City of Stockholm
Sweden

Population: 914909
Area of jurisdiction: 214.63 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 100% by 2040 (1990) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: 57% by 2020 (1990) n/a
Renewable energy target: n/a n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a % by 2019 (2015)
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2012 ):  0 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 1990, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012

Mitigation actions

GrowSmarter
GrowSmarter aims to stimulate the uptake of smart technologies, develop city-business collaboration, and build sustainable and more liveable European cities which respond to citizen needs. The three Lighthouse Cities (Stockholm, Cologne & Barcelona) will implement a range of smart technologies in energy, infrastructure and transport, designed to achieve energy savings and self-sufficiency in urban neighbourhoods, as well as providing other cities, wishing to achieve the same, with valuable insights. In Stockholm: Årsta is a fast-growing district in the south of Stockholm. With new technology and smart solutions, the area will become a model of sustainable renovation and energy efficiency. Main measures in the area are reducing energy use by 60% by retrofitting the building stock from the 1960s. The project also includes reducing transport emissions in the district, the introduction of automated waste collection systems, solar energy production, and the recovery of waste heat from data centres and supermarkets. Start year  
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Renewable energy in the city of Stockholm's buildings
The aim is to reach the ambitious climate targets and simultaneously reduce energy costs. Adopted by the City Council 2014. Solar energy should be planned for all new buildings wherever possible. The potential for solar energy in municipal buildings: 3,4 million square feet of roof space can generate 270 GWh of solar electricity per year. The price of energy to produce solar electricity is estimated at 1.06 € / kWh with 30 years and a discount rate of 5%. This leads to the price for producing solar power becomes lower than the price of electricity after 6 years. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Open district heating
With the ‘Open district heating’ project, Fortum Värme plans to open up the district heating system and work with customers to create smart solutions to using energy that would otherwise be lost. Start year 2013
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Europe´s largest biofuel-fired CHP plant
We are building Europe´s largest biofuel-fired CHP plant Climate neutral latest by 2030 Renewable and resource-efficient Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Clean vehicles strategy
strategy for clean vehicles and renewable fuel Start year 2014
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Renewables in the vehicle fleet. Clean Vehicles in Stockholm
After over 15 years, the results are astonishing: 2012 nearly 50 % of the cars sold in Stockholm were clean vehicles; and 18% of the passenger cars in greater Stockholm are ethanol, biogas, electric or ultra-low emission vehicles. All inner-city buses operate on biogas or ethanol, 100 % of the waste-lorries and 40 % of the taxis are biofuelled or HEV. One of the major taxi companies has set a goal of 100% biofuelled cars. Most of the fuelling stations (88 %) offer ethanol or biogas and all petrol sold in the region contains 5 % ethanol. The trend is still increasing. Start year 1996
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Climate-smart actions and consumption. Climate Smart Communication in the City of Stockholm
The City of Stockholm has for a long time initiated innovative communication tools to enhance the citizens understanding and adoption of climate-smart actions in the city. Based on the growing knowledge and new statistics addressing sustainable consumption and global warming the City of Stockholm develops new campaigns and networking activities to increase the citizen´s involvement and interest through eye-opening communication activities. We believe a wide range of tools for different target groups are needed. We also believe cooperation and networking with a variety of stakeholders is necessary to find new solutions. Start year 2003
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Radical - Urban mobility strategy
Urban mobility strategy for Stockholm 2030. A strategic direction for world class city streets Why do we need an urban mobility strategy? The City of Stockholm’s is growing. The city will be developed in a way that will reduce the need to travel and at the same time make it possible to make more journeys by public transport, on foot and by bicycle. We shall be many more Stockholmers living and working on the same surface area, and this will bring new challenges for the transport system. If everyone continues to travel as we do today, the number of road journeys affected by congestion during the rush hour will increase five-fold to 2030, despite the construction of new roads and railways. That means more queues, a longer rush hour and less reliable journey times for people travelling by car or bus. Quality of life will be degraded and it will be difficult to meet the City’s environmental targets. It is not possible to build enough roads and streets so that everyone can travel by car while maintaining and developing the city’s good living standards. This means that we need a proactive strategy which establishes principles for how the city’s roads and streets can transport more people and more goods on the same surface area, without having a negative impact on travel standards, if possible. We need to promote those modes of travel which transport most people on the least surface area. The strategy lays down principles for prioritisation when it comes to both large and small decisions so that capacity and reliability in the road and street network can increase as well as contribute to a safe, attractive, environmentally friendly and healthier Stockholm. The strategy only applies to the City’s roads and streets. That means that it is just one piece in a larger puzzle, where the regional network of roads, railways, public transport and waterways are the responsibility of many different authorities and companies. What does the strategy mean? The Traffic Administration has proposed four planning principles for world class city streets: Capacity in the road and street network shall increase, in the long term and sustainably, through more people choosing to travel by public transport, cycle or walk. Accessibility in the road and street network will be improved by increasing the journey speed for high capacity transport modes and increasing journey time reliability for everyone. The role of our roads and streets as important places will be enhanced by improving walkability. The negative effects of road and street traffic will be minimised by making sure cars are only used for journeys where the car is most useful. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Investing in renewable energy-Large and numerous investments in solar energy are taking place in Stockholm 2013
