Nantes Métropole
France

Population: 602923
Area of jurisdiction: 523.36 km2

Commitments

  Community Government
Absolute base year GHG reduction target: 30% by 2020 (2003) n/a
Baseline scenario (BAU) GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Fixed-level GHG reduction target: n/a n/a
Carbon intensity reduction target: n/a n/a
Renewable energy target: 10% by 2020 n/a
Energy efficiency target: n/a n/a
Government and Community: CO2(e) targets

Performance

Community GHG Emissions
Total ( n/a ):  0 tCO2e
Government GHG Emissions
Total ( 2012 ):  193,601 tCO2e

Other available GHG inventories: 2003

Mitigation actions

Low carbone council: help communes to reduce public their environmental footprint
Nantes Métropole and its 24 communes are striving to build an appealing, sustainable and united community. Nantes Metropole works with communes trough technical networks : local agenda 21 network and energy network. Commun projects can be develop and Metropolitan tools can be share. This approach creates many interests: economy of scale; effiency, better communication towards inhabitants... These networks deal with sustainable and energy aspects to reduce the environmental footprint of the metropolitan area. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Low carbon council: reduce the carbon footprint of city council and direct partners
Nantes Métropole is implementing complete government inventories concerning all greenhouses gases: CO2, CH4, N2O ed F-gas. A first energy and CO2 profil has been establised for the council. It presents the volume of each public sector : waste, water, .... This profil can be oriented the public action to reduce energy consumption and consequently to reduce the council carbon footprint. Thematic action plans are implemented for each sector regarding to Scope 1 (direct emissions from owned or controlled sources) Scope 2 ( indirect emissions from the generation of purchased energy) and Scope 3 (indirect emissions). In parallel, Nantes Metropole set up a specific tool to follow-up of energy consumptions Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Assessment/Research
Status In progress
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Low carbon council: raising awareness to councillors and public servants to develop good practices and to improve knowledge on climate change
To improve energy and climate professional culture, Nantes Métropole has developed internal sessions and special events dedicated to the climate plan. Every two years, Nantes Métropole organises an event "The Climate Rendez-vous" to inform elective representatives, public servants and local stakeholders about the climate plan. Some national and local researchers are invited to talk about the lasted advances in climat change research . Internal sessions are also organised to presents Nantes Métropole projets relay to the climate plan. Some experts are invited talk about technical points like carbon assessment. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Education/Awareness Raising
Status In progress
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Consumption : prevent the waste generation and facilitate waste sorting and recycling
Nantes Métropole has engaged an important waste prevention program with the French Environment and Energy Management Agency – ADEME. The aim of this program is to reduce waste at the beginning of the waste management chain. Differents actions has been implemented according of the type of waste : food, clothes, funitures, domestic equipments. The Waste prevention program takes place in a global approach around sustainable consumption. Some inhabitants contributed directly to the prevention waste program through specific workshops and inquiries. Start year  
Sector Waste
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Consumption : promote the urban fringe agriculture and the economy of proximity
The metropolitan area is a mixte between urban zones (40%) and natural and agriculture areas (60%). The urban-fringe agriculture is a strong local economy component. To preserve the urban-fringe agriculture Nantes Métropole has develop a specific action plan to encourage access to available land for farmers, to support local farming as an economic activity and improve urban-rural links and develop a “clean” agriculture that contributes to environmental protection and the climate plan. The growth of AMAPs (Community supported agriculture), direct sales and other forms of local supply chains encourage essential cohabitation between producers and consumers. Start year  
Sector Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Economic development: support locally economic sector towards sustainability and develop new green economic sector
In the framework of the economic development and employment public policies, Nantes Métropole has implemented with local partners actions to support green economy. Nantes Métropole has developed two type of actions : the economy of innovation and the economy of transformation. For the first type, Nantes Métropole supports the development of new economical branches like marine energy resources and for the second type Nantes Métropole supports the transformation of classical economic branch like building sector. Nantes Metropole has put in place a project with the Local Employment House to improve skills of building workers. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Economic development : reduce economic areas environmental footprint
Nantes Métropole tests tools and methodologies to reduce significantly economic area environmental footprint. Pilot projects have been developed on two economic areas: Vertonne site and Maison Neuve site. Through an environmental approach: waste reduction, biodiversity protection, water management, natural building material implementation… is possible de reduce indirect green house gas emissions. Different levers were used to reduce the environmental footprint: publics aids management. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Economic development : raise awarness and give financial incentives to companies to reduce their CO2 emission
