City of Vancouver
Canada

Population: 603502
Area of jurisdiction: 114 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 80% by 2050 (2007) 50% by 2020 (2008)
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 100% by 2050 n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
2015

Mitigation actions

Green Landlords program
Partnership with Landlords BC to provide energy and water audits of tenanted properties. Successful pilot in 2013 has led to an expanded program in 2014 and 2015, and follow-up programs by utilities modelled on the pilot. Nearly all 23 participating buildings in the City’s Green Landlord pilot program identified cost saving opportunities to reduce water use by 20 per cent. Start year 2013
Sector Residential
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Green and Digital Demonstration Program
The Green and Digital Demonstration Program (GDDP) provides support to entrepreneurs and start-ups in Vancouver’s clean technology and digital sectors. Participants in the program are given the opportunity to gain temporary access to City-owned assets (e.g. buildings, streets or vehicles) for pre-commercial technology demonstrations and proof-of-concept trials. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Binner-friendly public recycling receptacles
The binning community plays an important role in decreasing the amount of garbage to landfill that could otherwise have been recycled. Public recycling receptacles were designed to allow easier access to refundable drinks containers for binners, thanks to a partnership with Encorp Pacific and with input from United We Can. Results show that where new receptacles were installed, 94 per cent fewer recyclable drinks containers wind up in the garbage. The program began in 2013 with 60 receptacles, with another 100 installed later in the year and more on the way. Start year 2013
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status  
File download
Cigarette butt recycling program
The City partnered in a pilot project to collect and recycle cigarette butts in 2013. The first of its kind in the world, this program cuts down on toxic litter on city streets, while creating green jobs for people with barriers to employment. The City has now taken over the program and is evaluating the results: approximately 100 receptacles were installed throughout downtown Vancouver, with more than 200,000 butts collected in the first six months alone. Start year 2013
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Safe transportation planning for schools
Improving the safety of all road users is critical as an increasing number of trips are made by foot and bicycle on limited road space. The City, the Vancouver Police Department (VPD) and other partners are working together to improve safety through engineering, enforcement and education efforts. An example is the School Active and Safe Travel Planning Program which identifies safety measures such as raised crosswalks near schools and route designs that enhance bike safety and comfort. Other considerations include, revisiting parking regulations and enforcement on nearby streets as well as supporting the VPD's School Safety Patrol education program. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Powell Street Overpass
Completed in summer 2014, the new Powell Street Overpass will support active transportation by developing a core section of the Portside Greenway, a walking and cycling route connecting downtown to Boundary Road. It will also support a thriving economy and sustainable goods movement by increasing rail reliability and capacity to and from Port Metro Vancouver. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Improving Access for All Modes Across False Creek Crossings
More than 80,000 trips are made on the Burrard Street Bridge by foot, bike, transit, or vehicle every day. They all pass through the intersection of Burrard and Cornwall at the south end. Improvements in 2014 greatly simplify this intersection, improving safety and connectivity for all users. A major collision hotspot was addressed, and crossing the street on foot or bike is much easier, requiring only two crosswalks instead of five. _x000D_ Work was completed as part of a larger False Creek Bridge strategy that takes advantage of necessary maintenance projects to improve safety for cycling and walking on all three False Creek crossings. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Biodiversity Strategy
Staff are currently working to develop a biodiversity strategy aimed at increasing not only the quantity of greenspace and access to residents, but also the quality of greenspace with respect to biodiversity. This will include a target to increase the area of natural wetland, stream, shoreline or natural forest. _x000D_ _x000D_ Natural forests, wetlands, streams, and shorelines must be better integrated into our park system, as well as made part of our schools, streets, and backyards. This will be accomplished by creating new habitats, and restoring or naturalizing existing parks or private lands where habitat has been degraded. Examples of projects included in the biodiversity target are small-scale projects such as planting a shrub understorey in a group of trees in a neighbourhood park to benefit songbirds or large-scale projects like re-introducing saltwater to Lost Lagoon or daylighting portions of China Creek. Start year 2014
Sector Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Energy-Saving Windbreaks at Outdoor Public Pools
An initiative to improve heating energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions was a pilot in two Parks Department pools. Windbreaks were installed over the summer at Kitsilano Pool and Second Beach Pool in Stanley Park. This helped save approximately 170 metric tonnes of greenhouse gases, the equivalent of removing 36 cars from city streets. The initiative saved approximately $33,000 in natural gas consumption, a savings of about 25% over the previous year while keeping swimmers warmer. Start year 2014
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status  
File download
SoleFood
The City of Vancouver approved a lease for three sites to SoleFood, a socail enterprise that provides urban agriculture employment and training opportunities for Vancouver's inner-city residents. Ten new jobs will be created as a result, in addition to the ten created in the past year. SoleFood's urban gardens supply local restaurants and groceries. SoleFood employs people with barriers to traditional employment. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Supporting Local Food and Jobs: Alterrus Local Garden
In 2011, the City helped Alterrus Local Garden find unused parkade space to house their tall greenhouses that grow vegetables for local grocers and restaurants. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Piloted local food in City facilities
In an effort to promote local food and increase access and distribution, as well as grow the local food economy, the City piloted a menu of local food items at park concession stands this summer. The City worked with its distributor and is working with the broader community, including partnerships with the Vancouver School Board, hospitals and other organizations to work on expanding local food in the city. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Installation of cab heaters in City fleet
Cab heaters were installed in work trucks so outside operations staff can keep warm and dry off during breaks without having to run their engines. Many vehicles need to idle to run rooftop emergency/warning lights. In addition, Engineering Services has been replacing older lights with LED and strobe lights that don't draw as much power and don't require the vehicle to idle. Start year 2005
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Automatic Water Meter Reading
8 years ago, the City’s 14,000 water meters had to be read manually, requiring four meter readers to drive around all day all year reading meters._x000D_ _x000D_ With the installation of 14,000 radio-read devices, water meters can now be read and recorded on a laptop using radio technology as the vehicle drives by. _x000D_ _x000D_ Meters are now read by a single vehicle in 3 days per month. Start year 2002
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Reducing package waste from office supplies
Late in 2011, Grand & Toy introduced the Boomerang Box program to the Vancouver area and the City joined the program. The Boomerang Box is a reusable reinforced corrugated cardboard box made from 57% post-consumer material. They are 100% recyclable, so Grand & Toy’s delivery drivers pick them up and reuse them whenever they make deliveries. The City registered a 63.7% return rate by June 2012, well above the 54% average for the entire province. Start year 2012
Sector Waste
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Reuse of Old Toilets in Asphalt Aggregate
The City has been crushing old toilets that are brought to the landfill and are bringing it back to the City's asphalt plant to be crushed and added to the asphalt mix as part of the aggregate. This is reducing waste at the landfill and also helping the City get to its target of increasing recycled content in the asphalt. Start year 2011
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
City use of recycled plastic pellets in asphalt