In the appended document presents some of Stockholm's investment in solar energy during the time in 2013. Stockholm’s largest photovoltaic in the Ports of Stockholm, Local renewable energy in Sustainable Järva and the Solar Map of Stockholm Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Stockholm action plan for climate and energy 2012–2015, with an outlook to 2030
This action plan for climate and energy, which is the fourth of its kind, provides a overview of the City’s climate work. The goal of the plan is primarily to describe measures and conditions for achieving the climate and energy objectives of the Stockholm Environment Programme for 2012–2015. Apart from these short-term goals, the plan also embraces the wider goals of the City’s Vision 2030. 3.0 tonnes of greenhouse gases per Stockholmer 2015! It is fully possible to reach the planned target of 3.0 tonnes of greenhouse gases per inhabitant by 2015 already with ongoing and planned measures. However, this requires that measures are actually carried out. It is also important that the conditions that make these goals achievable are not altered in a negative way. After 2015, it will be considerably harder to reduce emissions at the current rate. By the year 2015, emissions from the following sectors are estimated to be: ●the transport sector, roughly 915,000 tonnes ●heating (heat and hot water), roughly 720,000 tonnes ●electricity and gas, roughly 500,000 tonnes Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
The Stockholm Environment Programme 2012–2015
The Stockholm Environment Programme 2012–2015 In the target on a maximum of 3.0 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant by the end of 2015, there are the following specifications in the Environment Programme 2012–2015. The interim target requires that: ●emissions from district heating be reduced by 50 per cent ●the property stock of Stockholm be made 5 per cent more energy efficient ●emissions from traffic be reduced by 15 per cent Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Roadmap, how the city can become fossil fuel-free by 2050
The City of Stockholm’s goal is to ensure that Stock¬holm is fossil fuel-free by 2050. The roadmap describes how fossil fuels can be replaced by other sources of energy and how the overall need for fuel can be reduced through the introduction and implementation of energy efficiency measures. By 2050 the population of Stockholm is expected to have risen to 1.2 million, an increase of 40 percent compared with the figure for 2012. It has been calculated that this expanding population will generate a need for 5,000 new homes a year – a total of 190,000 new homes by 2050. The need for pre¬mises for shops, offices, schools, hospitals, etc. is expected to increase to keep pace with the rise in the number of residents; so, too, is the demand for travel and goods transportation in the city. This means that the city can expect its total energy needs to increase by 40 percent. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
OVERALL CLIMATE AND ENERGY WORK
City of Stockholm did the first base line inventory of greenhouse gas emissions in 1996 and joined ICLEI's project Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) at the same time. Since then, the city has developed five action programs to reduce green house gas emissions (Sustainable Energy Action Plans, SEAP). The latest program was politically approved in June 2012. Since 1990, greenhouse gas emissions in Stockholm declined by approximately 900,000 tonnes of CO2e. The largest reductions during 1990-2010 have been achieved within: • conversions from oil heating to district heating and a switch to biofuels in district heating: approx. 500,000 tonnes. • conversions from oil heating to heat pumps: approx. 300,000 tonnes. • replacing fossil fuel-powered vehicles with green cars: approx. 80,000 tonnes • replacing diesel buses with with ones powered by renewable energy sources in public transport: approx. 10,000 tonnes. The short term goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 3.0 tonnes per capita by 2015. The long term goal is to be fossil fuel free by 2050. Between 2000 and 2009, GHG emissions decreased from 4.7 tonnes per capita to 3.5 tonnes per capita. During the same period, the energy consumption decreased from 24.4 MWh per capita to 22.9 MWh per capita. Annual budget for co-ordination of the city’s work with energy efficiency and climate mitigation approx. 25-30 million SEK (3,6-4,3 million USD), i.e. excluding necessary investments. Start year 1996
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Energy Efficiency in major renevations
The City’s buildings will be made energy efficient in connection with major renovations. The building’s energy use shall be reduced to no higher than the BBR (Boverkets Byggregler), building regulations for new buildings. In very large renovations, the building’s energy use shall be reduced by at least 50%, while staying within the levels of the BBR building regulations. In the long run, the aim is to attain a reduction to 60 kWh/m2. Start year 2012
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Computer program indicating the potential for solar cells
A computer program is being developed that will indicate the potential for solar cells on each building. The program will be applicable on the website belonging to The Energy- and climate advisors in the region of Stockholm and will be available for all citizens in the City. The idea is that you shall point out your house on a map and then the results (the potential for solar cells) will appear. http://www.stockholm.se/stockholmssolkarta Start year 2012
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Geothermal heating
