments and tiers of government-each with their own roles and responsibilities-interact within the coastal environment. Decisions pertaining to coastal management have generally been reactive and ad-hoc, without consideration of future climate change risks such as sea-level rise or increased storm surge events. The delineation and implementation of a coastal setback line by the City represents a proactive and risk-averse approach to coastal decision making. This spatial planning mechanism is unique to Cape Town, where the legacy of Apartheid-era spatial planning remains prevalent. As such, the City has recognised the need for a setback line that incorporates both biophysical and, perhaps most importantly, socio-economic dimensions within its design. It is important to note that coastal setback lines are not effective as a tool to manage risk retrospectively, but rather they should be used to manage and prevent inappropriate development in the coastal zone into the future. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Coastal Sea Defence Decision Framework
The South Peninsula Transport Corridor (SPTC) is being increasingly exposed to risk from coastal processes. Climate change is expected to exacerbate the exposure to these risks with significant socio-economic implications to the City and its residents with far reaching consequences. Historically responses to address these risk concerns have been reactive and piecemeal, and confined to the coastal engineering discipline. This project has bucked the trend within the City through proactively encouraging a strategic and inclusive approach to risk posed by the coastal environment. This has primarily been achieved by firstly determining the expected risk posed to SPTC through various modelling exercises over the short, medium and long term. Secondly, the project has ensured multiple stakeholders across various disciplines and across the private/public sector divide take ownership of, and to contribute to the decision making process. The systematic incorporation of practitioner, scientific and community based knowledge through an evaluation matrix has generated an outcome sensitive to the complexities of the coastal space. The success of this project has demonstrated the powerful value of inclusive decision making in responding to coastal pressures and one which promotes social justice in coastal adaptation decision making. This project has consisted of three phases. The first phase was initiated in 2011 and was completed in 2013. This phase involved the identification of risk scenarios posed to infrastructure. With a detailed understanding of the risk posed to the rail and City infrastucture, the project entered it’s second phase: the determination of an appropriate adaptive intervention to reduce risk to the area which was completed in 2014. The third phase, implementation and construction will be completed in 2016. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
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