In 2012, the City became the first in the world to start using recycled plastic pellets in its asphalt, saving energy in the production of asphalt._x000D_ _x000D_ This allows the City to use about 20 per cent less fuel at the asphalt plant than we would otherwise be using so an enormous saving in fuel costs and enormous saving in the green house gases that are associated with that Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status  
File download
Corporate waste diversion program
The City launched a waste diversion program for City facilities. Staff now have 6 streams by which they can divert their waste or send to landfill: _x000D_ Refundable containers_x000D_ Paper _x000D_ Mixed plastic containers (coffee cup lids)_x000D_ Soft plastics (plastic film wrap)_x000D_ Organics (fruit, bread, meat, pizza crusts, noodles)_x000D_ Landfill_x000D_ There are now 41 civic facilities participating and another 30 planned for 2014. In 2013, we achieved 70 per cent waste diverted from landfill in City buildings. City staff have set a target of 90 per cent by 2020. Start year 2012
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Corporate Facilities Energy Management Plan
The City is developing a Corporate Facilities Energy Management Plan which prioritizes retrofits and behavior change to reduce GHG emissions to 2007 levels from facilities. It outlines strategies and actions for reducing building energy use. The City owns or operates nearly 600 buildings, encompassing over 11,000,000 square feet of floor space. The City’s Facilities Energy Management Strategy focusses on upgrading mechanical and electrical systems, optimizing building system performance, and changing the energy-saving behaviour of staff. The City also supports green building standards for new City buildings and renewable or low-carbon energy opportunities. Retrofit programs at 31 of the largest City-owned buildings have decreased GHG emissions by 10%, and saved over $500,000 in annual energy costs. For instance, in 2015, the Police Tactical Training Centre reduced its natural gas use by 43% over a four year period, simply by optimizing its ventilation and lighting control systems. Start year 2013
Sector Buildings
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Corporate Green IT desktop program
An IT Department solution to help us green City operations_x000D_ _x000D_ What is Green Desktop?_x000D_ With the Green Desktop program your computer will be put to sleep after 20 minutes of inactivity. This simple step saves energy, reduces costs and helps lower the City's climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status  
File download
Modo car share for City fleet
The City of Vancouver developed a fleet share program (using Modo) for City fleet car sharing in the City Hall precinct. The availability of car sharing will reduce City expenditures on fleet vehicles and expand the availability of car share vehicles in the community, all while reducing employee dependence on their personal vehicles for conducting City business and getting to work. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Green Building Training
The City is working on developing a training program for contractors to learn about green building concepts and the technologies required to meet the upcoming building code updates which require increased energy efficiency, over and above the Provincial code. This work is ongoing: industry engagement and education will continue to be a necessity as the City continues to update its green building policies to further the City's climate priorities. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Greening Events
There are nearly 1,000 permitted events in Vancouver parks and streets each year. A Green Event Planning Guide was developed in 2013 to help event organizers support more sustainable choices by attendees. Event planners can facilitate access to portable water fountains, provide bike racks and resources to support recycling, and use better signage to make it easy to find these things in the excitement and bustle of a successful event. Progress made towards greener events is measured through a Green Event Form, which collected baseline information in 2013. The City has a coordinator who helps ensure a waste management plan is put in place, and helps coordinate the bins required and the sanitation crew for pick-up. Start year 2012
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Supporting the sharing economy
The City is supporting the Sharing Economy Project: a research project aimed at finding out what Vancouverites want to share, and how they want to share it, in different regions and neighbourhoods across the city. The City is working on finding out how it can better quantify the benefits of sharing economy as well as support the growth of it in the area since there may be reduced waste and reduced transportation benefits from peer to peer sharing, community organization sharing or company run sharing. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
Reducing paper through moving permits online
Between Development Services, Licences and Inspections, Engineering Services, Parks and Recreation, Fire and Rescue Services and the Police Department we issue an estimated 200,000 permits a year. Over the past few years the City has also been working to move many City transactions online, including business and dog licences, security alarm permit renewals, and parking permits among many others. One major initiative coming in 2015 is the Managed Print Services which will bring changes to office printing infrastructure as well as new tracking systems for paper use. Reducing the City’s paper consumption continues to be part of the important work in green our operations. Start year 2011
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Construction & Demolition Waste Diversion Strategy for Pre-1940s Homes
In 2014 City Council adopted in principle a Construction & Demolition Waste Diversion Strategy ahead of a 2015 regional landfill ban on clean wood waste. This strategy includes requirements for the deconstruction of pre-1940s (deemed heritage) single-family houses and reuse/recycling of the waste materials. Generally, recycling and reuse of demolition waste from one/two family homes has been far less successful (approximately 40% recycling/reuse) than material recycling and reuse from commercial buildings (approximately 85% recycling/reuse). Concrete and metal are the dominant construction materials in commercial buildings and are highly recyclable. Deconstruction is commonly used to safely demolish commercial buildings, which leads to more effective sorting and separation of materials and higher recycling and reuse outcomes. Demolition of one/two family homes on the other hand is typically approached in a less systematic way than demolition of commercial buildings. The conventional one/two family home demolition technique is to first remove the hazardous materials and drywall (both are banned from disposal), then to rapidly demolish the house with a track hoe making it more difficult to separate and direct materials to material-specific recycling facilities. This mixed demolition material generally ends up in the landfill. Wood is the predominant material in single family homes in Vancouver and a 2200 ft2 house can contain approximately 100 tons of materials of which more than 50 tonnes is wood (structural framing, flooring, and siding). By using deconstruction techniques, wood and other materials can be separated, sorted, and can be more easily reused and recycled. For example, if 80% of wood from a typical pre-1940’s one/two family home is captured for reuse or recycling, an additional 40 tonnes of waste could be diverted from landfill per demolished home. Start year 2012
Sector Waste
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Use of trenchless construction for water main installation
The City's Engineering department is expanding their pilot on trenchless construction for water mains. This means there will be less trucking transport of construction rubble because there will be less rubble since instead of an open trench, only two small pits on either end of the section will be dug._x000D_ Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Cycling infrastructure improvements
Various cycling infrastructure improvements are going on around the City, from new bike-lanes as part of Complete Streets projects, to spot improvements of existing bike infrastructure to improve safety and usability. Nearly 20% of Vancouver's bike infrastructure has been rated All Ages and Abilities. An example is the Comox-Helmcken Greenway, an important east-west connection through Downtown from False Creek to Stanley Park for pedestrians and cyclists of all ages and abilities. The Greenway is being developed in two sections with Section 1 of the Greenway now complete. These improvements focus on not only improving cycling infrastructure, but making it safer for pedestrians. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Public Bike Share
In mid-2016, the City launched a network of shared bicycles available for short-term use for a fee._x000D_ The public bike share system (named Mobi) will add a convenient, comfortable, flexible, and affordable way to cycle in Vancouver. Bikes will be located at secure, easy-to-use, automated docking stations._x000D_ The PBS system will be privately owned and operated._x000D_ Some 1,500 bikes and 150 docking stations will eventually be available, along with helmets in order to comply with B.C. laws._x000D_ _x000D_ Riders will be able to buy daily, weekly, or annual memberships to the system, allowing unlimited trips of up to 30 minutes._x000D_ Trips longer than 30 minutes will incur additional fees. Start year 2013