A few of the City's real estate has installed geothermal heating in their buildings. It´s a good option for those properties that can not be connected to the district heating network. Start year 2011
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Metal halide in street and park lighting
Stockholm is investing heavily in ceramic metal halide in the street and park lighting halving energy use in street and park lighting. Stockholm uses LEDs in the city lights, mostly in traffic lights where there is an unbeatable alternative to the incandescent lamp. Especially where it should be colored light diode has clear advantages. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
LED Lighting in cemeteries
Cemetery Administration's environmental work is active and contributes to reduced energy use and carbon footprint. They switch to LED lights and installing heat pumps in the most energy-consuming buildings and today's energy consumption in some cases, is only a tenth of the past. They are committed to installing solar panels, geothermal heating, heat pumps and heat exchangers for more properties. Even in chapels are installed low-power and LED lights Start year 2008
Sector Facilities
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Climate Account - Consumtion
Climate Account is an application where you can calculate your own carbon footprint. You indicate your parameters in your lifestyle concerning Housing, Travel, Food and Others and in the end you get a result of your annual emissions of CO2. You also get suggestions of how to change your lifestyle to minimize your emissions. Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Measures for Stockholm City
The city has set aside 10 billion for maintenance and climate actions in their own properties. Start year 2009
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Energy Demand in Buildings
The city's six own real estate companies, shall make energy efficiency measures with at least 10% per unit area between 2012 and 2015. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Energy use in local environmental supervision
Energy efficiency has been an integrated part of the environmental supervision in Stockholm since 2005. The City of Stockholm has interpreted the Swedish environmental legislation, that environment supervision should include energy efficiency in industry and buildings. The City of Stockholm has had a case in the Supreme Environmental Court regarding the right of a municipality to conduct environmental supervision of energy efficiency. The Supreme Environmental Court did in 2012 the same interpretation of the legislation as the City of Stockholm. The case has become a precedent for all environmental supervision in Sweden. Start year 2005
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Energy efficiency in parking garage
all lighting in the garages will be energy efficient and intelligent ie only stays on when needed. Start year  
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status  
File  
Smart grids (within Stockholm Royal Seaport)
In some parts of the area there are planned trials of Smart Grids. Start year 2010
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Parking (whtihin Stockholm Royal Seaport)
The area is planned to have only 0.5 parking spaces per apartment, regardless of size, and four parking spaces per 1,000 m2 of office space. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Local solarplants (within Stockholm Royal Seaport)
2 kWh per square meter of solar energy will be produced on the building. Paid for by the developer. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Low energy buildings (within Stockholm Royal Seaport)
As of 2012, no buildings, no residential or other use more than 55 kWh per square meter per year for heating, hot water, comfort cooling, and operating electricity. Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Ambitious actions in Stockholm Royal Seaport
By 2030, Stockholm Royal Seaport is to be free of fossil fuels. By 2020, carbon emissions is lower than 1.5 tonnes per person. Stockholm Royal Seaport is adapted to future changes in climate. Stockholm Royal Seaport is to become a showcase for sustainable urban development. Innovative environmental technologies and creative solutions are to be developed, used and displayed in a world-class environmental urban district. Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Recycling district Hammarby Seaport
Right from the start, the city has imposed strict environmental requirements on buildings, technical installations and the traffic environment. The goal of the entire environmental programme is to halve the total environmental impact in comparison with an area built in the early 1990s. Another way of putting it is that the buildings in Hammarby Sjöstad will be twice as eco-friendly as a normal building. RESULTS: Site energy balance 50 % of electricity- and heat consumption derives from recycled organic and combustable waste which is transformed into district heating/electricity. Heat recycling within the buildings. External energy demand reduced to 60 kWh/sqm/year for new building (current rate 100 kWh/sqm/year). In some experiment installations solar cells add 5% to the household electricity demand. And solar collectors can yield up to 50 % of the annual hot tap water requirement. Private Cars Proportion of households with a car: 62% - 2007 (in comparison 2005 66%). Amount of cars per household: 0.7 - 2007 (in comparison 2005 0.75). Members subscribing to car sharing pool (currently 37 low emission cars): 500 members (6% of the total households) and 100 companies. Transport 52 % public transport. 21 % private commuters. 27 % pedestrian/bicycle. Start year 1995
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Integrated freight (whithin Clean Vehicle)
2004 created Home 2 You the O-Centre (Transhipment Centre). The idea is as simple as old. By co-loading supplies from different senders to the same recipient, we reduce the number of vehicles and deliveries overall in Old Town. Investigation is underway to expand the business to more parts of downtown Stockholm. Start year 2005
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
Procurement of electric cars (whithin Clean Vehicles)
