Seoul Metropolitan Government
South Korea

Population: 10383651
Area of jurisdiction: 605.21 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 25% by 2020 (2005) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 8% by 2020 n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2012 ):  48,551,000 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2005, 2010, 2011, 2012

Mitigation actions

GHG emissions reduce by 0.2t/y Energy consumption per citizen with Seoul Public Transportation
The combined effect of GHG reductions and energy conservation is equivalent to planting 86 pine trees in 2020 and 146 pine trees in 2030. (Such positive impact is the result of changes in the transportation mode share, improved fuel-efficiency, and introduction of eco-friendly vehicles.) Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Making intensive efforts to change transportation
Since 2003, for diesel vehicles found to exceed the exhaust gas standards in an in-depth emission investigation, the Seoul government took diverse approaches to lower their impact on air pollution; installing exhaust gas-reduction devices, scrapping outdated vehicles earlier than usual cycle and replacing diesel engines with LPG engines, all of which have affected a total of 265,504 units of cars. Since 2002, the city government has had diesel-engined buses and garbage trucks replaced with CNG vehicles, which involve a total of 10,376 units. It extended financial support to cover cost gap between diesel and CNG vehicles: KRW 18.5 million for each intra-city bus (KRW 16 million per medium size bus), and from KRW 27 million to KRW 42 million for garbage trucks. In addition, since November 2010, it restricted the operation of the vehicles that failed to take required actions to reduce gas emissions, such as installation of device to decrease exhaust gas, and began to expand the Low Emission Zone (LEZ), a geographically defined area which seeks to restrict access by polluting vehicles; a crackdown on the entry of vehicles registered with the Greater Seoul Area into Seoul since 2014 and such vehicles from all around the country since 2015. The city government also strengthened its control on traffic demands; extending the entire distance of exclusive central bus lanes in Seoul up to a total of 117km and applying this public bus management system to the whole Seoul area, and increasing the total number of cars of the Car-sharing program from 567 units to 1,500 units in 2004. Start year 2002
Sector Government Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Creation Ecology for Co-ops and Social Enterprises in the Area of New Growth
SMG plans to discover 70 social enterprises and co-ops in the area of new growth energy and provide them with strong initial support so that they could develop into financially stable, excellent SMEs. SMG will offer them financial assistance of up to KRW 30 million per project and KRW 100 million per organization. It will also operate education and consulting programs for the purpose of training socioeconomic leaders in the field of green energy through the “Seoul Socioeconomic Support Center” and “Co-op Consulting Center.” In addition, SMG will organize 10 solar power co-ops and expand public land for the installation of their PV power plants from 20 locations in 2014 to 100 places in 2018. SMG will expand the education for energy designers in charge of energy diagnosis of small and medium-sized buildings from 95 in 2014 to 745 by 2018. It will also help them be financially independent so that they can continue their career in the field by assisting them in their efforts to acquire the relevant licenses, establishing an energy designer co-op, and making them the priority in bids for public projects. For instance, SMG will help them acquire licenses for new and renewable energy power facility technicians and building energy assessors so that they can enhance their qualifications and secure jobs in the public sector involving the installation of micro PV power plants and external air conditioner covers. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Early Achievement of the National GHG Emissions Reduction Target
The central government aimed at reducing the country’s public sector GHG emissions (annual average emission between 2007 and 2009) by 20% by 2015. SMG sought to meet the target by 2014. It reduced the emissions of its 71 buildings including the new City Hall by an average of 5% annually and met the target in 2014 as scheduled. The central government then set the goal of reducing GHG emissions from the country’s waste treatment facilities by 10% by 2015. SMG reduced GHG emissions from a total of 25 sewage treatment centers and water purification centers by more than 3.3% a year through improvements in the energy efficiency of the facilities; thus achieving the 10% reduction goal ahead of schedule. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download
Waste Turning into Energy, Leading to Job Creation and Industrial Development
SMG will also implement diverse projects to turn waste into energy, which in turn will lead to job creation and industrial development. For residential areas, it will increase the number of recycling stations from 1,128 in 73 dongs (smallest administrative unit in Korea) to 7,500 in 300 dongs by the end of 2014. For the effective management of the stations and job creation, it will hire a total of 10,000 people as recycling station custodians or 15 ~ 30 persons per dong. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Replacement of Old Residential Boilers with Micro Cogeneration Boilers that also