Nantes Métropole with partners have developed a global strategy to inform, to raise awerness and to help directly companies to reduce carbon footprint. A local consortium composed by Nantes Métropole, the chambers of Commerce and the French Environment and Energy Management Agency brought together different funds, tools and human resources to involve compagnies. An expert situated at the Chamber of commerce and industry is in charge of to coordinate the climate company’s actions. Stakeholders will provide funds if companies implement collective actions. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Economic development : improve the private sectors buildings energy performance
First economic area of west of France, Nantes Métropole combines quality of life and economic attractiveness. Tertiary sector concentrates the major part of jobs but the metropolitan area preserves an important industrial park. In 2013, 5000 companies have been created in Nantes Métropole. In this context, Nantes Métropole accommodates privates companies and influence good practices on energy aspects. Start year  
Sector  
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Energy : support innovating energy private projects
In the renewable energy strategy framework, Nantes Métropole supports pilot projects development. Nantes Métropole takes into account supply energy system changes and renewable energy innovations. That’s why Nantes Métropole co finances public and private energy research and development projects: marine energies, energy storage and solar power plants. Local projects have been implemented with private companies, high schools and universities. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Energy : tackle fuel poverty
In a context of volatise energy price, Nantes Métropole will reduce fuel poverty situation. Nantes Métropole will combines different measures to limit the impact of inefficient and costly forms of heating and poor insulation standards. Nantes Métropole develops social and energy studies and actions with partners. A fuel poverty actions plan will be implemented in 2015 Start year  
Sector Residential
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Energy : implement a long term climate campaign to reduce citizens carbon footprint
Nantes Métropole develops tools to inform citizens to reduce their carbon footprints in different fields : housing, mobility, daily life consumption. A communication chain has been develop and combined classical media (advertising posters,…), new media (phone number and website) and public services (Energy Information Point; Environment House, mobility information house). The key factor is to give an adapted answer to citizen. The phone number “Allo –climat” represents the junction between all publics services. Start year  
Sector Residential
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Energy : develop renewable energies like urban heating networks
Nantes Metropole has a key challenge to nearly double the amount of renewable energy supply by 2020. The Nantes Métropole road map aims to increase the production of renewable energies by 450 GWH. All renewable energy potential studies are finished and Nantes Métropole developed in the last decade important projects to produce renewable electricity and renewable thermal energy : Urban heating networks with biomass, solar photovoltaic power plant, biogas,… Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Domestic housing : raise awarness and give financial incentives to inhabitants to retrofit their homes
In the Local Housing Plan framework, Nantes Métropole implements actions to raise energy awareness and to give public financial grants to retrofit homes and dwellings. To be more efficient, Nantes Métropole develops an integrated process to coordinate public funds, communication tools and dedicated publics servants team. All the elements of the approach are operational. Nantes Métropole reinforced the Energy Info Points (Espaces Info Energie) which gives direct advices on detached house projects. Nantes Métropole gives some public aids to improve energy efficiency of housings and develop renewable energy especially for individuals with modest incomes. Nantes Métropole also encourages the thermal renovation of co-ownership buildings. Start year  
Sector Residential
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Domestic Housing : retrofit social and private homes with energy efficiency measures and renewable energies
The Local Housing Plan “LHP - 2010-2016” was adopted in 2010 by Nantes Métropole council. It defines development principles for private and social housings. The LHP objectives are to reinforce the development of new buildings (5000 housings per year) and maintained the quality and the attractiveness of the existing housing park. The aim the LHP is also to preserve the metropolitan social balance and improve the housing energy quality. The local housing development and intervention on existing park are engaged in the respect of energy national rules and beyond. European energy program and local rules are implemented to improve housings energy efficiency and to develop renewable energies. Start year  
Sector Residential
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Urban design: build a short distance city
A low carbon city depends on his urban shape, the mixed of his urban functions and the alternative transportation offer. That’s why Nantes Métropole controls the urban development and limits the urban sprawl. The objective is to build a short distance city, a densified city where a high level of quality of life is maintained. The SUMP, the Urban Development reference Document and Local Housing Plan are connecting with the aim to give priority to town planning in those urban centres that well served by public transports modes and cycling and pedestrians equipments. Start year  