Vattenfall and the City are working together to make electric cars and plug-in hybrids to Sweden. Electric cars have very low emissions of climate gases and are cheap to "refuel" but they are still hard to find in the Swedish market. We now have the help of climate-smart companies and organizations. Our procurement initiative makes it easier and faster to get electric cars and plug-in hybrids and provide better conditions. In the years 2010/2011, we established together with companies and organizations a test fleet of 50 electric cars. We have together with SKL Kommentus conducted a coordinated procurement of EVs and PHEVs. A total of 296 organizations and companies from across the country have registered their interest to buy 1250 electric vehicles per year over the next four years. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Organizational/Governance
Status In progress
File  
EVUE - Electric vehicles urban Europe (whithin Clean Vehicles)
Electric Vehicles in Urban Europe focuses on the development of integrated, sustainable strategies and dynamic leadership techniques for cities to promote the use of electric vehicles. Urban initiatives to encourage the public and business to use EV's will contribute to EU clean air and car fleets targets, making cities more attractive and competitive. EVUE will exchange and disseminate solutions to key barriers such as public resistance, lack of infrastructure, rapid technology change and obsolete economic modelling. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Clean Truck (within Clean Vehicles)
CleanTruck - Increase use of biofuels in heavy vehicles, setting up two refuelling stations for heavy vehicles; one for biogas and one for ED95. Subsidies of ethanol, biogas and hybrid trucks. Although trucks only represent five to ten percent of all traffic in Stockholm, they cause almost half of the environmental impact from traffic. An environmental adaptation of road haulage is therefore of high urgency. This could involve anything from logistics and planning to reduce transports and maximise loading, to a transfer to cleaner vehicles and renewable fuels. The City of Stockholm has worked actively with environmental adaptation of passenger cars since the mid 1990s. As a result, a wide range of clean cars are now available on the market and the number of filling stations for renewable fuels is rapidly expanding both in Stockholm and the rest of Sweden. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Catalist - Disseminate experience and arguments from work with sustainable transport (within Clean Vehicles)
Disseminate experience and arguments from work with sustainable transport to cities in new Member States (EU). Inspire them to work in similar ways. Stockholm responsible for clean vehicles and financial control instruments. Start year 2007
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
Niches - Promote the development of sustainable transport solutions (whithin Clean Vehicles)
Get solutions for sustainable transport to go from niche solutions to large scale Start year 2004
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
Biogasmax - Promote production and use of upgraded biogas in vehicles (whithin Clean Vehicles)
The research and development projects carried out in the context of BIOGASMAX are closely tied to the following four main fields of technological activities: Production of biogas from various types of waste; Upgrading of biogas to a high-quality fuel; Distribution for transport and injection into natural gas grids; Use in vehicles to increase the number of biomethane-fueled vehicles. Start year 2005
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
BEST - Market introduction of ethanol vehicles (whithin Clean Vehicles)
BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) was a four-year project financially supported by the European Union for promoting the introduction and market penetration of bioethanol as a vehicle fuel, and the introduction and wider use of flexible-fuel vehicles and ethanol-powered vehicles. In Stockholm a total of 127 ED95 buses and five ED95 ethanol fuel stations were funded within the BEST project Start year 2005
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
Trendsetter - Project for sustainable transport (whithin Clean Vehicles)
When the market started taking shape and more clean vehicles became available, the direction changed towards more external information and communication. This was made possible by the EU project Trendsetter. The city acted more and more as an independent ‘‘supplier of facts” on clean vehicles and fuels, with the aim of increasing the number of clean vehicles in Stockholm as a whole. Focus was put on conveying the message that price and performance of clean vehicles were no different from conventional cars. Information about available models and fuels was also important. Companies and private individuals that had chosen clean vehicles were brought to light, and Clean Vehicles in Stockholm provided journalists with facts and contacts Start year 2002
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
Plume - Planning Urban Mobility in Europe (whithin Clean Vehicles)
The objective of PLUME is to seek to facilitate the transfer of innovation in the field of planning and urban mobility from the research community to end users in the cities of Europe in order to improve urban quality of life. This will be pursued by reviewing and synthesising concrete results from recent and current projects which will enable local authorities to develop their policies and measures in the field of sustainable development, land use and mobility planning Start year 2003
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
Cute - field testing of fuel cell buses (whithin Clean Vehicles)
Field testing of 27 fuel cell buses, three in Stockholm traffic. Production of hydrogen gas at depot. Start year 2002
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File  
Moses - Car pool project (whithin Clean Vehicle)
Information about car sharing and the development of technology that facilitates the management of members of a carpool. Start year 2000
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
E-tour - Introduce electric two-wheelers (whithin Clean Vehicle)
The E-TOUR project has been set up to demonstrate, evaluate and promote the advantages of electric two-wheelers as a substantial contribution to sustainable mobility in urban areas. E-TOUR has been running from January 2000 till January 2003 and involved 7 European cities in the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland, 2 Mediterranean islands in Greece and Italy, 3 universities in Belgium, Italy and Switzerland, the network organisations CITELEC and ISLENET and several private companies. Start year 2000