To increase the electricity self-sufficiency of houses, SMG replaced old residential boilers with micro cogeneration boilers that produce electricity, too. To this end, it will launch a pilot project in 2014 and review the results. Depending on the results, it will begin to provide subsidies or loans in 2015 for the purpose of distributing 10,000 stirling engine boilers to multi-family homes including apartments by 2020. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Direct Electricity and Heat Production by Residential and Commercial Buildings: 90MW in 2014
commercial buildings with total capacity of 89MW – 55% of apartments and 4% of commercial buildings. SMG plans to expand the cogeneration capacity from 90MW in 2014 to 150MW in 2018. To this end, it requires the installation of decentralized power generation facilities for new buildings. It plans to request the central government to make improvements in the pricing of heating & cooling fuel and electricity including time-based electricity pricing. It will also ask the central government to support the city’s PV power plants through the nation’s Energy Use Rationalization Funds. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
GHG Emissions Reduction through Phase 2 of One Less Nuclear Power Plant
SMG will continue to make a detailed inventory of the city’s GHG emissions and use it as basic data for its plan to reduce GHG emissions and shape its policy directions. It plans to select a professional GHG inventory agency that will monitor and verify the city’s GHG emissions inventory in the most transparent manner. The central government aimed at reducing the country’s public sector GHG emissions (annual average emission between 2007 and 2009) by 20% by 2015. SMG sought to meet the target by 2014. It reduced the emissions of its 71 buildings including the new City Hall by an average of 5% annually and met the target in 2014 as scheduled. The central government then set the goal of reducing GHG emissions from the country’s waste treatment facilities by 10% by 2015. SMG reduced GHG emissions from a total of 25 sewage treatment centers and water purification centers by more than 3.3% a year through improvements in the energy efficiency of the facilities; thus achieving the 10% reduction goal ahead of schedule. Korea’s emissions trading system also allocates – on an annual basis – a certain amount of GHG emissions to organizations emitting a large quantity of GHG and permits them to trade surplus quantities. The eligibility requirement is annual average of 125,000 tons of CO2eq for an organization or 25,000 tons of CO2eq for a worksite during the last three years. At least 25 facilities of SMG including water supply offices and sewage treatment centers meet the criteria. In June 2014, the Ministry of Environment posted a notice regarding the criteria for the allocation of emission rights. In August 2014, SMG submitted its application for ministerial allocation in consultation with a professional agency. Once the ministry finalizes the allocation for the period 2015~2017, SMG will work out and implement its emission reduction plans in the areas of BRP, LED, and efficient operation of various facilities. Start year 2014
Sector Buildings and Facilities
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Enhanced Eco-Mileage, a Platform for Citizens’ Energy Conservation, Contributing
SMG will continue to expand Eco-Mileage, the citizens’ favorite energy conservation platform. It plans to increase membership from 1.6 million in 2014 to 2.8 million in 2018, reducing 850,000 TOE in electricity and natural gas, among others. To this end, it will link the Eco-Mileage program to its other energy-related projects such as production of new and renewable energy, BRP, LED, and energy consulting service while trying to maximize its energy conservation effects through demand-side management including effect analysis and feedback. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
Dissemination of Green Cars
Electric vehicles (EVs) emit 25% less GHG even when charging is included. SMG will continue to expand EVs to reduce energy and ultra-fine particles. It will begin using EVs in the public sector, taxis, and car-sharing service before spreading EVs to other private sector businesses. It plans to increase the 195 EVs and 18 high-speed battery chargers in 2014 to 10,000 EVs and 200 chargers by 2018. It will also launch a test bed project for electric taxis in 2014 in cooperation with auto makers, taxi companies, and test institutes. On top of that, SMG will disseminate 20,000 hybrid cars and buses by 2018. It will continue offering benefits for hybrid cars including reductions in acquisition tax and registration tax, congestion charges, and parking fees. Standards will be adjusted so that EV chargers can be used for plug-in hybrid vehicles, too. SMG plans to increase the number of hybrid buses – which save 34.5% in fuel costs – from 20 in 2014 to 670 by 2018. Upon the replacement of city buses, the purchase of hybrid buses will be prioritized, and the purchase record will be reflected on SMG’s evaluation of performance of the city’s bus operators. The purchase of hybrid buses will also be offered CNG subsidy by priority. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
LED Replacement in the Private Sector: 25% → 65%