Sector Other Emissions
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Mobility: reinforce the coherence of mobility network in the metropolitan area and beyond
The question of Nantes Métropole mobility exceeds the administrative boundaries of the conurbation. To control the attractive city effect is important to take in consideration the transportation system beyond the metropolitan area. To build a coherent and intermodal system, Nantes Métropole cooperates with different stakeholders at supra level. Nantes Métropole and his local partners imagine the future transportation system at regional scale connecting urban and intercity networks. For example new tram/train lines are now opened to connect cities in north and in the south of the conurbation. CO2 impact of this action included in the SUMP CO2 quantification Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Mobility : encourage and support people to change their mobilty behaviour
Nantes Métropole encourages citizens to change mobility behaviours in a sustainable way. This approach draws on information awareness, raising advice on mobility options. Communication campaigns are implemented to encourage alternative practices: car sharing, cycling, car pooling, … Nantes Métropole develops services to know how can citizens move in the metropolitan area: intermodality services are develop like multi transportation card, website. CO2 impact of this action included in the SUMP CO2 quantification Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Public Participation/Stakeholder engagement
Status In progress
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Mobility : reinforce the pacified city
In the perspective to share public spaces of attractive cities and reinforced the quality of life of citizens, Nantes Métropole develops pacified areas where motorised vehicles speed is reduce and the presence of cycle and pedestrians is reinforced. The Nantes pacified historical area is already done with a large cycle paths and restricted zone for car. Nantes Métropole studied the feasibility to have one pacified area in each local authority of the conurbation. In parallel, Nantes Métropole reinforces the management of the public parking system and regulates private parking. In this case, Nantes Metropole develops also car parks connecting to high frequency bus and tramway lines at the limit of metropolitan urban heart. CO2 impact of this action included in the SUMP CO2 quantification Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Mobility : organise mobility network
Urban and interurban mobility networks structure the metropolitan area : bus and tramway networks, rail networks, the cycling networks. The aim of the Nantes Métropole transportation blueprint is to made all this networks more interactive. The SUMP defines how to reinforced and structured lines in the context of an short distance city. Nantes Metropole has made important effort to extend bus corridors with seven new high quality services lines : “Chronobus”. In mid terms, the two historical tramway lines 1 and 2 will be connected. The frequence of the most attractive bus lines will be reinforced.CO2 impact of this action included in the SUMP CO2 quantification Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Technical/Infrastructure investment
Status In progress
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Mobility : Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan
The “2010-2015 perspectives 2030” Sustainable Urban Mobilty Plan - SUMP - was approved in 2011. It defines the organisation principles of transports of passagers and goods. This strategic document presents how Nantes Métropole will manage the short and long term mobility. The objective of the SUMP for 2030 is to reduce all motorised modes (49% to 33%) and develop alternatives modes (51% to 67%) : public transports, cycling, walking, car passagers. The SUMP is a major contribution to the climate plan. The estimated CO2 reduction is based on objectives for each of transport modes and consequently include all actions from the transportation plan. Four strategic axes explain the ambitious of the plan : linking mobility and urban design, offering high public spaces for cyclists and pedestrian, coordinating transport network, encouraging mobility behaviours changes. Start year 2006
Sector Transport
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Adaptation actions

Adaptation: develop a resilient city
The metropolitan urban area is crossing by an important river system around the Loire river. Historically, flood risks have been integrated by political decision- makers and population. Considering the climate change, national and local authorities have established a new management floods plan. Rising sea level (+1 meter) is a parameter included in the Loire river modelling tool. New urban project next to the river Loire adapt their design to integrate flood risk. Start year  
Sector Coastal zones/Marine Ecosystems
Type Policy/Strategies/Action Plans
Status In progress
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Adaptation : assess climat risks and reduce local vulnerabilities
Nantes Métropole studied metropolitan vulnerabilities and assess impact cause by climate realted events in the past and in the futur. Nantes Metropole study alos local characteritics render metropolitan area more or less vulnerable. The local vulnerabilty has been analysed through 7 domains: biodiversity, economic activites, health, energy and IT networks, Buildings and transportation infrastructures, resilient city and organization. The metropolitan adaptation strategy is based on this vulnerability assessment. Start year  
Sector  
Type Assessment/Research
Status Completed
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