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
ELCIDIS - Electric-hybrid trucks for local distribution (whithin Clean Vehicle)
Most European cities are confronted with problems regarding air- and noise-pollution and congestion caused by motorised road traffic. The evolution of urban logistics in the past decades even worsened that situation, due to an increasing use of heavier goods vehicles in city centres. The ELCIDIS project has tested a better solution for urban logistics by approaching the subject in a dual way, taking into account the interests of all parties involved, in order to set an example for clean and efficient urban distribution in the 21st century. By organising urban distribution using quiet and clean (hybrid) electric vehicles, the nuisance caused by distribution activities will be decreased. The improved living climate of the city will benefit residents and shoppers as well as shopkeepers. A more efficient organisation of urban logistics is achieved by more efficient routing of the vehicles and the use of urban distribution centres (UDC). This will decrease the number of journeys made by heavy vehicles and increase traffic fluidity in urban areas. The improved accessibility of the city will benefit transport companies, shopkeepers and businesses operating in the city Start year 1998
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File  
ZEUS - increase share of clean vehicles in Stockholm (within Clean Vehicles)
The first large EU project that the City of Stockholm participated in was ZEUS – Zero and Low Emission Vehicles in Urban Society. The aim of the project was to overcome market barriers to a wider introduction of clean vehicles. Some examples of barriers that ZEUS focused on were the higher purchase price of clean vehicles and the lack of refuelling facilities, charging stations and servicing, as well as the lack of incentives to promote clean vehicles. The latter was vital for market growth. Within the framework of ZEUS, the goal was to introduce a total of 1200 clean vehicles in the cities, including cars, bicycles, buses and trucks Start year 1996
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Clean vehicles
The aim is to speed up the transition to clean vehicles and renewable fuels. The first task for Clean Vehicles in Stockholm was to replace conventional vehicles in the City’s own fl eet with clean vehicles. In order to achieve this, it was necessary to focus on technologies that were suitable for the City’s fl eet and that would be available in the near future. There must also be interest from vehicle manufacturers in developing the technology. Politicians required that the cars would be able to run on electricity or sustainable fuel. Start year 1994
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Energy- and climate advice service
Stockholm offers a free and impartial energy- and climate advice service in cooperation with 26 municipalities in Stockholm. The citizens can ask questions about electricity, heating and other energy uses or want tips on how to help reduce environmental impact. There is a service both on telephone, via email and through several projects targeted to different kind of groups in the community, such as companies, apartment owners, organisations and so on. There are energy advisors who are educated to inform about energy efficiency, transport, food and sustainability. Start year 2007
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Green Capitalist of the Year Award and Conference 2009 and 2010
Arranged both a local (for small and medium size business) and a national (for medium and large size business) event on energy and climatesmart strategies and measures to make better business cases for the future markets when climatesmart is necessary. Stokcholm and the business magazine Veckans Afförer together selected a winning company who was given the Green Capitalist of the Year award. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File  
Stockholm Cllimate Pact
The Climate Pact is a cooperation between the City of Stockholm and companies active in the Stockholm region. The objective is that the city and local business gather forces to reduce their impact on the environment. Companies that join the Climate Pact agree to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and to achieve at least one of the goals in the Stockholm Environment Programme. The Climate Pact is a form of cooperation, but also an arena for contacts, development work as well as exchange of knowledge and experience. Start year 2007
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Pump Your Tyres
The City of Stockholm has carried out three tyre pressure campaigns at 20 petrol stations. Drivers were assisted in checking the tyre pressure and informed about how emissions of carbon dioxide are reduced if the tyres are pressurized correctly. Each participating station was provided with the folder “Pump It Up” (Öka trycket) to hand out to its customers. The tyre pressure was measured on 2,987 cars, which is one percent of the car fleet in Stockholm. Out of these cars, 65 percent had a tyre pressure that was too low. Nearly one out of every four Stockholmers noticed the campaign. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
One tonne life
"Is it possible to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to one tonne per person and year? An average Swede generates around ten tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions every year. The Lindell family accepted the challenge and moved into the One Tonne Life house in January 2011. They had help from an energy-smart house, an electric car and a panel of experts. Emissions from all their everyday activities were monitored. The family could follow their energy use in the house in real time. In the end, the family achieved 1.5 tonne per person. The largest part of their reduction came from transports and living arrangements. The project was initiated by Vattenfall and carried out in cooperation with Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Volvo, ICA, A-hus and Siemens." Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Consume smarter