private sector – with LED lamps by 2018. To this end, it will enhance the LED design criteria in the "Green Building Design Guidelines” for new structures measuring more than 500 square meters. By the end of 2014, all the buildings in the city will have to replace more than 25% of their lights with LED lamps and 100% of their lights in underground garages with LED lighting fixtures. By 2020, all the lights in buildings will have to be LED lamps. SMG will support LED light installation in numerous apartment garages throughout the city by having the "Ordinance for Multi-unit Dwelling Support” of the city’s 25 self-governing districts revised. Through the modification of the “Seoul Special City Ordinance on Outdoor Advertisements,” SMG will make it compulsory for businesses to change signboard lights into energy-efficient LED lamps. Even before the ordinance is modified, it will have 2,000 signboards changed to LED-based ones each year through agreement with shopkeepers. In addition, through the meetings of the Light Pollution Prevention Council, it will encourage the installation of high-efficiency lighting fixtures while discouraging the excessive use of lights. SMG will expand the voluntary LED distribution in the private sector through collaboration with the private sector and PR campaigns. It plans to launch the "On-Site LED Direct Marketplace" in apartment complexes 200 times. In cooperation with the city’s Buddhist leaders, it will distribute 1 million LED lotus lanterns to 500 Buddhist temples. SMG will also open an online information plaza to provide citizens with information on LED prices and technologies. In addition, it will set up 20 PR booths at the Gwanghwamun and Idae Stations to provide diverse information on LED to citizens. It plans to establish “LED Hub Centers” as the city’s regional network for LED distribution.SMG plans to install one or two LED hub centers in each of the city’s six areas in cooperation with civil society. The centers will provide one-stop service for counseling, PR, price information, and joint purchase. It will also join forces with the Korea Franchise Association and large-scale discount stores to distribute LED lamps. On behalf of its 100 member companies, the association will sign a contract to install LED lights in their new stores. Discount stores will observe the "LED Purchase Day" regularly and display LED publicity materials in their stores. SMG will also join hands with corporations to develop LED technologies and expand the LED market through marketing support. To this end, it will run an LED test site in collaboration with the Korea Photonics Technology Institute and SMEs to promote the quality reliability of SME products. Most notably, SMG will perform the evaluation of effects of emotional lighting and hospital lighting with the Korea Institute of Lighting Technology and Korea Photonics Technology Institute in an effort to help improve the performance of LED smart lighting. To spur the development of LED technologies, SMG will issue the “LED Distribution Standards for Public Institutions in Seoul," which will allow LED lights to be evaluated in terms of optical functions and require LED efficiency to be 10% higher than the national specification. In addition, it will launch the Seoul LED Lighting Fair every year to expand the LED market and open the Comprehensive LED Information Center in Konkuk University for the display and selling of LED lighting fixtures as well as information service and technical exchanges. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
100% LED Replacement (2.2 Million Lamps) for the Public Sector by 2018
SMG plans to replace all the lights (2.2 million) in the city’s public sector including public buildings, subway stations, and security lamps with LED lamps by 2018. In 2014, it will complete the replacement in subway stations plus 350,000 lamps in district offices and municipal hospitals, for a total of 1 million lamps. From 2015 to 2016, it will replace 500,000 lamps including those in the city’s welfare facilities and affiliated offices (100%) and security lights and street lamps (50%). Between 2017 and 2018, it will replace a total of 700,000 lamps including those in its various corporations and the other 50% of its security lights and street lamps. Meanwhile, SMG will enhance the "Design Criteria for Public Facilities" to ensure the installation of LED lights in new public buildings. For old public buildings, it will set up an exclusive organization called SPC consisting of representatives of the central government (Korea Finance Corporation, etc.), SMG (road management departments), and private R&D institutions in 2015 in an attempt to minimize the financial burdens associated with LED replacement and promote the faster implementation of the replacement work. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Information Disclosure → Promotion of Energy Efficiency through Market
