Kaohsiung City Government
Chinese Taipei

Population: 2778992
Area of jurisdiction: 2951.85 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: 20% by 2020 (2005) n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 11% by 2030 n/a
Energy efficiency target: % by 2015 (2005) n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
2013

Mitigation actions

Kaohsiung and Pingtung: Total Amount of Air Pollutant Control Plan
On August 13 2014, the Environmental Protection Administration in Taiwan announced that the ozone and aerosols levels are risky in Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. To meet the standardized goal of air quality, Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County are designated for being the total-amount- controled area, which includes common control plans and reporting implementation as well. The implementation areas are across the boundaries of Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. The goals and strategies are given to reduce GHG emissions, to improve air quality, and ultimately to ensure the life quality of residents in this region. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
EcoMobility World Festival 2017
Creating a car-free zone to demonstrate an EcoMobile lifestyle. In the plans, we will build a travel shuttle center and import double decks buses and electronic buses as the shuttle services. We will conduct a variety of car-free day activities which collaborate with the residents. In the car-free zone, people should move without emissions such as walking, cycling, or low-carbon vehicles. Energy and exhaustible resources are saved, and the air quality in the city is improved. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Kaohsiung and Pingtung: Total Amount of Air Pollutant Control Plan
On August 13 2014, the Environmental Protection Administration in Taiwan announced that the ozone and aerosols levels are risky in Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. To meet the standardized goal of air quality, Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County are designated for being the total-amount- controled area, which includes common control plans and reporting implementation as well. The implementation areas are across the boundaries of Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County. The goals and strategies are given to reduce GHG emissions, to improve air quality, and ultimately to ensure the life quality of residents in this region. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
EcoMobility World Festival 2017
Creating a car-free zone to demonstrate an EcoMobile lifestyle. In the plans, we will build a travel shuttle center and import double decks buses and electronic buses as the shuttle services. We will conduct a variety of car-free day activities which collaborate with the residents. In the car-free zone, people should move without emissions such as walking, cycling, or low-carbon vehicles. Energy and exhaustible resources are saved, and the air quality in the city is improved. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Kaohsiung Light Rail
Kaohsiung is building a light rail system. The project with 22.1 km long, includes two stages. So far, the first stage is underway, and will be completed and operated in Jun., 2015, while the second stage would be operated in 2017. Start year 2015
Sector Transport
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Public transportation transferring privilege and shuttle buses
Adding shuttle buses for KMRT (Kaohsiung Metro Rapid Transit) users, and providing privilege for people transferring between KMRT and public buses, aiming to double public transportation users. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Public Bike Rental System
Kaohsiung continuously set up new public bike rental stations. So far, 100 stations have been set up, which can provide over 5,000 cyclists to use each day. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Extending Cycle Way
Kaohsiung city government continuously extends cycle way to create a cycle-friendly environment to bikers. Cycle way of over 500 km long has been built and will be extended to over 600 km by the end of 2013. Start year 2013
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Subsidy to old buildings renovation
Kaohsiung city government provides subsidy to private buildings to improve its energy efficiency. The subsidy covers LED lights, water-saving taps…etc and is up to NT$20000 (USD$ 666). Start year 2013
Sector Residential
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Green Roof and community
The KCG has been promoting green roof and space in the city. Up to 2012, green space reached 48 ha in public place and 32.9 ha in private place. Green roof also amounts to 3.2 ha. 3852 GHG reduction is anticipated. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
GHG inventory and reduction
51 local factories have been required to report their annual GHG inventories since 2009. Besides, the EPB assisted 3 local factories to plan GHG reduction which 18,942 tonnes of GHG reduction is anticipated in 7 years. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Low Carbon and Sustainable Community
The EPA launches the project of “Low Carbon and Sustainable Community”. Communities submit their proposals regarding low carbon activities. Proposals which pass the review would receive education and consultation. Implementation results which pass the evaluation would receive certificates and subsidies. Start year 2012