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Recycling Hub
A recently opened recycling hub contains two related businesses who can now leverage each others' resources, creating more jobs and diversifying services. United We Can (a recycling business which employs people with barriers to other employment and allows 'binners' to be employed) will be co-located with a private recycling firm, Recycling Alternative. United we Can currently employs 120 people with barriers to traditional employment, processes 60,000 drink containers a day and provides an income to about 700 recyclers. Start year 2013
Sector Commercial
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Electric Vehicle Charging Co-Location with Cellular Infrastructure
In July 2012, the Vancouver park board approved a pilot project that allows Telus to build three cellphone tower/electric vehicle charging station combos, or “monopoles,” along Beach Avenue. The 20-year contract will cost Telus $11,500 per site, per year for the first five years. A 10 per cent rate hike will be applied in each of the three subsequent five-year terms. _x000D_ _x000D_ The monopoles will allow people to charge their electric cars while improving wireless service in the area. The V-Poles would do both of those things while providing Wi-Fi access and LED street lighting. They would also serve as electronic bulletin boards and parking meters. The_x000D_ _x000D_ Without strengthening the wireless network in the area, parts of the west end could experience more dropped calls and signal "dead zones" as data-hungry smartphones and tablets increase demands on the system, Telus Spokesman Shawn Hall. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Trial
Between February 2013 to January 2015, Vancouver launched an $800,000 electric vehicle charging infrastructure trial. In all, over 100 electric vehicle charging stations were installed across Vancouver as part of this pilot. There are currently over 250 public and private Level 2 stations in Vancouver. The pilot is a partnership between the City, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, the Governments of Canada and British Columbia, and BC Hydro. The pilot assessed the opportunities and barriers, processes, costs and ideal locations for the installation of EV charging infrastructure. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Talk Green To Us Campaign
A massive engagement campaign developed to let residents contribute their ideas to the Greenest City Action Plan. Delivered through workshops, one-on-one sessions, online and social media, the campaign resulted in over 35,000 people engaged locally and around the world, contributing to the creation of the Plan. Involvement by participants built their enthusiasm for taking the ideas that were generated and realizing them in their own neighbourhoods and businesses. This has become best pracdtice in citizen collaboration and built the kinds of partnerships required to achieve GCAP goals and targets. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File  
Green Building Audio Tours
The City has developed a series of audio tours for various green buildings to help educate and promote awareness. Signage on various buildings indicates that building is part of the tour. Users can access the tours on location by calling a number; on the web; or via podcast. Participation in Green Building Audio Tours also meets the requirements of the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Innovation & Design Process credit for Green Building Education. Providing an Audio Tour can help to achieve a higher LEED rating for a building. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Low-flow toilet installations
Partnership with developer, Concert Properties, to have 500 low-flow toilets installed and document the paypack, barriers encountered, resident feedback, etc. City pays 25% of cost. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Greenest City Scholars
The Greenest City Scholars program is a partnership with the University of British Columbia, providing summer internships for graduate-level students in a variety of subject areas in support of the Greenest City Action Plan Goals. The program pairs a Scholar up with a City staff mentor. The Scholar commits to 250 hours of work on a chosen project that furthers Greenest City goals. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Green Streets Program
Green Streets is a program run by the City of Vancouver where residents can volunteer to take care of gardens that have been installed by the City in traffic calming spaces, such as traffic circles and corner bulges._x000D_ Boulevard gardening allows for residents to garden on the boulevard within set guidelines._x000D_ Street gardening leads to more than beautiful streets. Volunteer gardeners find relationships within the community as neighbours share the work._x000D_ _x000D_ The City has recently passed a bylaw allowing food assets to be planted on traffic calmed streets. Start year 2010
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Sale of Rain barrels
The City has been selling rain barrels for residents to help promote water conservation. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File  
Backyard composting program
The City has been providing backyard worm-composting bins in partnership with CityFarmer who provides the bins following a workshop. The City has been providing bins for several years, several hundred are sold every year. Start year 2007
Sector Waste
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Pilot program to recycle paper and beverage containers on streets
A pilot program to provide newspaper and beverage recycling receptacles on city streets is currently in place. Start year 2012
Sector Waste
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Electric vehicle demos
The City added an all-electric Mitsubishi iMiEV to its fleet in November 2009, as part of a larger vehicle-testing agreement with Mitsubishi, the Province of BC,_x000D_ and BC Hydro. The fleet includes a Toyota Prius modified to operate as a plug-in_x000D_ electric hybrid with several times the normal Prius’ electric capacity and even_x000D_ lower fuel use and CO2 emissions. Vancouver is also part of a Renault-Nissan_x000D_ Zero-Emission partnership, and is scheduled to receive the first Nissan LEAF allelectric_x000D_ car in 2011._x000D_ The City pilot-tested all-electric Ford Think and Electric Ranger pickup trucks_x000D_ in the 1990s, took part in the Ford-Ballard-UBC hydrogen vehicle program from_x000D_ 2003–08, and continues to work with other vehicle manufacturers to test more_x000D_ prototype alternate-fuel vehicles. The City is even investigating the use of landfill_x000D_ methane to power equipment used at the site, thereby reducing climate impact. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Pedestrian Safety study
As part of green transportation, walking is being made a priority mode. To encourage this, a pedestrian safety study and action plan was completed to identify opportunities to improve safety through engineering, education, and enforcement measures. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Rapid transit study
A rapid transit study was completed to investigate options for delivering high capacity, fast, frequent, and reliable rapid transit for the Broadway Corridor from Commercial Drive to UBC. This work is done in conjunction with several partners including Translink and other regional municipalities. Start year 2012
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Real-time energy monitoring of Olympic venues
Partnership with Pulse Energy, VANOC and City of Vancouver to have the Olympic venues monitored. Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File  
Laneway housing policy
Laneway homes bylaw allows homeowners to build a small home where a garage is usually located. Laneway housing can be a way to keep families together by providing a nearby home for aging relatives, adult children,_x000D_ multi-generation families, or caregivers. Start year 2009
Sector Residential
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Olympic Village LEED Platinum
Built the Olympic Village neighbourhood to LEED Platinum demonstrating leadership and showcasing design. Start year 2006
Sector Buildings
Type Regulatory
Status Completed
File download
Hospitals Energy Systems Project
Two of the local hospitals use an existing central steam plant to provide heating and humidification. The City has been working with existing energy system operators to facilitate at least one major industrial or institutional energy system conversion to a local renewable energy source. Start year 2010
Sector Commercial
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Greenest City Action Plan
This is the culmination of 2 years of work by the Greenest City Action Team and extensive public engagement. There are 10 goals focused on making Vancouver the greenest city in the world by 2020. Goals range from Green economy, climate leadership, zero waste, green transportation, local food, clean air, clean water, access to nature and more. This is the CIty's overarching sustainability plan. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Installation of Stop-Idle technology
Currently stop-Idle technology has been installed on all heavy-duty machinery and is being piloted in the police fleet. Further evaluations on a shorter timer (3 min vs 5 min) for cut-off are being piloted. Roll-out is planned to all police fleet vehicles as they come up for replacement. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Corporate Fleet "Jumpstart" program