The family members in 40 households saved all their receipts in order to calculate their emissions of greenhouse gases. The families were given personal advice about how to reduce their use of direct and indirect energy. The project measured the family’s total energy use in its overall consumption of goods and services. Their altered travel habits contributed the most to the reduction of emissions. After the project, there was a noticeable change in lifestyle among the participating households. They had reduced their emissions of greenhouse gases by 22 percent, which equals 1,098 kilos of carbon dioxide per person and year. The project also punctured the myth that climate-smart choices are too expensive for a household. The project was mentioned more than 100 times in Swedish and foreign media. Start year 2006
Sector Other Emissions
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
The App "Discover Stockholm"
With Discover Stockholm, the city’s first app, you can easily find your way to playgrounds, sports activities, beaches and many different outdoor activities. The app shows you how to get to these places from your current location by walking, biking or public transport. The goal is to encourage Stockholmers and visitors to consume local experiences and services. Many of the city’s administrations cooperate to gather information about the activities. The app was launched for both iPhone and Android in April, 2011. In an evaluation, Stockholmers answered the question if they think the app is a good way to inspire people to live climate-smart in Stockholm. Eighty-four percent of the inhabitants who had seen information about the app were very positive (53 percent) or positive (31 percent). In November 2012, the app had been downloaded 90,000 times. Start year 2010
Sector Facilities
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
The Climate Scale - Consumption
"You get a shopping basket and fill it with everything you normally consume during one day. Products and services are represented by colourful bags of different weight depending on their impact on the climate. Weighing your basket on the Climate Scale, you get an indication of the climate impact of your total consumption, and which parts of it are the largest. You can compare yourself to an average Swede, who emits roughly ten tonnes of carbon dioxide every year, and to the emission level that is considered sustainable in 2050. The Climate Scale lead to interesting discussions about which emissions we are able to influence and which need to be reduced by for example business or society. New insights give you opportunities to make climate-smart choices. The Climate Scale has been tested by more than 4,000 persons." Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Climate Smart to Practice
The journeys Stockholmers make in their leisure time are often made by car. This campaign motivated the inhabitants of Stockholm to walk, bike or travel by public transport to their sports facilities. Ads were placed in a local newspaper and posters were put up in the subway and in parking areas at the city’s sports facilities. In connection with the campaign, a joint project was initiated with the Sports Administration to inform people about how to get to the city’s sports facilities by bike or public transport. 45 percent of the Stockholmers noticed the campaign and 24 percent thought that the campaign was good or very good. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
The Climate match
"During May 2010, 19 football teams from the club Brommapojkarna competed in getting to practice and home matches as climate smart as possible. The team that was the best at walking, biking or riding public transport won a place in the Gothia Cup tournament. – It’s good that players, coaches and parents are made aware of the environmental work of the city and get food for thought for the future, says Ola Danhard, club manager of Brommapojkarna." Start year 2010
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Stockholm´s Eco Hero (2010 and 2011)
Stockholm Eco hero is a competition where citizens will vote for the people who are making a difference for the environment. In 2011 4 persons were awarded the title Stockholm Eco hero. They have all found solutions in our everyday lives that lead to big improvements for the environment. Moreover, they have taken the initiative to start a collaboration to take forward. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File  
Climate smart at the Office
The handbook “Climate Smart At the Office” contains short, simple advice about how to reduce your climate impact in the different rooms in an office. Start year 2011
Sector Commercial
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
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Climate Smart at Home
The handbook “Climate Smart At Home” contains short, simple advice about how to reduce your climate impact in the kitchen, the bathroom, the living room and more. Don’t buy more food than you eat! Choose LED lamps! Check out eco fashions! The handbook was mailed to all households in Stockholm. At the same time, a related campaign was displayed in the subway. The handbook was sent out to all 437 000 households in the city of Stockholm. 60 percent of the households noticed the handbook, and 20 percent of these made use of the information. Start year 2009
Sector Residential
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
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Spread results (within Sustainable Järva)
The city has organized conferences in Stockholm and has been invited to conferences all over the world to share experiences from the project. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Information and participation (within Sustainable Järva)
Property managers, service personnel and environmental ambassadors in the seven renovated properties are trained to spread knowledge about sustainable lifestyles. Residents are informed about how to save energy, how to sort waste at source and how to discard hazardous waste. All teachers in Järva's schools and preschools are invited to attend environmental training courses, and local clubs and societies are offered training in environmental and climate-related issues. Stockholm City Museum seeks to raise awareness of and pride in living in Järva through initiatives that include an apartment furnished in typical 1970s style and Tidens Väg ("The Path of Time"), a new, signposted walk around Järvafältet with information about the area past and present. Start year 2010
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Sustainable transport and cycling (whithin Sustainable Järva)