Sector Residential
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Air Quality Purification Area
Kaohsiung City Government assists in processing applications of Air Quality Purification Area. To grow plants and set up related facilities so as to improve the air quality, achieve the quality of the living environment, provide the opportunity of ecological education and the purpose of sustainable use of resources. Start year 1995
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Kaohsiung Sustainable Development (KSD) committee
Kaohsiung Sustainable Development (KSD) committee was established in 2004. The KSD was composed of the City’s relevant offices and experts and scholars, with the city mayor as the convener, deputy major Liu, private sector representatives and social organization representatives as the deputy conveners, and the director-generals of Environmental Protection Bureau, Urban Development Bureau, Public Works Bureau, Social Affairs Bureau, Marine Bureau, Economic Development Bureau, Agriculture Bureau, Health Bureau, Fire Bureau as the members.The Sustainable Environment Office under the KSD is the dedicated unit that is responsible for climate change adaptation and city resilience building. The office efficiently integrates climate change adaptation related resources between all bureaus and offices. The team hosts working group meetings on occasion and invite experts from the government, universities and industries to work together and put forward adaptation plans and initiatives. Start year 2004
Sector Other Emissions
Type Organizational/Governance
Status Completed
File download
Voluntary Environmental Supporters
The training programs for citizens who are willing to donate their time to the issues of climate change have been carried out since 2009. This year, to have 10,000 volunteers trained is our goal. Training programs include the contents of wastewater treatment, recycling, water conservation, energy conservation, less meat consumption, and green transportation. Start year 2007
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File  
Replace the streetlights with LED/LED streetlights
  Start year 2008
Sector Facilities
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Replace the motorcycles with electric bicycles or electric scooters
Certain amount of subsidy can be acquired for replacing the old 2-stroke motorcycles with purchased electric bicycles or electric scooters Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Replace the street buses with hydrogen powered buses
About 23 hydrogen buses are running. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit (KMRT)
The transit system consists of red line and orange line with 34 stations and 42 kilo-meters in total length; combined with the shuttle buses as supplements for passengers. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Industrial voluntary GHG emission reduction project
KCG is promoting the industrial voluntary GHG emission reduction project. The amount of emission reduction credits could be taken into account for Emission Trading and Permission System in the future. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File  
Green Building
KCG is promoting “Green Building” labeling and accreditation system which is combined with Central Government’s subsidy project of green house. There are nine indicators of “Green Building” set into four fields, which include Ecology, energy saving, Waste reduction and Health. The nine indicators include biodiversity, greenary, rainwater conservation, energy saving, carbon reduction, waste reduction, indoor environment, water resource and improvement of sewage and waste. Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Solar Heaters Subsidy
Subsidy for both residential and commercial use since 2008. For the solar heater installation, each solar heater could get subsidy from both central government and Kaohsiung City government at around 800 USD in total. Start year 2008
Sector  
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
File  
Solar Roof project
KCG is promoting a “Solar Roof project” which encourages residents to have their roofs installed with solar photovoltaic by energy companies Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Solar Community project
Subsidy for solar photovoltaic installations. The solar photovoltaic is subsidized 300,000NTD per KWP, the total subsidy can’t exceed the cost of installation, and the subsidy is limited to 300KWP per case. Start year 2005
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Advocating Green Campus
Many actions have been taken between 2005 and 2009 to advocate green campus, and the impressive results are in 6 aspects including illumination, energy conservation, planting, water conservation, recycling and thermal insulation. Start year 2005
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Promotion of Cycling
A bicycle trail of 250 kilometres has been built, and the rental system has been set up at 50 locations in downtown to accommodate 4,500 cyclists. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Promote the Energy Service Business (ESCO)
Items of ESCO will be made legislated as part of CDM trading items. Start year 2008
Sector Buildings
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File  