SMG plans to have energy efficiency reflected on buildings' prices through the implementation of the energy efficiency classification system for buildings. The system will have the actual energy consumption of buildings recorded in building purchase or lease contracts so that the consumer will make wiser choices, and buildings of higher energy efficiency will consequently command higher prices/rents in the market. Following a trial project in 2015, SMG will launch the system that same year and begin to disclose the building energy information in the country’s real estate portal run by the private sector and SMG’s Integrated Multi-unit Dwellings Information Plaza starting 2016. For buildings categorized as major energy consumers, SMG will start disclosing their energy score cards to the public to motivate them to conserve energy more aggressively. The cards will contain information on the buildings’ energy consumption per unit area, changes in energy consumption, and rankings in energy conservation efforts. Beginning 2015, SMG will implement the “Excellent Energy Efficiency Building Certification System” wherein it will issue a plaque of recognition to buildings that have reduced energy consumption by more than 5% in an effort to spread energy conservation know-how and induce voluntary participation in energy efficiency improvements.(This action is a plan to improve SMG's system for energy efficiancy. Therefore, Emission reduction was not estimated) Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Enhancement of design and maintenance requirements for energy-saving buildings
SMG continues to enhance the criteria for its environmental impact assessment for the purpose of significantly upgrading the energy efficiency of its large-scale development projects and large buildings. Specifically, it will require all types of buildings – including redevelopment and reconstruction – with floor area of 100,000 square meters on land area of 90,000 square meters to have BEMS (Building Energy Management System), install only LED lights by 2018, and secure the highest energy efficiency (Class 1) in design. For private buildings, SMG will strengthen its green building design criteria to improve their energy efficiency. It will raise the bar for building energy self-reliance from 50% in 2014 to 60% in 2016 and 100% in 2023. To that end, SMG will reinforce its requirements regarding the installation of new and renewable energy production facilities and high-efficiency LED lighting fixtures. Beginning 2015, it will apply new construction guidelines for the insulation feature of construction materials, for instance. It plans to construct the “Nowon District Eco-Friendly Zero-Energy Pilot Housing Complex” consisting of 121 households in cooperation with the Nowon District. For public buildings, SMG will enhance the “Criteria for Construction Technology Reviews for Public Buildings in Seoul” to improve their energy efficiency. It plans to raise the mandatory energy supply from new and renewable energy sources from 10% in 2014 to 25% by 2020 and complete LED lamp replacement by the end of 2018. Following a pilot project of BEMS in 2015, SMG will require all public buildings with floor area of more than 30,000 square meters to be equipped with BEMS starting 2016. For existing buildings, SMG promotes improvements in energy efficiency through energy-efficient remodeling. It plans to designate as a remodeling activation zone an area wherein more than 60% of buildings are over 15 years old and provide incentives for the area where energy-saving work is carried out or new and renewable energy facilities are installed.(This activity is to improve institutions, so GHG emissions reduction cannot be measured.) Start year 2014
Sector Buildings and Facilities
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Using Waste as Energy Resources
SMG improves the recycling ratio of waste, including waste vinyl and fabric scraps, through citizens’ engagement. It will recycle 243,000 tons of waste vinyl by 2018 through the distribution of exclusive plastic bags throughout the city. It will also collect 168,000 tons of fabric scraps by 2018 through the mandatory separation of fabric scraps from general waste. SMG uses the branches of street trees to make wood pallets. It will build a pallet factory with daily production capacity of 500kg to produce wood pallet fuel used by low-income households, social welfare facilities, and community centers. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Construction of Supply Facilities of Integrated Energy for a Stable Heat Source of Magok District
SMG is building an integrated energy supply facility to deliver heat to Magok District steadily. It will deal with the demand for heat in the district until 2016 in collaboration with the Mokdong Cogeneration Plant and Bucheon Combined Heat and Power Plan run by GS Power and construct a 280MW gas-based combined heat and power plant in 2017 for stable heat supply starting 2020.(This activity is to improve institutions, so GHG emissions reduction cannot be measured.) Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Use of Heat Sources of Neighboring Local Governments and Private Companies
SMG plans to use the heat sources discarded by neighboraing local governments and private companies to service 100,000 households. To this end, it will receive 460,000 Gcal and 200,000 Gcal from the Bucheon Cogeneration Plant and Yangju Byeolnae Cogeneration Plant, respectively, from 2014. In 2015, it will begin to receive 50,000 Gcal of the heat used by the data ce nter of KT, a private IT company, to cool its servers to service residents in neighboring apartment buildings. By 2018, it plans to supply a total of 350,000 Gcal annually through linkage with the Seoul metropolitan District Heating Network. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Discovering All Usable Energy Sources