The target is a 5% reduction in fuel use by 2012. 10% by 2016 and 15% by 2020. Jumpstart is the corporate fleet initiative aimed at behavior changes and departmental actions to reduce fuel use including anti-idling and route-optimization. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Wood burning appliance regulation
Air quality is the jurisdiction of the regional district, Metro Vancouver, however the City is actively working in supporting Metro Vancouver on regulations including those for wood burning appliance and quality standard for those appliances. The 2013 Vancouver BUilding By-Law requires the tightest standard for new wood-burning heating devices in North America, setting a limit 15 times lower than the emissions of a typical fireplace. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Regulatory
Status Completed
File download
Lawn Sprinkling Violations
In the drier summer months, water demand in Vancouver can double, with people watering lawns, filling swimming pools, or washing cars. From June through September there are lawn sprinkling regulations in effect to help reduce the peak demand. This year, the City has made lawn sprinkling violations a ticketable offence which will help the City to enforce the regulation. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Regulatory
Status Completed
File download
Seasonal water rates
The City has also adopted seasonal water rates , which reflect the increased cost of purchasing water from Metro Vancouver in the hotter, drier months. Seasonal water rates are designed to reflect the cost of water purchases, which fluctuates with the seasons. It is expected to reduce peak water demand during the dry summer months. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
File download
Higher Buildings Policy
In 2011, Council adopted the Higher Buildings Policy which requires architecture excellence and innovative green building design with a 40% to-50% reduction in energy use, in exchange for additional building height. Current development applicants are leading the way and including features such as renewable energy systems, living walls, onsite water and wastewater treatment, rainwater collection and solar energy collectors. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
LiveSmart Business Energy Advisor
Targets small businesses that spend up to $50,000 per year on electricity._x000D_ _x000D_ Business Energy Advisors are available to visit eligible businesses and work directly with them to identify potential energy and money saving opportunities, including lighting, hot water, heating and ventilation improvements._x000D_ _x000D_ Advisors can help businesses access other available incentives and LiveSmart BC: Small Business Program components, including coordinating the installation of the equipment on behalf of the owner._x000D_ _x000D_ Business Energy Advisors are available across the Province in the following seven regions and four sectors:_x000D_ Mainland/Southwest, Vancouver Island/Coast, Thompson-Okanagan, Kootenays, Cariboo, Northcoast/Nechako and the Northeast;_x000D_ Accommodation, business office, retail, agriculture and the food services sector. Start year 2011
Sector Commercial
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Greenest City Action Plan Public Engagement
Building on work by the Greenest City Action Team, almost 10 months of public engagement was completed using a campaign called Talk Green to Us. In addition, over 80 staff worked together to create the action plans. Staff from Sustainability, Planning, Social Planning, Engineering, Communications, the Park Board, and the Vancouver Economic Development Commission contributed, creating ownership across the organization. In the end, more than 35,000 people from around the world particpated through social media, online, and in face-to-face workshops or events. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
Greenest City Action Team
The Greenest City Action Team was convened by the Mayor and included independent experts who were tasked with identifying some 75 quick start actions the City could take, as well as some long term strategies and actions to make Vancouver the greenest city in the world by 2020. Their report, Vancouver 2020: A Bright Green Future was released in 2009 and would form the basis of the current sustainability plan, the Greenest City Action Plan, adopted in 2011. Start year 2009
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Collaboration with CityStudio
CityStudio is a collaboration with the City and six post-secondary institutions in Vancouver. The idea is to create real project work opportunities related to the Greenest City Action Plan through the student's course work. To date, 60 City staff, 113 faculty, 96 community advisors, and 3,000 students have contributed 75,000 hours towards Greenest City and other strategy initiatives since 2011. This work is ongoing now, with new students every year. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Carrotmob to support local business
City of Vancouver helped lead a carrotmob event that focused on one business, with 100% of the proceeds of the day going to the re-investment of the business to retrofit lights and heating systems to low-energy consumption alternatives. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File  
Multi-family residential food scraps pilot
Engagement of City-serviced and privately-serviced multi-unit residential buildings has begun, with a recent Council resolution to ban all organic matter from landfill waste streams by 2015. Start year 2012
Sector Waste
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
Reforestation in City Parks
Increase reforestation efforts in City parkland, as guided by the city's Biodiversity Strategy and Urban Forest Strategy Framework. The Greenest City Action Plan goal is to plant 150,000 new trees by 2020. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Reuseable item diversion at landfill
Diverting reusable items at the Vancouver transfer station and Landfill. Action has transboundary impact as Landfill accepts waste from neighbouring municipalities in the region. Start year 2010
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Wood Waste Diversion
Clean wood waste diversion program at Vancouver Landfill and Transfer Station (January 2011); action has transboundary impacts as Vancouver Landfill accepts waste from neighbouring municipalities in the region. Start year 2008
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Mattress Recycling
Collecting mattresses for recycling at the Vancouver transfer station and municipally operated Landfill. Accepting mattresses at the Landfill has regional benefits, as the Landfill accepts waste from other neighbouring municipalities as well. Start year 2008
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Expanding extended producer responsibility programs
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) holds businesses responsible for the end of life management of the products and packaging that they manufacture and sell. The goal of EPR is to shift from taxpayers paying for disposal costs to user-pay systems where the cost of disposal is included in the price of products. This gives businesses an incentive to design their products with the environment in mind. _x000D_ _x000D_ B.C.’s EPR programs offer significant recycling opportunities that municipalities can’t afford to provide on their own. While the City does not have the authority to ban materials, the City is working closely with the Province to expand and enhance EPR programs. For instance, the City was involved in the development of a regulation that requires industry to develop an EPR program for all packaging and printed paper by May 2014._x000D_ _x000D_ British Columbia’s Industry-led product stewardship programs require producers to take extended producer responsibility for the life cycle management of their products including collection and recycling. The two key features of EPR policy include:_x000D_ 1. Shifting the cost of collection and recycling upstream from municipalities to the producer_x000D_ 2. Provide incentives to producers to consider the product’s end of life impact on the environment when they are designing a product_x000D_ _x000D_ In addition, there will soon be new recycling opportunities for items such as plastic bags, coffee cups, takeout and fast food packaging, Styrofoam, and other materials. Start year 2011
Sector Waste
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Separated Bike Lanes
The City expanded and upgraded Vancouver’s walking and cycling network in 2013. Cyclists can now travel from Stanley Park to Hornby Street through the West End on the Comox-Helmcken Greenway, and enjoy the final leg of the 28-kilometre Seaside Greenway connecting the Burrard Bridge to Jericho Beach Park. Union Street bikeway also received a facelift, which improved connections between the Adanac Bikeway, Dunsmuir Viaduct, Carrall Street and the Seawall._x000D_ 19% of Vancouver's 265 kilometre bike network is designated “All Ages and Abilities” or AAA. These are high-quality low-stress routes that are comfortable for novice riders, families with children, and the elderly. Start year 2008
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Transportation 2040 Plan