Adaptation actions

Kaohsiung Climate Change Adaptation and Sustainability Promotion Program
After Kaohsiung City merged with Kaohsiung County to become Greater Kaohsiung, which covers broader administrative divisions, Kaohsiung now encompasses more diverse land usage and natural resources. It could be seen from Kaohsiung's experience with major disasters such as Typhoon Morakot, Typhoon Fanapi that the existing environment of Kaohsiung is extremely sensitive to climate change, which affects industry, natural resources, ecology and citizen property of the city to various degrees. Examination of Kaohsiung's tolerance concerning potential disasters is necessary, as extreme temperatures and precipitation brought by future climate change will intensify the level of natural hazards in this area. In order to draft corresponding adaptation measures, which is expected to level up Kaohsiung's adaptation capacity and to decrease vulnerability, this program works with related administrative units on instituting “Kaohsiung Platform on Climate Change Adaptation'' along with the existing 6 responsible groups from“ Kaohsiung Sustainable Development Committee”The procedure is based on National Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Taiwan announced in 2012 by the Administrative Yuan. Diverse approaches and measures will be adopted to establish primary domains including locating, vulnerability evaluation, and adaptation strategies. The program targets possible climate change and environmental effects in Kaohsiung, compiling existing adaptation actions to formulate Kaohsiung adaptation strategies on 8 major domains - with short-term, mid-term and long-term scope, according to vulnerability evaluation. We aim to transform Kaohsiung into a sustainable city with climate adaptive capacity. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Prioneer Project of Adaptation Biodiversity(PPABC) in Kaohsiung City
Sustainable resources management, currently ecology conservation has effective results in some districts. After cutting down the amount of pesticide, it raises the biodiversity. By combining the experience of One-day-farmer, ecological guiding and farm produce manufacturing becomes the new model of agriculture tourism. Second, Ecology conservation and citizen participation, KEPB promoted to introduce 13 wetland parks in Kaohsiung. By voice map, people can do the ecology observation by themselves. Last, International Cooperation, KEPB compiled each bureaus’ executive results into English version which was delivered to ICLEI in April, 2015. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Kaohsiung Climate Change Adaptation and Sustainability Promotion Program
After Kaohsiung City merged with Kaohsiung County to become Greater Kaohsiung, which covers broader administrative divisions, Kaohsiung now encompasses more diverse land usage and natural resources. It could be seen from Kaohsiung's experience with major disasters such as Typhoon Morakot, Typhoon Fanapi that the existing environment of Kaohsiung is extremely sensitive to climate change, which affects industry, natural resources, ecology and citizen property of the city to various degrees. Examination of Kaohsiung's tolerance concerning potential disasters is necessary, as extreme temperatures and precipitation brought by future climate change will intensify the level of natural hazards in this area. In order to draft corresponding adaptation measures, which is expected to level up Kaohsiung's adaptation capacity and to decrease vulnerability, this program works with related administrative units on instituting “Kaohsiung Platform on Climate Change Adaptation'' along with the existing 6 responsible groups from“ Kaohsiung Sustainable Development Committee”The procedure is based on National Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Taiwan announced in 2012 by the Administrative Yuan. Diverse approaches and measures will be adopted to establish primary domains including locating, vulnerability evaluation, and adaptation strategies. The program targets possible climate change and environmental effects in Kaohsiung, compiling existing adaptation actions to formulate Kaohsiung adaptation strategies on 8 major domains - with short-term, mid-term and long-term scope, according to vulnerability evaluation. We aim to transform Kaohsiung into a sustainable city with climate adaptive capacity. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Prioneer Project of Adaptation Biodiversity(PPABC) in Kaohsiung City
Sustainable resources management, currently ecology conservation has effective results in some districts. After cutting down the amount of pesticide, it raises the biodiversity. By combining the experience of One-day-farmer, ecological guiding and farm produce manufacturing becomes the new model of agriculture tourism. Second, Ecology conservation and citizen participation, KEPB promoted to introduce 13 wetland parks in Kaohsiung. By voice map, people can do the ecology observation by themselves. Last, International Cooperation, KEPB compiled each bureaus’ executive results into English version which was delivered to ICLEI in April, 2015. Start year  
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Wetland Conservation
We put lots of efforts in the issue of wetland conservation. The total area of wetlands in the city are greater than 50 million sqm, and the Neweipi wetland built in 2005 is the one with the most abundant species and the biggest one among them. Those wetlands not only can conserve the biodiversity, but also reserve flood water during flooding. Start year 2008
Sector Water Resources
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Adaptation policy making project
Kaohsiung City Government started the project of adaptation policy making to climate change since 2010. The framework of Kaohsiung Adaptation policy contains 4 main parts: the mapping of vulnerable areas database in Kaohsiung; the collection and analysis of international, national, and cities’ adaptation policies; the Kaohsiung Adaptation Policy, implementing framework, and related regulations making; and the plan of Kaohsiung adaptation actions funding. Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Kaohsiung enterprises adaptation fee
Kaohsiung is developing a “carbon-based adaptation fee and subsidy” system in city level. The funding is according to the GHG emissions to levy the climate change adaptation fee from industries in Kaohsiung City. The fee will be used for executing the adaptation actions in Kaohsiung. This financial system with complete grant and supervising system will help Kaohsiung to become a resilient city. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File