Stockholm’s politicians, public officials and citizens have together evaluated local cycle routes as part of an analysis that will form the basis for a new cycle plan for Järva. There are plans for several upgraded and/or new cycle paths with LED lighting to improve links between the northern and southern parts of Järva. Examples of the city’s commitment to facilitate and promote the use of cycles include a “loan-a-bike” facility in Akalla and an annual cycle week with cycling schools for adults, a cycling licence for children and cycle repair courses. A car pool will be established in Järva to further underline the commitment to sustainable transport. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Solarcell plants on the buildings (within Sustainable Järva)
Solar panels are installed and in operation. 10,000 m2 of solar cells to produce electricity. Stockholm city create the solar densest neighborhood in Sweden with approximately 10 000 m2 of solar cells by all city housing; Svenska Bostäder, Stockholmshem, Familjebostäder and Fastighetskontoret are investing heavily in solar cells in the area. It becomes an important symbol for Sustainable Järva – the Sun City. It will attract many visitors in the future. In the solar venture it´s included visualization of the solar cells and the production of electricity through a common concept with different administrations such as City Executive, cultural management and the City Museum, companies in the city in cooperation with the citizens in Järva and the environmental area Norra Djurgårdsstaden. Start year 2012
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Energy efficiency in Million Home Programme (within Sustainable Järva)
Halved energy consumption, energy from renewable sources and a good indoor climate are some of the project's targets. In the seven apartment blocks, measures will be taken to more than halve the annual energy consumption from 180 to 88 kWh per square meter. The national requirements for new properties are 110 kWh per square meter. Hot water consumption will also be reduced. Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Sustainable Järva
Sustainable Järva is an investment in ecologically, socially and economically sustainable development in the districts surrounding Järvafältet. With new technology, information and education, Järva will become a model of sustainability, promoting environmental responsibility and energy efficiency while still preserving the area’s unique cultural and historical values. The goal is to make Järva a national and international model for the sustainable rehabilitation of areas that formed part of Sweden’s Million Homes Programme. Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Production of biogas from sewage
The city has since the mid-1990s produced biogas for vehicles in sewage treatment plants in the city. Today there are five plants producing upgraded biogas in the Stockholm region. Start year 1995
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Collection of food waste to produce biogas
The city has for some years offered lower waste rate for the villas and apartment blocks that have chosen to leave food waste in special containers so that it can be used for biogas production. In 2018, at least 50% of food waste is collected. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Investigate the potential for photovoltaic panels on the roofs of the city
The City will investigate how we can increase working with renewable energy, for example through solar cells. In 2013, the city will identify properties suitable for solar cells. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
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The largest photovoltaic plant on roof in Northern Europe placed Stockholm harbor
A solar plant is to be built on the roof of Magazine 6 in Frihamnen (the Harbor). It will have a peak power of 200 kW and a solar cell area of 1000 square meters, giving an estimated electricity generation of 200,000 kWh per year. It will be the largest facility Start year 2012
Sector Industrial
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Ambitious actions with Requirements for maximum 55 kWh per square meter per year
All buildings built on land sold or grants the use of the buildings of the city must meet energy requirements. The building must not use more than 55 kWh per square meter per year for heating, hot water, comfort cooling, and operating electricity. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
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Purchased electricity must meet the requirements for environmental labeling
Merely buying green electricity is a goal of the city environmental programs that are now fulfilled. It is up to each company and management to procure electricity produced with as little environmental impact as possible, which all do from 2012 onwards. Start year 2011
Sector Commercial
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
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Congestion tax in Stockholm
The congestion tax is a charge imposed on certain vehicles for passages in and out of Stockholm’s inner city, between the hours of 06:30 and 18:30, Monday to Friday. When the congestion charge was introduced, traffic decreased by 20%. Congestion was originally an attempt and is now made permanent. Start year 2007
Sector Transport
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
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Walking school buses (within Efficient public transport)
A walking school bus is an organized group where parents take turns to follow their own and other people's children to school. Traffic Office, which introduced the concept of walking school buses, has for many years worked to reduce the carbon footprint and increase road safety and inspire more children and parents to walk or cycle to and from school. Many children find it more fun to go to school now that they are in a walking school bus. The city's traffic office is to encourage and work through a series of campaigns such as Car-free week and school challenge, walking and cycling to school. In the School Challenge Stockholm schools will compete to become the best at walk, cycle or use public transportation to school. Start year 2005
Sector Transport
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Improved accessibility for buses (within Efficient public transport)