Following extensive stakeholder engagement, the City released its Transportation 2040 plan, which seeks to prioritize walking, biking, transit and finally single occupancy vehicle modes of transportation in planning for the future. The Plan is a long-term strategic vision that will help guide transportation and land use decisions and public investmetns for the years ahead. Many of the goals targets and policies are shared by the Greenest City Action Plan; this plan supports not only Greenest City, but other City, regional and provincial policies as well. Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Passive Design Toolkit
Published a passive design toolkit and green home renovations how-to guides (2008-2009), intended to inform City staff, and designers and developers about passive design principles. Start year 2008
Sector Buildings
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Greening Vancouver Business Strategy
A greening business strategy is currently being developed to help engage businesses in reducing their energy, waste and water consumption. It is being led by the Vancouver Economic Commission. The scope has been refined to include business outreach in the False Creek Flats area of Vancouver, a major job centre in Vancouver and home to over 600 businesses that span a wide variety of sectors from logistics to arts and culture; food to software; and construction to clean technology. Start year 2012
Sector Buildings
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Neighbourhood Renewable Energy Strategy
Council approved the Vancouver Neighbourhood Strategy in 2012. Implementation activities began that year, and key focus areas are (1) to convert existing steam heat systems away from fossil fuels to low carbon sources and (2) establish new low carbon thermal neighbourhood energy systems (NES). 3 new NES are now either operational or are under construction. Implementation planning is underway for the conversion of 2 steam systems and establishment of 2 additional NES; to be completed by 2020._x000D_ _x000D_ The context for the project is the City's Greenest City Action Plan, which includes the objective to reduce CO2 emissions by 33% over 2007 levels by 2020. Energy used for the heating of buildings generates more than 50% of the CO2 emissions in the City, and NES provides a cost-effective platform to significantly reduce CO2 emissions of buildings. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Greenest City Fund
The Greenest City Action Fund was created in partnership with the Vancouver Foundation, one of Canada's largest community foundations. Both partners contributed $1M for a total of $2M. Over the program duration of four years, the Fund awarded grants to 573 community initiatives. The City is currently developing the next iteration of the Greenest City Fund, looking at funding opportunities and structuring an ongoing fund to catalyze continued action in the community around Greenest City goals. Start year 2012
Sector Other Emissions
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status In progress
File download
Condo Retrofit Program
Launched a Condo Retrofit Loan Program with $2M in low interest financing collected via strata payments made out of the energy savings http://former.vancouver.ca/greencapital/MURB-pilot-home.htm Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Residential Air Sealing Pilot
Developed (with BC Hydro, Terasen Gas and a non-profit organization called Embers) a residential air sealing pilot program which tested the energy efficiency benefits of air-sealing on 60 homes. Also trained unemployed people in home energy efficiency, and will seed a new social enterprise offering air-sealing services at an affordable rate Start year 2010
Sector Buildings
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File  
Residential Solar Hot Water Pilot
Initiated Vancouver’s residential solar hot water pilot program - partnership between City of Vancouver, BC Hydro, Solar BC, and Offsetters to offer grants to cover half the cost of an installed solar hot water system in new construction for up to 50 buildings Start year 2011
Sector Buildings
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File  
Retrofit of City-owned buildings
Pursuing efficiency strategies via retrofit projects, energy audits, continuous optimization and staff engagement, guided by Facilities Energy Management Plan._x000D_ _x000D_ Energy retrofits of City owned buildings including: Parks facilities (e.g.,, community center, ice rinks, swimming pools), Vancouver Museum, Manitoba and National City Public Works Yards, Downtown Library Square. _x000D_ Complete new energy studies (QE theatre, police buildings, non-market housing) Start year 2009
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Residential Organic Waste Collection
Residential Food Waste Collection & Composting – implementation of Phase 1 (inclusion of fruit and vegetable scraps in current yard trimming collection program) has been completed. Now Phase II has also been rolled out, which means full composting (including meat) is now part of the green bin collection program for all City-serviced residences, including single-family and multi-family homes. _x000D_ http://vancouver.ca/home-property-development/prepare-food-scraps-expanded-collection-pilot.aspx Start year 2009
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Deconstruction Permit
Undertook a deconstruction pilot that diverted 90% of construction waste from the landfill, and introduced code to encourage deconstruction versus demolition. In 2011, the City partnered with industry on a deconstruction and green jobs pilot project to deconstruct two homes in Vancouver and show the social, environmental and economic benefits of this approach. The project provided green jobs training for at-risk youth and diverted 93% of all building materials from the landfill (about 80 tonnes from each house). The pilot helped inform the development of a voluntary deconstruction permit program for houses and duplexes, which was introduced in February 2012 to encourage deconstruction as an alternative to demolition. The benefit to industry of the deconstruction permit is that it is issued much faster than a demolition permit and allows enough time for deconstruction and site preparation before building begins. Permit applicants must commit to diverting at least 75% of materials from disposal. The City also offers a discount at the Vancouver Landfill to deconstruction permit holders. Start year 2011
Sector Waste
Type Regulatory
Status Completed
File download
Enabling Electric Vehicles
Partner with BC Hydro and BC government to implement an electric vehicle charging pilot program for home, work and on the go, to accelerate adoption of electric vehicles. In addition, the new building code (updated 2014) increased readiness of residential and commercial buildings to accommodate electric vehicles (http://vancouver.ca/home-property-development/electric-vehicle-charging-requirements.aspx). Part of our ongoing efforts includes the development of an EV Infrastructure Strategy to foster ongoing development and use of the system. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Corporate Climate Leaders program
Launched Corporate Climate Leaders program in Vancouver with Climate Smart, a local social enterprise that engages businesses to undertake GHG measurement and action planning work. Program resulted in a number of businesses signing up to the program and enrolling in Climate Smart training. Program ended. Responsibility for engaging businesses around climate action lies with the Vancouver Economic Commission, who have continued working in this area. Start year 2010
Sector Commercial
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Large Site Rezoning Policy
All large site rezoning applications will require LEED™ Gold registration for all rezoning applications as of July 30, 2010. Approved February 4, 2010 Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Better Environmental Sound Transportation - Capacity Building and Education
The City and Better Environmentally Sound Transportation (BEST) worked with the province to reduce idling at ferry terminals, workplaces and schools. They also introduced a by-law that set an idling limit of 3 minutes in a 60 minute period._x000D_ Better Environmental Sound Transportation - Going Active Campaign. Provide free valet bike parking, cycling maps and local route information and bike safety instruction at community sporting events in 2006 and 2007. 50 events (some multi-day)_x000D_ Provided one day cycle skills training for commuters to build confidence and improve safety through donations. 2006- 9 classes in Vancouver. 2007 - 17 classes planned for Vancouver Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Corporate Fleet Initiative
Driver Training Program teaches City drivers to use the best vehicle operating practices such as being idle free, keeping tires inflated, and driving steady and slow to use less fuel._x000D_ Allow heat generated inside a work vehicle without the engine running. _x000D_ Re-program engines to operate more efficiently, to shut off automatically to eliminate unnecessary idling and to limit maximum speed in order to ultimately reduce emissions by changing driver behaviour._x000D_ Right sizing involves EQS working closely with fleet partners to determine the most cost effective and fuel efficient equipment to meet those needs._x000D_ Reduce the size of the City\'s light-duty vehicle fleet and out-source vehicle provision and management to car-sharing company with highly efficient vehicles._x000D_ City equipment running on maximum biodiesel blends allowed by engine manufacturers._x000D_ Electronic Control Module Data Capture devices enhance other fuel savings programs. Start year 2009