SMG recovers discarded energy and uses it as energy source for district heating. In 2012, it developed high-efficiency hydro power generation technology that could generate power at an altitude of less than 2 meters and applied it to a 360kW hydro plant built in the Noryangjin Distributing Reservoir. Based on the success of the pilot project, SMG will continue to discover energy sources for small-scale hydro plants including Jamsil Weir, sewage treatment centers, and water purification centers for the purpose of installing a total of 3,160kW small-scale hydro plants. SMG also seeks to recover heat from the exhaust gas of incinerator chimneys in order to use it as heat source for neighboring areas. It will start with 9 locations at the Mapo Resource Recovery Facility and expand to a total of 32 chimneys by 2018, enabling the supply of heat to 70,000 households in neighboring apartment complexes. At present, 243 subway stations draw a total of 120,000 tons of ground water and use only 20,000 tons for cleaning purposes, discharging the rest into streams. SMG plans to use the discarded ground water to cool and heat neighboring buildings. It will launch a pilot project at the Korea University station in 2014 and expand to 10 stations by 2018 to service the Mokdong Ice Rink and the headquarters of Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, among others. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Installation of 174MW Fuel Cells that are Instrumental in Electricity Self-Reliance
SMG installs a total of 174MW fuel cell plants, which contribute significantly to electricity self-reliance and private investment effects by 2018. It will install a 20MW fuel cell at each of the city’s infrastructure facilities including railway vehicle bases (Sinnae, Suseo, and Jichuk) and Seonam Sewage Treatment Center to ensure that the facilities keep operating during power outages. SMG distributes 1kW class micro fuel cells to houses and buildings particularly hotels and hospitals that use electricity and heat energy around the world. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Creation of 10MW “Solar Power Landmarks” in Various Locations
SMG plans to install a total of 10MW PV power plants along the city’s main streets as the city’s “Solar Power Landmarks” by 2018. It will launch a pilot project at the northern end of Seongsan Grand Bridge in 2014, followed by installations at Gangbyeon Buk-ro, bridges across Han River, downtown areas, and Hangang parks. It will seek ways to use them as tourist attractions as is the case in Freiburg, Germany. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Institutional Improvements for the Continuous Expansion of PV Power Plants
SMG will promote continuous institutional improvements to expand the installation of PV power plants. It plans to propose that the central government reinstate the national FIT scheme supporting the installation of a PV power plant with capacity of 100kW and amend the relevant laws so that SMG can install PV power plants in urban parks with potential for large-scale PV power plants. Currently, high installation fee is incurred when PV power plants are located far from external KEPCO power lines. SMG plans to request that small-scale PV power plants be allowed to be connected to internal power lines or connection fees be reduced. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Dissemination of “40,000 micro PV power plants” that save KRW 10,000 in
SMG plans to distribute 40,000 “mini PV power plants” that can be installed in verandas for the purpose of transforming citizens from energy consumers to energy producers and raising their awareness of eco-friendly energy. It will implement a pilot project involving 8,000 households in 2014 and increase them to 10,000 households every year thereafter. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Operation of the “Solar Power Generation Citizens’ Fund” Worth KRW 50 Billion for
SMG will create the “Solar Power Generation Citizens’ Fund” for citizens to make direct investments in the PV power plant business and earn profits. It plans to launch ten funds with total amount of KRW 50 billion, which will be invested in the creation of 10 PV power plants in the Gueui Water Purification Plant (1MW). A citizen can invest between KRW 100,000 and KRW 10 million, for which annual average revenue of 4% is guaranteed. Profits or investments can be donated to charity programs targeting the energy-disadvantaged. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Fuel Cells
In order to ensure self supply of electricity. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Heat pumps
The city plans to develop such a system adapted to the urban condition Start year 2012
Sector Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Biomass heating
As a part of energy welfare for low-income citizens Start year 2012
Sector Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Solar heating / hot water
Project loan support to expand green energy deployment Start year 2012
Sector Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Combined heat and power
Expanded use of incineration heat and waste heat Start year 2012
Sector Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Solar electricity
Installation of photovoltaic generators in redeveloped rental apartments Start year 2012
Sector Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Installation of efficient lighting systems
The city delivers LED security lights for apartment complexes. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Increase routes, frequency and night services