To improve public transport with higher capacities the following measures are planned for the main bus routes: Priority in street space with more public transport lanes and removal of parking spaces. Prioritization of traffic signals so that the buses get priority. The traffic must be more regular and the buses must be larger - double-jointed. Embarkation on all doors to shorten the time at bus stops. There will be increased monitoring of public transport lanes to avoid other cars running there and better monitoring to remove illegally parked vehicles. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Efficient public transport
More than 75% of the citizens take public transportation to the city center in the morning. The city and region are continually working out methods to increase the share of public transport. Start year  
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Increased bicycle use in the city
The city is continually working out methods to increase cycling. The City of Stockholm has raised the level of ambition in terms of cycling and the goal is to compete with cities like Copenhagen and Amsterdam in terms of bike-friendliness and bicycle safety. By the “Bicycle Billion” Stockholm implements a plan where the bicycle achieves a high priority as a transport measure. With the bike plan's adoption will the citizens during the year see and experience how the city is increasingly developing as one of the world´s foremost bicycle cities. Biking Trails connecting the city's various parts and cycle routes between municipalities in the county are the backbone of this venture. In addition, it will also include bike system to be developed, one bicycle parking rates included in new construction, multi-speed bike street set up, a great bike parking at the train station to be built and a particular bike brand for the city to be developed. The city will also set up a special bike-call force who will be instructed to remove obstacles for cyclists, thus ensuring accessibility. Stockholm will be upgraded to meet a sharp increase in the number of cyclists in the coming years. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Carbon neutral district cooling
For the production of district cooling, cold water from lakes and the sea is used. In addition, the process utilizes the cooling effect that arises in heat pumps that extract energy from seawater or wastewater. The use of district cooling reduces carbon dioxide emissions in Stockholm by about 50,000 tonnes annually. The same heat pumps can be used for both district cooling and district heating according to the season. Fortum Värme's Stockholm network for district cooling is the world's largest network of its kind, and covers nearly the whole of central Stockholm. District heating offers the greatest benefit at workplaces with a large amount of heat-producing technical equipment and within the food industry. District cooling also replaces small individual cooling plants that are less efficient. Start year 2006
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Carbon neutral district heating 2030
"Construction of the city’s first district heating system began at the end of the 1950s. Since the mid-1960s, oil and coal have been gradually replaced with biofuels. Today, district heating is produced by AB Fortum Värme co-owned with the City of Stockholm (a company operating Fortum Heat Division), and comprises over 80 per cent renewable fuel or energy from waste or residual heat. The district heating system covers nearly 80 per cent of Stockholm’s total heating needs. The Board of AB Fortum Värme decided in 2009 to establish a desired position in 2030, which means that district heating is produced with minimal resources and climate neutral. The desired position means that the heat will be produced by 100 per cent renewable and waste fuels in 2030. Climate compensation will be made for emissions of green house gases that origin from fossil energy in residues, i.e. fossil plastic residues in waste. In 2012 Fortum Värme introduced a business model for feed in of residual heat to the grid from external actors such as retailers, sun heat producers etc." • conversions from oil heating to district heating and a switch to biofuels in district heating: approx. 500,000 tonnes. • conversions from oil heating to heat pumps: approx. 300,000 tonnes. Start year 1990
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Adaptation actions

Urban Ecosystem Services
"Urban Ecosystem Services aims at creating practical solutions for promoting ecosystem services in urban settings. The project is expected to present extended tools and methods for working with the green area factor, with focus on the quantification and the valuation of ecosystem services in urban areas. " Start year 2012
Sector Human health
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
Sea levels in Stockholm
Studies conducted by SMHI on future sea levels for Stockholm and calculating elevation and loads Start year  
Sector Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File  
Radiation temperatures in Stockholm
Studies of radiation temperatures in buildings in Hjorthagen and Östermalm in the current climate and warmer climate. Start year 2011
Sector Human health
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File  
Temperature Studies
Compilation of air temperatures in the City for 15 years Start year 2011
Sector Human health
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File  
Climate Adaptation in Review Plan
Development of guidelines in planning for climate adaptation in new buildings in the City Start year 2012
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Climate Adaption in the Park Program
Transfer of knowledge on climate adaptation and work on green space in Stockholm Royal Seaport to new areas in Stockholm within the Park program Start year  
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Development of green space factor for blocks of land in Stockholm Royal Seaport
Development of green space factors that contributes to climate change adaptation for blocks of land in Stockholm Royal Seaport. Start year 2012
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
New Regulation of Mälaren, reconstruction of Slussen
Redevelopment of the Slussen to increase drainage capacity today and in a future climate to reduce the risk of flooding of Lake Mälaren. Start year 2014
Sector Water Resources
Type Regulatory
Status Looking for Funding
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