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Expand Car Sharing Program
Expand car sharing by: working with car-sharing organizations to address parking access challenges; encouraging car-sharing in new developments; and seeking other opportunities to support expansion. In addition to outsourcing City fleet services to a car sharing provider, the City has also created policy to enable carshare companies to obtain dedicated on street parking stalls and has also incorporated requirements for the provision of carsharing vehicles for large development rezonings. Car2Go's success in Vancouver has also led to additional fleet and service area expansions in 2012. http://www.newswire.ca/en/story/940701/car2go-poised-for-growth-in-vancouver-this-spring Start year 2011
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Neighbourhood Energy Utility (NEU)
Neighbourhood Energy Utility is an environmentally-friendly community energy system that provides space heating and domestic hot water to all new buildings in Southeast False Creek. Through high system efficiencies and by using sewage heat recovery to supply, the system eliminates over 60% of the emissions associated with the heating of buildings. As of 2015, the facility currently achieves an estimated annual reduction of 3,100 tonnes of CO2. Over time the NEU will continue to be extended to serve new developments in surrounding neighbourhoods. Further to this, the NEU and other DE projects are designed in such a way that it may eventually achieve zero emissions. Start year 2008
Sector Residential
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Street Lighting Conversion Program
Conversion of almost 30,000 street lighting fixtures from incandescent and mercury vapour bulbs to high pressure sodium bulbs under the BC Hydro PowerSmart Program. Street lights have also been replaced on a case-by-case basis with LEDS, which are expected to be 40% more energy efficient. A city-wide Urban Lighting Strategy is currently in development that will encompass a business case for LED streetlight replacements; shielding and ecological guidelines around outdoor lighting; and the potential creation of Dark Sky preserves within the city. Start year 2010
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File  
Home Energy Loan Program
Created in co-operation with Vancity and with the support of FortisBC, BC Hydro and Natural Resources Canada, the pilot Home Energy Loan Program offers you access to affordable financing and end-to-end support to make select energy efficiency upgrades to your home. In return, you can expect to save money on your energy bills and enjoy improved home comfort while reducing your home's environmental footprint. Start year 2011
Sector Residential
Type Fiscal/Financial mechanism
Status Completed
File download
Vancouver Landfill Methane Gas Recovery
Beginning in 2003, methane gas from the City-operated landfill (in Delta) has been collected and piped to a sophisticated cogeneration facility nearby. There it is burned to provide both electricity and heat. Prior, the gas was collected and flared. The project reduces Vancouver’s greenhouse gas emissions in two ways: by avoiding the landfill’s direct emissions, and by displacing emissions that would arise from conventional power and heat generation. A Phase 2 expansion was completed in 2006. The electricity is sold to BC Hydro, and the heat is used to warm nearby Village Farms Greenhouses. This is the biggest initiative in the Lower Mainland to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Continual upgrades to the system have been increasing capture efficiency each year. In 2015, 71% of the methane emitted by the Landfill was captured. Start year 2010
Sector Waste
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Green Homes Program
The program addresses energy and water efficiency issues by requiring that all new building permit applications for one- and two-family homes meet a specific set of requirements. Under the Green Homes Program, new one- and two-family homes are required to include a number of sustainable features that will help you save energy, water, and money, while providing an improved indoor environment. Houses are also required to be adaptable to future energy generation technologies as they become available, as well as power the next generation of cars. By 2020, all new homes will consume up to 33% less energy. By 2030, all new homes will be carbon neutral. Start year 2010
Sector Residential
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
LED traffic signal conversion
LED technology was introduced to the City’s 670 traffic signals through BC Hydro's PowerSmart Program resulting in 80 to 90% less energy consumption than conventional bulbs and an increased life expectancy of seven to ten times. Start year 2011
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Fuel Change - EQS biodiesel demonstration project
The City's Equipment Services Department took part in a biodiesel demonstration project to confirm the suitability of this fuel for use in the City's fleet. Recommendations were made that have led to the ongoing use of V5 and B20 biodiesel blends in the entire diesel fleet; since 2013, 100% of the diesel purchased by the City contains either 5% or 20% biodiesel. Start year 2010
Sector Transport
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Energy and GHG Reductions in Buildings
Continual drive towards energy efficiency via the Vancouver Building By-law, Vancouver's main policy lever around greening buildings. Replacement of existing building stock with new more energy-efficient buildings, subject to more stringent policies via building-code and rezoning policy updates. In 2014, Council passed a comprehensive Building Retrofit Strategy to address existing buildings. _x000D_ _x000D_ The 2014 Vancouver Building By-law requires all commercial, institutional, mixed-use and high-density residential buildings to meet ASHRAE 90.1 (2010) and National Energy Code for Buildings 2011. Vancouver is also the first jurisdiction in North America to require energy efficiency upgrades to existing buildings at the time of renovation. _x000D_ _x000D_ An example of a community program to drive retrofits is the Green Landlords program, a partnership with Landlords BC to provide energy and water audits of tenanted properties. Successful pilot in 2013 has led to an expanded program in 2014 and 2015, and follow-up programs by utilities modelled on the pilot. Nearly all 23 participating buildings in the City’s Green Landlord pilot program identified cost saving opportunities to reduce water use by 20 per cent. _x000D_ _x000D_ _x000D_ See http://vancouver.ca/green-vancouver/green-buildings.aspx for more details. Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Regulatory
Status In progress
File download

Adaptation actions

Community Food Markets
Community food markets provide a way to bring fresh, nutritious food closer to residents who need it, but may have physical or economic difficulty accessing a grocery store or farmers’ market. The Westside Mobile Food Market is a non-profit "market on wheels" supported through the Greenest City Fund. From July to September 2013, the market delivered fresh, affordable produce to residents at community gathering places throughout the Westside. Start year 2013
Sector Food Security
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Water efficiency audits in restaurants and offices
Industrial and business activity account for a quarter of Vancouver’s annual water usage. In a pilot program to tackle water consumption, seven restaurants and offices agreed to have audits done, to identify opportunities to reduce water usage in their operations. The group also committed to inexpensive water-saving upgrades—such as faucet aerators, pre-rinse spray valves, and high-efficiency toilets—that will reduce their water use by up to 22 per cent and pay for themselves in less than two years. Start year 2013
Sector Water Resources
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Vancouver Incubator Kitchen
Vancouver Incubator Kitchen (VIK) is a kitchen space created to support culinary education, food-related job creation, and the local food economy. Located in the Save-On-Meats building, VIK supports skills training for students and local residents, and acts as a commissary for independent food service businesses and community organizations. VIK is a partnership between Vancouver Community College, Mark Brand Inc., Vancity Credit Union, and the City. Start year 2013
Sector Food Security
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File download
Biodiversity and daylighting at Creekway Park
The 3.2-acre Creekway Park project restored a section of Hastings Creek, a stream that had been buried for nearly a century. As part of the Hastings Park renewal, an abandoned parking lot was transformed into a new, ecologically rich and diverse habitat, with a bird habitat alongside pedestrian and cycling paths. Creekway Park is surrounded by a range of human-made infrastructure such as roads, rail lines, storm drains, and power lines. The parks both blend native habitats with the urban landscape and demonstrate how biodiversity can be reintegrated into the heart of Vancouver neighbourhoods. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status  
File download
Fire hydrant leakage detection program