feasibility study underway Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Low or zero carbon energy supply generation
Sunlight city project to make the entire city a PV plant; fuel cells to ensure energy self-supply of core public facilities; reuse of waste heat; on-site new and renewable energy generation facilities for new buildings, etc. (Anticipated emission reduction & description commonly applied for "Energy Supply" activities) Start year 2012
Sector Industrial processes and product use (IPPU)
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Other activities to save energy
Maintain recommended indoor temperature, turn off unnecessary lights, lights off at lunchtime, etc. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Improve fuel economy and reduce CO2 from motorized vehicles
- 30% purchase guarantee for green models - Expansion of energy-saving driving habits (e.g. regular checkup, non-idling, eco-driving, etc.) Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Renewable on-Site energy generation
On-site energy production from solar and geothermal sources Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Energy efficiency/retrofit measures
Double insulation wall, insulating window, LED, upgraded energy installations, etc. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
LED Expansion and Development
Seoul aims to be a Mecca of LED technology and commercialization. By the end of the current year, the city plans to install 64,000 LED lights in public buildings and subway stations, leading to a 7060 TOE’s worth of electricity by 2014. The city government is also encouraging multi-use facilities like supermarkets and department stores to replace their lighting sources with LED, and simultaneously works to replace signs and street lamps with LED illumination. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Eco-Mileage
The Eco-Mileage program engages homes and businesses in energy conservation (i.e. saving electricity, water, gas and district heating) by offering city government incentives. Eco- Mileage Members stay informed and motivated through regular e-mail and SMS reports of energy consumption data. As of August 2012, 627,000 homes and businesses have joined the program. The city government seeks to expand the program to 1 million members by 2014. Participating organizations: KEPCO, KEMCO, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Land and Maritime Affairs, AEGIS Enterprise, apartment offices, environmental NGOs, Office of Education, schools, private buildings, BC Card Corp., LG Housys, Dajin DMP. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  

Adaptation actions

Optimized BRP through Precise Diagnosis of Energy Usage
SMG will improve regulations so that big buildings consuming more than 2,000 TOE will have to go through rigorous energy diagnosis procedures. Specifically, it will persuade the central government to delegate the authority of the Minister of Trade, Industry, and Energy to issue orders for building energy diagnosis to the heads of local governments including the mayor of Seoul. The amended law will also allow the heads of local governments to issue improvement orders when buildings fail to make more than 5% improvement in their energy efficiency. Meanwhile, SMG will develop and disseminate different energy conservation models for groups of buildings such as hospitals, schools, businesses, and hotels by the end of 2014. SMG offers tailored energy diagnosis for houses and buildings. Current energy usage will be carefully reviewed, and energy saving measures will be recommended free of charge by different groups of experts: houses, by energy consultants; shops in small ~ medium-sized buildings, by energy designers, and; welfare facilities and educational institutions, by professional energy diagnosis companies. SMG will carry out BRP for the city’s basic urban infrastructure, too. It will focus on improving the efficiency of electrical facilities in sewage treatment facilities through the replacement of old motors with high-efficiency ones and convert into heat source the digestion gas generated in the sewage treatment process. It will also introduce intelligent electricity load management systems in water purification centers. In addition, SMG will begin operating subway cars that enable the recovery of the electricity generated during brake applications. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Air Pollution Forecast & Alert Reinforcement
In order to protect vulnerable communities from air pollution, Seoul issues air pollutant (e.g. fine particles, ozone) forecasts and alerts directed at 4018 education offices and schools, 4500 senior centers and 662 care centers for livealone seniors. The information is released on a real-time basis via website, electric display boards and mobile apps. As of June 2012, YTN Weather Channel provides a TV air pollution report in partnership with city government. Participating organizations: YTN Weather TV. Start year 2012
Sector Human health
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
Summer Shelters
The Seoul Metropolitan Government has designated 3073 senior and community centers as “Summer Shelters” to protect senior citizens and homeless people from excessive heat. The designated shelters are highly accessible to senior citizens and are capable of accommodating up to 169,296 individuals. Seniors and homeless citizens can even stay late in the shelters on hot nights. Start year 2012
Sector Human health
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File