More than 100 of the City's 6,000+ fire hydrants are leaking at any given time. In 2013, ongoing funding was established for a twice-yearly hydrant leak survey program. This program will save 200 million litres of water and up to $200,000 a year. Moving forward, new equipment will provide greater sensitivity when "listening" for leaks and allow pressures to be dialed down to reduce leakage in the City's pipe network. Start year 2013
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Park Board Local Food Action Plan
With support from a task force of community stakeholders, Park Board Commissioners passed the Local Food Action Plan in July 2013. The plan includes actions that are already underway, such as working with food suppliers to offer local, healthy food options at beach concessions and creating local food assets and infrastructure on Park land. Start year 2012
Sector Food Security
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Water Conservation website
The City has created a water conservation education website to raise awareness and provide people with learning resources to help reduce water use. Population growth and climate change will impact our access to water in the future. We are working to help residents and businesses use less water. As part of the Greenest City Action Plan, the City of Vancouver has a goal to reduce per capita water consumption by 33% from 2006 levels by 2020. Start year 2012
Sector Water Resources
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status Completed
File download
Community Gardens
The Greenest City Action Plan has a priority action to increase the number of community garden plots from 4,423 to 5,500 and community kitchens from 69 to 80 with particular emphasis on encouraging broader participation by ethno-cultural groups. Urban agriculture contributes to achieving a number of Greenest City, Healthy City and Food Strategy goals including increasing food access and shortening food supply chains. Community garden plots continue to increase on parks, City and non-city land and it is expected that the goal of 5,000 plots for community gardens will be surpassed by 2020. As of November 2014, there were over 4,423 plots in 114 gardens. Approximately 30% are located on City land, 21% on Park land, 43% on institutional land (churches, schools, etc.), and 6% on vacant private land. Gardens are located in all neighbourhoods of the city, with more in neighbourhoods with greater population density. Despite the growth of community gardens, the participation in the gardens is not wholly reflective of the broader population. As such, we’re increasing efforts to reach out to and engage diverse ethno-cultural groups. Community kitchens are sites and programs where people have the opportunity to come together to share the cost, planning, and preparation of healthy meals. They function as community gathering places where space, skills, and resources are shared. There are currently well over 60 community-driven community kitchens in Vancouver in churches, community centres, or neighbourhood houses. . Start year 2003
Sector Food Security
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
File download
Farmers Markets
The Greenest City Action Plan has a priority action to incresae the number of farmers markets from 11 to 22, and community food markets from 14 to 20, by 2020. Farmers markets in Vancouver have grown in number and popularity over the past several years. In the summer of 2014 there were 11 farmers markets contributing approximately $13 million dollars to the local economy. Despite their growth and reach, farmers markets still have opportunity to expand into different neighbourhoods and venues and increase their success and impacts. Community food markets are venues or sites that enable farmers or third party operators to sell healthy, fresh foods directly to the public. The emphasis for community food markets is on providing access to fresh, healthy, and affordable foods to individuals and families who may not be able to afford to shop at a farmers market or have the means to travel to one. In some cases, community food markets provide opportunities to promote healthy eating for employees in large organizations or offices. Combined with unique public realm elements, they can contribute to vibrant public space while offering a focal point for residents and/or employees to gather. Start year 2006
Sector Food Security
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
TreeKeepers Program
In 2013, the Park Board partnered with TreeKeepers to encourage tree planting within the community. Programs like the Citizen Forester training program, the first-ever TreeKeepers Day, and tree distribution events were designed to enable residents and businesses to support this Greenest City goal. As a result, 900 trees — including more than 200 fruit trees — were planted on private land in 2013, with a target of 4,000 more for 2014. As of 2016, this successful program continues to distribute trees to residents. Start year 2013
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status Completed
File download
Waterwise Garden Education program
Program to promote water conservation education. Residents volunteer to host a garden party and invite several friends. The City provides staff to attend and educate the party on water conservation measures for the garden Start year 2012
Sector Water Resources
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
File download
Climate Change Adaptation Plan
Vancouver City Council has adopted a comprehensive climate change adaptation strategy to ensure that Vancouver remains a liveable and resilient city in the face of climate change. The landmark strategy recommends nine primary actions and over 50 supporting actions that the City of Vancouver can take to incorporate climate change adaptation measures into new projects and daily operations for all City business. These actions will guide the way we build and maintain City streets, sewers, building infrastructure, parks and greenspaces to ensure they are resilient to climate change. _x000D_  Complete a Coastal Flood Risk Assessment;_x000D_  Amend Flood-proofing policies;_x000D_  Develop and implement a Citywide Integrated Storm-water Management Plan;_x000D_  Continue with sewer separation;_x000D_  Develop a back-up power policy;_x000D_  Continue to implement water conservation actions;_x000D_  Support and expand extreme heat planning;_x000D_  Include climate change adaptation measures in the next Vancouver Building Bylaw_x000D_ update; and_x000D_  Develop and implement a comprehensive Urban Forest Management Plan. Start year 2012
Sector Infrastructure
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Looking for Funding
File download
Support and expand extreme heat planning
Support and expand extreme heat planning is an action that was adopted in the Vancouver Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and is currently in the planning stages. Start year  
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status  
File download
Water Conservation Program
Working to reduce Vancouver's per-capita water consumption. Targeting residential, commercial, and civic use. Significant community water efficiency and access to water campaigns: Waterwise Garden Education program (2014): Program to promote water conservation education. Residents volunteer to host a garden party and invite several friends. The City provides staff to attend and educate the party on water conservation measures for the garden. http://vancouver.ca/home-property-development/waterwise-garden-parties.aspx Conservation outreach to schools: The City partnered with DreamRiders Theatre to deliver 38 performances to elementary children. Estimated outreach: 42000 children. http://www.dreamridertheatre.com/shows-and-programs/live-shows/h2-whoa/ Water efficiency audits in restaurants and offices (2014): Industrial and business activity account for a quarter of Vancouver’s annual water usage. In a pilot program to tackle water consumption, seven restaurants and offices agreed to have audits done, to identify opportunities to reduce water usage in their operations. The group also committed to inexpensive water-saving upgrades—such as faucet aerators, pre-rinse spray valves, and high-efficiency toilets—that will reduce their water use by up to 22 per cent and pay for themselves in less than two years. Seasonal water rates (2012): The City has also adopted seasonal water rates , which reflect the increased cost of purchasing water from Metro Vancouver in the hotter, drier months. Seasonal water rates are designed to reflect the cost of water purchases, which fluctuates with the seasons. It is expected to reduce peak water demand during the dry summer months. http://vancouver.ca/ctyclerk/cclerk/20111213/documents/a10.pdf Fire Hydrant Leak Detection Program (2013): More than 100 of the City's 6,000+ fire hydrants are leaking at any given time. In 2013, ongoing funding was established for a twice-yearly hydrant leak survey program. This program will save 200 million litres of water and up to $200,000 a year. Moving forward, new equipment will provide greater sensitivity when "listening" for leaks and allow pressures to be dialed down to reduce leakage in the City's pipe network. Also website communications; water conservation kits Start year 2010
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File  
Urban Forest Strategy Framework
An Urban Forest Strategy was developed that synthesizes existing City tree-related policies, the latest urban forest research, arboricultural best management practices, professional tree care expert opinions, and input from the public into a vision for the future of Vancouver's urban forest. Since 1995, nearly all tree removals in the City occurred on private property. The Strategy includes a by-law update that ends the ability of private property owners to remove healthy, mature trees without cause. Start year 2012
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Integrated Rainwater Management Plan
Approximately one third of the Still Creek watershed is in Vancouver with the remainder in Burnaby. Development in this watershed over the past several decades has resulted in _x000D_ flooding issues, poor creek water quality, loss of habitat and reduced recreational opportunities. To address the environmental, recreational and flooding concerns, an Integrated Stormwater Management Plan was developed jointly by Vancouver, Burnaby and Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) staff. This Plan provides eight key goals and over _x000D_ 100 possible actions which will give City and Regional staff a useful tool box when dealing with land use and infrastructure planning projects in the Still Creek watershed. The goals and _x000D_ strategies of the Plan are designed to improve the environment, develop recreational opportunities and help manage flooding risks. Start year 2006
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
File download
Sewer separation
In 1978, Council established the Sewer Separation Program with the intent of reducing CSOs and pollution discharge to local waterways and improve their overall water quality level. It has since become a provincial requirement that all CSOs be eliminated by the year 2050. Since the program's beginning, it has focused primarily on the downtown corridor, False Creek area and the West End of the city. The Downtown Granville and Yaletown areas are now fully separated with a continued focus on further separation of the downtown corridor: the False Creek area, the West end of the city and to some extent, the Downtown Eastside/Strathcona, Still Creek and Fraser River areas. Start year 1990
Sector Water Resources
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
File download
Amend flood-proofing policies
As part of the recommendations from the Climate Adaptation Plan that was adopted in July 2012, the flood proofing policy (flood construction levels) was amended in 2014 in anticipation of sea level rises. Start year 2012
Sector Early Warning Systems and Disaster management
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
File download
Coastal Flood Risk Assessment
Complete a Coastal Flood Risk Assessment to determine vulnerable areas of the City. Phase 1 was completed in 2013: the first of its kind in Canada to be done at a city level. Phase 2 is now underway, slated to be complete by 2015/2016. Some key milestones: Sea level rise modelling (2015): Completed a comprehensive sea level rise model, which was used to update the City’s designated floodplain map. The flood model is now being used to evaluate long-term flood management options for the City. Amended flood-proofing policies (2014): http://internal.vancouver.ca/ctyclerk/cclerk/20120724/documents/rr1.pdf As part of the recommendations from the Climate Adaptation Plan that was adopted in July 2012, the flood proofing policy (flood construction levels) was amended in 2014 in anticipation of sea level rises. Raised minimum elevation levels by 1.1m for new buildings in flood-prone areas Start year 2012
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
File download
West House Demonstration Project
West House presents a flexible solution to Vancouver’s housing needs: affordability, environmental performance, and small in area. Its value reaches beyond Vancouver. The result of a partnership between government, academia and industry, West House was showcased during the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games at the Vancouver Yaletown LiveCity Site and is now in its legacy installation on a City of Vancouver owned site where it serves as a technology showcase, research and development test bed, and a "living lab". Start year 2009
Sector Infrastructure
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
File download
Van Dusen Gardens Living Building
A Living Building is defined as having no impact on its environment, using materials that are safe and healthy, being water independent and energy self-sufficient and inspiring beauty. The living building at Van Dusen Botanical Gardens Visitor Center is all of those things and is Canada’s first certified living building. The building was designed by Busby Perkins + Will and features a green roof, a rainwater capture system, solar panels for energy generation and stormwater and blackwater recycling. The building is inspired by the petals of a flower with a bright solar chimney that also serves to exhaust hot air. It’s a project that also meets LEED Platinum standards and serves as an example of what is possible for the Park Board and the City of Vancouver, changing what it means to be living with nature. Start year 2009
Sector Infrastructure
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Completed
File  
Clouds of Change Task Force
Clouds of Change was a task force created by Vancouver City Council to take a look at the issues related to changes in atmospheric conditions. The task force was comprised of independent experts who developed a series of recommendations for City Council. Their report, completed in 1991, formed the basis for sustained climate action in the City, culminating in the Greenest City Action Plan adopted in 2011 that set out concrete sustainability goals and targets. Start year 1990
Sector Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
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Vancouver Local Food Policy
The Vancouver Food Strategy was adopted by Council in 2013. It is a plan to create a just and sustainable food system for the city. It builds on years of food systems initiatives and grassroots community development, considering all aspects of the food system, from seed to table to compost heap and back again._x000D_ _x000D_ Project examples: _x000D_ _x000D_ Vancouver Incubator Kitchen_x000D_ Vancouver Incubator Kitchen (VIK) is a kitchen space created to support culinary education, food-related job creation, and the local food economy. Located in the Save-On-Meats building, VIK supports skills training for students and local residents, and acts as a commissary for independent food service businesses and community organizations. VIK is a partnership between Vancouver Community College, Mark Brand Inc., Vancity Credit Union, and the City. _x000D_ _x000D_ Community Food Markets_x000D_ Community food markets provide a way to bring fresh, nutritious food closer to residents who need it, but may have physical or economic difficulty accessing a grocery store or farmers’ market. The Westside Mobile Food Market is a non-profit "market on wheels" supported through the Greenest City Fund. From July to September 2013, the market delivered fresh, affordable produce to residents at community gathering places throughout the Westside. _x000D_ http://vancouver.ca/people-programs/community-food-markets.aspx_x000D_ _x000D_ Park Board Local Food Action Plan_x000D_ With support from a task force of community stakeholders, Park Board Commissioners passed the Local Food Action Plan in July 2013. The plan includes actions that are already underway, such as working with food suppliers to offer local, healthy food options at beach concessions again in 2014._x000D_ http://vancouver.ca/news-calendar/park-board-local-food-action-plan-integrates-local-food-into-vancouver-s-parks-and-recreation-system.aspx Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status Completed
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Creation of mini-parks
A key Greenest City Action Plan target is to have 95% of the land area in Vancouver be within a 5 min walk of green space. The creation of mini-parks or pocket parks is one of those actions that will help the City achieve this target. This is an ongoing action as opportunity arises. It involves significant public participation and a community planning process to ensure successful implementation. Start year 2012
Sector Terrestrial Ecosystems
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Plant 150,000 more trees
One of the targets in the Greenest City Action Plan is to plant 150,000 more trees in the City. This will require both changes to development requirements, efforts by the public on private property as well as increasing the number of trees on City owned-land. Nearly 11,000 new trees were planted in 2013, almost doubling the number of new trees planted since 2010. _x000D_ _x000D_ An example of a public-private partnership to drive community action on tree-planting is the TreeKeepers program. In 2013, the Park Board partnered with TreeKeepers to encourage tree planting within the community. Programs like the Citizen Forester training program, the first-ever TreeKeepers Day, and tree distribution events were designed to enable residents and businesses to support this Greenest City goal. As a result, 900 trees — including more than 200 fruit trees — were planted on private land in 2013, with a target of 4,000 more for 2014. Start year 2011
Sector  
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status Looking for Funding
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